Zhytomyr State University

Zhytomyr State University

Zhytomyr State University Xehetasunak

Zhytomyr State University aplikatu
Ukrainian Admission Center

Orokorra


Zhytomyr State University hori babesteko dugu eta biderkatu gaur tradizio luze eta loriatsu bat du. bere bidea zaila eta thorny gainditu ditu, laureles zientifiko eta hezkuntza markatutako bidea, pertsonaia destacados baita groundless akusazioak eta errepresio politikoa. Hala, oztopoak oztopo, Zhytomyr eskualdean goi-mailako hezkuntza institutu zaharrenetakoa jarraitu eta lan egiteko agintari eta zientzia eta argitasun ideia merezia inposatutako hainbat forma garatzea beti izan da dominatzailea bertan.

irakasleen potentzial indartsua du, berritu material eta hornikuntza teknikoa, modernoaren ikaskuntza teknologia berritzailea dute bere Ukrainako hezkuntza zentroetako ospetsuenetako bat sartu hazten gehitu. Bere 80 mila baino gehiago lizentziatuak armada Ukrainan bazter guztietan lan egiten baita atzerrian. Horien artean daude jakintsu famatua - matematikariak, fisikariek, biologoak, geologoek, hizkuntzalariek, historialari, idazleak, hezkuntza kudeatzaile, diplomatiko, politikariek eta egoera zifrak. beren jarduera dela medio,, ikerketa eta irakaskuntza lorpenak Zhytomyr State University da baloratzen ez bakarrik Ukrainan baina baita bere mugetatik urrun.

Nazioarteko akademikoa Balorazioa ospea eta kalitateko unibertsitate gisa aitortu “hezkuntza klasikoaren sinboloa”. ZSU izan zilarrezko domina goraipatu “leialtasuna Glory ama izateko”, zilarrezko Stella egileak eta kalitate Diploma da. unibertsitatearen lorpenak balorazioak izen handiko sariak ohorezko saria jaso dira “Sofia Kyivska”, “enpresa Ukrainako zirkuluak Batzar”, Nazioarteko Funtsak enpresa kalitate handiko (Genevako), Europa eta Nominating Batzordeko European Business Batzar Errektoreen du Club (Oxford).

Gure gradudunek sakona oinarrizko ezagutza, malguak dira eta azkar edozein aldaketetara egokitzeko, gai den lanbide bat baino gehiago posizioa lan egiteko, zalantzak eta nahasmena absolutuaren pean composure mantenduz -Enplegatzaileak besteak beste, goi-mailako profesionalentzat borroka.

Gure ikasleak eredu profesional modernoaren baldintzak betetzen dituela osoa: sakon ezagutza profesionala, ordenagailua erabiliz trebetasunak, Atzerriko hizkuntza bat edo bi duten trebetasuna. Nahi izanez gero, Hainbat lanbideak lortu ahal izango dute (Tutoreak, idazkari, ordenagailu operadorea, ileapaindegia, gidariaren, etc.). unibertsitateko ikasleei oso egun lehen dira ikerketan ari diren, Doktorea eta DSc / DLett gradu jasotzeko ikuspegitik ere maisu-en hezkuntza eta graduondoko jarraitzen dute. gure tituludun ikerketa zientifikoak oso bere esfera errespetatzen direla. ospe handiko lehiaketak irabazleak eta Ukrainako presidenteak eta Ukrainako Ministroen Kontseiluaren sariak dira.

azken hamarkadetan 17 zientifiko-eskolak, 20 ikerketa zientifiko, 30 Ikerketa zientifikoa eta ikerketa metodologiko laborategiak sortu. Unibertsitateko zientzialariek bakarrik zehar 2009-2013 argitaratutako baino gehiago 15 mila obra zientifiko eta metodologikoa, irabazi hogei bekak hizkuntzalaritzaren ikerketak zientifikorako, psikologia, fisika, biologia eta kimika, Hori guztia ikerketa guztien lan intentsiboa lekukoa 41 sail. unibertsitate argitaratu 6 aldizkari zientifiko hori Ukrainan argitalpenen artean posizioak handiko dute.

Dela unibertsitate AEBetan zentroak dituzten konexioak zientifiko eta hezkuntza ixteko, Alemanian, Britainia Handia, Italy, France, Austria, Mexikon, Poland, Eslovakian, Hungary, Errusia eta beste herrialde irakasle eta ikasleak hainbat lehiaketetan parte hartu ahal, egin dute batera ikerketak akademikoa, praktikan, aztertzeko eta beren hezkuntza atzerrian jarraitzeko.

Zhytomyr State University, ez bakarrik oinarrizko ezagutza ematen, maitasuna garatzen jarduera zientifiko eta hezkuntza, baina baita zibilizazio eskualde mailan eta, oro har, egoera adierazten du. bere ezaugarri nagusietako bat demokratizazioa eta humanizazioa irakasle eta ikasleen arteko harremanen da. unibertsitatea sari-sistema du (“ZSU ikaslea Best”, “ZSU of Glory”, “Honoured ZSU langilea”, “Honoured ZSU doktorea”, “Distinguished ZSU irakaslea”), edozein ikasle eta irakasleen lana konstruktiboa sustatzeko eskaintzen Unibertsitatea onerako, eskualde eta estatu osoan bezala.

du Zhytomyr State University Ikasle Fellowship elkarrekin administrazioarekin batera antolatzen bizitza modu bat baino gehiago hamar milagarren unibertsitate familiako inork ez duela kolektiboaren bizitza alde batera kultur eta gizarte nabarmentzen ezarri. Hemen, Ikasle gobernuak erdigunean, kultura eta hezkuntza zentroen izaera ezaugarri onenak, kudeaketa gaitasunak, kultural eta estetikoak balioak eratzen dira. Gure ikasleak editoreak eta kazetari egunkariak eta ikasleen irrati eta telebista dira, art klub kideak, amateur art jarduera, gazteria gizarte zerbitzua, lege-klinikak, karrera zentro, kvn taldeak, klubak, hainbat kirol klub eta ezagun bakarra Zhytomyr eskualdean beste erakunde asko, baina baita bere mugetatik urrun.

Gaur Zhytomyr State University Multy-egiturazko sistema konplexu bat da, hezkuntza-zenbaki bat barne hartzen da, konplexu zientifikoa eta industriala, unibertsitate arteko ikerketa zentro eta institutuak, liburutegi askok, tokiko ordenagailu sarea, behatoki, agrobiostation, jangela, cafe, buffets, argitalpen zentroa, 5 logelatan eta kirol moderno konplexuak.

Far ez unibertsitate guztietan ondorengo aukerak ditu. Baina gehiago larriak mugimendua lotutako Europako hezkuntzaren espazio gure planak dira, batez ere,, ondorioz unibertsitatearen kudeaketa sistema informatization, eraginkor E-liburutegi ezartzea, Internet sarbide zabal, nazioarteko liburutegien sisteman sartzeko, urrutiko hezkuntza, zientzia eta teknologia kluster, eta askoz gehiago.

Gure irakasleen profesionalen DSc / DLett edukiz osatzen, doktoregoak, duten irakasleek gisa lan, irakasle, irakasle eta monitoreek. 95 urteko Zhytomyr State University ospetsuren irakasle kultura performance barruan eratu zen. Horregatik izan genuen, dute eta beti izango dute Korolenkos, Hamarnaka, Bondarchuks, Kasymenkos ...

Zhytomyr Ivan Franko State University konfiantzaz etorkizunean mugitzen. joint ahaleginak fakultateko By, ikasleak eta langileak Unibertsitateko historia sortzen jarraitzeko. Irakaskuntza etorkizunari baikor dago konfiantza datozen urteetan eta hamarkada sormen garaipen eta lorpen berriak garai izango da arrazoirik delako. Gaur egun, gure unibertsitate ospetsuan da, bihar ospetsuenetako bat izango da, eta eskubidea lan egiten edo ikasten ez ohore handia izango da.

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eskolak / Kolegio / Departamentuak / Courses / Fakultateak


Institutuak

  • Hezkuntza eta Ikerketa Institutuak Atzerriko Filologia
  • Hezkuntza eta Ikerketa Institutua Pedagogics of
  • Hezkuntza eta Ikerketa Institutua Filologia eta Kazetaritza

Fakultateak

  • Fakultateko Historiako
  • Fakultateko Matematika eta Fisika
  • Fakultateko Natur Zientzien
  • Fakultateko Fisikoaren eta Kirolaren
  • Gizarte Psikologia

Zentroak

  • Center graduondoko Hezkuntza eta unibertsitate aurreko Tutoretza

Departamentuak

  • Saila Botanika of, Baliabide biologikoak eta dibertsitate biologikoaren kontserbazioa
  • Kimika Saila
  • Ekologia Saila, Nature Kudeaketa eta Giza Biologia
  • Zoologia, Jarraipen biologikoak eta Nature Conservation
  • Saila Cross-Cultural Komunikazio eta Applied Linguistics of
  • Saila Ingelesaren
  • Saila Ingeles Filologia eta itzulpen
  • Saileko Atzerriko Hizkuntza eta Modernoak Irakaskuntza teknikak
  • Saila Germaniar Filologia eta Kanpo Literatura
  • Saila World Historiaren
  • Departamento de Historia Ukrainako
  • Sailak Filosofiako
  • Saila Disciplines historikoa Berezia eta Zuzenbide Estudios
  • Matematika Aplikatua eta Informatikako
  • Saileko Aljebra eta Geometria
  • Fisika Saila
  • Saila Analisi matematiko baten
  • Lan Sailak Babes eta Segurtasun Zibileko
  • Saila Estetika, Etika eta Arte Ederren
  • Saila English Hizkuntza eta Lehen ELT metodologiaren
  • Saileko Hizkuntza teknikak eta Kultura Hizkuntza Profesionalak
  • Saileko Musika eta koreografia Irakaskuntza metodoak
  • Saileko Pedagogia
  • Saileko Pedagogia, Psikologia eta Hezkuntza Erakundeen Kudeaketa
  • Saila Eskolaurreko Hezkuntza eta berrikuntzak pedagogikoak
  • Saila Hizkuntzalaritza didaktikoa eta Literatur Ikasketak of
  • Saila editoriala, Edizio, Kazetaritza eta Filologia oinarriak
  • Saila eslaviar eta germaniar hizkuntzak
  • Saila Teoria eta Historia World Literaturaren
  • Saila Ukrainian Hizkuntza
  • Saila Ukrainian Literatura eta azterketak Konparatua
  • Saileko Hezkuntza fisikoa eta jolasa of
  • Saila Medikuntza eta Fisikoaren eta Kirolaren Oinarri Biologikoak
  • Saila Teoria eta Gorputz Hezkuntzako metodoak
  • Saila Olinpiar eta Professional Sports of
  • Gizarte Pedagogia eta pedagogikoa trebetasunen

Historia


XX mendearen hasieran ukrainarrak kontzientzia nazionala hazkundea markatu zuen eta bere hezkuntza bidean lanean, kultura eta auto-ezagutza. Central Kontseiluak Kyiv Fundazioa, Martxoa, 1917 gizarte bizitza demokratizazioa prozesua ekarri, gizarte eta kultur arazoak premiazko aurre.

tokiko agintariek hasitako lehentasunezko gizarte-arazoak konpontzeko. hasieran 1918 Volyn 'eskola kontseiluaren elkarlanean gobernuak Ukrainako Hezkuntza Ministerioak zuzenduta aurki irakasleak batean' prestakuntza Zhytomyr institutua. Deia ez zen direla entzun egoera politikoa ezegonkorra den.

Zhytomyr hetman erregimen zehar ezaguna bihurtu zen irakasle bat 'prestakuntza institutu hori Kishinev lekuz zen Ukrainian hiri bat. in 1918 tokiko gobernuak zuzenduta Hezkuntza Ministerioaren Zhytomyr den institutuak transferitzeko. tokiko gobernuak agindu du Ministerioak dagokion finantza baldintza guztiak betetzen, Eraikin berria egiteko lurrak, apartamentu alokairua. Saiatu hau huts gehiegi.

Institutuko eraikin bat erraz aurkitu zen. Zen eraikin bat eraiki 1862 Zhytomyr gizon gimnasioa egiteko, zein izan zen itxita 1918. konplexua aztertzen eraikin bat osatzen, harrizko bi hegoak, osagarri eraikin eta lorategi handi bat. Ez zegoen zuhaitzik berezia aurrean lorategi txiki bat eta erdian iturri bat. konplexua egunera arte iraun, baina hiru solairuko laborategi eta hezkuntza № konplexua sartu berreraiki zen 1. Gure egunetan unibertsitateko administrazio bulegoan, instalazioak zerbitzu eta Fakultateko Fisika eta Matematika han kokatzen dira. Garai horretan konplexua jabetu 9 gelak eta 23 azalera orokor batekin klase praktikoak eta laborategiko gela 920 kilometro karratu.

The pedagogiko institutua - Polesia eskualdean lehen institutua ireki zen zehazki eraikin hori gainean 16 urriko 1919. gimnasioa oinarri heredatu ditu, bere liburutegia, Museoa, meteorologia estazioa. izendatu zuten Volynskyi, geroago Zhytomyr pedagogiko institutua.

Petro Nikadirovich Abramovich, figura publiko aktiboa, sofistikatuak irakasle, ezagutzen folklore aditua, etnografia eta Ukrainian hizkuntza, zen pedagogikoa kontseilu antolatzeko ardura - administrazio institutuko organo gorena. kontseilu buru zuen eta Institutuaren lehen buru hautatu zuten. pedagogiko gauzak zientzialariek egin zen, Ikertzaileek 'Society Volyn of' kideak. Horien artean ziren O.O. Fotinskyi - historialaria, Ukrainian historian lanen egile bat, ye.o. Nenadkevich - ezaguna hizkuntza eta literaturan espezialista, Shevchenko lanen ikerketak ezberdinak egin zituen; Ye.S. Brazhnikov, I.Yu. Smirnov, M.V. Yanevich - pedagogics alorretan zientzialari sofistikatu, Artearen eta hizkuntzak. M.P. Kudritskyi lehen irakaslek bat zen Institutuan. Polesia izaera ikertzaile ospetsua da He, fisikari eta meteorologo. aritu Korostishiv irakasleen seminario arte egin zituen 1901 Urte (Han liburu bat "Korostishiv Klima", idatzi zuen, hirugarren postua hartu du nazioarteko azokan Parisko 1900). 14 irakasleek une horretan aritu. Egun gutxi barru 9 espezialistak gehiago zituzten lan parte hartzen. S.V ziren. Bilskyi - the Polisia mineral gordailuak ikertzailea, geologo; M.O. Puchkovskyi - pedagogikoa psikologiaren espezialista, Yu.Yu. Bruher - zoologo, O.H. Pozdnjakov - kimikari eta biologo. Geroago, bi urteko pedagogikoa ikastaroen irakasleek elkartu: historialari M.P a. Ljatoshinskyi, Boris Ljatoshinskyi konpositore aita, matematikariek S.S. Oliynik, A.Ye Oliynichenko, espezialista literaturan - O.O. Richkov.

historiko eta hizkuntza pedagogiko institutua izan, fisika eta matematika, geografiko pre-eskola fakultate, ikasten iraun 4 urte. institutua Udalak berretsi irakasleek stuff electivity nagusia; jotzen eta ikasten onartu eta lan planak eta programak, eskatzaileen beharrak.

zailtasunak kontuan izan gabe tokiko hezkuntza eta Zhytomyr herritarrek departamenduan lagundu eta fundatu erakunde onartzen. Ez zegoen finantza sostengu, liburutegiko liburuak, gailuak, Musika tresnen iturri desberdinetatik bildutako ziren.

Handik irakaslea M.P. Kudritskyi, Bere meteorologia lorpenak saritu ere errusiar gizartea geografikoaren arabera 1895, fisika klase antolatu eta martxan jarri meteorologiko behaketa. O.O. Fotinskyi - Hizkuntza eta Historia fakultateko lehenengo burua, Ukraina eta Volyn 'History of kabinete bat ezarri.

Pixkanaka armairuak eta Matematika laborategiak, Geografia, Zoologia, Arkeologia, Etnografia, Hizkuntza, Literatura eta klaseak hornituak ziren.

Gainean 16 urriko 1919 azterketa fakultate, hala nola hasi: Hizkuntza eta Historia Fakultatea, Fisika eta Matematika, Fakultateko Natura eta Geografia.

53 2 urteko pedagogikoa ikastaroen ikasle, irakasle askok batetik gertu-ek herrietan, 5 gimnasioa lizentziatuak eta ikasleek beste unibertsitate batetik, Bereziki Kyiv Unibertsitatean zeuden Zhytomyr institutua lehen ikasleei. Garai hartan posible izan zen, bigarren hezkuntzako ziurtagiria gabe aplikatu. Baziren elkarrizketak jakiteko ezagutza maila. Aplikazio terminoa hainbat hilabetez iraun, hasieran 1920 350 Jende ikasle bihurtu zen, baina soilik 180 ziren benetan ikasten.

Institutua pedagogikoa bezala operatu, baina, 10 ekainaren 1920 irakasleen institutua sartu transferitu zen ukrainarrak Herri Errepublika gobernu komisario ordena arabera. Geroago unibertsitate guztiak, irakasleen institutuak, Bereziki Zhytomyr institutu ziren herrien irakaskuntzak berrantolatu.

in 1920 Errepublikako Hezkuntza Ministerioaren Volyn 'pedagogiko institutua estatutu bat onartu, eta urte bereko izendatu zuenean Volyn 'herrien hezkuntza institutua. Bere helburua, maila guztietako espezialistak prestatu zen, eskolaurreko bereziki, eskola eta kanpo-eskola hezkuntza. Estatutua arabera aztertzen prozesua lau urte iraun, baina ez zen oinarrizko eta bereziak departamentu barruan espezializazio.

lehen mailako ikasleen oinarrizko ikasi, Orduz - sail bereziak. oinarrizko Sailak zuzenduta zegoen langile eta nekazari duten hutsuneak izan beren ezagutza edo osatu bigarren hezkuntzan prestatzeko. oinarrizko departamentu ikastea zen general; Aukera ikasleen gaitasunak eta talentuak espezializazio jakin aurkitzeko eman zion.

Baziren burua Institutuko gauzak aldaketa konstante. amaieran 1920 Kontseiluaren kendu P.N. bere borondatearen arabera buruan aulki batetik Abramovich. matematikari M.A. Mihajlevich on buru berria izendatu zuten 5garren Urte bereko abenduan. lan egin zuen arte 15 Martxoa 1922. Burua izena zehar 1922-1923 ezezaguna. M.V. Yanevich - irakasle ospetsu bat eta filosofo - buru Volyn 'herrien hezkuntza institutu batean 1924-1925 urte. in 1925-1928 institutua Y.K buru izan zen. poppet, Zuzenbide Fakultatean lizentziatua, Lviv University. Filologia lizentziatua unibertsitate berean V.P of. Hotsa institutuko buru otsailean 1928-1933. ama hizkuntza eta historiaren ezagutza sakona duten pertsona sofistikatu bat izan zen, eta urte askotan lan egin hezkuntza alorrean.

Lehenengo bost urte ziren erakundearen forma berriak eta hezkuntza metodo bilaketa eskainia. Zen Izan ere, oinarrizko hezkuntza maila duten zazpi urteko eskola zegoen eragindako. Horregatik Ukrainian gobernuak Gizarte Hezkuntza Fakultatea buruz arautzea gainditu hiru urteko epe ikasten dituzten zazpi urteko eskolak eta haurtzaindegiak irakasleak prestatzeko. hezkuntza-edukia eta forma aldaketak Baziren: azkarrak hitzaldiak murriztea eta laborategiko lanak kopurua gero, mintegiak, eta txangoak. Great arreta klase praktikoak ordaindu zuten. Egun bat astean izan zen klase praktikoak eskainitako. Berrikuntza horiek indartu institutua-eskola loturak. Bestalde, ikastaro teoriko murrizketa, Laborategi eta ikerketa-metodoak ezartzea kaltetuta lizentziatuak oinarria orokor eta teoriko. lorpen bat izan zen Ukrainian Historia bezalako gaiak, hala nola,, Hizkuntza eta Literatura fakultate guztietan derrigorrezkoa izan ziren.

Zhytomyr urriaren iraultza arratsaldean langileentzat fakultateko urtean sortu zen 1922; Bere helburua unibertsitate pertsona prestatu zen. bi fakultate zituen: prestatzeko jendearen hezkuntzako institutu eta industria - Hiru urteko industrial unibertsitateko teknikoak. 341 Ikasleei buruzko fakultatean ikasi 1 urtarrilaren 1924. lau urteotan fakultateko pertsonen hezkuntza institutua jurisdikzio pean zen.

Alderdi eta Komsomol zentroetan institutuak antolatu ziren 1923-1924. Ikasleen gorputz exekutiboa (ikasleen batasuna berrantolatu) banatu bekak, logela tokiak, antolatu boluntario garbi-up, udako opor enplegua, tratatzen diziplina eta aisia ​​batera.

Lehenengo Ikasleek ere institutuak graduatu 1922, espezialistarik gazte eskoletan sartu ziren bidaltzen. Baziren O.F. Lahovski, O.Ya. Teodorovich, K.D. Prishchenko nor zen ospetsu irakasleak, eta M.V. Homichevskyi, Zhytomyr University of harrotasuna.

urtea 1926 institutuaren historian gailendu zen. Ukrainarrak eta munduko gizarte ospatzen du 70 I.Ya. Franko urteurrena. Ordena zion omenez bere izena zen Zhytomyr pertsonen hezkuntzako institutuak emandako. in 1926 I.Ya. Franko beka ezarri zen, zen ikasle onenak eman. S. Alber, Matematika Fakultateko ikaslea, zen lehen nork beka lortu.

Garai hartan institutuak Volyn erdian zientifiko bihurtu zen '. sakona hezkuntza eta material base izan zen, lorategi botanikoa handia, a meteorological station, labs, a museum and a library with 120 thousand books. aurrera 1926 it held scientific conferences and symposiums on the between-institutes and republican levels.

In the jubilee year the lecturers’ staff prepared and published the first volume “Volyn’ Ivan Franko people’s educational institute notes”, it was a summary of Franko creative work. The volume contained P.N. Abramovich article about institute foundation history, “Franko and problem of readers’ society” by Ye.O. Nenadkevich, “Flora on radioactive layers” by V.H. Skorohod, completely based on Zhytomyr region materials, “From reflexology to psychophysiology” by M.O. Puchkivskyi etc. the institute published three volumes of scientific notes within the first decade.

The best students participated in the scientific work. The weather report “Weather in Europe, Ukraine and Zhytomyr region” was regularly issued. It was important for agriculture of the region. The Members of the literary society studied I.Franko, T. Shevchenko, Lesia Ukrainka works, analyzed creative process and problems of the Ukrainian and world literature.

in 1926 there was the fifth generation of the graduates. The number of students was growing, but there was still lack of teachers.

abenduan 1927 a census-analyses of the teachers was held in Ukraine. It showed that only 22.9 % of the teachers had higher or secondary special education. The others finished only secondary or even primary school. The problem of teachers’ qualification was urgent. The increased number of the students and lessening of the study term was aimed to solve it.

The material base and the number of the students of Zhytomyr people’s educational institute increased each year. in 1920 ez ziren 180 ikasleak, 1924 - 258, 1927 - 519.

Zhytomyr pedagogical college was joined to the institute as a faculty. It prepared teachers for primary school.

in 1927 there were introduced military training, annual camp, and training at the army unit.

The institute celebrated its anniversary in 1929. The graduates’ number was the best achievement – 300 specialists with higher education. Many of them became outstanding scholars, idazleak, and teachers.

The institute was reorganized into the Institute of social education; it became a complex of educational bodies: pedagogical institute, two pedagogical colleges, pedagogical school and training courses. oinarrizko fakultate hauek izan ziren Gizarte hezkuntza irakasle eta konplexua fakultateko irakasleek prestatutako handiagoa lehen hezkuntzako hezkuntza ekin. Baziren fakultateko konplexua prestakuntza ikastaroak. Gizarte hezkuntza fakultateko irakatsi irakasleek bigarren hezkuntzako for. ikasle kopurua handitu: 850 Jende aztertu ere 1929/30.

hezkuntza prozesuan antolakuntza eta administrazioa aldaketa sakona sartu ziren. Sailak ordezkatu ziklo komisioak. Lehenengo sailek matematika eta irakasgai teknikoak izan ziren, hizkuntza eta literatura, social-ekonomiko eta natural disziplina. Handik beste sail sortu ziren.

institutua Langileek gehiago esperientziadun bihurtu. Sofistikatuenak irakasle eta institutuak jakintsu eman ziren irakasle titulazioak. Lehena izan zen posizioa hautatua filologo P.N ziren. Abramovich, psikologo M.O. Puchkivskyi, matematikari M.A. Nihlevich, pedagogo I.I. afanaseva, zoologo Yu.Yu. Bruher, kimikari L.K. Kulbitskyi. 10 irakasleek zen irakasle titularrak. Horien artean ziren geografo P.H. Postojev, historialari L.I. Landa, hizkuntzalaria Ye.S. Brazhnikov. Haien parte Institutuko bizitza zientifikoa irtena zen. Baina etorkizuna prestatu ordeals eta oztopoak beraientzat.

gerra aurreko urteetan (1930-1941)

 

1930-es eta egitura sozialak aldaketak industri garapen langileen hezkuntza-maila handiagoa behar diren, eta sustatu derrigorrezkoa ezartzea, karga lehen eta zazpi urteko hezkuntzaren doan. eskola sarearen luzapena beharrezkoak gehiago handitze eta irakasleen langileak hezkuntzaren hobekuntza. ikasleen kopurua handitu.

233 ikasle ziren Zhytomyr social hezkuntza institutu onartu in 1930/31. 159 ikasle ziren eguneroko langileen unibertsitatera matrikulatu, eta 90 - Arratsalde Ikastaroetan. departamentu berriak sortu ziren 1931: Geologia saila, Kimika, Filosofia, Ekonomia Politikoa, Agriculture, Hizkuntza eta Literatura Saila. institutu langileak (43 kideak) hobetu zen. 18 lizentziatuak utzi zituzten asmoz Institutuan lan 1931. Y.F ziren. Matkivskyi, geroago Kimika saileko irakasle laguntzaile; I.S. Ljah, geroago Ekonomia Politikoko departamenduan buru, S.P. Alber, Matematika irakaslea. aurrera 1933 Fisika eta Ekonomia saileko buru zuen.

1930-es Zhytomyr institutua langileek betea izan ziren. 379 ikasle institutu, ezkerrean 1932, 286 - in 1933. Arrazoia gosetea izan zen. hura dela medio, ikasle kopurua jaitsi egin zen. Hori dela eta, espezialisten kopurua txikia izan da. 183 ikasle institutuan graduatu in 1931, 106 - in 1932, eta 96 - in 1933.

jazarpenak, irakasle eta ikasleen aurka eutsi purges eta errepresio ziren. 50 ikasle bidali ziren behera institutuak bere klase sozialak ezkutatzen da, eta beraz, kontra-iraultza jarduera izeneko. in 1932/33 33 ikasleak, etsaia elementu bezala tratatzen, behera bidali zituzten, irakasleak Zhukov, zinta, Posuvalov jarduera nazionalista leporatu eta tiro ziren. Irakaslea S.V. Bilskyi, M.A. Mihailevich, M.A. Buinitskyi, L.K. Kulbitskyi ziren, halaber, etsaiaren taldeko zerrendatik matrikulatuko. Arrazoizkoa errepresio ospatu ondoko urteetan Institutuan. kalte larriena zen irakasle eta irakasleek 'langileek egindako. institutua K.M burua. Tabakmaher atxilotu zuten 1936, 18 Albisu - in 1937. 15 lortu heriotza zigorra: institutua K.Ye buruak. poppet, V.P. Hotsa, O.S. Panteljeev, Pedagogia sailaren L.M buru. Hinkivskyi, irakasle P.H. Postojev, irakasle laguntzaile S.K. Kovalevskyi, Ukrainian hizkuntza H.M irakasleen. Holovatyi, V.K. Omelchenko, I.D. Suhan, Kimika irakasle A.O. Musika, Ukrainian literature teacher A.P. Suprunovich, German language teacher R.I. Paul.

1930-es were the years of reorganization. According to the decision of the Ministry of Education of the republic Zhytomyr institute became pedagogical in 1934, and from the 1st iraila 1935 it was called teachers’ institute with two faculties: humanitarian faculty with literature and language department and historical department and natural faculty with geographical and natural departments. The institute prepared secondary school teachers majoring in Ukrainian language and Literature, Historia, Biologia, Chemistry and Geography. The education of a teacher was highly social in 1930-es. The institute authority strived to attract children of workers and peasant families. For that reason two subsidiary colleges were created in Malin and Cherniahiv with 240 ikasleak.

sofistikazio orokorra eta hizkuntza-gaitasun garai hartan arazo larrienetako ziren. Eurak Ukrainian hizkuntza klaseak konpondu ahal izateko fakultate guztietan ezarri ziren.

Baziren Historia eta Geografia planak eta programak aldaketak egin arautzea "Historia eta Geografia ikasten lehen at About arabera, osatu gabe, bigarren mailako eta bigarren hezkuntzako " (1934).

1930-es posible izan da institutua aplikatuko bi aldiz - udaberrian eta udazkenean. in 1936 ikasleen kopurua guztira 1938 ekarri berriro berrantolaketa. Institutua azkenik zen egoera pedagogiko lau urteko ikasten dituzten. elkarlanean bi urteko irakasleen institutua arte It 1952. Baziren for osatu gabe bigarren hezkuntzako prestatutako espezialistak. institutu bakoitzak izan History, Hizkuntza eta Literatura, Fakultate naturala eta Geografia. in 1938 Zhytomyr pedagogiko institutua igorri 700 goi mailako hezkuntza duten irakasleei eskualdeko ikastetxe batean lan. Ez zegoen oraindik irakasleen langileak falta eskualdeko ikastetxe batean. parte-time ikasle eta unibertsitateko ikasle kopurua gero eta handiagoa zen. ikastaroak (1 urtean edo 6 Hileko) prestatu institutua egiteko eskatzaileek. errepublika Zhytomyr Institutuko Hezkuntza Ministerioaren datuen arabera izan parte-time ikasle kopuru handiena.

85 irakaslek bi unibertsitatetan aritu urte berean: bi irakaslek S.V. Bilskyi, S.M. Smolinskyi, Hiru laguntzaile irakaslek eta bi zientziaren hautagaiak. beste irakasleek ez zuten inongo maila edukitzeko. After the reunion of West Ukraine with Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic in1939 the institute lecturers were sent to work in Bessarabia (there was lack of teachers’ staff in the region): V. Dobrianskyi, O.M. Popadenko, P.I. Chernjavskyi, professor S.M. Smolinskyi who headed the Department of Pedagogy in Lviv institute. He was appointed a head of the institute after the war.

The number of students and graduates increased in the pre-war years. 1170 students studied at the daily basis in 1940/41: in pedagogical institute – 490; in teachers’ – 680; at the part-time basis – 2300. The introduction of the studying on the paying basis (Regulation of Council of People’s Commissars of the Ukrainian SSR) decreased the number of the students (428 students were sent down). zehar 22 years Zhytomyr institute prepared 5.5 thousand skilled teachers.

During 1930-es the institute staff and the students combined educational work with participation in the social and political city life. in 1930 “Literacy Committee” was organized at the institute. Baziren 345 kideak, mainly students.

The institute staff was occupied with scientific work; the students participated also. 17 volumes of the scientific works were published in 1935-1940.

The institute scientific conferences became tradition. The students took part in scientific work. in 1930 the departments of Physics and Mathematics, Geologia, Kimika, Ekonomia Politikoa, Historia, Filosofia, Ukrainian language and literature created circles where students were involved in scientific work.

Tense political situation, hazard of military conflict fostered patriotic and military education. Military disciplines were included into the educational programs.

in 1934 the military department and class were created. The circles were formed – shooting, glider pilots, motorcycles, and first medical help. The lecturers and students studied shooting, to use a medium machinegun and light machine-gun. In pre-war years the work intensified there.

azaroan 1940 a military group, consisting of 254people, was organized from the reservists. From February 1941 a day of defense was introduced (hartu egin 12 hours per month). Reservists formed 13 groups to study military disciplines: radio operators, motorcycles, machinegun, parachutist, self-defense, medical orderly. The lecturers formed the defense group.

The attention was paid to cultural and sport activities too. 155 students participated in choir, antzerkia, wind and ballet circles. Morozova, an actress of the local theater, headed the theater circle. The students organized cultural events for the villagers of Barishivka and Stanishivka, soldiers.

Five sport clubs functioned at the institute: gymnastics, weightlifting, atletismoa, volleyball and football. 120 students participated there.

The material base of the institute expanded each year. The institute was located in the city block called student town. It comprised a main and two accessory studying buildings with class-rooms, laborategiak, tailerrak, assembly halls and sport hall, Museoa, library with more than 150 thousand of books. A sports ground was made at the institute, four-floor dormitory was built (1932) and five houses for lecturers. A botanical garden with unique trees surrounded the institute.

The War destroyed creative plans and thoughts of the teachers and students.

THE YEARS OF HARDSHIP (1941-1959)

In summer 1941 the Institute was completing a regular academic year. But the War broke well-formed pace of original life. At daylight, June 22, first bombs fell on Zhytomyr as well as to many other cities of the country.

The same day a meeting took place at the Institute. Protesters blamed invasion of Nazism and made an oath to give their energies and even lives for the Motherland. Vast number of claims from professors and students to send them to field forces began coming in. Hundreds of the Institute’s educatees joined the ranks of the Red Army and the Fleet in the very first days, signed up for citizens-in-arms; ambulance and mopping-up detachments were formed from their body.

Last state exams were passed under bursts of enemy bombs. And graduates with Teacher’s Diplomas didn’t make their ways to classrooms but stood to arms and sallied to pass the most honorable and difficult exam, the allegiance to homeland one. Many of them joined mopping-up detachment which recognized and moved down enemy emissaries and subversives. O.O.Pavlovskyi, irakasle, squadron leader, was in charge. Staff headquarters of the detachment was located in a hostel (now the university’s Hostel #1).

The university’s building was urgently refurnished into an army hospital with graduates as orderlies.

uztailean, 5, a mass hostile shelling of Zhytomyr began. Many students along with citizens of the city made their way on foot eastward to escape fascist enslavement and then joined field forces. An army hospital was sent by serial. I.V.Perchuk, irakasle, medical service commander, worked at a hospital under severe environment of evacuation. The last to leave Zhytomyr were O.K.Kasymenko, irakasle, later known scientist-historian of Ukraine, principal of the NAS institute of history of USSR, B.D.Surkis and S.L.Blyzniuk.

During the Great Patriotic War one could meet professors, ikasleak, fellows and graduates of Pedagogical Institute at the lines, in guerilla regiments, conspiracies and underground groups across temporary occupational territory.

O.P.Boiarko, Vice-rector of the Institute, led Chernivtsi covert regional party committee, Y.O.Kovmir, second Vice-rector, was a commissioner of a guerilla command, graduates H.P.Mishchenko – subversive raiding force leader, Volodymyr Plotnyts’kyi – Zhytomyr region youth conspiracy member.

The fact that the third-years of the Faculty of History alone got 68 orders and more than 150 military medals speaks for great deeds of students of Pedagogical Institute during the War. Perseverance and courage may be also exemplified by a combat record of student of correspondence school, commutation agent of Zhytomyr covert regional party committee Maria Tyshkevych. The girl together with her sister forged documents, and counterfeited masterfully fascist officers’ signatures thereby saved many young people from forced labor in Nazi Germany. She got caught in fascist torture chambers but no torture made her disclose the underground. Maria met her death as heart-whole patriot. She’s buried in the bed of honor at Bohynia.

Hundreds of students, dozens of professors and fellows of the Institute died like heroes for honor and independence of their Motherland. A.V.Pavlovskyi, Rector of the Institute, O.P.Boiarko, V.P.Vynohradov, Vice-rectors, and H.P.Yemsenko, S.T.Parkhomchuk, headmaster of the Faculty of Workers, professors B.D.Surkis, V.D.Dobryvechir and others died. The Institute’s family keeps sacredly cherished memory of them. A memorial sign in honor of professors, students and fellows fell before the enemy for the native land in 1941-1945 was established near the main building.

Night January, 1, 1944 the city was released from Nazi conquerors. M.S.Bovsunivskyi (later associate professor of the Department of History and Political Economy), P.K.Serbin (professor of the World History Department), O.O.Boiko (associate professor of Ukrainian Literature Department), I.T.Yarosh (senior professor of the Department of Pedagogy) were among its releasers.

After the release Zhytomyr was in shambles. Campus buildings of the Institute with its cabinets, laborategiak, liburutegia, professors’ dwellings, and hostel were ruined. But from the very first government of Ukraine and local authorities took steps to restore the higher educational institution. As early as in summer 1944, professors and fellows were hired; admission of students was brought into action.

iraila, 1, 1944, the Institute opened a new academic year, the first one after release. It comprised 9 departments with 31 irakaslek. Two faculties were started. These were the Faculty of History and the Language-Literature Faculty including Ukrainian and Russian with Literature Office. Being affiliated with Pedagogical Institute a training-school worked with the same faculties under separate program. V.V.Chupryna was appointed as Rector of the Institute, Y.A.Kovmir and I.I.Shaniuk – as Vice-rectors. The same time new professors arrived to the Institute. These were M.I.Petrovskyi, Associate Professor, later Head of the Department of Marxism-Leninism, D.A.Kolomiiets, Head of the Department of Ukrainian Literature, O.M.Semenova, Head of the Department of Foreign Languages, M.M.Lapshyn, Head of the Department of Military Education, professors S.I.Losiev, M.P.Bershii, T.M.Rybakov, N.M.Baryshpol’ and others.

This was the year of second birth of the Institute. At first the higher educational institution stationed itself in a basement of agricultural college, then – in the building of Zhytomyr School #20. Staff included one professor and four associate professors, others didn’t possess academic degrees and titles. Baziren 168 students attended full-time education and 545 – correspondence study.

The Institute ran under extremely difficult conditions in early port-war years. Without any light and heating, there in lecture-rooms with nailed-up windows lectures, tutorials, theses arrangement took place, scientific reports were delivered. Students listened to lectures and made notes sitting on earthen floor. There was a lack of 16 irakaslek, training equipment, lecture-rooms, and dwellings for employees, hostels for students. Professors and students made tables and desks, set doors and windows all by themselves. Much work was done by the staff to restore library headed by N.V.Kozlovska.

After victorious end of the Great Patriotic War the country experienced pressing need in teaching personnel. This set new tasks for pedagogical higher educational institutions to solve. According to Y.Y.Fialko, new principal reporting to Ministry of Education of Ukraine (1945), 453 students attended full-time education including 46 disabled veterans. As if great achievements there in the report was indicated that all windows were already paned and there are double frames indeed; students have got sheets though there were no pillows. By their own efforts, professors and students reconditioned academic building, stored up wood for the winter, gathered the harvest in a part-time farming, and took part in cleaning and forestry of the city.

in 1946, Y.O.Kovmir was appointed as principal of the Institute, P.T.Markushevskyi – as Deputy Director for studies and research work, S.T.Radchuk-Pavlenko was put as Director of the Philological Faculty, K.O.Kyseliov – as Director of the Faculty of History. in 1947, the Department of Russian Language was headed by M.B.Khramoi, the Department of Pedagogic – by N.I.Mykhailova, the Department of Modern History – by L.A.Kovalenko, Candidate of historical sciences, and the Department of Russian and World History – by S.T. Radchuk-Pavlenko. Gradually, living, working and learning environment in the Institute improved.

in 1948, the Faculty of Mathematics and Physics including Department of Physics and Department of Mathematics resumed its work after 16-year interruption. V.M.Kostarchuk was its first Principal. in 1949, the Faculty of Foreign Languages started its work and soon detached to become an independent institute.

in 1950, contingent of students exceeded 2 thousand people. Baziren 770 attended day-shift education and 1262 – correspondence study. Pedagogue class increased correspondingly. The higher educational institution gave the country 472 espezialistak; 60% of them got appointments to western part of Ukraine.

Educational and scientific-methods work improved. in 1958, IXgarren volume (the first one after war) of Scientific Notes (physico-mathematical line) was issued. L.A.Kovalenko, irakasle elkartua, V.M.Prylypko, V.I.Pivtoradnia and B.I.Khatset were quite useful at that time. Their proceedings caught attention of wide scientific public. Professors arranged a number of methodical text-books for students. Among others are the following, O.Korniichuk’s Drama Learning in Secondary School by V.I.Pivtoradnia, abridged course of lectures Old Slavonic Language by T.V.Baimut, irakasle elkartua. The Department of Ukrainian Language together with the seniors accomplished an expedition to learn Zhytomyr region dialects.

The history of Polissia study became a singularity of professors’ scientific research. Scientific Notes (1957) was devoted to this and comprised research articles on regional matters.

During postwar period, up to 1957 inclusive, the Institute issued 7 volumes of Scientific Notes showing research of pedagogical team increased. in 1955-1957, 109 research and scientific-methods papers were published by professors.

Over the whole postwar period the Faculty of History consisting mostly of ex-servicemen and guerilla members won priority for academic progress and extracurricular. in 1948-1950, ez ziren 39 excellent students having graduated from the Institute with honors. In a period of 14 years after war, 1.6 thousand students received education in off-work hours.

in 1956, the Faculty of History was transferred to Lutsk Pedagogical Institute.

Young men and women took active part in social life and household activity. Almost every year they helped collective farms to gather harvest, went to newground, worked at children’s playgrounds and militia rooms, restored central Barton of the Institute, campus buildings, library and canteen.

Students’ living conditions improved. in 1954, first hostel for 250 places was ready to allocate students. Book collection of the Institute’s library refilled. Moral support activities developed.

Gradually, the main building of the Institute rose from ruin. in 1959 alone, professors and students worked out 48 thousand man-days. What is more, turnpike roads, Recreation and Entertainment Park and athletic field were organized by efforts of future teachers.

Staff of the Institute widened scientific and constructive contacts with scholars of different higher educational institutions of the country. Scientists from Moscow, Leningrad, Kyiv, and Odesa lectured for our students. Methodic interchange of Scientific Notes was improved with staffs of Pedagogical Institutes in Vinnytsia, Izmail, Odesa, Mykolaiv, Kamianets-Podilskyi, Chernihiv. Delegations of Zhytomyr State Pedagogical Institute visited higher educational establishments of Minsk, Mosku, Leningrad, Homel, Volhohrad.

O.P.Yura-Yuraskyi, Honoured Artist of Ukraine, appeared in the Institute performing his literary recitals. Audiences with such writers as M.Rylskyi, A.Malyshko, V.Kucher, V.Sosiura, L.Pervomaiskyi, M.Nahnybida, V.Kozachenko, S.Oliinyk, H.Boiko, P.Sieverov took place here as well.

1960-1990

Zhytomyr State Pedagogical Institute began its 60’s under the environment of first tries to democratize social life of the country. Its highest governing body was the Board of the Institute, baina geroztik 1972 it became the Academic Board including Rector, Vice-rector, deans, party and Komsomol secretaries, directors of professors’ and students’ trade union committees, heads of departments, senior professors, eta ikasleak.

From January, 1958, I.F.Osliak, Candidate of Philological Sciences, irakasle elkartua, worked as Rector of the Institute; from December, 1973, P.S.Hornostai, Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, irakasle elkartua, was Rector of the Institute; from October, 1986, it was lead by I.M. Kucheruk, irakaslea.

Secondary school changes to new curriculum in 60’s, introduction of oblige public secondary-level education increased pedagogic purpose by far. The main burden of this reorganization fell on Pro-rectors in educational work M.P.Zhurbas, L.M.Kurkcha, and M.M.Osadchyi who carried out these duties since 1977.

At the beginning of the 60’s, the Institute qualified pedagogical personnel over two faculties with degrees in eleven specialties for full-time education, and in three for correspondence departments.

The Faculty of Philology offered opportunities in obtaining a degree in: Ukrainian Language and Literature, Russian Language and Literature, Russian Language and Literature and English Language, Russian Language and Literature and German Language; Russian Language and Literature and Pedagogy for students from Uzbekistan (zehar 1959-1973); Russian Language and Literature in an ethic school for students from Kazakhstan (in 1971-1993).

The Faculty of Physics and Mathematics trained specialists in: Fisika eta Matematika, Matematika eta Fisika, Physics and English Language, Physics and basic disciplines, Mathematics and Technical Drawing.

Correspondence department qualified teachers of Ukrainian Language and Literature, Russian Language and Literature, Matematika. Over 1944-1971, the department was regarded as a faculty under the department of full-time education. Considering that in the 60’s, 42 per cent of teachers of Zhytomyr region, and then 36 per cent of them in the 70’s, haven’t got higher education, large majority of enrollment of the Institute was extramural students. Complementary to above-mentioned specialties they had opportunities to obtain a degree in English Language and French Language (1963-1972), in Biology (geroztik 1974), and Pedagogy and Primary Education Methods (geroztik 1978).

in 1962-1968, the General Scientific Faculty including Department of Humanities and Mathematics worked for extramural students. Students studied to get a degree in History, Library Science, Legal Science, Ukrainian Language and Literature, Russian Language and Literature, English Language, French Language, Matematika, Fisika. Ondoren, students went onto further study obtaining specialties for choice in higher educational institutions of Ukraine under correspondence departments.

in 1963, the Faculty of Foreign Languages as a separate faculty was originated under the aegis of the Faculty of Philology. The faculty qualified specialists in English and German Languages, and till 1972 – in French Language. Students from Uzbekistan could obtain degree in English Language as well.

The 70’s turned out to become the years of notable increase and diversification of the Institute. After Berdychiv Pedagogical Institute was discontinued the Faculty of Natural Sciences was transferred to Zhytomyr (1972). The Faculty qualifies teachers of Biology and Chemistry. in 1976, the fifth faculty was originated. This was the Faculty of Primary Education with full-time education and correspondence study. As early as in a year, the Faculty proposed an additional specialty – Music.

The number of departments, ikasleak, irakasleen, and fellows doubled. Therefore it was necessary to redeploy tutorials into two shifts.

in 1979, the Institute won second best among pedagogical institutes for best students’ labor, life and leisure time organization. Hostel #3 won first prize. M.O.Lukin was superintendent of the Hostel at the time. The Institute was honored for its achievements with diplomas of Republican Trade Union Committees and Ministry of Education of Ukraine.

Constant enrollment growth, origination of new faculties and specialties required great regard concerning upgrading of facilities.

in 1962, the central campus building was completely reconstructed. in 1979, a shooting gallery and metalworking and processing workshops were built. in 1987, new campus of the Faculty of Foreign Languages was put in commission. zehar 1972-1981 over an area of 15 hektarea, training-laboratory rooms and training-small holdings for agrobiological station were built. in 1988, the overhaul of campus building of the Faculty of Natural Science was over. in 1990, new eight-storey training-laboratory building was erected including its three completions built in 1992. Over 30 urte, the area of the Institute expanded fourfold.

Students got education in 217 auditoriums, whereof 14 were large attendances. There were constructed 25 special laboratories and 59 studies, whereof most part of them were equipped with training facilities.

Students may use five hostels (inauguratua 1935, 1956, 1972, 1981, 1986); first aid post including consulting and manipulation rooms, dental office, and five isolation wards. There in the hostels 2 thousand students and 82 families lived.

In virtue of growing demands of secondary schools for teachers the number of academic teaching staff increased. in 1960, 73 professors worked at 12 sail, whereof 27 professors possessed academic degrees in Candidates of Sciences and academic titles of associate professors. in 1990, 22 departments numbered 289 professors including 10 Doctors, katedradunak, 114 Zientzien Hautagaiak, irakasleek elkartua horien artean.

Over the 60’s, about a thousand scientific papers in 1.2 thousand printed sheets gross volume together with 17 volumes of Scientific Notes were issued by the efforts of scholars of the Institute. 84 monografiak, 556 text-books and methodology guidelines, 11 collectors of articles and abstracts, 108 brochures, baino gehiago 2 thousand articles were published within next 20 urte. zehar 30 urte, the Institute’s contribution to progress of scientific thought reached 3,750 scientific papers.

Repeatedly, the Institute was a venue for republican, interuniversity, and regional conferences. Thuswise the following republican scientific conferences as on the occasion of 70garren eta 75garren birth of M.T.Rylskyi, 110garren eta 115garren birth of I.Franko, 150garren birth of T.H.Shevchenko, 100garren birth of M.M.Kotsiubynskyi, 170garren anniversary of H.S.Skovoroda’s death, 100garren birth of Lesia Ukrainka, and on linguistic and theory of literature matters took place here.

Rendering assistance to school became one of the leading Institute’s lines. geroztik 1970, all the districts of the region were vested in different departments. In the 1970’s, monthly courses of intensive teacher retraining in eight specialties started working. Over 20 urte, 14.5 thousands of teachers of the region completed retraining courses. in 1984, Basics of Computer Science and Computer Engineering courses were opened at the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics. baino Urtero gehiago 400 teachers of Mathematics learned elements of programming and computer system practice. At republican review the Institute won second best for rendering useful assistance to schools (1975). zehar 1970-1990 alone, 170 text-books and more than 300 methodology instructions were issued for schools.

The introduction of oblige public secondary-level education in 60’s set a task to provide schools, training colleges, voluntary schools and technical voluntary schools with teaching personnel. Given that in 1960, enrollment of students was 2.4 thousand people including 760 full-time students and 1.7 thousand of extramural students; in 1970, it reached 1.6 eta 1.5 thousand of students correspondingly. In another ten years, the enrollment was 2.4 thousand of full-time students and 1.1 thousand of extramural students. iraila, 1, 1990, the enrollment of students of the Institute was 2.8 thousand of full-time education students and 1.6 thousand of extramural students. Large numbers of them were medalists, young people living in rural areas. Two thirds of full-time admission was carried out by village school leavers, geroztik 1972. Only popular education members, discharged from the Armed Forces, and graduates from teacher training colleges were enrolled in correspondence study. in 1990, young people of those enrolled for full-time education totaled 50 per cent having target reception. These were graduates of a preparatory department and Zhytomyr Teacher Training College.

Professional skills of graduates shaped due to proficient teaching practice organization. The following kinds of teaching practice were introduced into students training system concerning scientific-educational work: socio-political practice, on-academic teaching practice for students of 1st eta 2d ikastaroak, teaching practice in Pioneer camps, practice a profession at teaching squads, occupational practice for students of the 4garren course in out-of-school educational activity on-job, teaching practice in schools of Zhytomyr and of the region.

geroztik 1977, practice for students of 1st-5garren course under schools gave an opportunity to turn teaching practice into continuous one. Students of the Faculty of Initial Teacher Training undertook their practice over a period of three years leading the same class. Before their school practice, students of the mentioned faculty and the Faculty of Natural Sciences undertook field practice at the agrobiological station of the Institute. Great attention concerning this part of work was affirmative. Yearly, 60-62 per cent of students passed teaching practice with an excellent mark, and up to 35 per cent of trainees got ‘good’ mark.

Expeditions through places of military and labor Glory, subscription concerts for orphans, roads of charity to Denyshiv Orphan Asylum, carrying of Memory watches and The Soldier’s Letter Campaign, leadership of youth, mathematic, physical, and astronomic schools, together with literary studio for children, medical plants collection, overhaul of Partisan Fame hall in the village of Kopyshchi and the like – all these totaled students’ useful activities.

During the third working semester, 282 construction brigades worked on new ground in Krym, Mykolaiv, Kherson, Kyiv, Tiumen, Orlov, and Mahadan regions. They implemented 21 milioi errublo (measuring in prices of 1990) of capital investments, reconstructed 51 eskolak, barne 5 built, built up 128 playgrounds, 78 ikasgeletan.

Amateur talent groups were high on the list of young students training. Yateriv folk song choir directed by M.O.Nykorchuk, and Suzir’ia dancing company directed by V.O.Svitelskyi became widely known across the region and outside and got title the People’s (1987). Kalyna folk music group directed by P.I.Antonevskyi and Elehia vocal group directed by V.V.Sychevska got this title as well.

A multipronged approach concerning educational and research work in the intelligence-orientated abilities of future specialists was an earnest of all the solutions whereof the staff of the Institute found in the years 1960-1980. New quantitative and qualitative changes, new ascents and workouts were to come onwards. Preceding 70 years of work were the basis for those implementations.

The first years of independence of Ukraine (1991-2001)

Independence of Ukraine in 1991 required changes in management, structural reorganization, improvement of the educational programs, and establishment of new departments. The primary task in 1990-es was to provide the necessary level of education which could meet the state characteristics and standards.

Till 1999 the graduates received a “specialist” degree on the basis of full secondary education. From the 1 of September 1999 unibertsitatea (a status was granted) prepared masters on the study-for-fee form, from the 1of September 2000 – on the state-budget form of education on the basis of “specialist” degree. The new studying plans and programs were developed.

At the beginning of the 1990-es the institute comprised 5 fakultate, a preparatory department and 22 departments where 289 lecturers worked. Among them were 10 medikuek, irakaslek, 114 zientziaren hautagaiak, laguntzaile irakaslek, three merited teachers of the higher education and culture of Ukraine. It comprised 42.9 % of all staff.

307 lecturers worked at the university in 2001, 176 of them had scientific degrees; it comprised 57.3% of the staff. Among them a member of the National Academy of Science of Ukraine, two corresponding members of the National Academy of Science of Ukraine, corresponding member of the Agricultural Academy of Ukraine, 28 medikuek, irakaslek, 148 zientziaren hautagaiak, laguntzaile irakaslek, 8 merited employees of Ukraine (hezkuntza, higher school, culture and physical training), baino gehiago 40 excellent lecturers of education of Ukraine, young scholars – grant holders of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and fund “Vidrodzhenia” (“Revival”). The number of the staff with degrees grew on 14%.

The number of the departments increased from 22 ra 31 in 1991 - 2001 urte, and the number of the major subjects from 13 ra 21. There were introduced new major subjects: Ukrainian language and literature and Country Study of Ukraine, Ukrainian language and literature and Social Pedagogy, Ukrainian language and literature and History, History and Ukrainian language and literature, Primary school classes and Practical Psychology, Matematika eta Informatika, German and English language and literature, Ukrainian language and literature and Educational Materials Editing, Chemistry and Biology etc.

The new conditions required methodological changes. The implementation of the new technologies and active teaching methods was of the great importance in the1990-es. The block-modular and grade-rating systems were introduced, didactical and role games were put in practice.

Technologies of studying process research, cooperation and construction were used at the practical Pedagogy classes. The work done by the Pedagogy department was a base for a pedagogical manual-book published by the Institute of the systematic research of the Ministry of Education of Ukraine in 1995.

Computerization of the educational process is catching on. Physics and Mathematics department introduced a course of computer usage in the studying process. The course ran on packages and programs developed at the Mathematics and Informatics and Physics departments. Such programs have been widely used by the Department of Psychology to organize psychological tests. Students of the master degree and PhD students have had courses of computer research work. Computers are used for tests and complex tests.

At the 1990 ez ziren 104 ordenagailuak, in 2001 - 230, in particular there are 13 computer classes with 203 working places. The technical characteristics are advanced. The university staff and students have access to the Internet and e-mail serves. Soon the corporative computer network will be finished. The department of database exploitation, computer network and office equipment launched its work.

The English teacher center of self-education promoted implementation of the modern technologies in the process of English learning in the institute and educational establishments of the region. It was created in 1995. The center includes 5 laborategiak: modern technologies in the English learning, the German language learning, the English language learning, a common classroom for the foreign language studying, an English classroom. Students and 120 teachers from the region work usually at the center which has become a methodological laboratory. It is equipped with modern authentic books, literature, audio and video-materials. Seminars in foreign language studying modern technologies, conferences take place there. The center collaborates with the British Council, the American Center, the International Center, the Peace Corps, the fund “Vidrodzhenja” (“Revival”), foreign publishing houses. It is a member of the international organization TESOL. The center participated in the organization of the All-Ukrainian competition in the foreign languages for the secondary school pupils (1996) and the All-Ukrainian competition for the best foreign language teacher of the year (1997).

The modern technologies in the studying process have promoted the growth of the students’ individual work, fostered their researches; the result is fruitful. The students won 40 prize places at the All-Ukrainian subject competitions in Mathematics, Informatika, Biologia, Kimika, Psikologia, Practical Psychology, English, Pedagogy, Ukrainian hizkuntza eta literatura, German language, Social Pedagogy in 1997-2001. They took the first places at the All-Ukrainian competition of the student research in Pedagogy and Psychology in 1998-2001; only in 2001 ez ziren 12 prize places at the All-Ukrainian subject competitions.

At the All-Union student competition Olexandr Sarana shared the first prize with a student from Moscow Lomonosov University, and Dmitro Stepanchikov shared the first prize with a student from Novosibirsk University.

ikasleek, PhD students and lecturers take part in different competitions for training and studying abroad. In the last years they had trainings in the UK, AEB, Alemanian, Austria, France and Poland.

The university conducts researches in theory and methodology of the pupils’ studying and education, improvement of teacher training, methodology in the higher school, historical country study, national consciousness in the Ukrainian literature, Polesia dialects’ vocabulary, biological basis of the Ukrainian fauna protection and its reproduction, the problems of the modern English vocabulary research, production of the semiconductor substances, liquid crystals, research of their physical characteristics etc.

The postgraduate students can continue their studying at the university or other Ukrainian universities and get their PhD degree. The first postgraduate students began their study at the university in 1992. Today there are 11 major subjects and 35 Matrikulatu diren. The postgraduate students have defended 23 theses in Ukrainian language, Theory of literature, Biologia, Pedagogy, Germanic languages; 13 works are prepared for defense procedure. The lecturers defended 5 PhD theses and 68 assistant professor works in the last 10 urte.

A journal “Visnik of Zhytomyr pedagogical university” has been published in 1998; it is a successor of “Scientific notes”, edited in 1920-es by the pedagogical institute. baino gehiago 5.5 thousand scientific and methodological articles were published.

in 1990 there were attempts to provide the secondary and higher schools with modern educational and methodological literature. 126 books and textbooks were published in the last 5 urte.

The education plans were altered due to the changes in the social life of the country; the system of special courses, seminars and optional courses was introduced; it promotes better preparation to practical work. For each subject there were designed tests to check knowledge level and its quality. There are complex tests for course graduates. The education programs were developed for the subjects without common education programs.

The improvement of the studying process gave fruitful results. The average progress in studying is 95-96%, quality – 56-60. The results are usually proved by the outcomes of the complex tests in different subjects and at complex qualification exams.

9.9 thousand students graduated of the university in 1990-2001; 6 thousand – on the daily basis and 3.9 – part-time study. 86-90 % of the graduates are sent to work.

The educational and material base of the university has grown in the recent years. A building for Philology department and a building for primary classes teachers were put into operation in the 1990; in the following years the area per one student was enlarged from 4,5 square meters in 1992 ra 9,6 - in 2001. For the students’ need there are 5 logelatan (2000 lekuak), a refectory and canteens (390 lekuak), library with 420 000 bolumen, agriculture biostation. 89 laboratories and classrooms operate at the university, zehazki 6 linguaphone classrooms, phonolaboratory and 13 ordenagailu ikasgeletan (203 individual workplace).

in 2000 building of the sport complex was started on the out of budget finances, it was finished in 2003.

According to the regulation № 761 of the Cabinet of The Ministers of Ukraine Zhytomyr institute was granted the status of a pedagogical university.

The State inspection board of the educational institutions of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine conducted an attestation expert examination of the university. According to the results of the expert examination the university went through the attestation, and in particular in the major subjects of the daily and part-time study on IV level – “Primary Study”, “Ukrainian language and literature”, “Russian language and literature”. “English language and literature”, “Chemistry” and on III level – “Musical pedagogy and education”, “Ethnology”, “Psychology”, “Informatics”. The preparatory department got through attestation also.

Enthusiasm, ability to work and creative power of the university staff is the ground for new achievements in the third millennium.

Gainean 24 of March, 2004 Zhytomyr pedagogical university was granted the status of Zhytomyr Ivan Franko State University according to the regulation № 172-р of the Cabinet of the Ministers of Ukraine.


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