Jami'ar Erlangen Nuremberg

Jami'ar Erlangen Nuremberg

Jami'ar Erlangen Nuremberg Details

Shiga da a Jami'ar Erlangen Nuremberg

Overview


Jami'ar Erlangen Nuremberg ne mai jama'a bincike jami'a a biranen Erlangen da kuma Nuremberg a Bavaria, Jamus. The name Friedrich-Alexander ya zo daga jami'a ta farko kafa Friedrich, Margrave na Brandenburg-Bayreuth, da mai kyautata Kirista Frederick Charles Alexander, Margrave na Brandenburg-Ansbach.

a kasar Jamus,, gargajiya m arts jami'o'i ba yawanci suna da wani aikin injiniya makaranta ko sashen. Duk da haka, Fau ya aikata da jinsin injiniya baiwa.

Fau shi ne na biyu mafi girma a jihar jami'a a jihar Bavaria. ya na 5 ikon tunani, 23 sassan / makarantu, 30 asibiti sassan, 19 m sassan, 656 furofesoshi, 3,404 members na ilimi ma'aikatan da kuma wajen 13,000 ma'aikata.

A cikin hunturu semester 2014/15 kusa da 39,085 dalibai (duk da 3,556 kasashen waje dalibai) shiga a cikin jami'a a 239 fannonin binciken, da game 2/3 karatu a Erlangen harabar da kuma sauran 1/3 a Nuremberg harabar. Wadannan lissafi sa Fau a cikin jerin top 10 most jami'o'i a Jamus.

a 2013, 5251 dalibai sauke karatu daga jami'a, kuma 663 digirin-digirgir, kuma 50 post-doctoral theses aka rajista. Haka kuma, Fau samu 171 miliyan Yuro (2013) external kudade a shekara guda, sa shi daya daga cikin karfi na uku-jam'iyyar a] en jami'o'i a Jamus.

a 2006 da kuma 2007, a matsayin wani ɓangare na kasa kyau himma, Fau da aka zaba da Jamusanci Research Foundation matsayin daya daga cikin nasara a Jamus Jami'o'in kyau Initiative. Fau ne kuma memba na DFG (Jamus Research Foundation) da Top Industrial Managers Turai na cibiyar sadarwa.

A Academic Ranking of World Jami'o'in ga shekara 2014, Fau ranked biyu daga Jamus jami'o'i a Engineering / Technology da Computer Sciences kungiyar ga dukan hudu ranking sigogi TOP, FUN, HiCi da kuma mashaya.

Schools / kolejoji / sashen / Darussan / ikon tunani


  • Faculty of Bil Adama, Social Sciences, kuma Kalam
  • Faculty of Business, tattalin arziki, kuma Law
  • Faculty of Medicine
  • Faculty of Sciences
  • Faculty of Engineering

tarihi


1743 - The University aka kafa ta Margrave Friedrich na Brandenburg-Bayreuth

The University a Erlangen da aka kafa a cikin ruhun haskaka absolutism. The aiki na Jamus jami'o'i a karni na sha takwas da aka bauta wa da bukatun mutane da yawa mulkoki da yin tanadi ga ilimi da horo na ma'aikata don bunkasa suna daga cikin sarakunan.

Wannan shi ma firayin tushen dalili for Margrave Friedrich na Brandenburg-Bayreuth suka kafa Friedrichs-Universität a sarauta a 1743 da taimakon Margravess Wilhelmine kuma na farko da kansila na Jami'ar, Daniel Superville.

An uku jami'a da za a kafa a Franconia, bayan jami'o'i na Altdorf kuma Würzburg, kuma aka dogara a na sarki birnin Erlangen a cikin tsohon jarumi ta makarantar located a Hauptstraße. The bude Jami'ar ya faru a kan 4 Nuwamba 1743, wani taron da aka har yanzu tunãtarwa kowace shekara a mutu academicus.
1769 - The University aka fadada da Margrave Alexander

A da farkon kwanaki, Jami'ar a Erlangen kasance daya daga cikin mafi karami cibiyoyin na irin. A total of 64 dalibai sun shiga a cikin sabuwar Jami'ar a shekara ta kafuwar kuma an sanar da 16 furofesoshi; da talakawan yawan dalibai zauna a kusa da 200 don wani lokaci.

Na farko 'yan shekarun da suka gabata na Jami'ar ta zama aka alama da matsalolin tattalin tun margraviate na Brandenburg-Bayreuth aka gwada da kananan kuma ba musamman m. Ba sai 1769, a lõkacin da Bayreuth line mutu daga da margraviate na Brandenburg-Bayreuth aka sõyayya da na Brandenburg-Ansbach, cewa Friedrichs-Universität aka bai wa mafi m kudi akai. A girmamawa Margrave Alexander, sabon m, wanda shi ma ya zama Jami'ar ta farko mai girma ya zama majiɓinci, Jami'ar aka sake masa suna Friedrich-Alexander-Universität a shekara guda.

A gargajiya kewayon tarbiyya da aka sanar a cikin ikon tunani na Kalam, dokar, Medicine da Falsafa. Baya ga Hohenzollern fada da, kamar yadda gida da dowager, kawai taka m jama'a rawa, kananan margravial birnin Erlangen da wani muhimmanci siyasa, tattalin arziki ko al'adun cibiyoyin, da Jami'ar ta furofesoshi yanzu samu babba status a cikin birnin ta jama'a.
1810 - Franconia zama wani ɓangare na Bavaria

Shekaru hamsin bayan da kafuwar, Jami'ar underwent manyan canji a sakamakon siyasa juyi. Canja wuri na iko ga Prussian kambi a 1792, Faransa daular a 1806 kuma a karshe da Bavarian kambi a 1810 sāke margravial University a cikin wani jihar-gudu ma'aikata. Duk da yake wannan nufi ne cewa shi rasa da yawa na mulkin kai, kamar da kansa iko da kuma musamman gata ba da jami'a dan, shi ma inganta Jami'ar ta kudi.

Yawan daliban ya tashi ya kuma kasance a tsaye a kusa da 400 a wannan lokaci. The tsare-tsaren to tara wuri ɗaya ilimin jami'a a Jami'ar Landshut, shar'anta da Bavarian ministan harkokin, Maximilian Joseph Montgelas, nufin cewa a farkon karni na sha takwas a nan gaba na Jami'ar aka jeopardized a fiye da wani lokaci. Yana binta da rayuwa kyakkyawan ga cewa shi yana da kawai iyawa na Protestant tauhidin a Bavaria. Dã wannan ba ci gaba da zama, dukan Bavarian daliban Protestant tauhidin, wanda lambobin ya girma muhimmanci a sakamakon Franconia ta 'yan hadewa cikin Bavaria, dã an tilasta nazarin waje Bavaria.
1818 - The Schloss a hukumance bayar da zuwa Jami'ar

a 1818, Jami'ar samu wani gagarumin yawan sabon gine-gine. Bayan rasuwar Sofia Caroline, na biyu matar kafa Jami'ar, wanda ya zauna a Erlangen kamar yadda ya dowager tun 1764, King Maximilian I Joseph na Bavaria bayar da Schloss, da Schlossgarten, da orangery da sauran gine-gine a baya mallakar da margraves zuwa Jami'ar.

The farkon rabin karni na sha tara kuma ga Wilhelm von Humboldt manyan gyare-gyare da ra'ayi ilimin jami'a na, a cikin abin da ya bayar da shawarar da hade da bincike da koyarwa. Makalar da ya mayar da hankali a baya a kan tsananin exegetic m ga daidaitattun ayyukan yanzu mayar da hankali a kan hanya na ilimi binciken da shiriya ga m bincike.
1824 - Universitätsklinikum Erlangen aka kafa
The yi na Jami'ar Asibitin Erlangen, asibiti a gabashin ɓangare na Schlossgarten, aka farko da manyan gini aikin Kanmu da Jami'ar da aka kammala a 1824. The m ci gaba zuwa ga girma bambantawa tsakanin talakawansa, da sabon bincike yankunan a magani da kuma kimiyyar a karo na biyu da rabi na karni na sha tara ya zama dole gina m sabon gine-gine a kusa da Schlossgarten kuma tare Universitätsstraße, wanda ya zo samar da zuciyar na Jami'ar. A mafi daukan hankali gine-gine daga wannan lokaci ne Kollegienhaus (1889), da ilmin jikin mutum da kuma gine-gine Pathology (1897 da kuma 1906) da Jami'ar Library (1913).
1890 - The University yana da wani matsakaicin dubu dalibai
The fadada a size tafi hannu da hannu da halittar m sabon sashen da cibiyoyi na bayar cikin su wanda, kamar yadda bayyana daga sassan, ba kawai sanar da ilimi tarbiyya amma kuma gudanar da bincike mai zaman kanta. Student lambobin ma ya karu markedly a karo na biyu da rabi na karni na sha tara. A lokacin rani semester 1890, yawan dalibai shiga shugaba da 1000 mark a karon farko,

ma'ana cewa Jami'ar ranked number 15 cikin 21 jami'o'i a Jamus Empire cikin sharuddan size. Wannan ci gaban kuma halin canza dangantaka tsakanin jami'ar da kuma birnin. Ganin cewa Erlangen ta image a cikin karni na sha takwas da aka ƙaddara da Huguenot cinikai kuma crafts, a cikin karni na sha tara Jami'ar fara wasa da samun muhimmiyar rawa.

Daga cikin shahararrun furofesoshi wanda ya sanar da a Jami'ar kasance theologian Adolf von Harleß, da lauya Kirista na luck, da farfesa magani Franz Penzoldt, da tarihi Karl Hegel, da Falsafa Ludwig Feuerbach, farfesa Jamus Benno von Wiese, da farfesa Gabas karatu da kuma mawãƙi Friedrich Rückert, da lissafi Max Noether, da likita Eilhard Wiedemann, da chemists Emil da Otto Fischer, da botanist Johann Kirista Daniel von Schreber, da pharmacists Theodor da Ernst Martius, da zoologist Enoch Zander, da fanning binciken kasa Bruno von Freyberg.

Wasu daga Erlangen 's shahara dalibai sun hada da theologist Wilhelm Löhe, da lauya da Prussian dattaku Karl Freiherr von Stein to Altenstein, likita Sama'ila Hahnemann, da marubuta Heinrich Wackenroder, Ludwig Tieck, Kirista Friedrich Daniel Schubart Agusta kuma Graf von Platen, da sunadarai laƙabi da Yustus von Liebig, da likita Georg Simon Ohm da lissafi Emmi Noether.
1920 - The Pro-rector zama Rector

The barkewar yakin duniya na farko a 1914 yana da babba sakamako a kan University. A sosai ranar farko janyo ra'ayoyin jama'a, da Kollegienhaus , da Schloss kuma da dama sassan a Universitätsklinikum Erlangen da aka tuba zuwa asibitoci domin rauni. Around uku bariki na dalibai sun shafi conscription ko son rai rejista. Wannan ya kai ga wani babban drop a cikin lambobi na daliban da suka ci gaba da nazarin. A lokacin yakin shekaru akwai yawanci kawai game da 300 dalibai ba a Erlangen.

The abubuwan da suka faru na Bavarian juyin juya halin na 1918 da kuma 1919 da m abolition na daular mulkinsu nufi da cewa suna 'Rector Magnificentissimus' wanda ya rigaya an haife ta mulki monarch yanzu bace. The ofishin Pro-rector aka haka canza zuwa 'Rector (Magnificus)'in 1920. Hakazalika, da kalmar 'Pro-rector' maye gurbin da m title 'Exprorektor'. Ga mafi yawan dalibai, cikin shekaru nan da nan bayan yakin duniya na farko da aka alama da talauci da yawa dalibai daga matalauta backgrounds zo Jami'ar a cikin bege na gina sabon gaba wa kansu duk da suna fadin makaranta.

Kumbura da fatarar da yawa malanta kungiyoyin kara da cewa su wuri. The Student Wakilai kwamitin da aka kafa a 1919 kuma aka bi a 1922 da abin da yake a yanzu da Studentenwerk (Student Services) wanda, a 1930, bude Studentenhaus cewa har yanzu tsaye a kan Langemarktplatz yau. Baki daya, duk da haka, bãyan m girma a cikin tsakiyar karni na sha tara, 1920s kasance tsawon stagnation ga University.
1928 - The Faculty of Sciences aka kafa
The kara muhimmancin da na halitta kimiyyar cewa ya zama haka bayyana a karo na biyu da rabi na karni na sha tara ya kai ga wani canji a Jami'ar ta tsarin. a 1928, da na halitta sciences aka raba kashe abin da yake sai Faculty of Adam da kuma Social Kimiyya da kuma bai baiwa matsayi na nasu.
1933 - The University ta mulkin kai da dama ganima ga National gurguzanci
A nationalistic sauyin yanayi ra'ayi ya riga a fili kasance a cikin shaida a Jami'ar Erlangen lokacin Weimar Jamhuriyar, kuma a watan Nuwamba 1929, Jamus National Socialist Student Association tsiwirwirinsu mai cikakkar mafiya yawa daga cikin kujeru a cikin Student Wakilai kwamitin zaben a karon farko a kowane Jamus jami'a. A lokacin mulkin kama karya da shekaru Nazi, Erlangen da aka ba kare wani daga cikin abubuwan da suka faru kuma a wasu jami'o'i, kamar sallama daga furofesoshi yarda ya kafana jam'iyyar line, littafin burnings na May 1933, ko hada da batutuwa da canza zuwa Nazi akidar, kamar 'tseren bincike'.

The University ta ilimi mulkin kai da aka cire a lokacin Nazi zamani da Führer manufa ya kuma amfani da jami'a tsarin mulki, kamar yadda rector aka daina zabe ta professorial jiki amma aka nada da Reichsminister na ilimi harkokin. Kamar yadda ya faru a jami'o'i a fadin Jamus a wannan lokaci, dalibi lambobi a Erlangen ragu ƙwarai a sakamakon da Nazi ilimi siyasa.
1945 - The University shigarsu maimaitawa

By karshen yakin duniya na biyu, Erlangen ne kawai jami'a garin a Jamus, wanin Heidelberg, wanda ya kusan gaba ɗaya ya tsere halaka. Students rũgũguwar fita zuwa University lokacin koyarwa koma a cikin hunturu semester 1945/46, kuma akwai sau biyar a matsayin masu yawa dalibai a matsayin da yaki. Ganin cewa a lokacin rani semester 1927 ya kasance 1340 dalibai da kuma shekaru goma bayan haka ya kasance 967, da lokacin rani semester 1947, Jami'ar da 5316 dalibai.

Duk da haka, kamar yadda sauran Jamus jami'o'i hankali sake buɗe ƙõfõfinsu, lambobi a Erlangen fara sauke sake zuwa karshen 1950s, sabõda haka, da hunturu semester 1956/57, Erlangen ne karami jami'a a West Germany.

The University yanzu da ake bukata don samar da isasshen sabon gine-gine gida duk da sassan da cibiyoyi na bayar. A wata ƙoƙari don adana Jami'ar hali tare da mutum gine-gine nonnan tare a cikin tsakiyar birnin, sabon gine-gine da aka ba gina a kan wani harabar site ware daga garin cibiyar, kamar yadda shi ne yanayin da sauran wurare, amma an maimakon gina a kan wani iri-iri na tsakiya sites wanda baya bauta sauran dalilai.

Wannan shi ne yanayin da tsohon barikin a Bismarckstraße, inda wani sabon hadaddun ga doka, tauhidin, al'adu da kuma zamantakewa kimiyyar da aka bayyana a cikin 1953. Bugu da ari, sabon gine-gine bi a birnin cibiyar, musamman ga Faculty of Medicine, kamar sashen Neurosurgery a 1978, wanda aka gina a kan Schwabachanlage inda a baya da tabin hankali asibitin ya tsaya.

A mafi yawan sananne fadada abin da ya faru a Jami'ar a cikin shekara1960s a fagen aikin injiniya. The post-yaki bukatar zamanintar bayar da impetus don ƙara wani sashi na aikin injiniya, a nufin cewa an bayyana shi a farkon 1903. Staff a Faculty of Sciences yanzu bayyana bukatar wani m baiwa ga lantarki da kuma na inji aikin injiniya, abin da aka bai da goyon baya daga majalisar dattijai a 1957.
1961 - The Faculty of Business, Tattalin arziki da kuma Social Kimiyya da aka kafa

Jim kadan bayan wadannan tarawa, Jami'ar kumbura a cikin wani daban-daban shugabanci da kunsawa da municipally-ɗ en koleji na kasuwanci, tattalin arziki da zamantakewa sciences a Nuremberg, kafa a 1919, a cikin Jami'ar ta samar da abin da yake nan da shida baiwa. Daga nan Jami'ar soma da sunan karkashin wanda shi aka sani a yau, Jami'ar Erlangen-Nuremberg.

The koyarwar tattalin arziki da kuma kasuwanci gwamnati, abin da ya sai wannan aya buga kawai qananan rawa a cikin abin da ya to, Faculty of Adam da kuma Social Kimiyya a Erlangen, iya yanzu za'ayi a kan wani yawa ya fi girma sikelin da kansa site a Nuremberg. Wannan hade kasar kara girma a dalibi lambobin da kai wani sabon ganiya a karshen shekarun 1960s.
1966 - The Faculty of Engineering aka kafa

a 1962, bayan lengthy muhawara, da Bavarian majalisar karshe ya yanke shawarar kafa wani Faculty of Engineering a Erlangen. A cikin wannan girmamawa, Jami'ar ya lashe fitar da birnin Nuremberg da aka neman cewa fasaha jami'a a kafa a Nuremberg shekaru da dama.

Tun da daukaka da wuraren gina ƙasar da ake bukata domin wannan aiki ba samuwa a cikin tsakiyar Erlangen, harsãshensa don sabon jami'a harabar aka dage farawa a kudu gabas da birnin a 1964. The m kafa Faculty of Engineering, wanda ya zama na bakwai baiwa a Fau a lokacin, da ya faru a 1966. A wannan lokaci, Jami'ar shi ne kawai ma'aikata a Jamus tare da baiwa na aikin injiniya da aka hadedde cikin data kasance Tsarin wani gargajiya bincike jami'a kuma ba kafa a matsayin m jami'a.
1968 - The dalibi motsi tasowa
a Fau, kamar yadda sauran wurare, wadannan shekaru da aka mamaye da dalibi motsi, wani motsi wanda ya yi irin wannan zaunanniya effects on ilimi rai. The dalibi boren, wanda ya shafi jami'o'i cikin Jamus, kasance da farko a mayar da martani ga al'amurran da suka shafi abin da suke zalla jami'a-related, kamar matalauta binciken yanayi. a 1969, dalibin motsi girma more m kuma ya zama wani kayan aiki na 'yan adawa ga tsarin siyasa a general. A hadin gwiwa tare da sauran social kungiyoyin, wannan girma a cikin abin da ya zama da aka sani da karin-majalisar adawa motsi.

Akwai wani babban adawa, musamman a muhawara kan Bavarian Higher Education dokar na 1974, sassan da dakatar dalibi wakilai daga wajen wani babban siyasa umarni, da kuma a kan Jamus Higher Education dokar na 1976. Wadannan shekaru kuma kawo game da yawa canje-canje ga Jami'ar ta jama'a image, kamar yadda mutane da yawa dogon kafa hadisai da aka soke. Akwai wani ƙarshen furofesoshi sanye gowns da, a 1968, bikin Founder Day, da 'ya mutu academicus', wanda har sai da aka gudanar a Baroque ƙawa da Redoutensaal, aka canjawa wuri zuwa wajen kasa flamboyant Yanayin da masu sauraro Maximus inda ya faru tun.
1972 - The Faculty of Education aka kafa
The Faculty of Education da aka kafa a 1972, zama a Jami'ar ta takwas baiwa a lokacin. Yana girma daga Cibiyar Teacher Training wanda aka kafa a 1956 kuma daga baya kyautata a cikin 1958 ya zama University of Education Nuremberg, wani malamin horo koleji, da zama a baiwa a Fau. By 2007, Jami'ar da 11 ikon tunani, kamar yadda Faculty of Adam da kuma Social Kimiyya da aka kasu kashi biyu m ikon tunani da Faculty of Sciences aka zubar da cikin wasu uku.

Fau kai wani sabon milestone a cikin hunturu semester 1991/92 lokacin da, a karon farko, shi ya kan 30,000 dalibai. Har tsakiyar karni na sha tara, kusa da 40 bisa dari na dalibai suka shiga cikin ikon tunani na Kalam kuma Law, amma lokacin da na fara a karo na biyu da rabi na karni na ashirin da babban kashi na dalibi yawan aka kõma zuwa ga sababbin tarbiyya na aikin injiniya da kuma na kasuwanci gwamnati, tattalin arziki da zamantakewa sciences.
2000 - New sake fasalin faru

A farkon shekara ta ashirin da arni na farko, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg da aka fuskanci sabon kalubale. The tsawo daga cikin gine-gine a kan Südgelände (m harabar) da erection sababbin gine-gine a cikin birnin cibiyar halin yanzu canza jiki bayyanar Jami'ar. a 2000, da Nikolaus Fiebiger Centre of kwayoyin Medicine a Glückstraße maye gurbin tsohon kimiyyar lissafi gini da 2001 ga bude sabon Röthelheim Campus a shafin na tsohon manyan bindigogi barikin. Na farko lokaci na yi don sabon wadanda ba m cibiyar da aka fara a 2002.

The University yana sauri don aiwatar da changeover da sabon tuzuru da Babbar Jagora digiri a matsayin wajabta ta Bavarian Jihar Ma'aikatar Kimiyya, Research da Arts, kuma waɗannan shirye-shirye mataki maye gurbin tsohon Diplom da Magister shirye-shirye da karshen shekaru goma.

Bugu da ƙari kuma, domin riƙe wani m matsayi a kan kasa da kasa sikelin kuma sadu da kalubale na nan gaba, Majalisar Dattijan zabe kan 7 Fabrairu 2007 don gudanar da wani cikakken gyara na Jami'ar ta tsarin. Haka, a cikin hunturu semester 2007/08, da goma sha ikon tunani da aka sake tsarafa cikin biyar ikon tunani da Jami'ar na da a yau. Wadannan ikon tunani suna sub-kashi sassan da ciki Tsarin wanda aka tsara don karfafa data kasance haɗin gwiwar da kuma haifar da yiwuwa ga sababbi.


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