- Brown University
Brown University bụ a onwe alụmdi na e hiwere na 1764.
Nkuzi ụgwọ na Brown University na- $50,000 (Aprox.).
Emi odude atop College Hill na Providence, R.I., Brown University nwere a mahadum-obodo-eche na Thayer Street eje ozi dị ka a center nke ọrụ n'ihi na shopping na iri. The Brown-agba nwere banyere 35 NCAA Nkewa m ịgba ọsọ ìgwè na-asọrịta mpi na Ivy League. The agba na-ọma mara ha ikom egwuregwu bọl, nke anọgide na-kwubara n'etiti n'elu 25 ìgwè ke mba. All ụmụ akwụkwọ na Brown na-chọrọ ibi na campus ha isii mbụ semesters, na ụlọ nhọrọ na-agụnye omenala kpọrọ, mmadụ abụọ na oke ime ụlọ. na gburugburu 400 -amụrụ òtù on campus sitere na site The Brown n'akụkụ ntochi magazine ka Brown ballroom Dance, ụmụ akwụkwọ nwere ike ịhụ a ụzọ na-achụso ihe ndị metụtara ha. Brown nwekwara a obere ma vibrant Greek obodo na mkpokọta 10 isi, gụnyere a ole na ole ngalaba-ed Greek òtù.
Brown awade a ọnụ ọgụgụ nke a gụsịrị akwụkwọ ọmụmụ site ya Graduate School, which offers well-regarded programs inEnglish and history, na ukwuu họọrọ Warren Alpert Medical School. The center ngalaba nke Van Wickle Gates on Brown si campus-emepe nanị ugboro abụọ n'afọ: otu ugboro ka na-abata ụmụ akwụkwọ jidesie campus na ozugbo ka gụsịrị ụzọ ọpụpụ mgbe malitere. Brown na akwado kwa afọ n'ịgba “mmiri Izu ụka” na egwuregwu ihe, concerts na free nri. Ọwọrọiso Alumni agụnye John D. Rockefeller Jr., John F. Kennedy Jr.. na CNN nchoputa na media mogul Ted Turner.
Schools / Colleges / Departments / ọmụmụ / ikike iche
- Biology & Medicine
- Ụlọ akwụkwọ ndị gụchagoro mbụ
- School of Engineering
- School of Public Health
- School of Professional Studies
- Pre-College Programs
na 1850, Brown President Francis Wayland wrote: “The various courses should be so arranged that, insofar as practicable, every student might study what he chose, all that he chose, and nothing but what he chose.”Adopted in 1969, the New Curriculum is a milestone in the University’s history and is seen as the realization of Wayland’s vision.
The curriculum was the result of a paper written by Ira Magaziner and Elliot Maxwell titled “Draft of a Working Paper for Education at Brown University.”The paper came out of a year-long Group Independent Study Project (GISP) involving 80 ụmụ akwụkwọ na 15 professors. The GISP was inspired by student-initiated experimental schools, especially San Francisco State College, and sought ways to “put students at the center of their education” na “teach students how to think rather than just teaching facts.”
The paper made concrete proposals for the new curriculum, including interdisciplinary freshman-year courses that would introduce “modes of thought,” with instruction from faculty brought together from different disciplines. The aim was to transform the traditional survey course—often experienced passively by first-year students—into a more engaging process, an investigation of the intellectual and philosophical connections between disciplines. A grading option of Satisfactory/No Credit would be introduced to encourage students to try courses outside their grade-point comfort zone. In practice, this grading innovation of the New Curriculum—sometimes misunderstood and mischaracterized—has been its most successful component, eme, in the decades since its adoption, for uncounted career-changing decisions—studio art swapped for neuroscience, biology swapped for anthropology, mathematics swapped for playwriting (and Pulitzer Prizes).
N'oge opupu ihe ubi nke 1969, following student rallies in support of reform, University president Ray Heffner appointed the Special Committee on Curricular Philosophy, tasked with developing specific reforms. The resulting report, called the Maeder Report after its committee chair, was presented to the faculty, which voted the New Curriculum into existence on May 7, 1969. Its key features included:
- Modes of Thought courses for first-year students
- The introduction of interdisciplinary courses
- The abandonment of “general education” distribution requirements
- The Satisfactory/No Credit grading option
- The ABC/No Credit grading system, which eliminated pluses, minuses, and D’s; a grade of “No Credit” would not appear on external transcripts.
The Modes of Thought course, a key component in the original conception of the New Curriculum, was early on discontinued, but all of the other elements are still in place. na 2006 the reintroduction of plus/minus grading was broached by persons concerned about grade inflation. After a canvassing of alumni, ngalaba, na ụmụ akwụkwọ, including the original authors of the Magaziner-Maxwell Report, the idea was rejected by the College Curriculum Council.
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