- Saint Petersburg State University
Saint Petersburg State University
apèsi sou lekòl la
Pou plis pase 290 ane, St. Petersburg Inivèsite te angaje nan syans avanse, génération konesans ak fòmasyon pwofesyonèl eksepsyonèl. Inivèsite a se moun rich nan istwa - li dat tounen nan 1724, lè Peter Legran la te fonde Akademi an nan Syans ak Atizay osi byen ke premye Inivèsite a akademik nan Larisi.
pi popilè ansyen elèv yo SPbU se yon sous fyète ak diyite, ki enspire nou yo briye ak maksimize potansyèl nou nan rechèch ak edikasyon. Pami ansyen elèv nou yo ak anplwaye, gen yon nimewo ekstraòdinè nan mondyal ki pi popilè moun, an patikilye, Pri nobèl gayan: fizyolog Ivan Pavlov, byolojis Ilya Mechnikov, magazen fizik Nikolay Semyonov, fizisyen LEV Landau ak Aleksandr Prokhorov, filozòf ak ekonomis Leonid Kantorovich. SPbU se tou yon Alma Mater pou chèchè eksepsyonèl, entelektyèl, akademik, lidè politik ak sosyal: Dmitry Mendeleev, Vladimir Vernadsky, ak Dmitry Likhachev nan non men yon kèk. Mond lan dwe Inivèsite lidè ki pi enpòtan nou an kiltirèl, ekriven ak atis: Ivan Turgenev, Pavel Bryullov, Alexander Blok, Alexander Benois, Sergei Diaghilev ak Igor Stravinsky. Pami ansyen elèv yo Inivèsite, nou yo tou fyè mansyone lidè yo nan Gouvènman an Ris: Boris Forward, Alexander Kerensky, Vladimir Lenin, Prezidan de federasyon Larisi Vladimir Putin ak Dmitry Medvedev.
jodi a, twa syèk apre li te etabli, Estasyon gaz se fè kont efò, tankou anvan, a plon rechèch ak edikasyon sou yon echèl nasyonal ak mondyal. Pa pote ansanm tradisyon ak innovations, St. Petersburg Inivèsite kouche mach la pou devlopman nan syans, edikasyon ak kilti nan Larisi ak atravè mond lan.
SPbU konplètman capable elèv li yo ak anplwaye pou pi bon an nan seri a divès opòtinite pou edikasyon, rechèch ak devlopman pèsonèl: Bibliyotèk la Rechèch pi rich rele apre M. Gorky, yon eta-of-atizay la-Rechèch Park, laboratwa gen nan tèt li ki mennen syantis, mize, yon kay pibliye, espò klib, yon koral Inivèsite, Worcester, dram ak dans estidyo ak sou sa.
nan mwa novanm 2009, Prezidan an Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev a te siyen yon lwa ki akòde St. Petersburg Inivèsite ak Moskou Inivèsite Eta estati a espesyal nan 'inik konplèks syantifik ak edikasyon, enstitisyon yo pi ansyen nan edikasyon siperyè nan Larisi yo te nan gwo enpòtans nan devlopman nan sosyete a Ris '. SPbU te akòde yon privilèj yo mete estanda pwòp li yo edikasyon ak akòde diplòm pwòp li yo.
Dekouvri premye Ris Inivèsite a kounye a.
Byenveni nan estasyon gaz!
Rector estasyon gaz
Te fonde an 1724 pa Pyè Legran yo, Saint Petersburg Inivèsite te vin enstitisyon an premye nan edikasyon siperyè nan Larisi. SPbU se yon dirijan inivèsite Ris ak ansèyman ak ekselans rechèch klase nan mitan inivèsite tèt nan mond lan. Nou se ouvè a koperasyon, e ki jwi gwo lyen fò avèk rechèch la entènasyonal yo ak kominote akademik. SPbU syantis travay nan prèske tout jaden nan konesans, bay ekspètiz ak konsiltasyon an kolaborasyon sere avèk patnè Ris ak entènasyonal. Anpil entelektyèl eksepsyonèl yo te yon pati nan kominote a SPbU, ki gen ladan nèf ganyan pri nobèl: fizyolog nan Ivan Pavlov, byolojis Ilya Mechnikov, fizisyen ak magazen Nikolay Semyonov, fizisyen LEV Landau ak Aleksandr Prokhorov, filozòf ak ekonomis Wassily Leontief osi byen ke matematisyen ak ekonomis Leonid Kantorovich.
Pami University ansyen elèv yo Prezidan an nan Russian Federation Vladimir Putin a, Premye-Minis Dmitry Medvedev, Direktè lermitaj Mikhail Piotrovskiy la, Prezidan nan Akademi Ris la Edikasyon Liudmila Verbitskaya, Matematisyen Grigoriy Perelman ak Sergey Smirnov osi byen ke anpil lòt moun.
St. Petersburg Inivèsite Jodi a
- 30,000 elèv yo
- 6,000 manm pèsonèl
- 106 pwogram bakaloreya
- 205 pwogram mèt yo ak zòn nan espesyalizasyon
- 263 pwogram degre doktora
- 29 pwogram rezidans klinik
- elèv entènasyonal soti nan plis pase 70 peyi
- sou 3 000 international students on degree and non-degree programs
- 350 patnè inivèsite
- inivèsite a pi bon Rechèch Park nan Larisi
- 7,000,000 liv nan koleksyon an nan Rechèch bibliyotèk la Inivèsite
- diplòm ki te parèt nan Ris ak angle
- 12,800 kote nan koulwa yo nan rezidans
- aktif patisipasyon elèv nan pwosesis edikasyon an;
- realizasyon an pi bon nan potansyèl endividyèl yon elèv;
- Pi- - Ewopeyen Sistèm Kredi Transfè;
- disiplin akademik yo fèt dapre prensip la modilè;
- pwogram echanj elèv ki gen inivèsite patnè
- estaj ak plasman travay nan dirijan konpayi Ris ak entènasyonal;
- aksè nan enstalasyon rechèch inik, teknoloji ak plen tèks baz done elektwonik;
- modèn teknoloji edikasyon;
- eta-of-atizay la-ekipman rechèch;
- bous detid eta pou moun kap aplike yo pi byen chwazi entènasyonal (gratis lajan pou peye lekòl ak rabè aranjman);
- opòtinite bay mèt Ris nan Enstiti a nan lang nan Larisi ak Kilti.
Lekòl / kolèj / depatman / kou / kapasite
- Faculty of Applied Mathematics and Control Processes
- Pwofesè nan Biyoloji
- Institute of Chemistry
- Faculty of Dentistry and Medical Technology
- Pwofesè nan Ekonomi
- Institute of Earth Sciences
- Enstiti pou Istwa
- School of International Relations
- Fakilte nan Lwa
- Faculty of Liberal Arts and Sciences
- Faculty of Mathematics and Mechanics
- Fakilte Medsin nan
- Faculty of Oriental Studies
- Pwofesè nan Atizay
- Pwofesè nan filoloji
- Institute of Philosophy
- Pwofesè nan Fizik
- Faculty of Political Science
- Pwofesè nan Sikoloji
- Pwofesè nan sosyoloji
- Gradye Lekòl nan Jesyon
- Militè Fakilte
- School of Journalism and Mass Communications
- Faculty of Applied Communications
- Pwofesè nan Jounalis
It is disputed by the university administration whether Saint Petersburg State University or Moscow State University is the oldest higher education institution in Russia. While the latter was established in 1755, the former, which has been in continuous operation since 1819, claims to be the successor of the university established along with the Academic Gymnasium and the Saint Petersburg Academy of Sciences on January 24, 1724 by a decree of Peter the Great.
In the period between 1804 ak 1819, Saint Petersburg University officially did not exist; the institution founded by Peter the Great, the Saint Petersburg Academy, had already been disbanded, because the new 1803 charter of the Academy of Sciences stipulated that there should be no educational institutions affiliated with it.
The Petersburg Pedagogical Institute, renamed the Main Pedagogical Institute in 1814, te etabli an 1804 and occupied a part of the Twelve Collegia building. Sou fevriye 8, 1819 (O.S.), Alexander I of Russia reorganized the Main Pedagogical Institute into Saint Petersburg University, which at that time consisted of three faculties: Faculty of Philosophy and Law, Faculty of History and Philology and Faculty of Physics and Mathematics. The Main Pedagogical Institute (where Dmitri Mendeleev studied) was restored in 1828 as an educational institution independent of Saint Petersburg University, and trained teachers until it was finally closed in 1859.
nan 1821 the university was renamed Saint Petersburg Imperial University. nan 1823 most of the university moved from the Twelve Collegia to the southern part of the city beyond the Fontanka. nan 1824 a modified version of the charter of Moscow University was adopted as the first charter of the Saint Petersburg Imperial University. nan 1829 te gen 19 pwofesè plen ak 169 full-time and part-time students at the university. nan 1830 Tsar Nicholas returned the entire building of the Twelve Collegia back to the university, and courses resumed there. nan 1835 a new Charter of the Imperial Universities of Russia was approved. It provided for the establishment of the Faculty of Law, the Faculty of History and Philology, and the Faculties of Physics and Mathematics were merged into the Faculty of Philosophy as the 1st and 2nd Departments, respektivman.
nan 1849 after the Spring of Nations the Senate of the Russian Empire decreed that the Rector should be appointed by the Minister of National Enlightenment rather than elected by the Assembly of the university. However, Pyotr Pletnyov was reappointed Rector and ultimately became the longest-serving rector of Saint Petersburg University (1840–1861).
nan 1855 Oriental studies were separated from the Faculty of History and Philology, and the fourth faculty, Faculty of Oriental Languages, was formally inaugurated on August 27, 1855.
In 1859–1861 female part-time students could attend lectures in the university. nan 1861 te gen 1,270 plen tan ak 167 part-time students in the university, nan yo 498 were in the Faculty of Law, the largest subdivision. But this subdivision had the cameral studies department, where students learnt safety, occupational health and environmental engineering management and science, including chemistry, byoloji, agronomy along with law and philosophy. Many Russian, Georgian etc. administratè, engineers and scientists studied at the Faculty of law therefore. During 1861–1862 there was student unrest in the university, and it was temporarily closed twice during the year. The students were denied freedom of assembly and placed under police surveillance, and public lectures were forbidden. Many students were expelled. After the unrest, nan 1865, sèlman 524 students remained.
A decree of the Emperor Alexander II of Russia adopted on 18 fevriye 1863 restored the right of the university assembly to elect the rector. It also formed the new faculty of the theory and history of art as part of the faculty of history and philology.
nan mwa mas 1869, student unrest shook the university again but on a smaller scale. pa 1869, 2,588 students had graduated from the university.
nan 1880 the Ministry of National Enlightenment forbade students to marry and married persons could not be admitted. nan 1882 another student unrest took place in the university. nan 1884 a new Charter of the Imperial Russian Universities was adopted, which granted the right to appoint the rector to the Minister of National Enlightenment again. Sou mas 1, 1887 (O.S.) a group of the university students was arrested while planning an attempt on the life of Alexander III of Russia. Kòm yon rezilta, new admission rules to gymnasiums and universities were approved by the Minister of National Enlightenment Ivan Delyanov in 1887, which barred persons of ignoble origin from admission to the university, unless they were extraordinarily talented.
pa 1894, 9,212 students had graduated from the university. Among the renowned scholars of the second half of the 19th century affiliated with the university were mathematician Pafnuty Chebyshev, physicist Heinrich Lenz, chemists Dmitri Mendeleev andAleksandr Butlerov, embryologist Alexander Kovalevsky, physiologist Ivan Sechenov, pedologist Vasily Dokuchaev. Sou mas 24, 1896 (O.S.), on the campus of the university Alexander Popov publicly demonstrated transmission of radio waves for the first time in history.
As of January 1, 1900 (O.S.), te gen 2,099 students enrolled in the Faculty of Law, 1,149 students in the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics, 212 students in the Faculty of Oriental Languages and 171 students in the Faculty of History and Philology. nan 1902 the first student dining hall in Russia was opened in the university.
Since about 1897 regular strikes and student unrest shook the university and spread to other institutions of higher education across Russia. During the Revolution of 1905 the charter of the Russian universities was amended once more, the autonomy of the universities was partially restored and the right to elect the rector was returned to the academic board for the first time since 1884. In 1905–1906 the university was temporarily closed due to student unrest. Its autonomy was revoked again in 1911. In the same year the university was once again temporarily closed.
nan 1914 with the start of the First World War, the university was renamed Petrograd Imperial University after its namesake city. During the War the university was the important center of mobilization of Russian intellectual resources and scholarship for the victory. nan 1915 a branch of the university was opened in Perm, which later became Perm State University. The Assembly of Petrograd Imperial University openly welcomed the February Revolution of 1917, which put an end to the Russian monarchy, and the university came to be known as just Petrograd University. However, after the October Revolution of 1917, the staff and administration of the university were initially vocally opposed to the Bolshevik takeover of power and reluctant to cooperate with the Narkompros. Later in 1917–1922 during the Russian Civil War some of the staff suspected of counter-revolutionary sympathies suffered imprisonment (e.g., Lev Shcherba in 1919), execution, or exile abroad on the so-called Philosophers’ ships in 1922 (e.g., Nikolai Lossky). Anplis de sa, the entire staff suffered from hunger and extreme poverty during those years.
nan 1918 the university was renamed 1st Petrograd State University, ak nan 1919 the Narkompros merged it with the 2nd PSU (former Psychoneurological Institute) and 3rd PSU (former Bestuzhev Higher Courses for Women) into Petrograd State University. nan 1919 the Faculty of Social Science was established by the Narkompros instead of the Faculty of History and Philology, Faculty of Oriental Languages and Faculty of Law. Nicholas Marr became the first Dean of the new faculty. Chemist Alexey Favorsky became the Dean of the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics. Rabfaks and free university courses were opened on the basis of the university to provide mass education. Nan sezon otòn la nan 1920, as observed by freshman student Alice Rosenbaum, enrollment was open and the majority of the students were anti-communist including, until removed, a few vocal opponents of the regime. Seeing that they were educating “class enemies”, a purge was conducted in 1922 based on the class background of the students and all students, other than seniors, with a bourgeois background were expelled.
nan 1924 the university was renamed Leningrad State University after its namesake city. In order to suppress intellectual opposition to Soviet power, a number of historians working in the university, including Sergey Platonov, Yevgeny Tarle and Boris Grekov, were imprisoned in the so-called Academic Affair of 1929–1930 on fabricated charges of participating in a counter-revolutionary conspiracy aimed at overthrowing the government. Some other members of the staff were repressed in 1937–1938 during the Great Purge.
During the 1941–1944 Siege of Leningrad in World War II, many of the students and staff died from starvation, in battles or from repressions. However, the university operated continuously, evacuated to Saratov in 1942–1944. A branch of the university was hosted in Yelabuga during the war. nan 1944 the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Soviet Union awarded the university with the Order of Lenin on the occasion of its 125th anniversary and for its contribution to science and culture.
nan 1948 the Council of Ministers named the university after Andrei Zhdanov, a recently deceased prominent communist official. This decision was revoked in 1989 during Perestroika.
In 1949–1950 several professors died in prison during the investigation of the Leningrad Affair fabricated by the central Soviet leadership, and the Minister of Education of the RSFSR, former rector Alexander Voznesensky, was executed.
nan 1966 the Council of Ministers decided to build a new suburban campus in Petrodvorets for most of the mathematics and natural science faculties. The relocation of the faculties had been completed by the 1990s.
nan 1969 the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Soviet Union awarded the university with the Order of the Red Banner of Labour.
nan 1991 the university was renamed back to Saint Petersburg State University after its namesake city.
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