Saint Petersburg State University

Saint Petersburg State University . Study i loko o Rusia

Saint Petersburg State University Details

Kākau inoa ma Saint Petersburg State University

Overview


No ka mea, e oi aku 290 makahiki, St. Petersburg University Ua pio ka polokalamu hana i hoʻokikina 'epekema, hoʻomakaʻia kaʻike a me ka nooaai? poʻokela 'Oihana. Ke Kulanui mea waiwai ma ka moolelo - he nā lā hou aku 1724, i ka wa a Petero ka Nui hoʻokumu i ka Academy o Sciences a me na Arts e like me ka KU¯ Kulanui ma Rusia mua.

Ke kaulana SPbU poʻei puka, he kumu o ka haʻaheo, a me ka hanohano,, me kėia makou, e kela aku, ae maximize ko kakouʻia ma ka noiʻi, a me ka hoʻonaʻauao. Mawaena o ko kakou poʻei puka, a me ke kookoo, aia no he halawai helu o ke ao nei-kaulana kanaka, i ke ʻano wae, Nobel uku Winners: physiologist Ivan Pavlov, biologist Ilya Mechnikov, physical chemist Nikolay Semyonov, physicists Lev Landau, a me Aleksandr Prokhorov, poe akeakamai, a me economist Leonid Kantorovich. SPbU, oia hoi he Alama mater no ka poʻokela noiʻi, haumana, me na¯, pili aupuni a me ka pilina alakaʻi: Dmitry Mendeleev, Vladimir Vernadsky, a Dmitry Likhachev i ka inoa, aka, he kakaikahi. Ke ao nei aie ko kakou University koʻikoʻi loa, Hawaiʻi alakaʻi, kākau moʻolelo a 'o Puʻohala: Ivan Turgenev, Paulo Bryullov, Alexander Blok, Alexander Benois, Sergei Diaghilev a me Igor Stravinsky. Mawaena o ke Kulanui poʻei puka, kakou, ua hoi haʻaheo i ka hōʻike i nā alakaʻi o ke Aupuni Lūkini: Boris Aʻe, Alexander Kerensky, Vladimir Lenin, Luna o ka Lūkini Hui Vladimir Putin, a me Dmitry Medvedev.

i keia la, ekolu kenekulia mahope iho o ia mea, ua hoʻokūpaʻa, Kinoea Station ua hooikaika, e like me mamua o, e alakai noiʻi, a me ka hoʻonaʻauao 'ana ma luna o ka unahiʻole, i ke aupuni, a me ka honua. Ma ka lawe ana mai i mau mooolelo a me na HOU, St. Petersburg University hoʻonoho ka uuku ae la no ka ulu ana o ka 'epekema, ka hoʻonaʻauao, a me ka moʻomeheu i loko o Rusia, a ma ke ao nei.

SPbU loa nā haumāna kona mau haumāna, a me nā limahana no ka maikaʻi o ka lohe ÿana o nā uku no ka hoʻonaʻauao, noiʻi, a me ka ulu: ka richest Research no ka waihona puke i kapaʻia ma hope o M. Gorky, ka noho-o-ka-oe Research Park, laboratories alai ae e alakaiʻepekema, Hale Hōʻikeʻike o Kamehameha, ka hoolaha ana ka hale, haʻuki newa, he University papa hīmeni a, Hawaiian Orchestra, drama a me ka hula o Nuioka, a pela no.

In November 2009, Peresidena o ka Hui Russian Dmitry Medvedev kakauinoa i Kanawai haawi St. Petersburg University a Moscow State University ka kūikawā kūlana o ka 'kū hoʻokahi iao? A me ka hoʻonaʻauao pono a pau o, ka hiapo kulanui o ka hoʻonaʻauao kiʻekiʻe i loko o Rusia oia o ka nui i ke kūpono 'ana o ka Lūkini ke kaiāulu'. SPbU ua haawi mai i ka pono e kau i ko lākou mau hoʻonaʻauao mau hae, a hoʻolilo kona mau diplomas.

E wehe aʻe i ka mua Russian University ano.

Aloha i ke kinoea wahi!

kou haahaa,
Rector kinoea wahi
Nikolay Kropachev

hoʻokumu iloko o 1724 e Petero ka Nui, o Saint Petersburg University e lilo i ka mua kula o ka hoʻonaʻauao kiʻekiʻe ma loko o Rusia. SPbU ka mea, he alakai Lūkini kulanui me ka ao ana a me ka noiʻi poʻokela ke koko, i waena o ke ao nei ka luna kulanui. Makou ua hamama ke alu like 'ana a me nā ikaika ano laulea me ka lahui noiʻi, a me nā kaiaulu. SPbUʻepekema hana i aneane na kula a pau o ka naauao, hoomaopopo ana mākaukau, a kūkā i pili laulima me ka Lūkini a me ka hoʻokō 'hoa. He nui na poʻokela haumana, ua lilo kekahi hapa o ka SPbU kaiāulu, e like me eiwa Nobel uku Winners: ka physiologist Ivan Pavlov, biologist Ilya Mechnikov, physicist a me ka chemist Nikolay Semyonov, physicists Lev Landau, a me Aleksandr Prokhorov, poe akeakamai, a me economist Wassily Leontief e like me ka maikai e like me mathematician a me ka economist Leonid Kantorovich.

Mawaena o Ke Kulanui poʻei puka, he i ka Peresidena o ka Hui Russian Vladimir Putin, Kuhina Nui-Kuhina Dmitry Medvedev, Ka luna hoʻokele o kaʻeleʻele, Mikhail Piotrovskiy, Peresidena o ka Russian Ke Kai O Hoʻonaʻauao Liudmila Verbitskaya, mathematicians Grigoriy Perelman, a me Sergey Smirnov e like me na mea e ae.

St. Petersburg University I kēia lā

  • 30,000 students
  • 6,000 ooaoiuo
  • 106 lae pua papahana
  • 205 haku papahana a me na wahi o ka specialization
  • 263 doctoral degere papahana
  • 29 lapaʻau residency papahana
  • kūwaho hoʻi nā haumāna mai maluna iho o 70 'āina
  • maluna o 3 000 kūwaho hoʻi nā haumāna i ka papahelu a me ka 'ole-ka papahelu papahana
  • 350 hoa kulanui
  • ka pono kulanui Research Park iloko o Rusia
  • 7,000,000 puke ma ka ohi ana o ke Kulanui Research Library
  • diploma hoopukaia ma Lūkini, a me English
  • 12,800 wahi i loko o nā keʻena o ka noho

Education ia e pōmaikaʻi ai

  • ʻeleu haumāna komo i loko o ka hoʻonaʻauao kaʻina;
  • ka mea maikaʻi e kō ka haumāna i nā lulaʻia o;
  • ECTS - Europa aie Aoaao System;
  • Ua hoʻololi i nā hana no ka hoʻopaʻi 'e like me ka rula modular;
  • haumāna mail papahana i ka hoa kulanui
  • internships a me ka hana Hoʻokomo 'ma alakaʻi o Lūkini a me ka hoʻokō' poe;
  • ke kōkua o ke kūikawā pono noiʻi, enehana a piha-kikokikona uila 'ikepili i;
  • kēia hoʻonaʻauao loea;
  • noho ana-o-ka-oe noiʻi lako a;
  • moku'āina haʻawina no ka mea, o ka pono koho lahui nā kānaka noi manawaleʻa (me tuition a discounted noho);
  • manawa, e ka Haku Russian ma ka Institute o ka Lūkini 'Ōlelo a Moʻomeheu.

Kula / kekahi hapa o / oihana / papa / Faculties


  • 'Āuna kumu o haʻapili Balanced a me keʻano o ka hanaʻana Na Makuahine
  • 'āuna kumu o ka kālaimeaola
  • Institute o kemika
  • Nā o Dentistry a me Lapaʻau o Technology
  • 'āuna kumu o ka 'aoʻao hoʻokele waiwai
  • Institute o Honua Sciences
  • Institute o ka Mōʻaukala
  • School o International Aina e
  • 'āuna Kumu o Law
  • 'Āuna kumu o Liberal Arts a me ka Sciences
  • 'Āuna kumu o Balanced a me Mechanics
  • 'āuna Kumu o ka Medicine
  • 'Āuna kumu o'Ākia Haʻawina
  • 'Āuna kumu o ka Arts
  • 'āuna kumu o Philology
  • Institute o kālaiʻike
  • 'āuna Kumu o ka Physics
  • 'Āuna kumu o ka Kalaiaina Science
  • 'āuna Kumu o ka Psychology
  • 'āuna Kumu o Sociology
  • Hopu School o ka Management
  • koa'āuna kumu
  • School o Journalism a me Mass Hoʻokaʻa '
    • 'Āuna kumu o haʻapili Hoʻokaʻa '
    • 'āuna kumu o ka Journalism

mō'aukala


Ua Ua hoopaapaa aku ma ke kulanui hooponopono ina Saint Petersburg State University a Moscow State University o ke kahiko kiekie hoʻonaʻauao kula i loko o Rusia. Oiai ka la mahope i kukuluia ma 1755, ka mua, a i noho i loko o ke ana hana mai 1819, koi ana ia ia i ka hope o ke kulanui hoʻokumu a me ke ana KU¯ Gymnasium, a me ka Sana Petersburg Academy o Sciences ma luna o Ianuari 24, 1724 ma ka manao paa keia o Petero i ke Great.

I ka wā ma waena o 1804 a 1819, Saint Petersburg University kauoha aku i i nei; i ke kula i hoʻokumuʻia e Petero ka Nui, ka Saint Petersburg Academy, i mua, ua disbanded, no ka mea, ka mea hou 1803 ʻo Samuel o ka Academy o Sciences stipulated i ole ai e ole hoʻonaʻauao kulanui pili me ia.

Ka Petersburg kumu kiʻina aʻo Institute, Kapa hou i ke ka Main kumu kiʻina aʻo Institute ma 1814, was established in 1804 a noho i kekahi hapa o ka umikumamalua Collegia hana. On Feberuari 8, 1819 (O.S.), Alexander I o Rusia ana aʻei ka Main kumu kiʻina aʻo Institute i Saint Petersburg University, a ma ia manawa oia o ekolu faculties: Nā o akeakamai a me ke kānāwai, 'Āuna kumu o ka Mōʻaukala a me Philology a me nā kumu kula o ke kālaikūlohea a Balanced. Ka Main kumu kiʻina aʻo Institute (kahi Dmitri Mendeleev aʻo) Ua hoihoi hou ia i loko o 1828 me ka hoʻonaʻauao kula kūʻokoʻa o Saint Petersburg University, a ua hoʻomaʻamaʻa kumu a hiki i ka mea i hope paa ma 1859.

i 1821 ke kulanui i Kapa hou i ke Saint Petersburg imperial University. i 1823 neʻe loa o ke kulanui, mai ka umikumamalua Collegia i ka hema o ke kulanakauhale ma o aku o ka Fontanka. i 1824 ka Hoʻololi 'mana o kaʻo Samuel o Moscow University Ua aponoia me kaʻo Samuel mua o ka Saint Petersburg imperial University. i 1829 aia aku nei 19 piha Kumu a 169 piha-manawa a me ka hapa-manawa haumāna ma ke kulanui. i 1830 Tsar Rotehama hoi ka holoʻokoʻa kukulu o ka umikumamalua Collegia hoʻi i ke kulanui, a me ka papa Keoni a malaila. i 1835 he houʻo Samuel M. o ka imperial ke kulanui o Rusia i aponoia. Ua hoakaka no ka hoʻokumu o ka'āuna kumu o ke kanawai, ke kumu kula o History a me Philology, a ua merged ka Faculties o ke kālaikūlohea a me Balanced i loko o ka'Āuna Kumu o akeakamai a me ka 1st a me ka 2nd oihana, niioaaonoaaiii.

i 1849 ma hope o ka Hao ke o Nations ka Senate o ka Russian aupuni a pau hooholoiaʻi i ka Rector e e hoonoho ia e ke Kuhina o ka National hoʻomāʻikeʻike wale, aole i koho ia e ka Ahaolelo o ke kulanui. Eia naʻe, Pyotr Pletnyov Ua reappointed Rector a ultimately lilo ae la ka loihi-ana rector o Saint Petersburg University (1840-1861).

i 1855 'Ākia haʻawina i kaawale mai na kumu kula o History a me Philology, a me ka ha o nā kumu kula, 'Āuna kumu o'Ākia 'Ōlelo a, Ua formally inaugurated ma luna o August 27, 1855.

I 1859-1861 wahine hapa-manawa i nä haumäna ke hele haʻi'ōlelo ma ke kulanui. i 1861 aia aku nei 1,270 piha-manawa, a 167 hapa-manawa nā haumāna i loko o ke kulanui, o lakou 498 e noho ana i loko o ka'āuna kumu o ke kanawai, ka nui loa subdivision. Akā, i kēia subdivision i ka cameral haʻawina 'Oihana, kahi haumāna aʻo maluhia, keʻenaʻoihana ola kino a me ka? aneie 'enekinia, hooponopono a me ka' epekema, me kemika, biology, agronomy a me nā kānāwai a me ka kālaiʻike. He nui Russian, Keokia a pela aku. man-, nā kānakaʻenehana a me nā kānakaʻepekema aʻo ma ka'āuna kumu o ke kānāwai no ia mea,. Ma 1861-1862 ua haumāna unrest ma ke kulanui, a me ka mea, i ka manawa i hoʻopau ai i na manawa elua iloko o ka makahiki. Nā haumāna i hōʻole ke kūʻokoʻa o kaʻaha kanaka, a waiho ma lalo makai hoʻomakākiu, a me ka lehulehu haʻi'ōlelo i papaia. Ua nui nā haumāna i kipaku. Ma hope o ka unrest, iloko o 1865, wale no 524 haumāna koe.

A manao paa o ka Emperor Alexander II o Rusia apono ia 18 Pepeluali 1863 hoihoi hou ia i ka pono o ke kulanui anaina kanaka, e koho i ka rector. Ua hoʻi i hana i ke kumu hou o ke kumumanaʻo a me ka mōʻaukala o ke akamai i hapa o ke kumu o ka moʻolelo a me ka philology.

In March 1869, haumāna unrest haalulu hou akā, ma luna o ka uuku ka unahiʻole, i ke kulanui. By 1869, 2,588 nā haumāna i puka 'o ia mai ke kulanui.

i 1880 ke Kuhina o National hoʻomāʻikeʻike pāpā i nä haumäna e mare a me ka mare i mea hiki ole ke komo. i 1882 kekahi haumāna unrest i wahi i loko o ke kulanui. i 1884 he houʻo Samuel M. o ka imperial Lūkini ke kulanui a ua aponoia, i haawi mai i ka pono, e koho i ka rector a hiki i ke Kuhina o ko National hoʻomāʻikeʻike hou. ma March 1, 1887 (O.S.) Ua hopuia kekahi pūʻulu o ke kulanui haumāna iā hoʻolala i hoao i ke ola o Alexander III o Rusia. Ma ka hopena, hou ke komo rula i gymnasiums a me nā kulanui i apono ia e ke Kuhina o ka National hoʻomāʻikeʻike Ivan Delyanov ma 1887, i'ākeʻakeʻa kanaka o ignoble kumu, mai ke komo ana i ke kulanui, ole ka mea, ua extraordinarily loea.

By 1894, 9,212 nā haumāna i puka 'o ia mai ke kulanui. Mawaena o ka mea kaulana haumana o ka lua o ka hapalua o ka 19th kenekulia pili me ke kulanui he mathematician Pafnuty Chebyshev, physicist Heinrich Lenz, chemists Dmitri Mendeleev andAleksandr Butlerov, embryologist Alexander Kovalevsky, physiologist Ivan Sechenov, pedologist Vasily Dokuchaev. ma March 24, 1896 (O.S.), ma ke kula o ke kulanui Alexander Popov akea i hōʻike ai EYI o ka Radio ale no ka manawa mua i ka mōʻaukala.

Like o Ianuari 1, 1900 (O.S.), aia aku nei 2,099 haumāna i kākau inoa ma ka'āuna kumu o ke kanawai, 1,149 nā haumāna i loko o ka kumu kula o ke kālaikūlohea a Balanced, 212 nā haumāna i loko o ka'āuna kumu o'Ākia 'Ōlelo a me ka 171 nā haumāna i loko o ka kumu kula o History a me Philology. i 1902 ka mua haumāna lumi keʻena i loko o Rusia i wehe i ke kulanui.

no ka mea e pili ana i 1897 regular e pepehi iho at a me ka haumāna unrest hoohaalulu iho la ia i ke kulanui, a hohola i nā kulanui o ka hoʻonaʻauao kiʻekiʻe ma Rusia. Iloko o ka HoʻokahuliʻOiʻenehana o 1905 kaʻo Samuel o ka Lūkini kulanui i hoololiia hookahi hou, ke kū kaʻawale o nā kulanui i hapa 'ia' hoihoi hou ia, a hoi aku la i ke kuleana e koho i ka rector i hiki i ka mea me kēia papa no ka manawa mua mai 1884. I 1905-1906 ke kulanui i hulina i pani ma muli o ka haumāna unrest. Ua hoopau hou kona kū kaʻawale ma 1911. I ka hookahi makahiki i ke kulanui i kekahi manawa hou hulina i paa.

i 1914 me ka hoʻomaka 'ana o ka First World War, ke kulanui i Kapa hou i ke Petrograd imperial University ma hope o kona namesake kulanakauhale. Iloko o ka War ke kulanui i nā mea nui i waena o ka mobilization o Lūkini 'imi naʻauao kumu waiwai a me ka hoʻokuʻu' no ka lanakila. i 1915 Ua wehe i kekahi lala o ke kulanui i loko o Perm, a ma hope lilo Perm State University. Ka Ahaolelo o Petrograd imperial University ma ke akea aloha i ka FebruaryʻOiʻenehana o 1917, a hoopau iho la i ka Lūkini mō'ī, a me ke kulanui i hele mai i kaʻikeʻia e like me ka pono Petrograd University. Eia naʻe, ma hope o ka OkatobaʻOiʻenehana o 1917, i ke koʻokoʻo a me ka hooponopono ana o ke kulanui i initially vocally kue i ka Bolshevik hoʻokokōhiʻia o ka mana a me ka reluctant no ke kōkua 'ana me ka Narkompros. Hope i 1917-1922 i ka Lūkini Kanawai War kekahi o na limahana mahuʻi mua o ka loan-hoʻokahuli aupuni sympathies i ae paa (e laʻa me, Lev Shcherba ma 1919), hooko, a hoʻokuewa wale 'ia ma kahi e aku i ka ai-kapaia poe akeakamai’ moku ma 1922 (e laʻa me, Nikolai Lossky). Eia kekahi, ka holoʻokoʻa koʻokoʻo i ae mai ka pololi a me ka lōʻihi ilihune loko o kēia mau makahiki.

i 1918 ke kulanui i Kapa hou i ke 1st Petrograd State University, a ma 1919 ka Narkompros merged ia me ka 2nd PSU (mua Psychoneurological Institute) a me ka 3rd PSU (mua Bestuzhev Higher Courses no Women) i Petrograd State University. i 1919 Ua hoʻokumuʻia ka Narkompros kahi o ke kumu kula o History a me Philology ka'āuna kumu o Social Science, 'Āuna kumu o'Ākia Languages ​​a me nā kumu o ke kānāwai. Ma Rotehama Marr lilo ka mua Dean o ka hou kumu. Chemist Alexey Favorsky lilo i ka Dean o ke kumu kula o ke kālaikūlohea a Balanced. Ua wehe Rabfaks a me ka noa kulanui papa ma ke kumu o ke kulanui, e hoʻolako nuipa a ka hoʻonaʻauao. Iloko o ka haule ana o ka 1920, i malama ma ka freshman haumāna Alice Rosenbaum, kākau inoa 'ia ua hamama, a me ka hapanui o na haumana, ua Anati-Communist me, a wehe, he mau vocal mau hoa o ka? eia. A no ia mea, i aoia o “papa poe enemi”, ka hoʻokaʻawale, mai ka mea i mālama 'ia i loko o 1922 ka nānā 'ana ma luna o ka papa kāʻei kua o nā haumāna nā haumāna a pau a me ka, 'ē aʻe ma mua o kiʻekiʻe loa, me ka bourgeois kāʻei kua i kipaku.

i 1924 ke kulanui i Kapa hou i ke Leningrad State University ma hope o kona namesake kulanakauhale. I mea e uhi 'imi naʻauao kū'ē i Soviet mana, ka helu o nā moʻolelo ka hana ana ma ke kulanui, me Sergey Platonov, Yevgeny Tarle a Boris Grekov, i hoopaaia ma ka ai-kapaia KU¯ hoʻokolokolo o 1929-1930 ma fabricated hoopii o komo i loko o ka ee-hoʻokahuli aupuni kipi nona i hana hoʻokahuli i ke aupuni. Kekahi mau hoa 'ē aʻe o ke koʻokoʻo i repressed i 1937-1938 i ka loa au Great.

Iloko o ka 1941-1944 Hoʻonani o Leningrad ma World War II, he nui o nā haumāna a me nā limahana make mai ka pololi, i kaua ole mai repressions. Eia naʻe, ke kulanui hoʻohana noke, evacuated i Saratov ma 1942-1944. A lala o ke kulanui i ua hana hoʻokipa ma Yelabuga i ke kaua. i 1944 ka Presidium o ka Aha Kukamalu o ka Soviet Union i hookoia ke kulanui me ka Papa o Lenin ma ka mea o kona 125th lā hoʻomanaʻo, a no kona makana i ka 'epekema a me ka moʻomeheu.

i 1948 o ka 'Aha o Kuhina ka inoa o ke kulanui ma hope Andrei Zhdanov, he nei make koʻikoʻi Communist kūhelu. Keia olelo hooholo i hoopau ia ma 1989 iloko o Perestroika.

I 1949-1950 mau Kumu make i loko o ka hale paʻahao i ka hoʻokolokolo 'ana o ke Leningrad hoʻokolokolo fabricated ma ka Central Soviet alakaʻi, a me ke Kuhina o Hoonaauao, o ka RSFSR, mua rector Alexander Voznesensky, ua hana.

i 1966 o ka 'Aha o Kuhina hoʻoholo i kūkulu i ka hou suburban pā kula ma Petrodvorets no ka hapanui o ka makemakika, a kūlohelohe' epekema faculties. Ke relocation o na faculties i ua pau e na 1990s.

i 1969 ka Presidium o ka Aha Kukamalu o ka Soviet Union i hookoia ke kulanui me ka Papa Hanohano o ke Banner Red o na Hana Lima.

i 1991 ke kulanui i Kapa hou i ke hoʻi iā Saint Petersburg State University ma hope o kona namesake kulanakauhale.


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