- Moscow State University
Moscow State University
Moscow State University yn y sefydliad addysgol hynaf o Rwsia. Fe'i sefydlwyd ar 12 Ionawr 1755 ar Ddydd Gŵyl Tatyana yn yr archddyfarniad Empress Elizaveta Petrovna ar y fenter y gwyddonydd mawr Rwsia Mikhail Vassilievich Lomonosov ac ar ôl hynny mae'n cael ei enwi. Roedd y diwrnod ei sefydlu (Jan 12) cael ei ddathlu fel Diwrnod y Myfyriwr yn Rwsia.
Y flwyddyn 2005 ei farcio â dathliadau ac yn fwy na 900 digwyddiadau arbennig ymroddedig i 250 pen-blwydd MGU. Mae llyfrgell y brifysgol newydd, cyfadran newydd o feddygaeth a chlinig prifysgol fodern ddathlu'r digwyddiad arbennig.
Mae gan Moscow State University draddodiad hir-sefydlog o ragoriaeth academaidd. Yn y brifysgol Rwsia hon ysgolion gwyddonol ac addysgol hynaf a mwyaf enwog o fri rhyngwladol wedi cael eu ffurfio. Ymhlith ei graddedigion ac athrawon mae enillwyr Gwobr Nobel a gwyddonwyr byd hysbys. Moscow State University yn cynnwys nifer o sefydliadau ymchwil gwyddonol arbenigol yn y meysydd mwyaf arwyddocaol o wyddoniaeth fodern megis Mecaneg, Ffiseg niwclear, Seryddiaeth, laserau, Bioleg moleciwlaidd, Cemeg Bioorganic, Anthropoleg, Gwyddorau deunyddiau, ecoleg, Gwyddorau dyngarol, ac eraill.
Cyfanswm y nifer o fyfyrwyr wedi cofrestru (gan gynnwys ôl-raddedigion a myfyrwyr rhan-amser) yw 40 000. Mae'r staff yn cynnwys mwy na 8 500 athrawon, cymdeithion athrawon a chymdeithion ymchwil. Ar hyn o bryd mae nifer y myfyrwyr ac ôl-raddedigion tramor yn 5000 o 80 gwledydd.
Mae gan Moscow State University gytundebau gyda'r sefydliadau rhyngwladol blaenllaw (e.e., UNESCO, Mae'r Banc y Byd), yn aelod o nifer o gymdeithasau rhyngwladol, a'u llofnodi dros 300 cytundebau gyda phrifysgolion o bob cyfandir. Mae'r Brifysgol Lomonosov yn y ganolfan o gydweithio rhwng y prifysgolion ar y diriogaeth yr hen Undeb Sofietaidd.
Mae llawer o ysgolheigion rhagorol, arweinwyr cyhoeddus a chyflwr y byd wedi cael eu hethol Athrawon Er Anrhydedd a Meddygon y Brifysgol. Yn eu plith mae J. Goethe, y meddyliwr Almaeneg annwyl a nofelydd, y cyntaf prif-weinidog India Jawaharlal Nehru, Margaret Thatcher, ac yn olaf ond nid yn lleiaf, Bill Clinton.
Mae llawer o arweinwyr gwleidyddol presennol ac yn y gorffennol, megis M. Gorbatchev yn gyn-fyfyrwyr o Moscow State University a underling uchelgais y brifysgol i ddarparu'r hyfforddiant gorau i bobl orau. Dyma pam rydym yn argymell i chi ei ddysgu russian ym Moscow Wladwriaeth univerity.
Os hoffech chi gofrestru yn MGU, os gwelwch yn dda edrychwch ar ein tudalen wybodaeth fanwl i ddarpar fyfyrwyr. Mae cyllideb flynyddol o MGU gyfystyr â rubles tua 2 biliwn (am USD 350 miliwn).
ysgolion / colegau / adrannau / cyrsiau / Cyfadrannau
- Cyfadran y Mecaneg a Mathemateg
- Faculty of Computational Mathematics and Cybernetics
- Cyfadran y Ffiseg
- Cyfadran Cemeg
- Faculty of Materials Science
- Cyfadran Bioleg
- Faculty of Bioengineering and Bioinformatics
- Faculty of Soil Science
- Faculty of Geology
- Cyfadran Daearyddiaeth
- Faculty of Fundamental Medicine
- Faculty of Fundamental physical and chemical engineering
- Cyfadran Hanes
- Cyfadran Ieitheg
- Cyfadran Athroniaeth
- Gyfadran Economeg
- Cyfadran y Gyfraith
- Cyfadran Newyddiaduraeth
- Y Gyfadran Seicoleg
- The Institute of Asian and African Studies
- Faculty of Sociology
- Faculty of Foreign Languages and Area Studies
- Faculty of Public Administration
- Faculty of World Politics
- Faculty of Fine and Performing Arts
- Faculty of Global Processes
- Gyfadran Astudiaethau Addysgol
- Faculty of Political Science
- Ysgol Gweinyddu Busnes
- Moscow School of Economics
- School of Translation and Interpretation
- Ysgol Graddedigion Gweinyddiaeth Gyhoeddus
- School of State Audit
- Graduate School of Management and Innovation
- Graduate School of Innovative Business
- School of Contemporary Social Sciences
- School of Television
- Higher School of Policy in Culture and Management in the Sphere of Humanities
- Faculty of Military Training
- Faculty of Biotechnology
Ivan Shuvalov and Mikhail Lomonosov promoted the idea of a university, and Russian Empress Elizabethdecreed its establishment on January 25 1755. The first lectures took place on April 26. Russians still celebrate January 25 as Students’ Day.
St Petersburg State University and Moscow State University engage in friendly rivalry over the title of Russia’s oldest university. While Moscow State University dates from 1755, its St. Petersburg competitor has operated continuously as a “prifysgol” ers 1819, and sees itself as the successor of the university established on January 24, 1724, by a decree of Peter the Great.
The university originally occupied the Principal Medicine Store on Red Square from 1755 i 1787;Catherine the Great transferred it to a Neoclassical building on the other side of Mokhovaya Street. This main building was constructed between 1782 ac 1793 in the Neo-Palladian style, designed by Matvei Kazakov, and rebuilt after the 1812 Fire of Moscow by Domenico Giliardi.
In the 18th century, the university had three departments: athroniaeth, meddygaeth, a chyfraith. A preparatory college was affiliated with the university before it was abolished in 1812. Yn 1779 Mikhail Kheraskov founded a boarding school for noblemen (Благородный пансион), which became a gymnasium for the Russian nobility in 1830. The university press, run by Nikolay Novikov in the 1780s, published the most popular newspaper in Imperial Russia — Moskovskie Vedomosti.
Yn 1804, medical education split into clinical (therapy), surgical, and obstetrics faculties. In 1884–1897 the Department of Medicine – supported by private donations, City Hall, and the national government – built an extensive, 1.6 kilometer long, state-of-the-art medical campus in Devichye Pole, between the Garden Ring and Novodevichy Convent. It was designed by Konstantin Bykovsky (ru), with university doctors like Nikolay Sklifosovskiy and Fyodor Erismann acting as consultants. The campus, and medical education in general, were separated from the university in 1918. fel y 2015 Devichye Pole is operated by the independent I.M. Sechenov First Moscow Wladwriaeth Meddygol y Brifysgol and by various other state and private institutions.
The roots of student unrest reach deep into the 1800s. Yn 1905 a social-democratic organization emerged at the university and called for the overthrow of the tsar and for the establishment of a republic in Russia. The Tsarist government repeatedly threatened to close the university. Yn 1911, in a protest over the introduction of troops onto the campus and mistreatment of certain professors, 130 scientists and professors resigned en masse, including prominent figures such as Nikolay Dimitrievich Zelinskiy, Pyotr Nikolaevich Lebedev, and Sergei Alekseevich Chaplygin. Thousands of students were expelled.
After the October Revolution of 1917 the school began admitting proletariat and peasant children. Yn 1919 the university abolished tuition fees, and a preparatory facility was established to help working-class children prepare for entrance exams. During the implementation of Joseph Stalin’s First Five-Year Plan (1928–1932), Gulag prisoners constructed parts of the university. Stalin would later ironically mock, repress, and imprison the intelligensia.
Ar ôl 1991 nine new faculties were established. Yn 1992 the university gained a unique status: it is funded directly from the state budget (bypassing the Ministry of Education), which provides a significant level of independence.
ar Fedi 6, 1997 the French electronic musician Jean Michel Jarre, whom the mayor of Moscow had specially invited to perform, used the entire front of the university as the backdrop for a concert. The frontage served as a giant projection screen, while fireworks,lasers, and searchlights were all launched from various points around the building. The stage stood directly in front of the building, and the concert, titled “The Road To The 21st Century” in Russia (but renamed “Oxygen In Moscow” for worldwide video/DVD release) attracted a world-record crowd of 3.5 miliwn o bobl.
ers 1953, most of the faculties have been situated on Sparrow Hills, in the southwest of Moscow, 5 km from the city center. The main building was designed by architect Lev Vladimirovich Rudnev. In the post-war era, Joseph Stalin orderedseven huge tiered neoclassic towers to be built around the city. It was built using Gulagor labour, as were many of Stalin’s Great Construction Projects in Russia. Located on Moscow’s outskirts at the time of its construction, the location of the main building is now about half-way between the center of Moscow at the Kremlin and the city’s current limits. The Journalism Department now occupies the university’s original location in downtown Moscow across from the Manezh, steps from the Kremlin and other government buildings. Yn wir, frequent student unrest, including street protests, well pre-dating 1917 may be one reason why Stalin’s planners sited the university across the Moscow River, so far away.
The MSU main building was the tallest building in the world outside of New York City at the time of its construction, and remained the tallest building in Europe until 1990. The central tower is 240 m tall, 36 stories high, and flanked by four huge wings of student and faculty accommodations. It is said to contain a total of 33 kilometers of corridors and 5,000 rooms.
While the Sparrow Hills were on the outskirts of the city at the time of the construction of the main building, they are now about halfway from the Kremlin to the city limits. Several other buildings and sports facilities were later added to the campus, including the only baseball stadium in Russia. Ar hyn o bryd, a new building is under construction for the social sciences faculties, and another new one of vast size has just been built for the library, which is the second-largest in Russia by volume (number of books). The university also has several dormitory buildings in the Southwest of Moscow, outside the campus.
The historical building on Mokhovaya Street now mainly houses the Faculty of Journalism, the Faculty of Psychology, and The Institute of Asian and African Studies. The university includes a number of faculty buildings located near Manege Square in the center of Moscow and a number of campuses abroad in Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
The university’s main library is one of the largest in Russia. Current estimates suggest that it contains approximately 9,000,000 cyfrolau. The library serves in the area of 55,000 readers per year, using approximately 5,500,000 llyfrau.
The university offers classes on its main campus not only in Moscow, but also on campuses in Armenia, Wcráin, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan and Uzbekistan. These include the Puschino MSU campus, Podmoskovny MSU campus, Chernomorsky MSU campus and Kazakhstan MSU campus. The Ulyanovsk branch of MSU was reorganized into Ulyanovsk State University in 1996.
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