Saint Petersburg State University

Saint Petersburg State University . Nazarin a Rasha

Saint Petersburg State University Details

Rubũta a Saint Petersburg State University

Overview


Fiye 290 shekaru, St. Petersburg University da aka aikata to inganta kimiyya, da samar da ilmi da horar da kwararru fice. The University ne mai arziki a cikin tarihi - shi Dates baya ga 1724, a lõkacin da Bitrus da Great kafa Academy of Sciences da Arts kazalika da farko Academic University a Rasha.

Shahararren SPbU tsofaffin] aliban ne tushen girman kai da girma, wanda wahayi mu a kan mãsu kuma kara da m a gudanar da bincike da kuma ilimi. Daga cikin mu tsofaffin] aliban da kuma ma'aikatan, akwai wani m yawan duniya-sanannen mutane, musamman, Nobel Prize nasara: physiologist Ivan Pavlov, halitta Ilya Mechnikov, jiki sunadarai Nikolay Semyonov, physicists Lev Landau da Aleksandr Prokhorov, Falsafa da tattalin arziki Leonid Kantorovich. SPbU kuma wani alma Mathes for fice bincike, malaman, malamai, siyasa da kuma zamantakewa da shugabannin: Dmitry Mendeleev, Vladimir Vernadsky, kuma Dmitry Likhachev to name amma 'yan. The duniya binta bashin mu University mafi shahararren al'adu shugabannin, marubuta da kuma artists: Ivan Turgenev, Pavel Bryullov, Alexander Blok, Alexander Benois, Sergei Diaghilev da Igor Stravinsky. Daga cikin tsofaffin] aliban Jami'ar, mu ma girman kai ga ambaci shugabannin Rasha Gwamnatin: Boris Forward, Alexander Kerensky, Vladimir Lenin, Shugabannin Rasha Federation Vladimir Putin da Dmitry Medvedev.

yau, uku ƙarni bayan da aka kafa, Gas Station ne jihãdi, kamar yadda da, to kai bincike da kuma ilimi a kan kasa da kuma duniya sikelin. By kawo game hadisai da kuma sababbin abubuwa, St. Petersburg University buga da taki ga cigaban kimiyya, da ilimi da kuma al'adu a Rasha da kuma a fadin duniya.

SPbU cikakken equips da dalibai da kuma ma'aikatan da mafi kyaun da bambancin kewayon dama ga ilimi, bincike da kuma ci gaban sirri: arziki Research Library suna bayan M. Gorky, a jihar-of-da-art Research Park, dakunan gwaje-gwaje karkashin jagorancin manyan masana kimiyya, gidajen tarihi, a wallafa gidan, wasanni clubs, a Jami'ar mawaka, orchestras, drama kuma dance Studios da sauransu.

a watan Nuwamba, 2009, Shugaban na Rasha Federation Dmitry Medvedev ya sanya hannu a dokar bayar da St. Petersburg University kuma Moscow Jihar Jami'ar na musamman matsayi na 'musamman kimiyya da ilimi gidaje, cikin tsofaffin cibiyoyin mafi girma ilimi a Rasha kasancewa na bayar da muhimmanci ga ci gaban da kasar Rasha jama'a '. SPbU aka ba gata don saita da kansa ilimi nagartacce kuma sãka da kansa diplomas.

Gano farko Rasha University yanzu.

Barka da zuwa gas tashoshin!

Yours girmamawa,
Rector gas tashar
Nikolay Kropachev

kafa a 1724 da Peter da Great, Saint Petersburg Jami'ar ya zama na farko da ma'aikata na mafi girma ilimi a Rasha. SPbU ne mai manyan Rasha jami'a da koyarwa da kuma gudanar da bincike kyau ranked a cikin duniya top jami'o'i. Mu ne bude ga hadin gwiwa da kuma ji dadin m dangantaka da kasashen duniya bincike da kuma ilimi al'umma. SPbU masana kimiyya aiki a kusan dukkan fannoni na ilmi, samar da gwaninta, da shãwartar a kusa tare da haɗin gwiwar Rasha da kuma na kasa da kasa abokan. Mutane da yawa fice malamai sun kasance wani ɓangare na SPbU al'umma, ciki har da tara Nobel Prize nasara: da physiologist Ivan Pavlov, halitta Ilya Mechnikov, likita da sunadarai Nikolay Semyonov, physicists Lev Landau da Aleksandr Prokhorov, Falsafa da tattalin arziki Wassily Leontief kazalika lissafi da tattalin arziki Leonid Kantorovich.

Daga Jami'ar tsofaffin] aliban ne da shugaban kasar Rasha Vladimir Putin Federation, Prime-ministan Dmitry Medvedev, Director na hermitage Mikhail Piotrovskiy, Shugaban na Rasha Academy of Education Liudmila Verbitskaya, lissafi wajen Grigoriy Perelman da Sergey Smirnov kazalika da yawa wasu.

St. Petersburg Jami'ar Yau

  • 30,000 dalibai
  • 6,000 ma'aikatan
  • 106 dalibi shirye-shirye
  • 205 master shirye-shirye da kuma yankunan da specialization
  • 263 doctoral digiri shirye-shirye
  • 29 asibiti ikon zama shirye-shirye
  • kasa da kasa dalibai daga kan 70 kasashen
  • a kan 3 000 kasa da kasa dalibai a mataki da kuma wadanda ba digiri shirye-shirye
  • 350 da abokin tarayya jami'o'i
  • mafi kyau jami'a Research Park a Rasha
  • 7,000,000 littattafai a cikin tarin Jami'ar Research Library
  • diploma bayar a Rasha da kuma Turanci
  • 12,800 wurare a cikin dakunan zama

ilimi Amfanin

  • m dalibi hannu a cikin ilimi tsari;
  • mafi kyau ganin na dalibi ta mutum m;
  • ECTS - Turai Credit Transfer System;
  • ilimi disciplines an tsara bisa ga ire manufa;
  • dalibi musayar shirye-shirye tare da abokin tarayya jami'o'i
  • wannan damar da kuma aikin cike gurbi a jagorancin Rasha da kuma na kasa da kasa da kamfanonin;
  • damar yin amfani da musamman bincike wurare, fasaha da kuma full-text lantarki databases;
  • zamani ilimi fasahar;
  • jihar-of-da-art bincike kayan aiki;
  • Jihar guraben da mafi kyaun zabi na kasa da kasa masu nema (free koyarwa da kuma rangwame masauki);
  • damar Master Rasha a Cibiyar Rasha Harshe da Al'adu.

Schools / kolejoji / sashen / Darussan / ikon tunani


  • Faculty of aiyuka lissafi da kuma Control tafiyar matakai
  • Faculty of Biology
  • Cibiyar Chemistry
  • Faculty of Ilimin hakora da kuma Medical Technology
  • Faculty of Economics
  • Cibiyar Duniya Sciences
  • Cibiyar Tarihin
  • School of International Relations
  • Faculty of Law
  • Faculty of Liberal Arts Sciences, kuma
  • Faculty of ilimin lissafi da kuma makanikai
  • Faculty of Medicine
  • Faculty of Oriental Nazarin
  • Faculty of Arts
  • Faculty of Philology
  • Cibiyar Falsafa
  • Faculty of Physics
  • Faculty of Kimiyyar Siyasa
  • Faculty of Psychology
  • Faculty of ilimin halayyar zaman jama'a
  • Digiri na biyu School of Management
  • soja Faculty
  • School of Aikin Jarida da Mass Communications
    • Faculty of aiyuka Communications
    • Faculty of Aikin Jarida

tarihi


An yi jãyayya da jami'a gwamnati ko Saint Petersburg State University, ko Moscow Jami'ar Jihar ne mafi tsufa mafi girma ilimi ma'aikata a Rasha. Duk da yake cikin karshen da aka kafa a 1755, da tsohon, wanda ya kasance a ci gaba da aiki tun 1819, ikirarin zama magaji na jami'a kafa tare da Academic Gymnasium da Saint Petersburg Academy of Sciences a kan Janairu 24, 1724 ta wani al'amarin da Bitrus da Great.

A lokacin tsakanin 1804 da kuma 1819, Saint Petersburg University hukumance bai wanzu; ma'aikata kafa ta Peter girma, da Saint Petersburg Academy, An riga an wargaza, saboda sabon 1803 shatan na Academy of Sciences da doka cewa a can ya zama babu makarantun da ke da alaka da shi.

A Petersburg Pedagogical Institute, sake masa suna cikin Main Pedagogical Institute a 1814, da aka kafa a 1804 da kuma shagaltar da wani ɓangare daga cikin sha biyun Collegia gini. A Fabrairu 8, 1819 (O.S.), Alexander I na Rasha sake tsarafa da Main Pedagogical Cibiyar cikin Saint Petersburg University, wanda a wancan lokaci kunshi uku ikon tunani: Faculty of Falsafa da kuma Law, Faculty of Tarihi da kuma Philology da Faculty of Physics da lissafi. The Main Pedagogical Institute (inda Dmitri Mendeleev karatu) da aka mayar da a 1828 matsayin ilimi ma'aikata mai zaman kanta da Saint Petersburg University, da kuma horar da malamai har sai da aka karshe rufe a 1859.

a 1821 jami'a aka sake masa suna Saint Petersburg na mallaka University. a 1823 mafi yawan jami'o'i koma daga cikin sha biyun Collegia zuwa kudancin birnin bayan da Fontanka. a 1824 modified version na shatan na Moscow University da aka soma kamar na farko shatan na Saint Petersburg na mallaka University. a 1829 akwai 19 full furofesoshi, kuma 169 cikakken lokaci da kuma part-time dalibai a jami'a. a 1830 Tsar Nicholas koma dukan gini daga cikin sha biyun Collegia mayar da jami'a, da kuma darussa koma can. a 1835 wani sabon kundin tsarin mallaka Jami'o'in na Rasha da aka amince. Yana azurta kafa na Faculty of Law, da Faculty of Tarihi da kuma Philology, da ikon tunani na Physics da lissafi aka garwaya a cikin Faculty of Falsafa matsayin 1st da 2nd Departments, bi da bi.

a 1849 bayan da Spring of Nations majalisar dattijai na Rasha Empire hukunta cewa Rector ya kamata a nada da Ministan National haske maimakon zabe ta Majalisar na jami'a. Duk da haka, Pyotr Pletnyov aka reappointed Rector da kuma kyakkyawan zama mafi tsawo-bauta wa rector na Saint Petersburg University (1840-1861).

a 1855 Oriental nazarin da aka rabu da Faculty of Tarihi da kuma Philology, da kuma na huɗu baiwa, Faculty of Oriental Harsuna, An kaddamar a kan Agusta 27, 1855.

A 1859-1861 mace part-time dalibai za su halarci laccoci a jami'a. a 1861 akwai 1,270 cikakken lokaci da kuma 167 part-time dalibai a jami'a, daga gare su, 498 sun kasance a cikin Faculty of Law, mafi girma reshe. Amma wannan reshe ya da cameral nazarin sashen, inda dalibai koya aminci, sana'a kiwon lafiya da kuma muhalli da aikin injiniya da gudanar da kimiyya, ciki har da sunadarai, ilmin halitta, agronomy tare da doka da kuma falsafa. Mutane da yawa Rasha, Jojiyanci da dai sauransu. manajoji, injiniyoyi da masana kimiyyar karatu a Faculty of dokar haka. A lokacin 1861-1862 akwai dalibi tashin a jami'a, kuma an rufe dan lokaci sau biyu a wannan shekarar. A dalibai da aka hana 'yancin gudanar da taro, kuma karkashin sanya' yan sanda kula, da kuma jama'a laccoci da aka haramta. Mutane da yawa dalibai aka fitar. Bayan da tashin, a 1865, kawai 524 dalibai zauna.

A umurnin da Sarkin sarakuna Alexander II na Rasha soma a kan 18 Fabrairu 1863 mayar da dama daga cikin jami'a taro don zaben da rector. Yana kuma kafa sabon baiwa ka'idar da kuma tarihi na art matsayin wani ɓangare na baiwa na tarihi da kuma philology.

a watan Maris 1869, dalibi tashin girgiza jami'a sake amma a kan wani karami sikelin. By 1869, 2,588 dalibai sun sauke karatu daga jami'a.

a 1880 Ma'aikatar National haske haramta dalibai aure da kuma aure persons ba za a iya shigar da. a 1882 wani dalibi tashin da ya faru a jami'a. a 1884 wani sabon kundin tsarin mallaka Rasha Jami'o'in da aka soma, wanda da 'yancin sanya rector ga ministan National haske sake. A Maris 1, 1887 (O.S.) wani rukuni daga cikin daliban jami'a da aka kama yayin da shirin wani ƙoƙari a kan rayuwar Alexander III na Rasha. Saboda, sabon m dokoki, domin gymnasiums da kuma jami'o'i da aka amince da Ministan National haske Ivan Delyanov a 1887, wanda kange mutane daga wulakantattun asalin daga m da jami'a, sai dai idan sun kasance dada talented.

By 1894, 9,212 dalibai sun sauke karatu daga jami'a. Daga cikin shahararrun malamai na biyu da rabi na karni na 19th da alaka da jami'a sun lissafi Pafnuty Chebyshev, likita Heinrich Lenz, chemists Dmitri Mendeleev andAleksandr Butlerov, embryologist Alexander Kovalevsky, physiologist Ivan Sechenov, pedologist Vasily Dokuchaev. A Maris 24, 1896 (O.S.), a kan harabar na jami'a Alexander Popov a bainar jama'a ya nuna watsa rediyo tãguwar ruwa a karo na farko a tarihi.

Kamar yadda na Janairu 1, 1900 (O.S.), akwai 2,099 dalibai sa suna a cikin Faculty of Law, 1,149 dalibai a Faculty of Physics da lissafi, 212 dalibai a Faculty of Oriental Harsuna da 171 dalibai a Faculty of Tarihi da kuma Philology. a 1902 na farko dalibi zauren cin abinci a Rasha da aka bude a cikin jami'a.

tun game da 1897 yau da kullum buga da kuma dalibi tashin girgiza jami'a da kuma yada zuwa wasu cibiyoyin mafi girma ilimi a fadin Rasha. A lokacin juyin juya halin na 1905 da shatan na Rasha jami'o'i da aka gyara sau daya more, da cin gashin daga cikin jami'o'in da aka partially mayar da hakkin ya zabo da rector aka koma zuwa ga ilimi kwamitin karo na farko tun lokacin 1884. A 1905-1906 jami'a aka dan lokaci rufe saboda dalibi tashin. Its cin gashin aka kwace sake a 1911. A wannan shekara jami'a aka sake dan lokaci rufe.

a 1914 da farkon yakin duniya na farko, jami'a aka sake masa suna Petrograd mallaka University bãyan takwara birni. A lokacin yakin da jami'a ya da muhimmanci cibiyar na hada karfi da Rasha ilimi albarkatun da malanta domin nasarar. a 1915 wani reshe na jami'ar da aka bude a Perm, wanda daga baya ya zama Perm Jami'ar Jihar. Majalisar na Petrograd mallaka University bayyane maraba da Fabrairu juyin juya halin na 1917, wanda ya kawo ƙarshen da Rasha daular mulkinsu, kuma jami'a zo da za a da aka sani da kawai Petrograd University. Duk da haka, bayan da Oktoba juyin juya halin na 1917, da ma'aikata da kuma gwamnati na jami'a aka farko vocally adawa da Bolshevik madafun iko da ikon da m yin hadin gwiwa tare da Narkompros. Daga baya a 1917-1922 a lokacin da Rasha yakin basasa wasu daga cikin ma'aikatan da ake zargi da counter-neman sauyi juyayi sha wahala a gidan yari (msl, Lev Shcherba a 1919), kisa, ko gudun hijira a kasashen waje a kan abin da ake kira falsafa da’ jirãge a 1922 (msl, Nikolai Lossky). Bugu da ƙari kuma, dukan ma'aikatan sha wahala daga yunwa, da tsananin talauci a lokacin wadanda shekaru.

a 1918 jami'a aka sake masa suna 1st Petrograd Jami'ar Jihar, da kuma a 1919 da Narkompros garwaya da shi tare da 2nd PSU (Tsohon Psychoneurological Institute) kuma 3rd PSU (Tsohon Bestuzhev Higher Darussan for Women) cikin Petrograd Jami'ar Jihar. a 1919 da Faculty of Social Science da aka kafa ta da Narkompros maimakon na Faculty of Tarihi da kuma Philology, Faculty of Oriental Harsuna da Faculty of Law. Nicholas Marr zama na farko da Dean na sabon baiwa. Sunadarai Alexey Favorsky ya zama Dean na Faculty of Physics da lissafi. Rabfaks da free jami'a darussa da aka bude a kan tushen da jami'a don ya samar da taro ilimi. A cikin fall na 1920, kamar yadda ya lura da farin shiga dalibi Alice Rosenbaum, rejista da aka bude da kuma mafiya yawa daga cikin dalibai sun anti-kwaminisanci ciki har da, har cire, 'yan vocal abokan adawar na gwamnatin. Ganin cewa su aka ilmantar “aji makiya”, a kawar da aka gudanar a 1922 dangane da aji bango na dalibai da kuma duk dalibai, wasu fiye da tsofaffi, tare da wani bourgeois bango aka fitar.

a 1924 jami'a aka sake masa suna Birnin Leningrad, Jami'ar Jihar bãyan takwara birni. Domin kashe ilimi adawa Soviet ikon, mai yawan masana tarihi aiki a jami'a, ciki har da Sergey Platonov, Yevgeny Tarle kuma Boris Grekov, an tsare su a cikin abin da ake kira Academic al'amari 1929-1930 a qirqiro zargin musharaka cikin wani counter-neman sauyi hadin kai da nufin kifar da gwamnatin. Wasu sauran 'yan sandan da aka repressed a 1937-1938, a lokacin babban kawar.

A lokacin 1941-1944 Siege na Birnin Leningrad, a yakin duniya na II, da yawa daga cikin dalibai da kuma ma'aikatan ya mutu daga yunwa, a fadace-fadace, ko daga repressions. Duk da haka, jami'a sarrafa ci gaba, kwashe su Saratov a 1942-1944. A reshe na jami'ar da aka shirya a Yelabuga a lokacin yaki. a 1944 da Presidium na Majalisar Koli na Tarayyar Soviet bayar da jami'a da Order of Lenin a kan lokaci na ta 125th ranar tunawa da ga ta bayar da kimiyya da al'adu.

a 1948 kwamitin ministoci suna da jami'a bayan Andrei Zhdanov, a kwanan nan matacce shahararren gurguzu na aikin. Wannan shawarar da aka kwace a 1989 a lokacin Perestroika.

A 1949-1950 dama furofesoshi mutu a kurkuku a lokacin da gudanar da bincike na Leningrad al'amarinsu qirqiro ta tsakiya Soviet shugabanci, da kuma Ministan Ilimi na RSFSR, Tsohon rector Alexander Voznesensky, da aka kashe.

a 1966 kwamitin ministoci yanke shawarar gina wani sabon birni harabar a Petrodvorets domin mafi yawan ilmin lissafi da na halitta kimiyya ikon tunani. A muhallinsa na da ikon tunani da aka kammala ta 1990s.

a 1969 da Presidium na Majalisar Koli na Tarayyar Soviet bayar da jami'a da Order of Red Banner na Labor.

a 1991 jami'a aka sake masa suna mayar da Saint Petersburg State University bãyan takwara birni.


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