Ollscoil Oxford

Ollscoil Oxford. hollscoileanna is fearr sa Ríocht Aontaithe. Déan staidéar i Englad. oideachas Bro - Staidéar Thar Lear Magazine

University of Oxford Details

  • Tír : an Ríocht Aontaithe
  • Cathair : Oxford
  • acrainm : Oxford
  • Bunaithe : 1096
  • Daltai (thart.) : 23000
  • Ná déan dearmad a discuss University of Oxford
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Forbhreathnú


Tá an Ollscoil struchtúr sainiúil Oxford ar, rugadh ar a stair, Is foinse neart.

Is Oxford ollscoil choláisteach, comhdhéanta de na hOllscoile agus coláistí lárnacha. Tá an Ollscoil lárnach comhdhéanta de ranna acadúla agus ionaid taighde, ranna riaracháin, leabharlanna agus músaeim. An 38 Tá coláistí féinrialaithe agus neamhspleách ó thaobh airgeadais institiúidí, a bhfuil baint acu leis an Ollscoil lárnach i gcóras feidearálach. Tá sé hallaí príobháideacha buan ann freisin, a bhí bunaithe ag shainchreideamh Chríostaí éagsúla agus a fós a choinneáil ar a charachtar Críostaí.

Na róil éagsúla na coláistí agus Ollscoil tagtha chun cinn le himeacht ama.

Na coláistí

  • Roghnaigh agus do mhic léinn fochéime ligean isteach, agus roghnaigh mic léinn iarchéime tar éis iad a ligean isteach ag an Ollscoil.
  • cóiríocht a sholáthar, béilí, seomraí caidrimh, leabharlanna, spóirt agus áiseanna sóisialta, agus tréadchúram dá ndaltaí.
  • Freagrach as teagasc teagaisc d'fhochéimithe.

An Ollscoil

  • Go gcinnfidh an t-ábhar na gcúrsaí ina dtarlaíonn an teagasc coláiste ar siúl.
  • Eagraíonn léachtaí, seimineáir agus obair saotharlainne.
  • Soláthraíonn raon leathan d'acmhainní do mhúineadh agus d'fhoghlaim i bhfoirm leabharlanna, saotharlanna, músaeim, áiseanna ríomhaireachta, agus mar sin de.
  • Soláthraíonn seirbhísí riaracháin agus seirbhísí do mhic léinn bainistithe go lárnach ar nós comhairleoireacht agus gairmeacha.
  • Admhaíonn agus maoirseacht ar mhic léinn iarchéime, agus scrúdaítear tráchtais.
  • Seiteanna agus scrúduithe marcanna, agus céimeanna dámhachtainí.

Tá an córas coláisteach ag croílár rath na hOllscoile, thabhairt do mhic léinn agus lucht acadúil na buntáistí a bhaineann a bhaineann araon mór, idirnáisiúnta institiúid cáil agus le beag, acadúil idirdhisciplíneach. Tugann sí le chéile lucht léinn le rá agus mic léinn ar fud na n-ábhar agus na bliainghrúpaí agus ó chultúir agus ó thíortha eile, ag cabhrú chun an cur chuige dian idirdhisciplíneach go spreagann cuid mhaith den bhaint thaighde den scoth na hOllscoile agus déanann Oxford ina cheannaire i oiread sin réimsí chothú.

Scoileanna / Coláistí / Ranna / Cúrsaí / dámha


Humanities division

MATHEMATICAL, PHYSICAL & LIFE SCIENCES DIVISION

MEDICAL SCIENCES DIVISION

SOCIAL SCIENCES DIVISION

Stair


As the oldest university in the English-speaking world, Oxford is a unique and historic institution. There is no clear date of foundation, but teaching existed at Oxford in some form in 1096 and developed rapidly from 1167, when Henry II banned English students from attending the University of Paris.

in 1188, the historian, Gerald of Wales, gave a public reading to the assembled Oxford dons and in around 1190 the arrival of Emo of Friesland, the first known overseas student, set in motion the University’s tradition of international scholarly links. De réir 1201, the University was headed by a magister scolarum Oxonie, on whom the title of Chancellor was conferred in 1214, agus i 1231 the masters were recognised as a ollscoil or corporation.

In the 13th century, rioting between town and gown (townspeople and students) hastened the establishment of primitive halls of residence. These were succeeded by the first of Oxford’s colleges, which began as medieval ‘halls of residenceor endowed houses under the supervision of a Master. University, Balliol and Merton Colleges, which were established between 1249 agus 1264, are the oldest.

Less than a century later, Oxford had achieved eminence above every other seat of learning, and won the praises of popes, kings and sages by virtue of its antiquity, curaclam, doctrine and privileges. in 1355, Edward III paid tribute to the University for its invaluable contribution to learning; he also commented on the services rendered to the state by distinguished Oxford graduates.

From its early days, Oxford was a centre for lively controversy, with scholars involved in religious and political disputes. John Wyclif, a 14th-century Master of Balliol, campaigned for a Bible in the vernacular, against the wishes of the papacy. in 1530, Henry VIII forced the University to accept his divorce from Catherine of Aragon, and during the Reformation in the 16th century, the Anglican churchmen Cranmer, Latimer and Ridley were tried for heresy and burnt at the stake in Oxford.

The University was Royalist in the Civil War, and Charles I held a counter-Parliament in Convocation House. In the late 17th century, the Oxford philosopher John Locke, suspected of treason, was forced to flee the country.

The 18th century, when Oxford was said to have forsaken port for politics, was also an era of scientific discovery and religious revival. Edmund Halley, Professor of Geometry, predicted the return of the comet that bears his name; John and Charles Wesley’s prayer meetings laid the foundations of the Methodist Society.

The University assumed a leading role in the Victorian era, especially in religious controversy. ó 1833 onwards The Oxford Movement sought to revitalise the Catholic aspects of the Anglican Church. One of its leaders, John Henry Newman, became a Roman Catholic in 1845 and was later made a Cardinal. in 1860 the new University Museum was the scene of a famous debate between Thomas Huxley, champion of evolution, and Bishop Wilberforce.

ó 1878, academic halls were established for women and they were admitted to full membership of the University in 1920. Five all-male colleges first admitted women in 1974 agus, since then, all colleges have changed their statutes to admit both women and men. St Hilda’s College, which was originally for women only, was the last of Oxford’s single sex colleges. It has admitted both men and women since 2008.

During the 20th and early 21st centuries, Oxford added to its humanistic core a major new research capacity in the natural and applied sciences, lena n-áirítear leigheas. In so doing, it has enhanced and strengthened its traditional role as an international focus for learning and a forum for intellectual debate.


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