Jami'ar Munich

Jami'ar Munich. Nazarin a Jamus. Higher Education a Turai.

Jami'ar Munich Details

  • Country : Jamus
  • City : Berlin
  • acronym : LMU
  • kafa : 1472
  • dalibai (kimanin.) : 51000
  • Kada ka manta su tattauna Jami'ar Munich
Shiga da a Jami'ar Munich

Overview


Ludwig Maximilians Jami'ar Munich ne mai jama'a bincike jami'a located in Munich, Jamus.

The University of Munich ne tsakanin Jamus ta mafi tsufa jami'o'i. Asalinsu kafa a Ingolstadt a 1472 da Duke Ludwig IX na Bavaria-Landshut, jami'a aka koma a 1800 to Landshut by King Maximilian I na Bavaria lõkacin Ingolstadt aka barazana Faransa, da ake ƙaura da ba-rana location a Munich a 1826 Sarki Ludwig I na Bavaria. a 1802, jami'a da aka hukuma mai suna Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität by King Maximilian I na Bavaria a kazalika da jami'a ta asali kafa ta girmamawa.

The University of Munich yana da, musamman tun cikin karni na 19th, aka dauke a matsayin daya daga Jamus kazalika daya daga TURAI mafi babbar jami'o'i; tare da 34 Nobel yabon hade da jami'a, shi mukamansu 13th duniya da yawan Nobel yabon. Daga cikin waɗannan su Wilhelm Röntgen, Max Planck, Werner Heisenberg, Otto Hahn kuma Thomas Mann. Paparoma Benedict XVIwas kuma dalibi da kuma farfesa a jami'ar. The LMU ta kwanan nan aka ni'imtar da lakabi na “Elite jami'a” karkashin Jamus Jami'o'in kyau Initiative.

LMU ne a halin yanzu na biyu-most jami'a a Jamus cikin sharuddan dalibi yawan; a cikin hunturu semester da 2013/2014, jami'a yana da total of 50,542 matriculated dalibai. daga cikin wadannan, 8,719 kasance freshmen yayin kasa da kasa dalibai totaled 7,403 ko kusan 15% na dalibi yawan. Amma ga aiki kasafin kudin, jami'a records a 2013 a total of 571.3 miliyan kudin Tarayyar Turai a kudade ba tare da jami'a asibiti; da jami'a asibiti, jami'a yana da total kudade don faxin kamar 1.5 biliyan Tarayyar Turai.

Get wani ra'ayin wanene mu – jami'a a cikin zuciyar Munich. Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität Munchen yana daya daga cikin manyan bincike jami'o'i a Turai, tare da fiye da 500-shekara-dogon hadisi. The University jajirce zuwa ga mafi girman kasa da kasa ma'aunansa na kyau a gudanar da bincike da koyarwa.

Kamar yadda daya daga Turai ta manyan bincike jami'o'i, LMU dubi baya a kan 500 shekaru hadisin da ido ga kalubale da kuma nauyi gaba. Its kyau a cikin koyarwa da bincike yalwaci fadi da bambancin da filayen-daga al'adu da kuma al'adu da karatu, ta hanyar doka, tattalin arziki da zamantakewa sciences to magani da na halitta sciences. An m ha] in gwiwar m kawo dan} on da bidi'a don haka m ga duniya gaba.

LMU ta baiwa-ko suna farkon aiki furofesoshi ko duniya mashahuri kyauta-nasara-samar da kafuwar Jami'ar ta rarrabe rikodin a gudanar da bincike. su gwaninta, ƙaddamar, da kerawa underpin Jami'ar ta nasara a Jamus-fadi da kyau Initiative, a gasar a cikin abin da LMU ya lashe mafi girma adadin Grant goyon bayan baiwa guda ma'aikata. Wadannan albarkatun ana amfani da su inganta mu shared bi na ilmi, a kullum gwamnatin tsari.

LMU gida dalibai daga dukkan sassa na Jamus da kuma fiye da 130 kasashen a duniya. Suka amfana daga Jami'ar ta uniquely m tsararru na binciken shirye-shirye da karfi mayar da hankali kan bincike. A duk matakai na ilimi da horo mu jaddada links tsakanin bincike da kuma hanya content. Our dalibai duba da karatu a matsayin springboard zuwa alheri aiki, ba ko kadan saboda Munich yana daya daga Jamus ta manyan cibiyoyin fasaha da kuma kafofin watsa labarai.

Academic bambancin bunƙasa a cikin wani yanayi da cewa yalwaci social skills dab da wani m sani da dabi'u da kuma tarihin. Wannan ya hada da Munich wasiyya da Weisse Rose, dalibin tushen juriya kungiyar da tsayayya da Nazism.

A lokacin da ka zo LMU, kana shiga wata al'umma sadaukar domin yin mafi yawan su talanti, son sani, da kuma dama da. Ina biyu girmama da kuma kaskantar da ya zama wani ɓangare na wannan al'umma.

Farfesa. Dr. Bernd Huber
Shugaba, Ludwig Maximilian Jami'ar Munich

Schools / kolejoji / sashen / Darussan / ikon tunani


  • Faculty of Katolika Kalam
  • Faculty of Protestant Kalam
  • Faculty of Law
  • Faculty of Business Administration
  • Faculty of Economics
  • Faculty of Medicine
  • Faculty of Medicine na dabbobi
  • Faculty for History da Arts
  • Faculty of Falsafa, Falsafa kimiyya da Nazarin Addinin
  • Faculty of Psychology da Educational Sciences
  • Faculty Nazarin Al'adu
  • Faculty for Languages ​​da Literatures
  • Faculty of Social Sciences
  • Faculty of lissafi, Computer Science da Statistics
  • Faculty of Physics
  • Faculty of Chemistry da Pharmacy
  • Faculty of Biology
  • Faculty of Geosciences da muhalli Sciences

tarihi


Jami'ar aka kafa tare da papal amincewa a 1472 kamar yadda Jami'ar Ingolstadt (kafuwar hakkin Louis IX wadãtacce), da ikon tunani na falsafar, magani, fikihu da tauhidin. Its farko rector shi Christopher Mendel na Steinfels, wanda daga baya ya zama bishop na Chiemsee.

A cikin tsawon Jamus humanism, jami'a ta malamai hada sunaye kamar Conrad Celtes da Petrus Apianus. The theologian Johann Eck kuma ya koyar a Jami'ar. daga 1549 to 1773, jami'a aka rinjayi da Jesuits kuma ya zama daya daga cikin cibiyoyin da Counter-canji. The Jesuit Petrus Canisius aiki a matsayin rector na jami'a.

A karshen karni na 18th, jami'a aka rinjayi da haske, wanda ya kai ga wani karfi girmamawa a halitta kimiyya.

a 1800, da Prince-Elector Maximilianv IV Joseph (daga baya Maximilian I, Sarkin Bavaria) koma jami'a don Landshut, saboda Faransa ta'adi cewa barazanar Ingolstadt lokacin Napoleonic Wars. a 1802, jami'a aka sake masa suna da Ludwig Maximilian University a cikin girmamawa ta biyu kafa, Louis IX, Duke na Bavaria da Maximilian I, Elector na Bavaria. Ministan Ilimi, Maximilian Montgelas, qaddamar da dama ya gyara aikinsa, wanda ya nemi zamanintar da m ra'ayin mazan jiya da kuma Jesuit-rinjayi jami'a. a 1826, aka koma Munich, babban birnin Mulkin Bavaria. Jami'ar aka ayi a Old Academy sai wani sabon gini a Ludwigstraße aka kammala. The yan unguwa suna da ɗan m da adadin Protestant furofesoshi Maximilian kuma daga baya Ludwig na kira su zuwa ga Munich. Suna Kwafa da “Northern hasken wuta” (Northern hasken wuta) kuma musamman likita Johann Nepomuk von Ringseis ya quite m game da su.

A karo na biyu da rabi na karni na 19th, jami'a ya tashi zuwa babban martabar a Turai kimiyya al'umma, jawo mutane da yawa daga cikin duniya ta manyan masana kimiyya. Shi ne ma a lokaci na babban fadada. daga 1903, mata da aka yarda su karatu a jami'o'in Bavarian, kuma da 1918, mace rabo daga dalibai a LMU ya isa 18%. a 1918, Adele Hartmann zama na farko da mace a Jamus aikatãwa theHabilitation (mafi girma doctorate), a LMU.

A lokacin Weimar Jamhuriyar, jami'a ya ci gaba da zama daya daga cikin duniya ta manyan jami'o'i, da furofesoshi kamar Wilhelm Röntgen,Wilhelm Wien, Richard Willstätter, Arnold Sommerfeld da Ferdinand Sauerbruch.

The jami'a ya ci gaba da zama daya daga cikin manyan jami'o'i na West Germany lokacin Cold War kuma a cikin post-sauyin zamanin. A cikin marigayi 1960s, jami'a ne scene na zanga-zangar da dalibai m.

Yau Jami'ar Munich ne wani ɓangare na 24 Hadin baki Research Cibiyar ɗ en da Jamusanci Research Foundation (DFG) kuma shi ne rundunar jami'a na 13 daga gare su,. Har ila yau, rundunõninsa 12 DFG Research Training Groups da uku na kasa da kasa doctorate shirye-shirye a matsayin wani ɓangare na Elite Network na Bavaria. Yana janyo hankalin wani ƙarin 120 Euro miliyan a kowace shekara a wajen kudade, kuma shi ne maida shiga a cikin kasa da kasa da kasa da kasa kudade manufofin.

LMU Munich yana da fadi da kewayon digiri shirye-shirye, tare da 150 batutuwa samuwa a cikin m haduwa. 15% na 45,000 ] aliban da suka halarci jami'a zo daga kasashen waje.

a 2005, Jamus ta jihar da kuma tarayya kaddamar da Jamusanci Jami'o'in kyau Initiative, a yi hamayya tsakanin da jami'o'i. Tare da total na 1.9 kudin Euro biliyan, 75 bisa dari na abin da ya zo daga tarayya jihar, da gine-ginen, shine su yana kokarin gabatar da top-matakin bincike andscholarship. Da kudi da aka bai wa fiye da 30 bincike jami'o'i a Jamus.

{Udurin zai gudanar uku shiri-daidaitacce yankunan: digiri na biyu makarantu inganta na gaba ƙarni na malaman, gungu na kyau don inganta yankan-baki da kuma gudanar da bincike “m Concepts” domin aikin tushen fadada ilimi kyau a jami'o'i a matsayin dukan. Domin ka cancanci wannan na uku wuri, a jami'a ya yi a kalla daya duniya gane ilimi cibiyar kyau da sabuwar digiri makaranta.

Bayan zagaye na farko zabe, LMU Munich da aka kira su zuwa ga mi aikace-aikace ga dukan uku kudade Lines: Yana shiga gasar tare da bada shawarwari biyu digiri na biyu makarantu da hudu gungu na kyau.

Ran juma'a 13 Oktoba 2006, a blue-kintinkiri panel sanar da sakamakon da Jamus-fadi da kyau Initiative for inganta top jami'a bincike da kuma ilimi. The panel, hada da Jamus Research Foundation da kuma Jamus Science Council, Ya yanke shawarar cewa LMU Munich za su samu kudade ga dukan fannoni uku ta rufe Initiative: daya digiri makaranta, uku “kyau gungu” kuma general kudade domin jami'ar ta “m ra'ayi”.


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