Tokyo Ynstitút fan Technology

Tokyo Ynstitút fan Technology. Study engineering yn Japan

Tokyo Institute of Technology Details

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Oersicht


Tokyo Tech is de top nasjonale universiteit foar wittenskip en technyk yn Japan mei in skiednis spanning mear as 130 jier. Fan de likernôch 10,000 studinten by de Ookayama, Suzukakedai, en Tamachi Campuses, de helte binne yn harren kandidaatseksamen programma wylst de oare helte binne yn baas en doktoraal graad programma. Ynternasjonale studinten getal 1,200. Der binne 1,200 fakulteit en 600 bestjoerlike en technysk personiel leden.

Yn de 21e ieu, de rol fan wittenskip en technology universiteiten is hieltyd wichtiger. Tokio Tech giet te ûntwikkeljen globale lieders yn 'e fjilden fan wittenskip en technology, en draacht by oan de lotsferbettering fan de maatskippij troch syn ûndersyk, rjochte op oplossings foar globale saken. It Ynstitút fan lange-termyn doel is te wurden de wrâld fan liedend wittenskip en technology universiteit.

As ien fan Japan syn top universiteiten, Tokyo Ynstitút fan Technology besiket te dragen oan beskaving, frede en wolfeart yn 'e wrâld, en hat as doel om it ûntwikkeljen fan wrâldwide minsklike mooglikheden útstek troch pionier op ûndersyk en ûnderwiis yn wittenskip en technyk, ynklusyf yndustriële en sosjale behear. Om dat te berikken missy, wy hawwe in each op ûnderwizings- tige morele studinten te krijen net allinne wittenskiplike saakkundigens, mar ek ekspertize yn de frije keunsten, en in lykwichtige kennis fan de sosjale wittenskippen en geasteswittenskippen, alles wylst researching djip út basis om te oefenjen mei akademyske masterskip. Troch dizze aktiviteiten, wy wolle bydrage oan wrâldwide duorsumens fan 'e natuerlike wrâld en de stipe fan it minsklik libben.

skoallen / Colleges / Departments / kursussen / fakulteiten


Undergraduate schools

  • School of Science
  • Skoalle of Engineering
  • School of Bioscience and Biotechnology

graduate skoallen

  • Graduate School of Science and Engineering
  • Graduate School of Bioscience and Biotechnology
  • Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Science and Engineering
  • Graduate School of Information Science and Engineering
  • Graduate School of Decision Science and Technology
  • Graduate School of Innovation Management

Skiednis


In the early Meiji period, soon after the opening of the country, it became imperative that Japan cultivate human resources to develop modern industrial technology. The government was actively promoting the technical education of its citizens at this time in order to develop the advanced science and technology that was already common in Europe and the United States. Against this background, Japan’s first national technical school, the Kogakuryo Technical School, was founded by the Ministry of Engineering in 1873.

Around the same time, the Ministry of Education founded the Seisakugaku Kyojo in 1874 at the suggestion of Gottfried Wagener, a German-born scientist. Wagener had been vocal about the necessity of practical technical education in Japan in order to cultivate senior engineers and engineers. Although the Seisakugaku Kyojo closed three years later, it was a revolutionary school in that students were taught practical skills along with scientific theories to produce engineers necessary for modernizing Japanese industry.

Seiichi Tejima, who was then assistant director general of the Museum of Education, together with Wagener pushed for modern technical and industrial education with emphasis on practical applications. With the support of Ryuichi Kuki and Arata Hamao of the Ministry of Education, they succeeded in persuading the Ministry to establish the Tokyo Vocational School in May 1881.

Preparations for opening the school began. A curriculum was established in accordance with the Rules and Regulations of the Tokyo Vocational School enacted in 1881. These rules stated that the school should provide the necessary technical and industrial science education to become a vocational school teacher or senior engineer. Kuramae in Taito City near the Sumida River was chosen as the site for the campus. Kuramae means thestorehouse front and the name comes from the rice storehouses of the Tokugawa Shogunate located there.

Taizo Masaki was the first principal of the school and the first classes were held in 1882 in two departments: the Department of Machinery and the Department of Applied Chemistry. The Tokyo Vocational School graduated its first class in July 1887. Initially the school had a hard time recruiting students, because technical skills were traditionally handed down in Japan in an apprenticeship system. The shift from apprenticeship to modern technical education had only just begun. Yn 1884, Wagener started to teach at the school in accordance with the principles and methods of the former Seisakugaku Kyojo. He developed modern technology for large-scale production in manufacturing industries such as ceramics, glass, and lacquerware. Wagener provided the foundation for Tokyo Tech’s later advancements as industrial manufacturing took root in Japan.

Yn 1890, Seiichi Tejima took over Masaki’s job and became principal of the school. Tejima had gone to the United States to study when he was 21 years old and was the interpreter of the Iwakura Mission, a Japanese diplomatic mission that traveled around the world. He later assumed the role of assistant director general of the Museum of Education and went to the Paris and Philadelphia World Expositions. From these experiences Tejima became a pioneer advocate of technical education in Japan. The Tokyo Vocational School was renamed Tokyo Technical School in 1890 and then Tokyo Higher Technical School in 1901. Numerous leaders in academia and industry passed through the doors during the 25-year period in which Tejima led the school.

An adage arose during the years of the Tokyo Technical School. “Wherever there’s a chimney, there you will find someone from Kuramae,” meaning that wherever there was a large-scale industrial complex, a graduate of the school had been involved in its establishment. Kuramae remained the center of technical education until the school was burned to the ground on September 1, 1923 when the Great Kanto Earthquake struck.


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