- Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Massachusetts Institute of Technology is in partikuliere ynstelling dy't oprjochte waard yn 1861.
Ynskriuwjild foar in Massachusetts Institute of Technology binne $48,000 (Aprox.).
MIT leit yn Cambridge, massachusetts, across the Charles River from downtown Boston. Allinnich freshmen studinten binne ferplichte om te wenjen op kampus, mar oer 70 prosint fan de learlingen kieze te bliuwen op kampus yn harren fjouwer jier. MIT biedt húsfesting yn ien fan de coolste dorms yn it lân, faak neamd “de Sponge,” ûntwurpen troch arsjitekt Steven Holl. De MIT Engineers boast mear as 30 NCAA Division III ploegen, en harren mascotte is in beaver, dy't MIT hat fanwege syn “opmerklike technyk en meganyske feardigens en syn gewoanten fan yndustry.” Elke klasse designs in unike ring neamd de “Gielkoper Rat” dat is iepenbiere yn Sophomore jier, in tradysje dy't datearret nei 1929.
MIT rjochtet him op wittenskiplike en technologyske ûndersyk en is ferdield yn fiif skoallen en ien kolleezje. Among its graduate schools are the highly ranked School of Engineering andSloan School of Management, neist sterke programma yn ekonomy, psychology, biology, gemy, ierde sciences, natuerkunde en wiskunde. Ûndersyk útjeften op MIT hawwe typysk gien $650 miljoen elts jier, mei subsydzje komt út oerheid ynstânsjes lykas de ôfdieling fan Folkssûnens en Human Tsjinsten en Departemint fan ferdigening. De “Independent Aktiviteiten Program,” in fjouwer-wike termyn tusken hjerst en maitiid semesters yn jannewaris, biedt spesjale kursussen, lêzings, wedstriden en projekten. Distinguished alumni binne Apollo 11 astronaut Buzz Aldrin, eardere U.N. Sekretaris Generaal Kofi Annan en Federal Reserve Bank foarsitter Ben Bernanke.
De missy fan de Massachusetts Institute of Technology is om foarút kennis en opliede learlingen yn de wittenskip, technology, en oare gebieten fan de beurs, dat sil bêste tsjinje it folk en de wrâld yn 'e 21e ieu. Wy binne ek dreaun te bringen kennis te dragen op 'e wrâld fan grutte útdagings.
It Ynstitút is in ûnôfhinklike, coeducational, partikulier begiftigd universiteit, organisearre yn fiif Skoallen (arsjitektuer en romtlike oardering; engineering; geasteswittenskippen, keunst, en sosjale wittenskippen; behear; en wittenskip). It hat wat 1,000 fakulteit leden, mear as 11,000 undergraduate en graduate studinten, en mear as 130,000 living alumni.
By de oprjochting yn 1861, MIT wie in edukative ynnovaasje, in mienskip fan hannen-op probleem the losser yn leafde mei fûnemintele wittenskip en entûsjast om de wrâld in better plak. Hjoed, dat geast noch guides hoe't wy opliede learlingen op kampus en hoe't wy stal nije digitale learen technologyen te meitsje MIT learende tagonklik foar miljoenen fan learlingen om de wrâld.
MIT syn geast fan ynterdissiplinêr exploration hat woeks in protte wittenskiplike breakthroughs en technologyske foarútgong. In pear foarbylden: de earste gemyske synteze fan penisilline en fitamine A. De ûntwikkeling fan de radar en skepping fan inertial begelieding systemen. De útfining fan de magnetyske kearn ûnthâld, dy't ynskeakele de ûntwikkeling fan digitale computers. Wichtige bydragen oan de Human genome Project. De ûntdekking fan kwarks. De útfining fan 'e elektroanyske wurkblêd en fan fersifering systemen dy't ynskeakelje e-commerce. De oprjochting fan GPS. Pionier 3D printing. It konsept fan de útwreidzjen hielal.
Aktuele ûndersyk en ûnderwiis gebieten binne digitale learen; nanotechnology; duorsume enerzjy, de omjouwing, klimaat oanpassing, en wrâldwide wetter en iten feiligens; Big Data, cybersecurity, Robotics, en keunstmjittige yntelliginsje; minsklike sûnens, ynklusyf kanker, HIV, autisme, Alzheimer, en dysleksy; biologysk technyk en CRISPR technology; earmoed alleviation; avansearre manufacturing; en ynnovaasje en ûndernimmerskip.
MIT syn ynfloed ek it wurk fan ús alumni. Ien manier MIT ôfstudearden ride fuortgong is troch begjinnende bedriuwen dy't leverje nije ideeën oan 'e wrâld. In resinte stúdzje rûst dat as fan 2014, living MIT Alumni hawwe begûn mear as 30,000 aktyf bedriuwen, oanmeitsjen 4.6 miljoen banen en opwekken rûchwei $1.9 jo in jierlikse ynkomsten. Taken tegearre, dit “WITH naasje” is gelyk oan it 10e-grutste ekonomy yn de wrâld!
skoallen / Colleges / Departments / kursussen / fakulteiten
- School of Architecture and Planning
- Skoalle of Engineering
- School of Humanities, Arts, en Sosjale Wittenskippen
- Sloan School of Management
- School of Science
Yn 1859, a proposal was submitted to the Massachusetts General Court to use newly filled lands in Back Bay, Boston for a “Conservatory of Art and Science”, but the proposal failed. A charter for the incorporation of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, proposed by William Barton Rogers, was signed by the governor of Massachusetts on April 10, 1861.
Two days after the charter was issued, the first battle of the Civil War broke out. After a long delay through the war years, MIT’s first classes were held in the Mercantile Building in Boston in 1865. The new institute was founded as part of the Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act to fund institutions “to promote the liberal and practical education of the industrial classes”, and was a land-grant school. Yn 1863 under the same act, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts founded the Massachusetts Agricultural College, which developed as the University of Massachusetts Amherst. Yn 1866, the proceeds from land sales went toward new buildings in the Back Bay.
MIT was informally called “Boston Tech”. The institute adopted the European polytechnic university model and emphasized laboratory instruction from an early date. Despite chronic financial problems, the institute saw growth in the last two decades of the 19th century under President Francis Amasa Walker. Programs in electrical, gemysk, marine, and sanitary engineering were introduced, nije gebouwen waarden boud, and the size of the student body increased to more than one thousand.
The curriculum drifted to a vocational emphasis, with less focus on theoretical science. The fledgling school still suffered from chronic financial shortages which diverted the attention of the MIT leadership. During these “Boston Tech” jier, MIT faculty and alumni rebuffedHarvard University president (and former MIT faculty) Charles W. Eliot’s repeated attempts to merge MIT with Harvard College’s Lawrence Scientific School. There would be at least six attempts to absorb MIT into Harvard. In its cramped Back Bay location, MIT could not afford to expand its overcrowded facilities, driving a desperate search for a new campus and funding. Eventually the MIT Corporation approved a formal agreement to merge with Harvard, over the vehement objections of MIT faculty, studinten, and alumni. lykwols, in 1917 decision by the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court effectively put an end to the merger scheme.
Yn 1916, the MIT administration and the MIT charter crossed the Charles River on the ceremonial barge Bucentaur built for the occasion, to signify MIT’s move to a spacious new campus largely consisting of filled land on a mile-long tract along the Cambridge side of the Charles River. The neoclassical “New Technology” campus was designed by William W. Bosworth and had been funded largely by anonymous donations from a mysterious “mr. Smith”, begjinnend yn 1912. Yn jannewaris 1920, the donor was revealed to be the industrialist George Eastman of Rochester, New York, who had invented methods of film production and processing, and founded Eastman Kodak. Tusken 1912 en 1920, Eastman donated $20 miljoen ($236.2 miljoen yn 2015 dollars) in cash and Kodak stock to MIT.
MIT has kept pace with and helped to advance the digital age. In addition to developing the predecessors to modern computing and networking technologies, studinten, personiel, and faculty members at Project MAC, the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, and the Tech Model Railroad Club wrote some of the earliest interactive computer video games like Spacewar! and created much of modern hacker slang and culture. Several major computer-related organizations have originated at MIT since the 1980s: Richard Stallman’s GNU Project and the subsequent Free Software Foundation were founded in the mid-1980s at the AI Lab; the MIT Media Lab was founded in 1985 by Nicholas Negroponte and Jerome Wiesner to promote research into novel uses of computer technology; the World Wide Web Consortiumstandards organization was founded at the Laboratory for Computer Science in 1994 by Tim Berners-Lee; the OpenCourseWare project has made course materials for over 2,000 MIT classes available online free of charge since 2002; and the One Laptop per Child initiative to expand computer education and connectivity to children worldwide was launched in 2005.
MIT was named a sea-grant college in 1976 to support its programs in oceanography and marine sciences and was named a space-grant college in 1989 to support its aeronautics and astronautics programs. Despite diminishing government financial support over the past quarter century, MIT launched several successful development campaigns to significantly expand the campus: new dormitories and athletics buildings on west campus; the Tang Center for Management Education; several buildings in the northeast corner of campus supporting research into biology, brain and cognitive sciences, genomics, biotechnology, and cancer research; and a number of new “backlot” buildings on Vassar Street including the Stata Center. Construction on campus in the 2000s included expansions of the Media Lab, the Sloan School’s eastern campus, and graduate residences in the northwest. Yn 2006, President Hockfield launched the MIT Energy Research Council to investigate the interdisciplinary challenges posed by increasing global energy consumption.
Yn 2001, inspired by the open source and open access movements, MIT launched OpenCourseWare to make the lecture notes, problem sets, syllabuses, exams, and lectures from the great majority of its courses available online for no charge, though without any formal accreditation for coursework completed. While the cost of supporting and hosting the project is high, OCW expanded in 2005 to include other universities as a part of the OpenCourseWare Consortium, which currently includes more than 250 academic institutions with content available in at least six languages. Yn 2011, MIT announced it would offer formal certification (but not credits or degrees) to online participants completing coursework in its “MITx” programma, for a modest fee. De “edX” online platform supporting MITx was initially developed in partnership with Harvard and its analogous “Harvardx” initiative. The courseware platform is open source, and other universities have already joined and added their own course content.
Three days after the Boston Marathon bombing of April 2013, MIT Police patrol officer Sean Collier was fatally shot by the suspects Dzhokhar and Tamerlan Tsarnaev, setting off a violent manhunt that shut down the campus and much of the Boston metropolitan area for a day. One week later, Collier’s memorial service was attended by more than 10,000 folk, in a ceremony hosted by the MIT community with thousands of police officers from the New England region and Canada. op novimber 25, 2013, MIT announced the creation of the Collier Medal, to be awarded annually to “an individual or group that embodies the character and qualities that Officer Collier exhibited as a member of the MIT community and in all aspects of his life”. The announcement further stated that “Future recipients of the award will include those whose contributions exceed the boundaries of their profession, those who have contributed to building bridges across the community, and those who consistently and selflessly perform acts of kindness”
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