ፊዚክስ እና ቴክኖሎጂ የሞስኮ ኢንስቲትዩት

ፊዚክስ እና ቴክኖሎጂ የሞስኮ ኢንስቲትዩት. በሩሲያ ጥናት ኢንጂነሪንግ

ፊዚክስ እና ቴክኖሎጂ ዝርዝር ሞስኮ ተቋም

ፊዚክስ እና ቴክኖሎጂ ሞስኮ ተቋም ይመዝገቡ

አጠቃላይ እይታ


Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology is a leading Russian university that trains students in various fields of modern science and technology.

MIPT was set up on September 17, 1951 by Resolution#3517-1635 of the Soviet Cabinet of Ministers on the basis of the Department of Physics and Technology at the Lomonosov Moscow State University. The department started working on November 25, 1946. On October 1, 1951, the resolution was approvedby executive order of the Soviet Education Ministry. On November 2, 2009, MIPT was granted the status of National Research University by the Russian government.

MIPT has a very rich history. Its founders included academicians Pyotr Kapitsa, Nikolay Semenov and Sergey Khristianovich. Its first professors were Nobel Prize winners Kapitsa, Semenov and Lev Landau, and its first rector was Ivan Petrov. There are Nobel Prize winners among MIPT’s graduates as well. Many MIPT professors are leading Russian scientists, including over 80 members of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

From the outset, MIPT has used a unique system for training specialists, known as the Phystech System, which combines fundamental science, engineering disciplines and student research.

With a history rich in major events and longstanding traditions, MIPT pays well-deserved attention to its symbols. MIPT has an original emblem, which embodies its devotion to science.

Every 5 years MIPT marks two anniversaries, celebrating the creation of the Department of Physics and Technology at Moscow State University on November 25, 1946 and the creation of Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, which took place five years later.

ትምህርት ቤቶች / ኮሌጆች / ክፍሎች / ኮርሶች / ፋኩልቲዎች


Department of Radio Engineering and Cybernetics

ጀምሮ 1952 we have concentrated on studies in electrical engineering and cybertechnology. Our students combine fundamental studies with research activities related to contemporary issues in the fields of wireless systems, solid-state devices, control theory, learning systems, signal processing, parallel and distributed computing, fault-tolerant computing, and computer vision.

Department of General and Applied Physics

Here is one of the best places to get involved in the most wonderful and most complicated areas of knowledge. We train our students to push the boundaries of human understanding of space and time, of matter and energy from the nuclear to the cosmological. We offer the exploration of a universal nature to those who dare to know.

Department of Aerophysics and Space Research

The training program of the Department focuses on a practical approach to opportunities offered by the space industry and includes aerospace engineering, space science and space technology. Our research focuses on biosystems engineering, earth remote sensing, and natural resource exploration. Alumni include astronauts, policy-makers, high-ranking officer and researchers who work on the cutting edge of earth and space sciences in the most respected research centers and companies both in Russian and abroad.

Department of Molecular and Chemical Physics

Combining MIPT’s traditional program in pure physics and mathematics with deep studies in chemistry, the Department fosters unique specialists who conduct research in chemical dynamics and reaction mechanisms, materials and plasma chemistry as well as the physics of living systems. Our community comprises people who investigate radiochemistry and conduct experiments using laser technology.

Department of Physical and Quantum Electronics

Converging rigorous pure sciences with the power of our industry-academic partnerships, the Department provides training programs for students who wish to become outstanding researchers in the field of electronics. We explore new materials and create new methods in solid state electronic devices as well as in laser and optics systems providing sharpened efficiency for contemporary solutions in telecommunications, control systems, supercomputers and the aerospace industry. We dare to change the world..

Department of Aeromechanics and Flight Engineering

The Department prepares students for professional positions in the aerospace industry, መንግሥት, and business by offering an intensive curriculum merged with cutting-edge research at Russia’s renowned Aviaindustry Cluster. Our program focuses on aeromechanics, control, propulsion and engineering problems of aircraft. The department is located in the city of Zhukovsky, Moscow Region.

Department of Control and Applied Mathematics

The Department provides training at the bachelor’s and master’s level in applied mathematics. Education programs are focused on mathematical modeling in fundamental and applied physics, mechanics and economics. We offer unique courses in supercomputing, artificial intelligence, system analysis and software engineering. .

Department of Problems of Physics and Energetics

The Department focuses on producing scientists trained to face a broad range of challenges caused by the rapid growth of human civilization in the 21st century. We offer programs related to quantum optics, extreme states of matter, nuclear physics, astrophysics and cosmology, fundamental interactions and plasma energetics. We endeavor to conduct experiments beyond the limits of present-day science and we are proud of our graduates, who are involved in investigating the most spectacular phenomena of the universe.

Department of Innovation and High Technology

Computers and information technologies have become indispensable to modern life. The Department prepare our students to give rise to new innovations, to be eager in studying computer science, to explore the cyber-universe and to implement their ideas in the real world with the help of our industry-academic partnerships with the world’s largest software companies and high-tech corporations.

Department of Biological and Medical Physics

Thanks to MIPT’s unique teaching style and structure the Department is merging medicine, biology and chemistry with fundamental physics and mathematics in order to create new methods for the medical industry and technologies for pharmaceutical production. Our alumni include entrepreneurs, educators and researchers pushing the boundaries of life sciences.

Department of Nano-, Bio-, Information Technology and Cognitive Science

Converging nanotechnology, ባዮቴክኖሎጂ, information technology and cognitive science into a holistic art of cognition, we have acquired a new instrument for understanding our world and making it a better place. The NBIC department was established in the close cooperation with the renowned NRC “Kurchatov Institute”, which has been a hub of cutting-edge science since the Soviet era. The department is located in Moscow.

Department of Higher School of Systems Engineering is an interfaculty department conducting training for master’s students in 222300, “High Technology and Economics of Innovation.The main objective of the program is the training of leaders in technological fields.

ታሪክ


መገባደጃ ላይ 1945 መጀመሪያ ላይ 1946, ታዋቂ የሶቪዬት ሳይንቲስቶች ቡድን, በተለይ ወደፊት የኖቤል ሽልማት አሸናፊ ፒዮተር Kapitsa ውስጥ ጨምሮ, የከፍተኛ ትምህርት በሶቪየት ሥርዓት ውስጥ የተቋቋመ ዓይነት ነቀል በሆነ መልኩ የተለዩ ከፍተኛ የትምህርት ተቋም መፍጠር ለ መንግስት lobbied. አመልካቾች, በጥንቃቄ ፈታኝ ምርመራዎች እና የግል ቃለ ተመርጧል, የተማሩ ይሆናሉ ነበር, እና ጋርም አብረን እንሰራለን, የታወቁ ሳይንቲስቶች. እያንዳንዱ ተማሪ ፍላጎት እና specialization እሱ ወይም እሷ የተወሰኑ አካባቢዎች ለማዛመድ የተፈጠረ ለግል ሥርዓተ ትምህርት ይከተሉ ነበር. ይህ ሥርዓት ከጊዜ በኋላ በመባል ይታወቃል ለመሆን ነበር Phystech System.

በየካቲት ውስጥ ስታሊን አንድ ደብዳቤ ላይ 1946, Kapitsa እንዲህ ያለው ትምህርት አስፈላጊ የዘረኛነት, እሱም ደምድመናል የተባለው ፊዚክስ እና ቴክኖሎጂ የሞስኮ ኢንስቲትዩት, የተሻለ ጠብቀው እና የሀገሪቱ የመከላከያ አቅም ማዳበር. ኢንስቲትዩቱ ከላይ የተዘረዘሩትን ሥርዓቶች መከተል ነበር, እና የሳይንስ የተሶሶሪ አካዳሚ ግንባር ምርምር ተቋማት ዳይሬክተሮች ቦርድ ስር የሚመራ ይሆናል ይጠብቀው ነበር. መጋቢት ላይ 10, 1946, መንግስት አንድ መቋቋም mandating አዋጅ አወጣ “ፊዚክስ እና ቴክኖሎጂ ኮሌጅ”

ባልታወቀ ምክንያት, የመጀመሪያ ዕቅድ በበጋ የተቋረጠው መጣ 1946. ትክክለኛው ሁኔታ በሰነድ አይደለም, ነገር ግን የጋራ ሐሳብ Kapitsa እምቢታ ላይ አቶሚክ ቦምብ በፕሮጀክቱ እንዲሳተፉ ለማድረግ ነው, እና የመንግስት እና ኮሚኒስት ፓርቲ ጋር የእሱን ሞገስ ከዚያ በኋላ, የእሱ ሃሳቦች ላይ በአብዛኛው የተመሠረተ ራሱን የቻለ ትምህርት ቤት ላይ ጥላ ጣለ. ይልቅ, አዲስ መንግሥት አዋጅ ኅዳር ላይ የተሰጠ ነበር 25, 1946 በሞስኮ ስቴት ዩኒቨርሲቲ ውስጥ ፊዚክስ እና ቴክኖሎጂ አንድ ክፍል እንደ አዲስ ትምህርት ቤት ማቋቋም. ህዳር 25 MIPT የአምላክ ከተፈጠረበት ቀን ሆኖ ይከበራል.

Kapitsa አየሁት: አንድ ባህላዊ የትምህርት ተቋም ውስጥ, ወደ አዲስ ትምህርት ቤት በቢሮክራሲያዊ መሰናክሎች ሊያጋጥማቸው እንደሚችል, ገለልተኛ ድርጅት እንደ አዲስ ትምህርት ቤት ለመፍጠር Kapitsa የነበረው የመጀመሪያ ዕቅድ በትክክል የማይጨበጡ አልመጣም እንኳ ነገር ግን አልማችሁት እንደ, በውስጡ በጣም አስፈላጊ መሠረታዊ ሥርዓቶች ተርፈዋል. አዲሱ መምሪያ በሞስኮ ስቴት ዩኒቨርሲቲ ውስጥ ከፍተኛ የራስ ገዝ አስተዳደር ነበራት. የዚህ መንግሥት ሕንፃዎች Dolgoprudny ውስጥ ነበሩ (ይህ ወዳሉበት ሁለት ሕንፃዎች አሁንም ዛሬ ካምፓስ አካል ናቸው), ርቆ MSU ካምፓስ ከ. ይህ የራሱ የሆነ ነፃ አይገደዱም እና የትምህርት ስርዓት ነበር, በማዕከላዊነት ሌሎች ዩኒቨርስቲዎች ሰጥቶ ሰው የተለየ. እሱም MSU የሚመራ ነበር “ልዩ ጉዳዮች ምክትል ሬክተር”ማለትም ቦታ ዩኒቨርሲቲ አመራር ጀምሮ እስከ መምሪያው ሊጠብቀን በተለይ የተፈጠረ.

Kapitsa ይጠበቃል እንደ, በውስጡ የተለያዩ ጋር አዲስ ትምህርት ቤት ልዩ ሁኔታ “የተሳትፎ ደንቦች” በዩኒቨርሲቲው ውስጥ ብዙ ድንጋጤን እና የመቋቋም ምክንያት. Phystech ተሰጥኦ ወጣቶች መካከል አተረፍሁበት ወዲያውኑ አምልኮ ሁኔታ, ሳይንስ እና ቴክኖሎጂ ግንባር ላይ ተፈታታኝ እና አሠራር ሮማንቲሲዝምን የተሳሉ, እና ፕሮጀክቶች ላይ “መንግስት አስፈላጊነት,” ከእነርሱም ብዙዎቹ የተመደቡ, በአገሪቱ ውስጥ በእያንዳንዱ ሌላ ትምህርት ቤት አንድ ከተዘፈቀና ተቀናቃኝ አደረገ, ፊዚክስ MSU የራሱን መምሪያ ጨምሮ. በተመሳሳይ ሰዓት, መንግስት ጋር Kapitsa እየጨመረ አዝነውባቸዋል (ውስጥ 1950 በቁም እስር ላይ በመሠረቱ ነበር), እና መገባደጃ 1940 መካከል ፀረ-ሴማዊ repressions Phystech ሴራ እና ውንጀላ ቀላል ዒላማ አደረገ “ምሑራዊነት” ና “ከመሰረቁም cosmopolitanism.” ክረምት ላይ 1951, MSU ላይ Phystech መምሪያ ተዘግቷል.[4]

academicians አንድ ቡድን, የአየር ኃይል አጠቃላይ ኢቫን Fedorovich Petrov የታጀበ, ጉዳይ ላይ ስታሊን የግል ተቀባይነት ደህንነት በቂ ተሰሚነት አንድ Phystech ደጋፊ የነበረው, አንድ ራሱን የቻለ ተቋም ሆኖ ዳግም-በማቋቋም Phystech ውስጥ ተሳክቷል. መስከረም ላይ 17, 1951, የቤኒን መንግሥት ፊዚክስ እና ቴክኖሎጂ የሞስኮ ተቋም እንደ Phystech ዳግም-ተቋቋመ.

ባሻገር Kapitsa ከ, ከዚያ በኋላ በነበሩት ዓመታት ውስጥ MIPT ላይ ያስተማረውን ሌሎች ታዋቂ ሳይንቲስቶች የኖቤል ሽልማት አሸናፊዎች Nikolay Semyonov ተካቷል, ዘሌ Landau, Alexandr Prokhorov, Vitaly Ginzburg; እና አካዳሚ ሳይንሶች አባላት ሰርጌይ Khristianovich, Mikhail Lavrentiev, Mstislav Keldysh, ሰርጌይ Korolyov, እና ቦሪስ Rauschenbach. MIPT አሉምናይ አንድሬ Geim እና ኮንስታንቲን Novoselov ያካትታሉ, የ 2010 ፊዚክስ ለ የኖቤል ሽልማት አሸናፊዎች.


ይፈልጋሉ ፊዚክስ እና ቴክኖሎጂ ሞስኮ ኢንስቲትዩት ተወያዩ ? ማንኛውም ጥያቄ, አስተያየት ወይም ግምገማዎችን


ካርታ ላይ ፊዚክስ እና ቴክኖሎጂ ሞስኮ ኢንስቲትዩት


ፎቶ


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ከጓደኞችህ ጋር ይህን ጠቃሚ መረጃ ያጋሩ

ፊዚክስ እና ቴክኖሎጂ ግምገማዎች ሞስኮ ተቋም

ፊዚክስ እና ቴክኖሎጂ ሞስኮ ተቋም ለመወያየት ይቀላቀሉ.
ማስታወሻ ያዝ: EducationBro መጽሔት በ ዩኒቨርሲቲዎች መረጃ ማንበብ ችሎታ ይሰጣል 96 ቋንቋዎች, ነገር ግን ለሌሎች አባላት አክብሮት እና በእንግሊዝኛ አስተያየት ለመተው ይጠይቁሃል.