- INSA Lyon
” INSA Lyon bụ na-eduga engineering ụlọ akwụkwọ dị na France.
Ọ kwa afọ atọ ụtọ ka a di iche iche nke profaịlụ n'etiti ndị kasị mma Baccalauréat-agụsị akwụkwọ ofụri France. Onye ọ bụla agụmakwụkwọ, anyị na-enweta ngwa si ihe karịrị 14,000 elu-ụmụ akwụkwọ, fọrọ nke nta ka otu puku n'ime ha na-kwetara.
na ihe nile, 37% nke ọhụrụ ụmụ akwụkwọ na-nwanyi, 33% Onyinye ịgụ, na 33% mba ọzọ ụmụ akwụkwọ. Karịrị 100 mba na-anọchi anya n'etiti anyị na ụmụ akwụkwọ, ndị na-emefu afọ ise na anyị campus-agụ ọtụtụ engineering ọmụmụ. Nke a bụ isi uru nke anyị akwụkwọ ahụ ebe recruiters na-enwe nchegbu. Anyị bụ ndị mpako nke eziokwu ahụ bụ na anyị na-agụsị akwụkwọ mgbe niile chọta ọrụ ka ngwa ngwa, ikwado mkpa nke ndị mmụta anyị na-enye ihe ndị a chọrọ nke azụmahịa na ụlọ ọrụ, na nke anyị na-arụ ọrụ aka-na-na-aka na kwa ụbọchị.
Gịnị na-esetịpụrụ anyị akwụkwọ iche bụ ikike a ịzụlite nkekọ siri ike. Ọ na-amalite na n'etiti ndị ọgaranya na-amụrụ ndụ na kampos, ekele na emereme nke ihe karịrị 130 klọb na ọha mmadụ.
Ọ na-egosi na mmetụta nke ịbụ ndị na akụkụ nke ihe dum obodo, gụnyere ụmụ akwụkwọ, nhazi mkpara na-eme nnyocha, Ha niile na-arụsi ọrụ ike na-eme ka ihe ịga nke ọma na mmepe nke akwụkwọ.
Ebe ọ bụ na ya inception, na INSA nlereanya ka mgbe e jikọtara kpọmkwem ụkpụrụ; ụkpụrụ anyị na-achọ ozi na, karịa mgbe ọ bụla, ebunye. Diversity, mma, openness na ọhụrụ bụ ịnya ụgbọ agha n'azụ INSA Lyon, nke, n'elu N'ezie nke fọrọ nke nta 60 afọ nke ịdị adị, -aga n'ihu na embody ihe avant-garde na mkpebi oge a ọhụụ nke engineering. INSA injinia na a otu nke ha onwe ha. Ha na-anya isi magburu onwe mmụta sayensị na oru nka, nwere ike ịghọta ihe iseokwu na obi ha ụlọ ọrụ, ma na-eme ka mmalite nke ụwa ha.
Nke a bụ n'ụwa nke INSA Lyon Aims na-a benchmark. Na agụmakwụkwọ ka elu idaha, ọ kwubara otutu otu n'elu 10 engineering ụlọ akwụkwọ na Europe. Ọ na-nwere ihe ịrụ ọrụ na-a center maka nnyocha na ọhụrụ ghọtara n'ụwa nile, a bụ onye òtù ọlụlụ nke oke maka azụmahịa na ụlọ ọrụ.“
INSA Group President
NSA Lyon bụ a na-eduga engineering ụlọ akwụkwọ na ike humanist ụkpụrụ na kpụụrụ ndabere nke ya azụmahịa nlereanya n'ihi na ihe karịrị 50 afọ.
kere 1957 site ọkà ihe ọmụma Gaston Berger na Rector Jean Capelle, INSA Lyon bụ ndị kasị ochie na kasị nke isii n'ụlọ akwụkwọ na-eme ihe INSA Group.
INSA injinia eduga ọrụ wuru gburugburu a ezi uche nke elu ime mgbanwe, a na-asụ ụzọ obibia sayensị na technology, na a siri ike echiche nke-elekọta mmadụ ọrụ.
A ji mara na INSA Lyon nlereanya bụ a ndụ ụtụ ya abụọ founders. Ọ bụ ha na anyị ji ndị humanist nkwa nke INSA ụlọ akwụkwọ, na ha openness dị iche iche si malite, omenala na mmadụ nọ n'ọnọdụ.
Mgbe na-ezi ihe na sayensị doro anya kasị nke isi nke afọ ise engineering mmemme, na 'Humanities’ na-egwuri a Central ọrụ ebe ọ bụ na e kere eke nke INSA Lyon na ọzụzụ injinia bụ onye na-emeghe ka ụwa.
Na mgbakwunye na asụsụ, nkà ihe ọmụma na omenala, anyị engineering ụmụ akwụkwọ si erite uru site kpọmkwem ọzụzụ na management na mbipụta pụta ụwa ka ụlọọrụ ụwa.
Ozizi ndị a na-agụnye ntọala nke usoro ziri ezi echiche, mejuputa atumatu otutu na-arụsi ọrụ ike pedagogies na ịhụ na-enye ụmụ akwụkwọ na ịmụ banyere ụmụ amaala, nweta nnwere onwe, na ịzụlite echiche nke ibu ọrụ, mgbe na-agba ume creativity na ọhụrụ.
Schools / Colleges / Departments / ọmụmụ / ikike iche
- Kọmputa sayensị,
- Biochemistry and Biotechnologies,
- Civil engineering and urban planning,
- Electrical engineering,
- Energy engineering and environment,
- Mechanical engineering (imewe, development, plasturgy processes),
- Industrial engineering,
- Materials science and engineering,
During the 1950s, France experienced unprecedented industrial growth, but at the same time was confronted with a lack of engineers and technicians. N'ezie, compared with the United States, which was turning out 29,000 graduate engineers a year, numbers in France were low at only 4,500. In some circles, 1955 was to mark a pivotal year for the development of solutions to remedy the shortage of skilled labour.
Motivation was strong in Lyon, notably, to set up a major centre for scientific education and research. The leading economic minds of the day understood that a clear relationship existed between the proper training of managers and the future development of the region. It was at this time that two local figures, Rector Jean Capelle and philosopher Gaston Berger, developed a unique and innovative training model. These two humanists were responsible for the advent of a new concept in engineering education. They came up with a whole new type of school, or rather an institute: the National Institute of Applied Sciences (Institut National des Sciences Appliquées, INSA).
An engineering school of a new kind
As far as ‘founding fathers’ Jean Capelle and Gaston Berger were concerned, INSA Lyon engineers would be in a league of their own. While boasting excellent scientific and technical expertise, they would also be capable of understanding the issues at the heart of their companies, and would actively contribute to the evolution of their world. Not forgetting their capacity for creativity, a lever for innovation.
To train engineers of this calibre, Capelle and Berger developed an education programme structured around a variety of teachings. While the core teaching dealt with the hard sciences, there was much more to the programme than that. And therein lies the added value of the INSA engineer profile, namely in those secondary and compulsory subjects commonly known in INSA jargon as the Humanities. Specific courses were built around languages, music, plastic arts, nkiri, dance and sport, thereby allowing the engineering students to follow a curriculum that combined activities of this nature in addition to their training in the sciences. Ruo taa, the secret behind the INSA education model is the enhancing of our students’ ability to think beyond the scientific rationality required by their engineering training.
Another specificity of INSA lay in its unique approach to recruiting future engineering students. Post-Baccalauréat applicants were admitted on the basis of their qualifications, thereby contributing to the democratisation of the education system. By proposing this mode of admission, INSA offered an alternative for students for whom several years of preparatory school constituted a risk and a prohibitive cost. Once admitted, the students would live on campus.
On 5th February 1957, the draft law creating the INSA was debated and voted by the French National Assembly. The school was established in Villeurbanne, a neighbouring commune of Lyon, between the Parc de la Tête d’Or and the Parc de la Feyssine. N'oge ahụ, ụfọdụ 90 hectares of land were occupied by military installations, the Société Hippique de Lyon equestrian club, and the telecommunications relay stations of the PTT (the French postal services and telecommunications administration). These were all cleared to make way for this major project that was to mark the advent of a brand new concept in engineering education.
The future school was officially presented in Lyon on 15th February 1957. Rector Jean Capelle was appointed as president and the schedule started speeding up.
An expedited construction schedule
INSA Lyon was scheduled to open in September of the same year, with some 300 students expected. N'oge a, the Villeurbanne building site was no more than marshland dotted with the remains of vegetable gardens. Architect Jacques Perrin-Fayolle, winner of the prestigious Prix de Rome award, was responsible for the rapid construction of the buildings necessary to welcome this first year of students.
On 12th November 1957, the school was finally ready to open its doors. Although initially required by law to train both engineers and higher technicians, INSA Lyon quickly specialised in the training of highly-qualified engineers only.
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