- Universidad de California, San Diego
Universidad de California, San Diego
Universidad de California, San Diego Details
- País : Estados Unidos de America
- Ciudad : San Diego
- Acrónimo : UCSD
- Fundado : 1960
- estudiantes (aprox.) : 34000
- No se olvide de discutir Universidad de California, San Diego
Visión de conjunto
Universidad de California, San Diego is a public institution that was founded in 1960.
Las tasas de matrícula en la Universidad de California, San Diego are $38,000 (Aprox.).
La Universidad de California, San Diego lies alongside the Pacific Ocean in the La Jolla community of San Diego. Los Tritones UCSD competir en más de 20 deportes de la NCAA División II, principalmente en la Asociación Atlética de California Colegiado. La escuela cuenta con cientos de organizaciones estudiantiles, y la universidad alberga una próspera comunidad griega. Todos los estudiantes de primer año son elegibles para la vivienda con garantía en el campus durante dos años, pero no están obligados a vivir en el campus. El campus cuenta con un acuario y es el hogar de Alto Rendimiento grande al aire libre Shake Tabla, que pone a prueba la capacidad de las estructuras para resistir terremotos simulados.
UCSD incluye seis institutos de licenciatura, cinco divisiones académicas y cinco escuelas de graduados y profesionales. ItsSchool de la Escuela de Medicina y de Ingeniería Jacobs están altamente clasificado. Una tradición UCSD es el Festival de dios del sol, que se inició en la década de 1980 e incluye conciertos con músicos populares, actividades de carnaval, vendedores y las cabinas de los estudiantes. UCSD también es conocida por su Casa Internacional, donde aproximadamente 350 estudiantes de más de 30 países vivir y aprender juntos. alumnos de UCSD notables incluyen individuo “Brote” Tribble y Bill Atkinson, que ayudó a crear el primer ordenador Apple Macintosh, y el Juez Mike, un actor, escritor, director y productor que creó la película “Espacio de oficina” y la serie de TV “Rey de la colina.”
Escuelas / colegios / departamentos / cursos / facultades
- Letras & Humanidades
- Ciencias Biologicas
- Graduate Division
- Jacobs School of Engineering
- Ciencias fisicas
- Rady School of Management
- School of Global Policy & Estrategia
- escuela de Medicina
- Scripps Inst. of Oceanography
- Skaggs School of Pharmacy & Ciencias farmacéuticas
- Ciencias Sociales
When the Regents of the University of California originally authorized the San Diego campus in 1956, it was planned to be a graduate and research institution, providing instruction in the sciences, matemáticas, y la ingeniería. Local citizens supported the idea, voting the same year to transfer to the university 59 hectáreas (24 ha) of mesa land on the coast near the preexisting Scripps Institution of Oceanography. The Regents requested an additional gift of 550 hectáreas (220 ha) of undeveloped mesa land northeast of Scripps, tanto como 500 hectáreas (200 ha) on the former site of Camp Matthews from the federal government, but Roger Revelle, then director of Scripps Institution and main advocate for establishing the new campus, jeopardized the site selection by exposing the La Jolla community’s exclusive real estate business practices, which were antagonistic to minority racial and religious groups. This outraged local conservatives, as well as Regent Edwin W. Pauley. UC President Clark Kerr satisfied San Diego city donors by changing the proposed name from University of California, La Jolla, to University of California, San Diego. The city voted in agreement to its part in 1958, and the UC approved construction of the new campus in 1960. Because of the clash with Pauley, Revelle was not made chancellor. Herbert York, first director of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, was designated instead. York planned the main campus according to the “oxbridge” model, relying on many of Revelle’s ideas.
UC San Diego was the first general campus of the University of California to be designed “from the top down” in terms of research emphasis. Local leaders disagreed on whether the new school should be a technical research institute or a more broadly based school that included undergraduates as well. John Jay Hopkins of General Dynamics Corporationpledged one million dollars for the former while the City Council offered free land for the latter. The original authorization for the San Diego campus given by the UC Regents in 1956 approved a “graduate program in science and technology” that included undergraduate programs, a compromise that won both the support of General Dynamics and the city voters’ approval. Nobel laureate Harold Urey, a physicist from the University of Chicago, and Hans Suess, who had published the first paper on the greenhouse effect with Revelle in the previous year, were early recruits to the faculty in 1958. Maria Goeppert-Mayer, later the second female Nobel laureate in physics, was appointed professor of physics in 1960. The graduate division of the school opened in 1960 con 20 faculty in residence, with instruction offered in the fields of physics, biología, química, and earth science. Before the main campus completed construction, classes were held in the Scripps Institution of Oceanography.
Por 1963, new facilities on the mesa had been finished for the School of Science and Engineering, and new buildings were under construction for Social Sciences and Humanities. Ten additional faculty in those disciplines were hired, and the whole site was designated the First College, later renamed after Roger Revelle, of the new campus. York resigned as chancellor that year and was replaced by John Semple Galbraith. The undergraduate program accepted its first class of 181 freshman at Revelle College in 1964. Second College was founded in 1964, on the land deeded by the federal government, and named after environmentalist John Muir two years later. The School of Medicine also accepted its first students in 1966.
Political theorist Herbert Marcuse joined the faculty in 1965. A champion of the New Left, he reportedly was the first protestor to occupy the administration building in a demonstration organized by his student, political activist Angela Davis. The American Legion offered to buy out the remainder of Marcuse’s contract for $20,000; the Regents censured Chancellor McGill for defending Marcuse on the basis of academic freedom, but further action was averted after local leaders expressed support for Marcuse. Further student unrest was felt at the university, as the United States increased its involvement in the Vietnam War during the early 1960s, when a student raised a Viet Minh flag over the campus. Protests escalated as the war continued and were only exacerbated after the National Guard fired on student protesters at Kent State University in 1970. Encima 200 students occupied Urey Hall, with one student setting himself on fire in protest of the war.
Early research activity and faculty quality, notably in the sciences, was integral to shaping the focus and culture of the university. Even before UC San Diego had its own campus, faculty recruits had already made significant research breakthroughs, such as the Keeling Curve, a graph that plots rapidly increasing carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere and was the first significant evidence for global climate change; the Kohn–Sham equations, used to investigate particular atoms and molecules in quantum chemistry; and the Miller–Urey experiment, which gave birth to the field of prebiotic chemistry. Ingenieria, particularly computer science, became an important part of the university’s academics as it matured. University researchers helped develop UCSD Pascal, an early machine-independent programming language that later heavily influenced Java, the National Science Foundation Network, a precursor to the Internet, and the Network News Transfer Protocol during the late 1970s to 1980s. In economics, the methods for analyzing economic time series with time-varying volatility (ARCH), and with common trends (cointegration) were developed. UC San Diego maintained its research intense character after its founding, racking up 20 Nobel Laureates affiliated within 50 años de historia; a rate of four per decade.
Under Richard C. Atkinson’s leadership as chancellor from 1980 a 1995, the university strengthened its ties with the city of San Diego by encouraging technology transfer with developing companies, transforming San Diego into a world leader in technology-based industries. He oversaw a rapid expansion of the School of Engineering, later renamed after Qualcomm founder Irwin M. Jacobs, with the construction of the San Diego Supercomputer Center and establishment of the computer science, Ingenieria Eléctrica, and bioengineering departments. Private donations increased from $15 million to nearly $50 million annually, faculty expanded by nearly 50%, and enrollment doubled to about 18,000 students during his administration. By the end of his chancellorship, the quality of UC San Diego graduate programs was ranked 10th in the nation by the National Research Council.
The university continued to undergo further expansion during the first decade of the new millennium with the establishment and construction of two new professional schools — the Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Rady School of Management—and the California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology, a research institute run jointly with UC Irvine. UC San Diego also reached two financial milestones during this time, becoming the first university in the western region to raise over $1 billion in its eight-year fundraising campaign in 2007 and also obtaining an additional $1 billion through research contracts and grants in a single fiscal year for the first time in 2010. A pesar de esto, due to theCalifornia budget crisis, the university loaned $40 million against its own assets in 2009 to offset a significant reduction in state educational appropriations. The salary of Pradeep Khosla, who became chancellor in 2012, has been the subject of controversy amidst continued budget cuts and tuition increases.
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