Ukraine yana daya daga cikin mafi girma a kananan hukumomi a Turai.

short info

Capital : Kyiv

Official harshe : Ukrainian

wasu harsuna : Rasha

Population : 42,500,000

Currency : Ukrainian Hryvnia (UAH)

Time zone : UTC +2

Drives a kan : Right

Kira code : +380

Jami'o'i a Ukraine

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Official Ukrainian Kudin shiga Center for kasashen waje dalibai

 

 

Overview


Ukraine ne a kasar / majalisar jumhuriya da dalĩli raba tsakanin shugaban kasar (Head da m iko), Verkhovna Rada (dokoki da ikon, majalisar) kuma kotun tsarin. Babban doka kundin tsarin mulki soma a 1997 Borders suke tare da Rasha, Belarus, Poland, Slovakia, Romania, Moldova.
The babban birnin kasar ne Kyiv (Kiev).
The yankin ƙungiyoyin ne 24 yankuna.
Ukraine ne a kasar, a Gabashin Turai. Ukraine iyaka Rasha Federation zuwa gabas da North-East, Belarus da North-West, Poland,Slovakia da kuma Hungary zuwa West, Romania da kuma Moldova a kudu maso yamma, da Black Sea andSea na Azov a kudu da kudu maso, bi da bi. Shi yana da wani wuri na 603,628 km², yin shi ne mafi girma a kasar gaba ɗaya cikin Turai.

harkokin waje na dangantakar


a 1999-2001, Ukraine yi aiki a matsayin mai ba m memba na kwamitin sulhu na MDD. tarihi, Soviet Ukraine ya koma United Nations a 1945 matsayin daya daga cikin asali mambobi bin wani Western jayayya da Tarayyar Soviet, wanda ya nemi kujeru ga dukan 15 ta ƙungiyar jamhuriyoyin. Ukraine ya consistently goyan lumana, shawarce ƙauyuka to rigingimu. An halarci quadripartite tattaunawa a kan rikici a Moldova kuma ciyar da zaman lafiya ƙuduri zuwa rikici a post-Soviet Jihar Georgia. Ukraine kuma Ya sanya wani gwaji taimako ga MDD wanzar da zaman lafiya yadda ake gudanar tun 1992.
A zamanin yau Ukraine yana bad dangantaka da Rasha Federation.

Climate


Ukraine yana da mafi yawa temperate nahiyar sauyin yanayi. Yanayi ne disproportionately rarraba; shi ne mafi girma a yamma da arewa da kuma mafi ƙasƙanci a gabas da kudu maso gabashin. Western Ukraine na'am kusa 1,200 millimeters (47.2 inci) hazo a shekara, yayin da Crimea na'am kusa 400 millimeters (15.7 inci). Winters bambanta daga mai sanyi tare da Black Sea sanyi m m. The talakawan kowace shekara yawan zafin jiki a Ukraine dabam tsakanin +5..+7 C a arewa da kuma +11..+13 C a kudu.

Tourism


Ukraine bautarka 8th sa a Turai da yawan masu yawon shakatawa da ziyartar, bisa ga World Tourism Organisation martaba. Ukraine ne mai manufa a tsaka-tsaki tsakanin tsakiya da gabashin Turai, tsakanin arewa da kudu. Ya na dutse jeri - da Carpathian Mountains dace da gudun kan, yin yawo, kama kifi da kuma farauta. The coastline a kan Black Sea ne mai rare rani makõma ga vacationers. Ukraine yana gonakin inabi, inda suka samar da 'yan qasar giya, kango na zamanin d Castles, tarihi Parks, Orthodox da Katolika majami'u kazalika da 'yan masallatai da majami'u. Kiev, kasar birnin da mutane da yawa musamman Tsarin kamar Saint Sophia Cathedral da m boulevards. Akwai sauran birane sananne ga yawon bude ido kamar harbor garin Odessa da kuma tsohon birnin Lviv a yamma. The Crimea, kadan "nahiyar" da kansa, ne mai rare vacation manufa domin yawon bude ido domin yin iyo ko rana tanning a kan Black Sea tare da dumi sauyin yanayi, mai karko duwãtsu, plateaus da tsoho kango. Cities nan sun hada da: Sevastopol da Yalta - location da zaman lafiya taro a karshen yakin duniya na II. Masu ziyara iya yi cruise Tours da jirgin a kan Dnieper River daga Kiev da Black Sea ƙirin. Ukrainian abinci yana da dogon tarihi da yayi wani m iri-iri na asali jita-jita. The Bakwai Abubuwan al'ajabi da Ukraine ne bakwai tarihi da kuma al'adu Monuments na Ukraine; da shafukan da aka zaba ta hanyar jama'a ta hanyar internet na tushen kuri'a.

Ukraine photo gallery


Harshe


Bisa ga tsarin mulki, jihar harshen Ukraine ne Ukrainian. Rasha ne yadu magana, musamman a gabashi da kudancin Ukraine. Ukrainian ne yafi magana a Western da kuma tsakiyar Ukraine. A yammacin Ukraine, Ukrainian ne kuma mahimmin harshe a birane (kamar Lviv). A tsakiyar Ukraine, Ukrainian da Rasha suna biyu daidai amfani a birane, da Rasha kasancewa more kowa a Kiev, yayin da Ukrainian ne mahimmin harshe a yankunan karkara. A gabashin Ukraine da kuma kudancin, Rasha ne da farko yi amfani da a birane, kuma Ukrainian da ake amfani a yankunan karkara. Wadannan details haifar da wani gagarumin bambanci a fadin daban-daban binciken sakamakon, kamar yadda har ma da kananan restating wani tambaya sauya martani da wani gagarumin rukuni na mutane.
Turanci ba magana. tsakanin kansu, mutane da shi ba sadarwa. Idan kana so ka yi magana da wani a Turanci, shi ne mafi alhẽri don sadarwa tare da ƙaramin tsara. Don magana da gida yawan, a wani harshe ne mai wuya.

Health


Ukraine ta kiwon lafiya tsarin ne jihar tallafi da yardar kaina samuwa ga dukan Ukrainian jama'a da rajista mazauna. Duk da haka, shi ne, ba wajibi da za a bi a jihar-gudu asibiti kamar yadda da dama masu zaman kansu da likita gidaje kada zama a kasar. The gwamnati ma'aikata mafi kiwon lafiya kwararru, tare da wadanda aiki mai zaman kansa likita cibiyoyin yawanci ma rikewa hãlãyensu aiki kamar yadda suke gudanar da samar da kulawa a kiwon lafiya wurare akai-akai.

tattalin arzikin


Ukraine samar kusan dukkan iri sufuri motocin da kumbon sama jannati. Antonov jiragen sama da kuma KrAZ manyan motoci suna fitar dashi to kasashen da dama. Mafi yawan Ukrainian fitar da ake kasuwanci da Tarayyar Turai da kuma CIS. tun samun 'yancin kai, Ukraine ya kiyaye da kansa sarari hukumar, National Space Agency of Ukraine (NSAU). Ukraine ya zama wani aiki takara a kimiyya sarari bincike da kuma m gabansa manufa. tsakanin 1991 da kuma 2007, Ukraine ya kaddamar shida kai sanya tauraron dan adam da kuma 101 jefa motocin, kuma ci gaba da tsara kumbon sama jannati. A kasar shigo mafi makamashi supplies, musamman man fetur da kuma iskar gas, da kuma zuwa ga babban har ya dogara da Rasha a matsayin makamashi maroki. Duk da yake 25 bisa dari na iskar gas a Ukraine ya zo daga ciki kafofin, game da 35 kashi ya zo daga kasar Rasha da kuma sauran 40 kashi daga Central Asia ta wucewa hanyoyi cewa Rasha controls. A lokaci guda, 85 bisa dari na Rasha gas da ake tsĩrar da Yammacin Turai, ta hanyar Ukraine. Growing sassa na Ukrainian tattalin arziki sun hada da bayanai da fasaha (IT) kasuwa, wanda shugaba dukan sauran Tsakiya da kuma Eastern kasashen Turai a 2007, girma da wasu 40 kashi. Ukraine mukamansu hudu a duniya a yawan bokan IT kwararru bayan United States, India da kuma Rasha.

abinci


A gargajiya Ukrainian abinci da ya hada da kaza, alade, naman sa, kifi da namomin kaza. Ukrainians kuma ayan ci mai yawa dankali, hatsi, sabo ne da kuma kayan lambu pickled. Popular gargajiya jita-jita hada varenyky (Boiled dumplings da namomin kaza, dankali, sauerkraut, gida cuku ko cherries), borsch (miya sa na beets, kabeji da namomin kaza ko nama) kuma holubtsy (cushe kabeji Rolls cike da shinkafa, karas da nama). Ukrainian fannoni kuma sun hada da Chicken Kiev da Kiev Cake. Ukrainians sha stewed 'ya'yan itace, juices, madara, buttermilk (suka yi gida cuku daga wannan), ruwan kwalba, shayi da kuma kofi, giya, giya da horilka.

A halin yanzu siyasa halin da ake ciki da kuma tasiri a kan kasashen waje dalibai


Currently, kasashen waje dalibai ba zai iya koyo, a jami'o'i located in da yankin Crimea da kuma wasu biranen Donetsk da Lugansk yankuna.
Duk da haka, mafi jami'o'i canjawa wuri da gidaje a wasu birane na Ukraine da kuma ci gaba da horar da dalibai. EdukationBro ba bayar da shawarar da dalibai su zo karatu a jami'o'i da aka jiki located a kan yankin Crimea, Donetsk da Lugansk yankuna. Education a cikin sauran kasar shi ne cikakken aminci da dalibai ba su fuskanci wata matsala yayin nazarin nan.

Jami'o'i a Ukraine