Educational system nyob rau hauv Ukraine


National Technical University of Ukraine Kyiv Polytechnic Institute

Ukrainian kev kawm ntawv system yog tswj los ntawm txoj cai ntawm Ukraine thiab muaj xws li:

  • preschool kawm;
  • kev kawm ntawv;
  • uas tsis yog-formal kev kawm ntawv;
  • kev thiab ua hauj lwm kev kawm ntawv;
  • kawm ntawv qib siab;
  • postgraduate kev kawm ntawv;
  • kawm tiav;
  • doctorate;

preschool kev kawm ntawv.


rau Ukrainians, zoo li ntau Europeans, kev kawm ntawv pib nrog pre-lub tsev kawm ntawv kev kawm lub tsev, feem ntau – los ntawm kindergarten. Nyob rau hauv 2 (tej zaum nrog 1.5), cov me nyuam yaus tau txais nyob rau hauv ib lub dab zaub, nrog 3 – nyob rau hauv tus yau pab pawg neeg.

Tej zaum, tsev neeg txiav txim siab los qhia ib tug me nyuam nyob rau hauv tsev, tab sis txij li thaum 2001, preschool kawm yuav tsum rau cov me nyuam 5 xyoo ntawm lub hnub nyoog. Cov niam txiv muaj peev xwm xaiv kindergartens los yog pab pawg neeg luv luv nyob, yog tam sim no ntau tshaj li 1,000 xws pawg kev khiav hauj lwm nyob rau hauv Ukraine. Nyob rau hauv theem nrab tsev kawm ntawv ua hauj lwm pab pawg neeg los npaj cov me nyuam rau lub tsev kawm ntawv. Yav tom ntej cov tub ntxhais kawm muaj tau txais kev yooj yim kev txawj ntse, raws li zoo raws li tau paub txoj kev ntawm lub tsev kawm ntawv, xib fwb thiab cov classmates. nrog 6 xyoo ntawm lub hnub nyoog ib tug me nyuam yuav tau mus rau lub tsev kawm ntawv.

Secondary kev kawm ntawv


Nws yog yuav tsum tau thiab yog tau nyob rau hauv ntau hom tsev kawm ntawv, feem ntau – nyob rau hauv lub tsev kawm ntawv theem nrab. Nws muaj peb theem:

kuv – elementary tsev kawm ntawv (qib 1-4), muab thawj kev kawm ntawv,

II – thawj lub tsev kawm ntawv (qib 5-9), muab yooj yim kev kawm ntawv;

III – high school (qib 10-11), muab ib tug ua tiav kev kawm ntawv.

Qhov chaw kawm rua tsev qha ntawv – all-round kev loj hlob ntawm tus me nyuam, muab rau nws tias kev txawj ntse, uas yuav tsum tau mus rau cov haiv neeg. Lub tsev kawm ntawv yuav tsum txhawb kev self-txiav txim, lub cev kev loj hlob thiab tsim ntawm lub yooj yim kev coj tsis ncaj thiab raug cai qauv.

Ntxiv txoj kev loj hlob ntawm lub peev xwm thiab kev txawj ntse tiav nyob rau hauv uas tsis yog-formal kev kawm ntawv. Cov tsev kawm ntawv muaj xws li cov kev ua si clubs, cov tsev kawm ntawv ntawm cov kos duab, ib tug ntau yam ntawm me nyuam kawm ntawv pab pawg thiab zoo sib xws koom haum, pej xeem los yog lwm qhov.

Kev thiab kev kawm haujlwm


Nws teem rau muab ib tug tshwj xeeb. Yog li ntawd, rau lawv yuav tsum tau xa mus rau cov neeg kawm ntawv qib uas cob qhia ua hauj lwm professions. Qhov no ua hauj lwm cov tsev kawm ntawv thiab lub tsev kawm ntawv (artistic, kev, ntau dua), lub tsev kawm ntawv-ua liaj ua teb tuam txab thiab factories, chaw kawm ua haujlwm thiab zoo sib xws qhov chaw. Lawv kuj muaj xws li kawm ua hauj lwm cov chaw zov me, kev cob qhia thiab kev rov qhia dua ntawm neeg ua hauj lwm.

Vocational cov tsev kawm ntawv feem ntau muab kev koom tes nrog qhauj – kev cob qhia rau cov neeg muas zaub. Yuav kom nrhiav tau ib tug ua hauj lwm tus menyuam kawm ntawv txoj hauj lwm nyob rau hauv kev yog tsis yuav tsum tau mus kawm lub tsev kawm ntawv, vim hais tias koj yuav tau kawm ncaj qha nyob rau hauv raug.

kawm ntawv qib siab


Kawm ntawv qib siab nyob rau hauv Ukraine structured nyob rau hauv raws li cov kev kawm tshuab ntawm teb chaws uas tsim, uas yog saib xyuas los ntawm UNESCO, lub UN thiab lwm yam thoob ntiaj teb cov koom haum. Nws muab cov hauv paus scientific, kev thiab tswv yim kev kawm, kev rov qhia dua thiab peev xwm ntawm cov tub ntxhais kawm.

Cov ntaub ntawv ntawm txoj kev tshawb nyob rau hauv kev kawm ntawv tsev yog ntau haiv neeg: full-lub sij hawm, ib feem-lub sij hawm, deb los yog ua ke, uas combines ob peb ntawm cov ntaub ntawv.

rau universities, muaj plaub theem ntawm lees paub raws cai:

kuv – kev kawm ntawv thiab sib npaug kawm ntawv qib siab hauv tsev;

II – Kawm ntawv qib siab thiab equated nws siab dua tsev kawm ntawv qib;

III thiab IV (nyob ntawm seb qhov kev tshwm sim ntawm lees paub raws cai) – lub koom haum, conservatory, academy, tsev kawm ntawv.

Txij thaum 2008, lub prerequisite rau kev nkag mus kawm ntawv qib siab yog tau hnov ​​ib tug sab nraud kev ntsuam xyuas (UPE). Nyob rau hauv 2016, menyuam kawm ntawv yuav tau ntsuam xyuas nyob rau hauv xws kawm:

Ukrainian hom lus thiab ntaub ntawv, keeb kwm ntawm Ukraine (los ntawm ancient sij hawm mus rau lub hnub tam sim no), Science News for KIDS, physics, txog biology, kev kawm txog zauv, geography, raws li zoo raws li – English, Mev, German, Lavxias teb sab thiab Fabkis.

Tom qab kawm tiav rau xyoo koj yuav tau txais ib tug degree – nyob rau hauv lub post-kawm tiav thiab doctoral cov kev tshawb fawb. Qhov no muaj xws li cov kev sau ntawv thiab kev tiv thaiv ntawm lub tswv yim sib cav – PhD los yog doctorate feem – raws li zoo raws li lub tshaaj ntawm kev tshawb fawb thiab kev qhia kev.

postgraduate kev kawm ntawv


Postgraduate kev kawm ntawv yuav ua rau nws tau mus nrhiav tau tshiab txuj ci tsim nyog, profession los yog txoj hauj lwm. Feem ntau, qhov no tshwm sim nyob rau hauv lub hauv paus ntawm twb nrhiav kev kawm ntawv nyob rau hauv lub yav dhau los lub tsev kawm ntawv, txawm hais tias koj yuav tau txais ib hom tshuaj tshiab thiab tshwj xeeb. Yuav kom kawm tiav kev kawm ntawv tsev yog tsev kawm (chaw zov me nyuam), ntxiv kev kawm los yog kev rov qhia dua, cov chav nyob ntawm kev kawm ntawv hauv tsev, ua hauj lwm kev kawm ntawv tsev, scientific thiab methodological chaw ntawm kev kawm thiab subdivisions nyob rau hauv lub koom haum thiab qhauj.

UPD: Txij thaum 2016 kev txais neeg kawm txheej txheem nyob rau hauv Ukrainian universities rau txawv teb chaws cov tub ntxhais kawm aviable ntawm Ukrainian Nkag Center.