- Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Massachusetts Institute of Technology is 'n private instelling wat gestig is in 1861.
Klasgelde in Massachusetts Institute of Technology is $48,000 (Aprox.).
MIT is geleë in Cambridge, Massachusetts, across the Charles River from downtown Boston. Slegs eerstejaars studente word verwag om te lewe op die kampus, maar oor 70 persent van die studente kies op die kampus te bly tydens hul vier jaar. MIT bied behuising in een van die coolste slaapsale in die land, algemeen bekend staan as “die spons,” ontwerp deur die argitek Steven Holl. Die MIT Ingenieurs spog meer as 30 NCAA Afdeling III spanne, en hul gelukbringer is 'n bibber, wat MIT gekies as gevolg van sy “merkwaardige ingenieurswese en meganiese vaardigheid en sy gewoontes van die industrie.” Elke klas ontwerp 'n unieke ring genoem die “Brass Rat” wat aan die lig gebring tydens stage jaar, 'n tradisie wat terugdateer na 1929.
MIT fokus op wetenskaplike en tegnologiese navorsing en is verdeel in vyf skole en een kollege. Among its graduate schools are the highly ranked School of Engineering andSloan School of Management, bykomend tot 'n sterk programme in Ekonomie, sielkunde, biologie, chemie, aardwetenskappe, fisika en wiskunde. Navorsing uitgawes by MIT het tipies oorskry $650 miljoen per jaar, met befondsing kom van regeringsagentskappe soos die Departement van Gesondheid en Maatskaplike Dienste en die Departement van Verdediging. Die “Onafhanklike Aktiwiteite Program,” 'n termyn van vier weke tussen herfs en lente semesters in Januarie, bied spesiale kursusse, lesings, kompetisies en projekte. Onderskei alumni sluit Apollo 11 ruimtevaarder Buzz Aldrin, voormalige U.N. Sekretaris-generaal Kofi Annan en Federale Reserwebank voorsitter Ben Bernanke.
Die missie van die Massachusetts Institute of Technology is om te bevorder kennis en voed studente in wetenskap, tegnologie, en ander gebiede van kundigheid wat die beste sal dien die nasie en die wêreld in die 21ste eeu. Ons is ook gedryf om kennis te bring uit te oefen op die wêreld se groot uitdagings.
Die Instituut is 'n onafhanklike, coeducational, privaat toegerus universiteit, georganiseer in vyf skole (argitektuur en beplanning; ingenieurswese; geesteswetenskappe, kuns, en sosiale wetenskappe; bestuur; en wetenskap). Dit het 'n paar 1,000 fakulteit lede, meer as 11,000 voorgraadse en nagraadse studente, en meer as 130,000 lewende alumni.
Op sy stigting in 1861, MIT was 'n opvoedkundige innovasie, 'n gemeenskap van hands-on probleemoplossers in die liefde met fundamentele wetenskap en gretig om die wêreld 'n beter plek te maak. vandag, die gees nog lei hoe ons op te voed studente op die kampus en hoe ons vorm nuwe digitale leer tegnologieë te maak MIT onderrig toeganklik vir miljoene leerders regoor die wêreld.
MIT se gees van interdissiplinêre verkenning het baie wetenskaplike deurbrake en tegnologiese vooruitgang aangevuur. 'N Paar voorbeelde: die eerste chemiese sintese van penisillien en vitamien A. Die ontwikkeling van radar en skepping van traagheid leiding stelsels. Die uitvinding van magnetiese kern geheue, wat die ontwikkeling van digitale rekenaars in staat gestel. Groot bydraes tot die Human Genome Project. Die ontdekking van kwarke. Die uitvinding van die elektroniese sigblad en van enkripsie stelsels wat in staat stel om e-handel. Die skepping van GPS. Pionier 3D druk. Die konsep van die uitdyende heelal.
Huidige navorsing en opvoeding gebiede sluit in digitale leer; nanotegnologie; volhoubare energie, die omgewing, klimaat aanpassing, en globale water en voedselsekuriteit; Big Data, cyber, robotika, en kunsmatige intelligensie; menslike gesondheid, insluitend kanker, MIV, outisme, Alzheimer se, en disleksie; biologiese ingenieurswese en CRISPR tegnologie; armoedeverligting; gevorderde vervaardiging; en innovasie en entrepreneurskap.
impak MIT se sluit ook die werk van ons alumni. Een manier MIT gegradueerdes ry vordering is deur die begin van maatskappye wat nuwe idees te lewer aan die wêreld. In 'n onlangse studie beraam dat as van 2014, lewende MIT alumni het meer as bekendgestel 30,000 aktiewe maatskappye, skep 4.6 miljoen werkgeleenthede en rofweg genereer $1.9 triljoen in jaarlikse inkomste. saam, hierdie “MET nasie” is gelykstaande aan die 10 grootste ekonomie in die wêreld!
skole / kolleges / departemente / kursusse / fakulteite
- School of Architecture and Planning
- Skool vir Ingenieurswese
- Skool vir Geesteswetenskappe, Kuns, en Sosiale Wetenskappe
- Sloan School of Management
- Skool vir Wetenskap
in 1859, a proposal was submitted to the Massachusetts General Court to use newly filled lands in Back Bay, Boston for a “Conservatory of Art and Science”, but the proposal failed. A charter for the incorporation of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, proposed by William Barton Rogers, was signed by the governor of Massachusetts on April 10, 1861.
Two days after the charter was issued, the first battle of the Civil War broke out. After a long delay through the war years, MIT’s first classes were held in the Mercantile Building in Boston in 1865. The new institute was founded as part of the Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act to fund institutions “to promote the liberal and practical education of the industrial classes”, and was a land-grant school. in 1863 under the same act, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts founded the Massachusetts Agricultural College, which developed as the University of Massachusetts Amherst. in 1866, the proceeds from land sales went toward new buildings in the Back Bay.
MIT was informally called “Boston Tech”. The institute adopted the European polytechnic university model and emphasized laboratory instruction from an early date. Despite chronic financial problems, the institute saw growth in the last two decades of the 19th century under President Francis Amasa Walker. Programs in electrical, chemiese, marine, and sanitary engineering were introduced, new buildings were built, and the size of the student body increased to more than one thousand.
The curriculum drifted to a vocational emphasis, with less focus on theoretical science. The fledgling school still suffered from chronic financial shortages which diverted the attention of the MIT leadership. During these “Boston Tech” jaar, MIT faculty and alumni rebuffedHarvard University president (and former MIT faculty) Charles W. Eliot’s repeated attempts to merge MIT with Harvard College’s Lawrence Scientific School. There would be at least six attempts to absorb MIT into Harvard. In its cramped Back Bay location, MIT could not afford to expand its overcrowded facilities, driving a desperate search for a new campus and funding. Eventually the MIT Corporation approved a formal agreement to merge with Harvard, over the vehement objections of MIT faculty, studente, and alumni. Maar, 'n 1917 decision by the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court effectively put an end to the merger scheme.
in 1916, the MIT administration and the MIT charter crossed the Charles River on the ceremonial barge Bucentaur built for the occasion, to signify MIT’s move to a spacious new campus largely consisting of filled land on a mile-long tract along the Cambridge side of the Charles River. The neoclassical “New Technology” campus was designed by William W. Bosworth and had been funded largely by anonymous donations from a mysterious “Mnr. Smith”, begin in 1912. In Januarie 1920, the donor was revealed to be the industrialist George Eastman of Rochester, New York, who had invented methods of film production and processing, and founded Eastman Kodak. tussen 1912 en 1920, Eastman donated $20 miljoen ($236.2 miljoen in 2015 dollar) in cash and Kodak stock to MIT.
MIT has kept pace with and helped to advance the digital age. In addition to developing the predecessors to modern computing and networking technologies, studente, personeel, and faculty members at Project MAC, the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, and the Tech Model Railroad Club wrote some of the earliest interactive computer video games like Spacewar! and created much of modern hacker slang and culture. Several major computer-related organizations have originated at MIT since the 1980s: Richard Stallman’s GNU Project and the subsequent Free Software Foundation were founded in the mid-1980s at the AI Lab; the MIT Media Lab was founded in 1985 by Nicholas Negroponte and Jerome Wiesner to promote research into novel uses of computer technology; the World Wide Web Consortiumstandards organization was founded at the Laboratory for Computer Science in 1994 by Tim Berners-Lee; the OpenCourseWare project has made course materials for over 2,000 MIT classes available online free of charge since 2002; and the One Laptop per Child initiative to expand computer education and connectivity to children worldwide was launched in 2005.
MIT was named a sea-grant college in 1976 to support its programs in oceanography and marine sciences and was named a space-grant college in 1989 to support its aeronautics and astronautics programs. Despite diminishing government financial support over the past quarter century, MIT launched several successful development campaigns to significantly expand the campus: new dormitories and athletics buildings on west campus; the Tang Center for Management Education; several buildings in the northeast corner of campus supporting research into biology, brain and cognitive sciences, genomics, biotegnologie, and cancer research; and a number of new “backlot” buildings on Vassar Street including the Stata Center. Construction on campus in the 2000s included expansions of the Media Lab, the Sloan School’s eastern campus, and graduate residences in the northwest. in 2006, President Hockfield launched the MIT Energy Research Council to investigate the interdisciplinary challenges posed by increasing global energy consumption.
in 2001, inspired by the open source and open access movements, MIT launched OpenCourseWare to make the lecture notes, problem sets, syllabuses, exams, and lectures from the great majority of its courses available online for no charge, though without any formal accreditation for coursework completed. While the cost of supporting and hosting the project is high, OCW expanded in 2005 to include other universities as a part of the OpenCourseWare Consortium, which currently includes more than 250 academic institutions with content available in at least six languages. in 2011, MIT announced it would offer formal certification (but not credits or degrees) to online participants completing coursework in its “MITx” program, for a modest fee. Die “EDX” online platform supporting MITx was initially developed in partnership with Harvard and its analogous “Harvardx” initiative. The courseware platform is open source, and other universities have already joined and added their own course content.
Three days after the Boston Marathon bombing of April 2013, MIT Police patrol officer Sean Collier was fatally shot by the suspects Dzhokhar and Tamerlan Tsarnaev, setting off a violent manhunt that shut down the campus and much of the Boston metropolitan area for a day. One week later, Collier’s memorial service was attended by more than 10,000 mense, in a ceremony hosted by the MIT community with thousands of police officers from the New England region and Canada. op November 25, 2013, MIT announced the creation of the Collier Medal, to be awarded annually to “an individual or group that embodies the character and qualities that Officer Collier exhibited as a member of the MIT community and in all aspects of his life”. The announcement further stated that “Future recipients of the award will include those whose contributions exceed the boundaries of their profession, those who have contributed to building bridges across the community, and those who consistently and selflessly perform acts of kindness”
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