- Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Massachusetts Institute of Technology er einkarekinn stofnun sem var stofnað árið 1861.
Skólagjöld í Massachusetts Institute of Technology eru $48,000 (Svunta.).
MIT er staðsett í Cambridge, Massachusetts, across the Charles River from downtown Boston. Aðeins nýnema nemendur þurfa að lifa á háskólasvæðinu, en um 70 prósent nemenda valið að vera á háskólasvæðinu á fjórum árum sínum. MIT býður húsnæði í einn af the kælir dorms í landinu, almennt kallað “The Sponge,” hannað af arkitektinum Steven Holl. MIT Engineers hrósa meira en 30 NCAA Division III liðin, og lukkudýr þeirra er Beaver, sem MIT valdi vegna þess “merkilegt verkfræði og vélrænni kunnátta og venja hennar á greininni.” Hver bekkur hannar einstaka hringinn heitir “Brass Rat” sem er ljós á öðru ári, hefð sem nær aftur til 1929.
MIT fjallar um vísinda- og tæknirannsókna og er skipt í fimm skólum og einum framhaldsskóla. Among its graduate schools are the highly ranked School of Engineering andSloan School of Management, auk sterkra áætlana í hagfræði, sálfræði, líffræði, efnafræði, Jarðvísindi, eðlisfræði og stærðfræði. Rannsóknir útgjöld við MIT hafa yfirleitt farið $650 milljónir á ári, með fjármögnun kemur frá ríkisstofnana, svo sem Department of Health og Human Services og varnarmálaráðuneytisins. The “Independent Starfsemi Program,” fjögurra vikna tíma milli haust- og vorönnum í janúar, býður sérstakt námskeið, fyrirlestrar, keppnir og verkefni. Distinguished Alumni eru Apollo 11 geimfari Buzz Aldrin, fyrrum U.N. Kofi Annan og Federal Reserve Bank formaður Ben Bernanke.
Hlutverk Massachusetts Institute of Technology er að fara þekkingar og fræða nemendur í vísindum, tækni, og öðrum sviðum námsstyrk sem best þjóna þjóðinni og heiminn á 21. öld. Við erum einnig ekið til að koma þekkingu til að bera á miklar áskoranir heimsins.
The Institute er sjálfstæð, coeducational, einslega búinn háskóla, skipulagt í fimm skólum (arkitektúr og skipulag; verkfræði; hugvísindi, listir, og félagsvísindum; stjórnun; og vísindi). Það hefur sumir 1,000 kennurum, Meira en 11,000 grunnnámi og framhaldsnámi, og meira en 130,000 lifandi Alumni.
Á stofnun þess árið 1861, MIT var í námi nýjung, samfélag snertið ekki-á lausnaleitenda í ást með grundvallar vísindi og fús til að gera heiminn að betri stað. í dag, að andi leiðbeinir enn hvernig við kennum nemendum á háskólasvæðinu og hvernig við mótum nýja stafræna læra tækni til að gera MIT kenna aðgengileg milljónum nemenda um allan heim.
andi MIT af þverfaglegu könnun hefur ýtt mörgum vísindalegar uppgötvanir og tækniframfarir. Nokkur dæmi: fyrsta efnasmíði penicillin og vítamín A. Þróun ratsjá og sköpun inertial leiðsögukerfi. The uppfinningu af segulmagnaðir algerlega minni, sem virkt þróun stafrænna tölvum. Major framlög til Human genamengi Project. The uppgötvun af kvörkum. Uppfinning rafræna töflureikni og dulkóðun kerfi sem gerir e-verslun. The sköpun af GPS. Brautryðjandi 3D prentun. Hugmyndin um vaxandi alheimsins.
Núverandi rannsóknir og menntun svæði eru stafræna nám; nanótækni; sjálfbæra orku, umhverfi, loftslag aðlögun, og alþjóðlegt vatn og fæðuöryggi; Big Data, cybersecurity, vélfærafræði, og gervigreind; heilsu manna, þar á meðal krabbamein, HIV, einhverfu, Alzheimer, og lesblinda; líffræðilega verkfræði og CRISPR tækni; draga úr fátækt; háþróaður framleiðslu; og nýsköpun og frumkvöðlastarfsemi.
Áhrif MIT einnig vinnu Alumni okkar. Ein leið MIT útskriftarnema keyra framfarir er með því að byrja fyrirtæki sem skila nýjum hugmyndum til heimsins. Í nýlegri rannsókn áætlar að frá og með 2014, búa MIT Alumni hafa hleypt meira en 30,000 virk félög, búa 4.6 milljón störf og búa u.þ.b. $1.9 trilljón í árlegum tekjum. tekið saman, þetta “mEÐ þjóð” jafngildir 10. stærsta hagkerfi í heimi!
skólar / Colleges / Lagðar / námskeið / deildir
- School of Architecture and Planning
- Hugvísindasvið, Listir, og Félagsvísindi
- Sloan School of Management
- School of Science
í 1859, a proposal was submitted to the Massachusetts General Court to use newly filled lands in Back Bay, Boston for a “Conservatory of Art and Science”, but the proposal failed. A charter for the incorporation of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, proposed by William Barton Rogers, was signed by the governor of Massachusetts on April 10, 1861.
Two days after the charter was issued, the first battle of the Civil War broke out. After a long delay through the war years, MIT’s first classes were held in the Mercantile Building in Boston in 1865. The new institute was founded as part of the Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act to fund institutions “to promote the liberal and practical education of the industrial classes”, and was a land-grant school. í 1863 under the same act, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts founded the Massachusetts Agricultural College, which developed as the University of Massachusetts Amherst. í 1866, the proceeds from land sales went toward new buildings in the Back Bay.
MIT was informally called “Boston Tech”. The institute adopted the European polytechnic university model and emphasized laboratory instruction from an early date. Despite chronic financial problems, the institute saw growth in the last two decades of the 19th century under President Francis Amasa Walker. Programs in electrical, efni, marine, and sanitary engineering were introduced, new buildings were built, and the size of the student body increased to more than one thousand.
The curriculum drifted to a vocational emphasis, with less focus on theoretical science. The fledgling school still suffered from chronic financial shortages which diverted the attention of the MIT leadership. During these “Boston Tech” ár, MIT faculty and alumni rebuffedHarvard University president (and former MIT faculty) Charles W. Eliot’s repeated attempts to merge MIT with Harvard College’s Lawrence Scientific School. There would be at least six attempts to absorb MIT into Harvard. In its cramped Back Bay location, MIT could not afford to expand its overcrowded facilities, driving a desperate search for a new campus and funding. Eventually the MIT Corporation approved a formal agreement to merge with Harvard, over the vehement objections of MIT faculty, nemendur, and alumni. þó, a 1917 decision by the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court effectively put an end to the merger scheme.
í 1916, the MIT administration and the MIT charter crossed the Charles River on the ceremonial barge Bucentaur built for the occasion, to signify MIT’s move to a spacious new campus largely consisting of filled land on a mile-long tract along the Cambridge side of the Charles River. The neoclassical “New Technology” campus was designed by William W. Bosworth and had been funded largely by anonymous donations from a mysterious “herra. Smith”, hefst í 1912. í janúar 1920, the donor was revealed to be the industrialist George Eastman of Rochester, Nýja Jórvík, who had invented methods of film production and processing, and founded Eastman Kodak. milli 1912 og 1920, Eastman donated $20 milljónir ($236.2 million in 2015 dollara) in cash and Kodak stock to MIT.
MIT has kept pace with and helped to advance the digital age. In addition to developing the predecessors to modern computing and networking technologies, nemendur, starfsfólk, and faculty members at Project MAC, the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, and the Tech Model Railroad Club wrote some of the earliest interactive computer video games like Spacewar! and created much of modern hacker slang and culture. Several major computer-related organizations have originated at MIT since the 1980s: Richard Stallman’s GNU Project and the subsequent Free Software Foundation were founded in the mid-1980s at the AI Lab; the MIT Media Lab was founded in 1985 by Nicholas Negroponte and Jerome Wiesner to promote research into novel uses of computer technology; the World Wide Web Consortiumstandards organization was founded at the Laboratory for Computer Science in 1994 by Tim Berners-Lee; the OpenCourseWare project has made course materials for over 2,000 MIT classes available online free of charge since 2002; and the One Laptop per Child initiative to expand computer education and connectivity to children worldwide was launched in 2005.
MIT was named a sea-grant college in 1976 to support its programs in oceanography and marine sciences and was named a space-grant college in 1989 to support its aeronautics and astronautics programs. Despite diminishing government financial support over the past quarter century, MIT launched several successful development campaigns to significantly expand the campus: new dormitories and athletics buildings on west campus; the Tang Center for Management Education; several buildings in the northeast corner of campus supporting research into biology, brain and cognitive sciences, genomics, líftækni, and cancer research; and a number of new “backlot” buildings on Vassar Street including the Stata Center. Construction on campus in the 2000s included expansions of the Media Lab, the Sloan School’s eastern campus, and graduate residences in the northwest. í 2006, President Hockfield launched the MIT Energy Research Council to investigate the interdisciplinary challenges posed by increasing global energy consumption.
í 2001, inspired by the open source and open access movements, MIT launched OpenCourseWare to make the lecture notes, problem sets, syllabuses, exams, and lectures from the great majority of its courses available online for no charge, though without any formal accreditation for coursework completed. While the cost of supporting and hosting the project is high, OCW expanded in 2005 to include other universities as a part of the OpenCourseWare Consortium, which currently includes more than 250 academic institutions with content available in at least six languages. í 2011, MIT announced it would offer formal certification (but not credits or degrees) to online participants completing coursework in its “MITx” program, for a modest fee. The “EDX” online platform supporting MITx was initially developed in partnership with Harvard and its analogous “Harvardx” initiative. The courseware platform is open source, and other universities have already joined and added their own course content.
Three days after the Boston Marathon bombing of April 2013, MIT Police patrol officer Sean Collier was fatally shot by the suspects Dzhokhar and Tamerlan Tsarnaev, setting off a violent manhunt that shut down the campus and much of the Boston metropolitan area for a day. One week later, Collier’s memorial service was attended by more than 10,000 fólk, in a ceremony hosted by the MIT community with thousands of police officers from the New England region and Canada. nóvember 25, 2013, MIT announced the creation of the Collier Medal, to be awarded annually to “an individual or group that embodies the character and qualities that Officer Collier exhibited as a member of the MIT community and in all aspects of his life”. The announcement further stated that “Future recipients of the award will include those whose contributions exceed the boundaries of their profession, those who have contributed to building bridges across the community, and those who consistently and selflessly perform acts of kindness”
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