Prifysgol Rhydychen

Prifysgol Rhydychen. prifysgolion gorau yn y Deyrnas Unedig. Astudio mewn Englad. addysg Bro - Astudio Dramor Magazine

University of Oxford Details

  • gwlad : Deyrnas Unedig
  • City : Rhydychen
  • acronym : Rhydychen
  • Fe'i sefydlwyd : 1096
  • Myfyrwyr (approx.) : 23000
  • Peidiwch ag anghofio discuss University of Oxford
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Mae Prifysgol strwythur unigryw Rhydychen, Ganed o'i hanes, yn ffynhonnell o gryfder.

Rhydychen yn brifysgol colegol, sy'n cynnwys y Brifysgol ganolog a cholegau. Mae'r Brifysgol canolog yn cynnwys adrannau academaidd a chanolfannau ymchwil, adrannau gweinyddol, llyfrgelloedd ac amgueddfeydd. y 38 colegau yn hunan-lywodraethol ac yn annibynnol yn ariannol sefydliadau, sy'n gysylltiedig â'r Brifysgol ganolog mewn system ffederal. Mae yna hefyd chwe neuadd breifat barhaol, a gafodd eu sefydlu gan wahanol enwadau Cristnogol ac sy'n dal i gadw eu cymeriad Cristnogol.

Y gwahanol rolau'r colegau a'r Brifysgol wedi esblygu dros amser.

Mae'r colegau

  • Dewis a derbyn myfyrwyr israddedig, a dewis myfyrwyr graddedig ar ôl iddynt gael eu derbyn gan y Brifysgol.
  • darparu llety, prydau bwyd, ystafelloedd cyffredin, llyfrgelloedd, chwaraeon a chyfleusterau cymdeithasol, a gofal bugeiliol ar gyfer eu myfyrwyr.
  • Yn gyfrifol am addysgu tiwtorial ar gyfer israddedigion.

Y Brifysgol

  • Yn penderfynu cynnwys y cyrsiau o fewn pa addysgu coleg yn digwydd.
  • Trefnu darlithoedd, seminarau a gwaith labordy.
  • Yn darparu amrywiaeth eang o adnoddau ar gyfer addysgu a dysgu ar ffurf llyfrgelloedd, labordai, amgueddfeydd, cyfleusterau cyfrifiadurol, ac yn y blaen.
  • Yn darparu gwasanaethau gweinyddol a gwasanaethau myfyrwyr a reolir yn ganolog megis cwnsela a gyrfaoedd.
  • Cyfaddef ac yn goruchwylio myfyrwyr graddedig, ac yn archwilio traethodau ymchwil.
  • Setiau ac arholiadau marciau, a graddau gwobrau.

Mae'r system golegol wrth wraidd llwyddiant y Brifysgol, gan roi manteision o berthyn ddau i fawr o fyfyrwyr ac academyddion, rhyngwladol sefydliad o fri ac i bach, gymuned academaidd rhyngddisgyblaethol. Mae'n dwyn ynghyd academyddion a myfyrwyr yn arwain ar draws pynciau a grwpiau blwyddyn ac o wahanol ddiwylliannau a gwledydd, gan helpu i feithrin dull rhyngddisgyblaethol dwys sy'n ysbrydoli llawer o gyflawniad ymchwil rhagorol y Brifysgol ac yn gwneud Rhydychen yn arweinydd mewn cymaint o feysydd.

ysgolion / colegau / adrannau / cyrsiau / Cyfadrannau


Humanities division

MATHEMATICAL, PHYSICAL & LIFE SCIENCES DIVISION

MEDICAL SCIENCES DIVISION

SOCIAL SCIENCES DIVISION

hanes


As the oldest university in the English-speaking world, Oxford is a unique and historic institution. There is no clear date of foundation, but teaching existed at Oxford in some form in 1096 and developed rapidly from 1167, when Henry II banned English students from attending the University of Paris.

Yn 1188, the historian, Gerald of Wales, gave a public reading to the assembled Oxford dons and in around 1190 the arrival of Emo of Friesland, the first known overseas student, set in motion the University’s tradition of international scholarly links. erbyn 1201, the University was headed by a magister scolarum Oxonie, on whom the title of Chancellor was conferred in 1214, ac yn 1231 the masters were recognised as a prifysgol or corporation.

In the 13th century, rioting between town and gown (townspeople and students) hastened the establishment of primitive halls of residence. These were succeeded by the first of Oxford’s colleges, which began as medieval ‘halls of residenceor endowed houses under the supervision of a Master. Prifysgol, Balliol and Merton Colleges, which were established between 1249 ac 1264, are the oldest.

Less than a century later, Oxford had achieved eminence above every other seat of learning, and won the praises of popes, kings and sages by virtue of its antiquity, cwricwlwm, doctrine and privileges. Yn 1355, Edward III paid tribute to the University for its invaluable contribution to learning; he also commented on the services rendered to the state by distinguished Oxford graduates.

From its early days, Oxford was a centre for lively controversy, with scholars involved in religious and political disputes. John Wyclif, a 14th-century Master of Balliol, campaigned for a Bible in the vernacular, against the wishes of the papacy. Yn 1530, Henry VIII forced the University to accept his divorce from Catherine of Aragon, and during the Reformation in the 16th century, the Anglican churchmen Cranmer, Latimer and Ridley were tried for heresy and burnt at the stake in Oxford.

The University was Royalist in the Civil War, and Charles I held a counter-Parliament in Convocation House. In the late 17th century, the Oxford philosopher John Locke, suspected of treason, was forced to flee the country.

The 18th century, when Oxford was said to have forsaken port for politics, was also an era of scientific discovery and religious revival. Edmund Halley, Professor of Geometry, predicted the return of the comet that bears his name; John and Charles Wesley’s prayer meetings laid the foundations of the Methodist Society.

The University assumed a leading role in the Victorian era, especially in religious controversy. o 1833 onwards The Oxford Movement sought to revitalise the Catholic aspects of the Anglican Church. One of its leaders, John Henry Newman, became a Roman Catholic in 1845 and was later made a Cardinal. Yn 1860 the new University Museum was the scene of a famous debate between Thomas Huxley, champion of evolution, and Bishop Wilberforce.

o 1878, academic halls were established for women and they were admitted to full membership of the University in 1920. Five all-male colleges first admitted women in 1974 ac, since then, all colleges have changed their statutes to admit both women and men. St Hilda’s College, which was originally for women only, was the last of Oxford’s single sex colleges. It has admitted both men and women since 2008.

During the 20th and early 21st centuries, Oxford added to its humanistic core a major new research capacity in the natural and applied sciences, gynnwys meddygaeth. In so doing, it has enhanced and strengthened its traditional role as an international focus for learning and a forum for intellectual debate.


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SYLWCH: EducationBro Magazine yn rhoi gallu i ddarllen gwybodaeth am brifysgolion ar chi 96 ieithoedd, ond rydym yn gofyn i chi barchu aelodau eraill a gadael sylwadau yn y Saesneg.