ከበርሊን Humboldt ዩኒቨርሲቲ

ከበርሊን Humboldt ዩኒቨርሲቲ

Humboldt University of Berlin Details

  • አገር : ጀርመን
  • ከተማ : በርሊን
  • ምሕፃረ : ማዕከል
  • ተመሠረተ : 1810
  • ተማሪዎች (ገደማ.) : 34000
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አጠቃላይ እይታ


ከበርሊን Humboldt ዩኒቨርሲቲ is one of Berlin’s oldest universities, ላይ የተመሰረተ 15 ጥቅምት 1810 እንደ በርሊን ዩኒቨርሲቲ (Universität zu በርሊን) ወደ ለዘብተኛ ከፕራሽን የትምህርት ተሃድሶ እና linguistWilhelm ቮን Humboldt በ, የማን የዩኒቨርሲቲ ሞዴል ሌሎች የአውሮፓ እና የምዕራቡ ዩኒቨርሲቲዎች ተጽዕኖ ጠንካራ ነው. ከ 1828 ይህ በመባል ይታወቅ ነበር ፍሬድሪክ ዊልያም ዩኒቨርሲቲ (ፍሬድሪክ-Wilhelms-Universität), እና ከዚያ በኋላ (unofficially) በተጨማሪም እንደ ዩኒቨርሲቲ unter ዋሻ ሊንደን የፕራሻ ልዑል ሄንሪ የቀድሞ ቤተ መንግሥት ውስጥ ቦታ በኋላ (1726-1802) ይህም ወንድሙን, ንጉሥ ዳግማዊ ፍሬደሪክ, መካከል ስለ እርሱ በሠራው 1748 ና 1753 መስበክህ Unter ዋሻ ሊንደን ላይ. ውስጥ 1949, ይህን ድረስ ስሟ ተቀይሯል Humboldt ዩኒቨርሲቲ መሥራች ቪልሄልም ወንድሙን በሁለቱም ክብር ውስጥ, የጂኦግራፊ አሌክሳንደር ቮን Humboldt. ውስጥ 2012, በርሊን ላይ Humboldt ዩኒቨርሲቲ የጀርመን ዩኒቨርሲቲዎች የላቀ ተነሳሽነት ማሸነፍ አስራ አንድ የጀርመን ዩኒቨርሲቲዎች መካከል አንዱ ነበር, በጀርመን አገር መንግስት የተደራጁ ዩኒቨርሲቲዎች ብሔራዊ ውድድር. ዩኒቨርሲቲው የተማረ ነው 29 Nobel Prize winners and is considered one of the most prestigious universities in Europe overall as well as one of the most prestigious universities worldwide for arts and humanities.

እኛ አንድ ሰሜስተር ወይም ለአንድ ዓመት ያህል Humboldt-Universität ላይ በማጥናት ላይ ፍላጎት ደስ ናቸው. እነሱን ለማስተማር እውቀት ልዩነቶች ስብጥር የትምህርት Humboldtian ሃሳብ ቁልፍ ናቸው. Humboldt-Universitaet ላይ ጎዳና ክፍል ማሳለፍ የሚፈልጉ ወይም እዚህ ዲግሪ ለማግኘት የተመዘገቡ ሰዎች ዓለም አቀፍ ተማሪዎች በተለይ አቀባበል ናቸው. እነዚህ የትምህርት መድረክ ያላቸውን የትምህርት ልምድ እና ዓለም አቀፍ አመለካከቶች አስተዋጽኦ, Humboldt ተማሪዎች የከፍተኛ ትምህርት እውቀት ሌሎች አይነቶች እና ሌሎች ባህሎች ማወቅ አጋጣሚ በመስጠት. እኛ የመማር አንተ በትምህርታቸው ሁለቱም ይደርሱ ዘንድ ውጭ ማዘጋጀት እና ውጤቶችን ለማሳካት ትችሉ ዘንድ ያምናሉ ከባህል ወደ Humboldt መንገድ እውቀት በመቅሰም ላይ ሳለ.

የልውውጥ ፕሮግራም አካል አይደሉም; ማን አቀፍ ተማሪዎች ተቀባይነት የገንዘብ ድጋፍ በማድረግ የስኮላርሺፕ መያዝ እንዳልሆነ ልብ ይበሉ ይውሰዱ, ለየት ያሉ ጉዳዮችን ብቻ ውስጥ ያልሆኑ-ዲግሪ ተማሪ መመዝገብ ይችላል.

የሚከተሉት ድረ-ገጾችን በርካታ ጥያቄዎች መልስ እና ያስሱ አቅጣጫዎች ወደ ውጭ ማመልከት ይሆናል. የአሁኑ መንፈቅ ውስጥ በእንግሊዝኛ አቀረቡ ኮርሶች ስለ ገረፍ ፍላጎት ያላቸውን ሰዎች ለማግኘት, ቅጽበተ-እዚህ ላይ ሊገኙ ይችላሉ.

 

ትምህርት ቤቶች / ኮሌጆች / ክፍሎች / ኮርሶች / ፋኩልቲዎች


  • ሕግ ፋክልቲ
  • ሒሳብ እና የተፈጥሮ ሳይንስ ፋኩሊቲ (ጄኦግራፊ, የኮምፒውተር ሳይንስ, የሒሳብ ትምህርት, ጥንተ ንጥር ቅመማ, ፊዚክስ)
  • ሕይወት ሳይንስ ፋኩሊቲ (Agriculture and Horticulture, ባዮሶሎጀ, ሳይኮሎጂ)
  • Charité – Berlin University Medicine
  • ፍልስፍና እኔ ፋኩሊቲ (ፍልስፍና, ታሪክ, European Ethnology, Department of Library and Information Science)
  • ፍልስፍና ዳግማዊ ፋኩሊቲ (ሥነ ጽሑፍ, የቋንቋዎች ጥናት, Scandinavian Studies, Romance literatures, እንግሊዝኛ እና የአሜሪካ ጥናቶች, Slavic Studies, Classical Philology)
  • ሂውማኒቲስ እና ማህበራዊ ሳይንስ ፋኩሊቲ (ማህበራዊ ሳይንሶች, Cultural Studies/Arts, Asian/African Studies (includes Archeology), ፆታ ጥናቶች, Sport science, RehabilitationStudies, ትምህርት, Quality Management in Education)
  • መለኮት ፋኩሊቲ
  • ኢኮኖሚክስ እና ቢዝነስ አስተዳደር ፋኩልቲ

ታሪክ


he first semester at the newly founded Berlin university occurred in 1810 ጋር 256 ተማሪዎች እና 52 lecturers in faculties of law, መድሃኒት, theology and philosophy under rector Theodor Schmalz. The university has been home to many of Germany’s greatest thinkers of the past two centuries, among them the subjective idealist philosopher Johann Gottlieb Fichte, the theologian Friedrich Schleiermacher, the absolute idealist philosopher G.W.F. ሄግል, the Romantic legal theorist Friedrich Carl von Savigny, the pessimist philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer, the objective idealist philosopher Friedrich Schelling, cultural critic Walter Benjamin, and famous physicists Albert Einstein and Max Planck. The founders of Marxist theory Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels attended the university, as did poet Heinrich Heine, novelist Alfred Döblin, founder of structuralism Ferdinand de Saussure, German unifier Otto von Bismarck, Communist Party of Germany founder Karl Liebknecht, African American Pan Africanist W. ና. ቢ. Du Bois and European unifier Robert Schuman, as well as the influential surgeon Johann Friedrich Dieffenbach in the early half of the 1800s. The university is home to 29 የኖቤል ሽልማት አሸናፊዎች.

The structure of German research-intensive universities, such as Humboldt, served as a model for institutions like ጆንስ ሆፕኪንስ ዩኒቨርሲቲ. ከዚህ በላይ, it has been claimed thatthe ‘Humboldtianuniversity became a model for the rest of Europe with its central principle being the union of teaching and research in the work of the individual scholar or scientist.

In addition to the strong anchoring of traditional subjects, such as science, ሕግ, ፍልስፍና, ታሪክ, theology and medicine, Berlin University developed to encompass numerous new scientific disciplines. Alexander von Humboldt, brother of the founder William, promoted the new learning. With the construction of modern research facilities in the second half of the 19th Century teaching of the natural sciences began. Famous researchers, such as the chemist August Wilhelm Hofmann, the physicist Hermann von Helmholtz, the mathematicians Ernst Eduard Kummer, Leopold Kronecker,Karl Weierstrass, the physicians Johannes Peter Müller, Albrecht von Graefe, Rudolf Virchow andRobert Koch, contributed to Berlin University’s scientific fame.

During this period of enlargement, Berlin University gradually expanded to incorporate other previously separate colleges in Berlin. An example would be the Charité, the Pépinière and the Collegium Medico-chirurgicum. ውስጥ 1717, King Friedrich I had built a quarantine house for Plague at the city gates, ይህም ውስጥ 1727 was rechristened by thesoldier kingFriedrich Wilhelm: “Es soll das Haus die Charité heißen” (It will be called Charité [French for charity]). በ 1829 the site became Berlin University’s medical campus and remained so until 1927 when the more modern University Hospital was constructed.

Berlin University started a natural history collection in 1810, ይህም, በ 1889 required a separate building and became the Museum für Naturkunde. The preexisting Tierarznei School, ላይ የተመሰረተ 1790 and absorbed by the university, ውስጥ 1934 formed the basis of the Veterinary Medicine Facility (Grundstock der Veterinärmedizinischen Fakultät). Also the Landwirtschaftliche Hochschule Berlin (Agricultural University of Berlin), ላይ የተመሰረተ 1881 was affiliated with the Agricultural Faculties of the University.

በኋላ 1933, like all German universities, it was affected by the Nazi regime. The rector during this period was Eugen Fischer. It was from the university’s library that some 20,000 books bydegeneratesand opponents of the regime were taken to be burned on May 10 of that year in the Opernplatz (now the Bebelplatz) for a demonstration protected by the SA that also featured a speech by Joseph Goebbels. A monument to this can now be found in the center of the square, consisting of a glass panel opening onto an underground white room with empty shelf space for 20,000 volumes and a plaque, bearing an epigraph from an 1820 work by Heinrich Heine: “Das war ein Vorspiel nur, dort wo man Bücher verbrennt, verbrennt man am Ende auch Menschen” (“This was but a prelude; where they burn books, they ultimately burn people”).

The Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service (ጀርመንኛ “Gesetz zur Wiederherstellung des Berufsbeamtentums”) resulted in 250 Jewish professors and employees being fired during 1933/1934 and numerous doctorates being withdrawn. Students and scholars and political opponents of Nazis were ejected from the university and often deported. During this time nearly one third of all of the staff were fired by the Nazis.

The Soviet Military Administration in Germany (SMAD) ordered (Befehl-Nr. 4) the opening of the university in January 1946. The SMAD wanted a redesigned Berlin University based on the Soviet model, however they insisted on the phrasingnewly openedand notre-openedfor political reasons. The president of the German Central Administration for National Education (DZVV), Paul Wandel, in his address at the January 29, 1946, opening ceremony, said: “I spoke of the opening, and not of the re-opening of the university. The University of Berlin must effectively start again in almost every way. You have before you this image of the old university. What remains of that is nought but ruins.The teaching was limited to seven departments working in reopened, war-damaged buildings, with many of the teachers dead or missing. ቢሆንም, by the winter semester of 1946, the Economic and Educational Sciences Faculty had re-opened.

The Workers and Peasants Faculty (ጀርመንኛ: Arbeiter-und-Bauern-Fakultät) (ABF), an education program aimed at young men who, due to political or racial reasons, had been disadvantaged under the Nazis, was established at the university during this time. This program existed at Berlin University until 1962.


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