សាកលវិទ្យាល័យ Gottingen មបរទ

សាកលវិទ្យាល័យ Gottingen មបរទ

University of Göttingen Details

  • ប្រទេស : ប្រទេសអាល្លឺម៉ង់
  • ទីក្រុង : Gottingen មបរទ
  • អក្សរកាត់ : មិនពិត
  • បានបង្កើតឡើង : 1734
  • និស្សិត (ប្រមាណ។) : 27000
  • កុំភ្លេច discuss University of Göttingen
Enroll at University of Göttingen

ទិដ្ឋភាពទូទៅ


នេះ សាកលវិទ្យាល័យ Gottingen មបរទ , បានគេស្គាល់ក្រៅផ្លូវការថាជា ហ្សកហ្ស៊ីទីលាន Augusta, ជាសាកលវិទ្យាល័យស្រាវជ្រាវទូលំទូលាយក្នុងទីប្រជុំជនសាធារណៈនេះ Gottingen មបរទ, ប្រទេសអាល្លឺម៉ង់. បង្កើតឡើងនៅក្នុង 1734 ដោយលោក George ទី II, ស្ដេចនៃចក្រភពអង់គ្លេសនិងការបោះឆ្នោតនៃ Hanover, និងការចាប់ផ្តើមថ្នាក់រៀននៅក្នុង 1737, សាកលវិទ្យាល័យមានវ័យចំណាស់បំផុតនៅក្នុងស្ថានភាពនៃរដ្ឋ Lower Saxony និងធំបំផុតនៅក្នុងការចុះឈ្មោះចូលរៀនរបស់និស្សិត, ដែលឈរនៅជុំវិញ 26,000. ផ្ទះដើម្បីមនុស្សជាច្រើនបានកត់សម្គាល់ថាតួលេខ, វាតំណាងឱ្យផ្នែកមួយនៃប្រវត្តិសាស្រ្តនិងបុរាណស្ថាប័នរបស់អាល្លឺម៉ង់. Gottingen មបរទបានគេហៅថា “ទីក្រុងនៃវិទ្យាសាស្រ្ត”.

Gottingen មបរទជាផ្នែកមួយនៃសាកលវិទ្យាល័យមានកិត្យានុភាពបំផុតមួយនៅក្នុងប្រទេសអាល្លឺម៉ង់, កាលពីមុនបានគាំទ្រដោយសាកលវិទ្យាល័យអាឡឺម៉ង់ផ្តួចផ្តើមឧត្តមភាព. ជាមួយសមាជិកភាពនៅក្នុងនិងនៅជុំវិញជាក្រុម Coimbra 45 អ្នកឈ្នះរង្វាន់ណូបែល, សាកលវិទ្យាល័យទទួលបានការទទួលស្គាល់ជាអន្តរជាតិយ៉ាងខ្លាំង. សាកលវិទ្យាល័យនេះបានរក្សាការតភ្ជាប់យ៉ាងខ្លាំងជាមួយវិទ្យាស្ថានស្រាវជ្រាវសំខាន់មួយដែលមានមូលដ្ឋាននៅ Gottingen មបរទផងដែរ, ពិសេសអ្នកដែលសង្គមអតិបរមា Planck សម្រាប់ការជឿនលឿននៃវិទ្យាសាស្រ្តនិងវិទ្យាសាស្រ្តឡែ Wilhelm សហគមន៍លោក Gottfried. ប្រមាណ 4.5 លានក្បាល, បណ្ណាល័យសាកលវិទ្យាល័យរដ្ឋនិងជាប់ចំណាត់ថ្នាក់ក្នុងចំណោមបណ្ណាល័យ Gottingen មបរទធំជាងគេនៅប្រទេសអាល្លឺម៉ង់.

នៅលើមូលដ្ឋាននៃសមិទ្ធិផលរបស់ខ្លួននៅក្នុងការស្រាវជ្រាវនិងការបង្រៀន, Georg-August-Universität Gottingen មបរទស្វែងរកការបង្កើនកេរ្តិ៍ឈ្មោះជាអន្តរជាតិរបស់ខ្លួនដោយផ្តោតជាសំខាន់លើភាពខ្លាំងរបស់ខ្លួនពិសេស:

  • អន្ដរជាតិ – ការពង្រឹងសមត្ថភាពរបស់ខ្លួនដើម្បីទាក់ទាញអ្នកវិទ្យាសាស្ដ្រ, អ្នកប្រាជ្ញនិងនិស្សិតមកពីក្រៅប្រទេស; ការពង្រីកបណ្តាញអន្តរជាតិនិងភាពជាដៃគូសម្រាប់អ្នកវិទ្យាសាស្ដ្រស្រាវជ្រាវនិងការជំរុញវ័យក្មេង
  • បង្រៀននិងការរៀនផ្អែកលើការស្រាវជ្រាវ – ការអភិវឌ្ឍនៃកម្មវិធីការសិក្សាទាក់ទងនឹងការស្រាវជ្រាវនិងបណ្តុះបណ្តា occupationally តំរង់ទិសនិងវគ្គ-ការអប់រំបន្ថែមទៀត, សាលារៀនបញ្ចប់ការសិក្សា, និងក្រុមស្រាវជ្រាវយុវជននៅក្នុងការដែលក្រុមអ្នកវិទ្យាសាស្ត្រវ័យក្មេងនិងអ្នកប្រាជ្ញធ្វើការស្រាវជ្រាវឯករាជ្យ
  • Interdisciplinarity និងសម្បូរបែប – បង្កើនយុទ្ធនាការការសហការគ្នារវាងមនុស្សសាស្ត្រនិងសង្គម, វិទ្យាសាស្រ្តធម្មជាតិនិងជីវិត, និងការអភិរក្សនៃភាពចម្រុះប្រធានបទនៅក្នុងផលប្រយោជន៍នៃការដោះស្រាយបញ្ហាក្នុងការសម្រួចសម្រាំងអនាគតបាន
  • ស្វ័យភាព – ការពង្រឹងខ្លួនឯងទទួលខុសត្រូវនៃសាកលវិទ្យាល័យនេះជាមូលនិធិច្បាប់សាធារណៈ, រួមបញ្ចូលទាំងការផងដែរថាការនៃក្រុមប្រឹក្សារបស់ខ្លួន, មហាវិទ្យាល័យនិងស្ថាប័ន
  • កិច្ចសហប្រតិបត្តិការជាមួយស្ថាប័នដែលមិនមែនជាសាកលវិទ្យាល័យ – ពង្រីកនិងស្ថាប័សហការជាមួយគ្រឹះស្ថានស្រាវជ្រាវវិទ្យាសាស្រ្តបានសមរម្យនៅ, ពាណិជ្ជកម្មនិងសហគមន៍

សាលារៀន / មហាវិទ្យាល័យ / មន្ទីរ / វគ្គសិក្សា / មហាវិទ្យាល័យ


ប្រវត្តិសាស្រ្ត


ក្នុង 1734, King George II of Great Britain, who was also Elector of Hanover, gave his Prime Minister in Hanover, Gerlach Adolph von Münchhausen, the order to establish a university in Göttingen to propagate the ideas of academic freedom and enlightenment at the times of the European Enlightenment. ដំបូង, the only new buildings constructed for the opening of the university were a riding hall and a fencinghouse, while courses were taught in the Paulinerkirche and associated Dominican monastery, or in the homes of professors. No university auditorium was built until well into the 19th century.

Throughout the remainder of the 18th century the University of Göttingen was in the top rank of German universities, with its free spirit and atmosphere of scientific exploration and research. Famous till our days is Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, the first to hold a professorship (1769–99) explicitly dedicated to experimental physics in Germany. ដោយ 1812, Göttingen had become an internationally acknowledged modern university with a library of more than 250,000 បរិមាណ.

In the first years of the University of Göttingen it became known for its faculty of law. In the 18th century Johann Stephan Pütter, the most prestigious scholar of public law at that time, taught jus publicum here for half a century. The subject had attracted students such as Klemens Wenzel Lothar von Metternich, later diplomat and Prime Minister of Austria, and Wilhelm von Humboldt, who later established the University of Berlin. ក្នុង 1809 Arthur Schopenhauer, the German philosopher best known for his work The World as Will and Representation, became a student at the university, where he studied metaphysics and psychology under Gottlob Ernst Schulze, who advised him to concentrate on Plato and Kant.

By the university’s centenary in 1837, វាត្រូវបានគេស្គាល់ថាជា “university of law”, as the students enrolled by the faculty of law often made up more than half of the university’s students. Göttingen became a Mecca for the study of public law in Germany. ហេនរេច Heine, the famous German poet, studied law and was awarded the degree of Dr.iur..

ទោះជាយ៉ាងណា, political disturbances, in which both professors and students were implicated, lowered the attendance to 860 ក្នុង 1834. The expulsion in 1837 of the seven professors – Die Göttinger Sieben – the Germanist, Wilhelm Eduard Albrecht (1800–1876); the historian Friedrich Christoph Dahlmann (1785–1860); the orientalist Georg Heinrich August Ewald (1803–1875); the historian Georg Gottfried Gervinus (1805–1875); the physicistWilhelm Eduard Weber (1804-1891); and the philologists, the brothers Jakob (1785–1863) and Wilhelm Grimm (1786–1859), for protesting against the revocation by King Ernest Augustus I of Hanover of the liberal constitution of 1833, further reduced the prosperity of the university. Prior to this, the Brothers Grimm had taught here and compiled the first German Dictionary.

នៅសតវត្សទី 19, Gustav von Hugo, the forerunner[clarification needed] of the historical school of law, andRudolf von Jhering, a jurist who created the theory ofculpa in contraendoand wrote Battle for Right, taught here and maintained the reputation of the faculty of law. Otto von Bismarck, the main creator and the first Chancellor of the second German Empire, had also studied law in Göttingen in 1833: he lived in a tiny house on theWall”, now known asBismarck Cottage”. According to oral tradition, he lived there because his rowdiness had caused him to be banned from living within the city walls.

Göttingen also had a focus on natural science, especially mathematics. Carl Friedrich Gauss taught here in the 19th century. Bernhard Riemann, Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet and a number of significant mathematicians made their contributions to mathematics here. ដោយ 1900, David Hilbert and

ក្នុង 1903, its teaching staff numbered 121 and its students 1529. Ludwig Prandtl joined the university in 1904, and developed it into a leader in fluid mechanics and in aerodynamics over the next two decades. ក្នុង 1925, Prandtl was appointed as the director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Fluid Mechanics. He introduced the concept of boundary layer and founded mathematical aerodynamics by calculating air flow in the down wind direction. Many of Prandtl’s students went on to make fundamental contributions to aerodynamics.

ពី 1921 ទៅ 1933, the physics theory group was led by Max Born, ដែល, during this time, became one of the three discoverers of the non-relativistic theory of quantum mechanics. He may also have been the first to propose its probabilistic relationship with classical physics. It was one of the main centers of the development of modern physics.

កាលបរិច្ឆេត, 47 Nobel Prize laureates have studied, taught or made contributions here. Most of these prizes were given in the first half of the 20th century, which was called theGöttingen Nobel prize wonder”.

The German inventor of the jet engine, Pabst von Ohain, also studied aerodynamics in Goettingen under Ludwig Prandtl.

Social studies and the study of humanities continued to flourish. Edmund Husserl, the philosopher and known as the father ofphenomenology, taught here. Max Weber, the sociologist studied here for one term.

ក្នុងអំឡុងពេលនេះ, the German language became an international academic language. A number of dissertations in the UK and the US had German titles. One might be considered having had a complete academic training only when one had studied in Germany. ដូច្នេះ, many American students were proud of having studied in Germany, and the University of Göttingen had profound impacts on the US. A number of American politicians, មេធាវី, historians and writers received their education from both Harvard and Göttingen. ឧទាហរណ៍,Edward Everett, once Secretary of State and President of សកលវិទ្យាល័យ​ហា​វើត, stayed in Göttingen for two years of study. George Ticknor spent two years studying classics in Göttingen. John Lothrop Motley, a diplomat and historian, even had personal friendship with Otto von Bismark during his two-year-long study in Göttingen. George Bancroft, a politician and historian, even received his PhD from the University of Göttingen in 1820.

បន្ទាប់ពីសង្គ្រាមលោកលើកទី II, the University of Göttingen was the first university in the western Zones to be re-opened under British control in 1945. Jürgen Habermas, a German philosopher and sociologist, pursued his study here in Göttingen. ក្រោយមក, Richard von Weizsäcker, the former President of Germany, earned his Dr.Jur. here.Gerhard Schröder, the former Chancellor of Germany, also graduated from the school of law here in Göttingen, and he became a lawyer thereafter.

Felix Klein had attracted mathematicians from around the world to Göttingen, which made Göttingen a world mecca of mathematics at the beginning of the 20th century.

ក្នុងអំឡុងពេលនេះ, the University of Göttingen achieved its academic peak.

 


តើ​អ្នក​ចង់ discuss University of Göttingen ? សំណួរណាមួយ, យោបល់ឬពិនិត្យ


University of Göttingen on Map


រូបថត


រូបថត: សាកលវិទ្យាល័យ Gottingen មបរទ ហ្វេសប៊ុកជាផ្លូវការ

វីដេអូ





ចែករំលែក info នេះជាមួយមិត្តភក្តិមានប្រយោជន៍របស់អ្នក

University of Göttingen reviews

Join to discuss of University of Göttingen.
សូម​ចំណាំ: ទស្សនាវដ្តី EducationBro ផ្ដល់ឱ្យអ្នកនូវសមត្ថភាពក្នុងការអាន info អំពីសកលវិទ្យាល័យនៅ 96 ភាសា, ប៉ុន្តែយើងសុំឱ្យអ្នកគោរពសមាជិកដទៃទៀតនិងការចាកចេញពីមតិយោបល់នៅក្នុងភាសាអង់គ្លេស.