- University of California, San Diego
University of California, San Diego
University of California, San Diego Details
- Lân : Feriene Steaten
- Stêd : San Diego
- ôfkoarting : UCSD
- oprjochte : 1960
- studinten (ca..) : 34000
- Ferjit net discuss University of California, San Diego
University of California, San Diego is a public institution that was founded in 1960.
Ynskriuwjild foar in Universiteit fan Kalifornje, San Diego are $38,000 (Aprox.).
De universiteit fan California, San Diego lies alongside the Pacific Ocean in the La Jolla community of San Diego. De UCSD Tritons stride yn mear as 20 NCAA Division II sporten, benammen yn de California Collegiate Athletic feriening. De skoalle hat hûnderten studinte organisaasjes, en de universiteit jout ûnderdak oan in bloeiende Gryksk mienskip. Alle freshmen komme yn de beneaming foar garandearre op-campus wentebou foar twa jier, mar se binne net ferplichte om te wenjen op kampus. De kampus hat in aquarium en is thús oan de Grutte High Performance Outdoor Shake Table, dy't test struktueren 'fermogen en fernear Simulated ierdskoddings.
UCSD befettet seis bachelor hegeskoallen, fiif akademyske divyzjes en fiif ôfstudearre en profesjonele skoallen. ItsSchool fan Medicine en Jacobs Skoalle fan Engineering binne tige notearre. Ien UCSD tradysje is de Sun God Festival, dy't begûn yn 'e jierren 1980 en befettet konserten featuring populêr muzikanten, karnaval aktiviteiten, vendors en learling leafhutten. UCSD is ek bekend om syn International House, dêr't likernôch 350 studinten út mear as 30 lannen libje en leare tegearre. Ferneamde UCSD Alumni binne Guy “bud” Tribble en Bill Atkinson, dy't holp meitsje de earste Apple Macintosh kompjûter, en Mike Judge, akteur, skriuwer, regisseur en produsint dy't makke de film “Kantoarromte” en de TV rige “Kening fan 'e Hill.”
skoallen / Colleges / Departments / kursussen / fakulteiten
- Arts & Geasteswittenskippen
- biologysk Wittenskippen
- Graduate Division
- Jacobs School of Engineering
- Physical Wittenskippen
- Rady School of Management
- School of Global Policy & Strategy
- School of Medicine
- Scripps Inst. of Oceanography
- Skaggs School of Pharmacy & pharmaceutical Sciences
- Sosjale wittenskip
When the Regents of the University of California originally authorized the San Diego campus in 1956, it was planned to be a graduate and research institution, providing instruction in the sciences, wiskunde, en engineering. Local citizens supported the idea, voting the same year to transfer to the university 59 Acres (24 hy hat) of mesa land on the coast near the preexisting Scripps Institution of Oceanography. The Regents requested an additional gift of 550 Acres (220 hy hat) of undeveloped mesa land northeast of Scripps, lykas 500 Acres (200 hy hat) on the former site of Camp Matthews from the federal government, but Roger Revelle, then director of Scripps Institution and main advocate for establishing the new campus, jeopardized the site selection by exposing the La Jolla community’s exclusive real estate business practices, which were antagonistic to minority racial and religious groups. This outraged local conservatives, as well as Regent Edwin W. Pauley. UC President Clark Kerr satisfied San Diego city donors by changing the proposed name from University of California, La Jolla, to University of California, San Diego. The city voted in agreement to its part in 1958, and the UC approved construction of the new campus in 1960. Because of the clash with Pauley, Revelle was not made chancellor. Herbert York, first director of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, was designated instead. York planned the main campus according to the “Oxbridge” model, relying on many of Revelle’s ideas.
UC San Diego was the first general campus of the University of California to be designed “from the top down” in terms of research emphasis. Local leaders disagreed on whether the new school should be a technical research institute or a more broadly based school that included undergraduates as well. John Jay Hopkins of General Dynamics Corporationpledged one million dollars for the former while the City Council offered free land for the latter. The original authorization for the San Diego campus given by the UC Regents in 1956 approved a “graduate program in science and technology” that included undergraduate programs, a compromise that won both the support of General Dynamics and the city voters’ approval. Nobel laureate Harold Urey, a physicist from the University of Chicago, and Hans Suess, who had published the first paper on the greenhouse effect with Revelle in the previous year, were early recruits to the faculty in 1958. Maria Goeppert-Mayer, later the second female Nobel laureate in physics, was appointed professor of physics in 1960. The graduate division of the school opened in 1960 mei 20 faculty in residence, with instruction offered in the fields of physics, biology, chemistry, and earth science. Before the main campus completed construction, classes were held in the Scripps Institution of Oceanography.
Troch 1963, new facilities on the mesa had been finished for the School of Science and Engineering, and new buildings were under construction for Social Sciences and Humanities. Ten additional faculty in those disciplines were hired, and the whole site was designated the First College, later renamed after Roger Revelle, of the new campus. York resigned as chancellor that year and was replaced by John Semple Galbraith. The undergraduate program accepted its first class of 181 freshman at Revelle College in 1964. Second College was founded in 1964, on the land deeded by the federal government, and named after environmentalist John Muir two years later. The School of Medicine also accepted its first students in 1966.
Political theorist Herbert Marcuse joined the faculty in 1965. A champion of the New Left, he reportedly was the first protestor to occupy the administration building in a demonstration organized by his student, political activist Angela Davis. The American Legion offered to buy out the remainder of Marcuse’s contract for $20,000; the Regents censured Chancellor McGill for defending Marcuse on the basis of academic freedom, but further action was averted after local leaders expressed support for Marcuse. Further student unrest was felt at the university, as the United States increased its involvement in the Vietnam War during the early 1960s, when a student raised a Viet Minh flag over the campus. Protests escalated as the war continued and were only exacerbated after the National Guard fired on student protesters at Kent State University in 1970. Oer 200 students occupied Urey Hall, with one student setting himself on fire in protest of the war.
Early research activity and faculty quality, notably in the sciences, was integral to shaping the focus and culture of the university. Even before UC San Diego had its own campus, faculty recruits had already made significant research breakthroughs, such as the Keeling Curve, a graph that plots rapidly increasing carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere and was the first significant evidence for global climate change; the Kohn–Sham equations, used to investigate particular atoms and molecules in quantum chemistry; and the Miller–Urey experiment, which gave birth to the field of prebiotic chemistry. Engineering, particularly computer science, became an important part of the university’s academics as it matured. University researchers helped develop UCSD Pascal, an early machine-independent programming language that later heavily influenced Java, the National Science Foundation Network, a precursor to the Internet, and the Network News Transfer Protocol during the late 1970s to 1980s. In economics, the methods for analyzing economic time series with time-varying volatility (ARCH), and with common trends (cointegration) were developed. UC San Diego maintained its research intense character after its founding, racking up 20 Nobel Laureates affiliated within 50 jierren fan de skiednis; a rate of four per decade.
Under Richard C. Atkinson’s leadership as chancellor from 1980 nei 1995, the university strengthened its ties with the city of San Diego by encouraging technology transfer with developing companies, transforming San Diego into a world leader in technology-based industries. He oversaw a rapid expansion of the School of Engineering, later renamed after Qualcomm founder Irwin M. Jacobs, with the construction of the San Diego Supercomputer Center and establishment of the computer science, elektrotechnyk, and bioengineering departments. Private donations increased from $15 million to nearly $50 million annually, faculty expanded by nearly 50%, and enrollment doubled to about 18,000 students during his administration. By the end of his chancellorship, the quality of UC San Diego graduate programs was ranked 10th in the nation by the National Research Council.
The university continued to undergo further expansion during the first decade of the new millennium with the establishment and construction of two new professional schools — the Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Rady School of Management—and the California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology, a research institute run jointly with UC Irvine. UC San Diego also reached two financial milestones during this time, becoming the first university in the western region to raise over $1 billion in its eight-year fundraising campaign in 2007 and also obtaining an additional $1 billion through research contracts and grants in a single fiscal year for the first time in 2010. nettsjinsteande dit, due to theCalifornia budget crisis, the university loaned $40 million against its own assets in 2009 to offset a significant reduction in state educational appropriations. The salary of Pradeep Khosla, who became chancellor in 2012, has been the subject of controversy amidst continued budget cuts and tuition increases.
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