- សាកលវិទ្យាល័យនៃ Notre Dame
សាកលវិទ្យាល័យនៃ Notre Dame
សាកលវិទ្យាល័យនៃ Notre Dame គឺជាស្ថាប័នឯកជនមួយដែលត្រូវបានបង្កើតឡើងនៅក្នុង 1842.
ថ្លៃសិក្សានៅសាកលវិទ្យាល័យនៃ Notre Dame មាន $48,000 (Aprox ។).
Notre Dame ដែលមានទីតាំងស្ថិតនៅភាគខាងត្បូងង្គុ, ind ។, គ្រាន់តែ 100 ម៉ាយនៅខាងក្រៅឈីកាហ្គោ. មានតែនិសាសិតឆ្នាំទីមួយត្រូវបានតម្រូវឱ្យទៅរស់នៅលើបរិវេណសាលា, ប៉ុន្តែភាគច្រើនជ្រើសដើម្បីសិស្សនិស្សិតនៅតែមាននៅលើបរិវេណក្នុងមួយនៃ 29 សាលលំនៅដ្ឋានផ្លូវភេទតែមួយ. សាលនេះបានបម្រើជាមជ្ឈមណ្ឌលនៃជីវិតសង្គមនៅ Notre Dame, ដូចជាមានគឺគ្មានជីវិតនៅក្នុងសាលាភាសាក្រិច. រឿងព្រេង, ភោជនីយដ្ឋាននៅលើបរិវេណសាលានិងការបោះពុម្ព, គឺជាកន្លែងពេញនិយមសម្រាប់ការទស្សនាព្រឹត្តិការណ៍កីឡា. នេះ Notre Dame “ការប្រយុទ្ធគ្នាអៀរឡង់” អួតច្រើនជាង 25 បាល់បោះផ្នែកបោះខ្ញុំក្រុមអត្តពលកម្មនិងត្រូវបានគេស្គាល់យ៉ាងល្អសម្រាប់កម្មវិធីបាល់ទាត់ខ្លាំងជាប់លាប់របស់ខ្លួន. ជាងពាក់កណ្តានៃនិស្សិតសិក្សានៅបរទេសសម្រាប់ការយ៉ាងហោចណាស់មួយឆមាស.
Notre Dame ត្រូវបានចែកជាប្រាំបីសាលារៀននិងមហាវិទ្យាល័យ, ធំបំផុតនៃការដែលជាមហាវិទ្យាល័យសិល្បៈនិងអក្សរ. Notre Dame’s graduate and professional programs include the highly ranked Mendoza College of Business and Law School in addition to a well-regarded School of Architecture, ដែលបានផ្តល់នូវកម្មវិធីបរិញ្ញានិងបញ្ចប់ការសិក្សា. អតីតនិស្សិតគួរឱ្យកត់សម្គាល់រួមមានអតីត U.S. រដ្ឋលេខាធិការ Condoleezza ស្រូវ, ការពិភាក្សាបង្ហាញ Regis Philbin និងម៉ាស៊ីនសាលានៃកិត្តិនាមលោក Joe ម៉ុនតាណាកីឡាករបាល់ទាត់. នេះ 1993 ខ្សែភាពយន្ត “Rudy,” ចំណាត់ថ្នាក់មួយក្នុងចំណោមកំពូល 25 ខ្សែភាពយន្ដកីឡានៃអតីតកាល 25 ឆ្នាំដោយទូរទស្សន៍ ESPN, ត្រូវបានថតនៅលើបរិវេណសាលា Notre Dame និងបង្ហាញរឿងពិតរបស់ដានីយ៉ែល “Rudy” Ruettiger, អ្នកដែលបានឈ្នះលើឧបសគ្គជាច្រើនក្នុងការលេងកីឡាបាល់ទាត់នៅ Notre Dame.
សាលារៀន / មហាវិទ្យាល័យ / មន្ទីរ / វគ្គសិក្សា / មហាវិទ្យាល័យ
2014 Enrollment: 168 បរិញ្ញាបត្រ, 43 បញ្ចប់ការសិក្សា
College of Arts and Letters
2014 Enrollment: 1,914 បរិញ្ញាបត្រ, 1,128 បញ្ចប់ការសិក្សា
- The Humanities
- ការសិក្សា Africana
- ការសិក្សារបស់អាមេរិក (includes Journalism)
- បុរាណ (includes Arabic Studies)
- German and Russian Languages and Literatures
- Irish Language and Literature
- Program of Liberal Studies
- The Arts
- សិល្បៈ, ប្រវត្តិសិល្បៈ, និងការរចនា
- ភាពយន្ត, ទូរទស្សន៍, and Theatre
- The Social Sciences
Mendoza College of Business
2014 Enrollment: 2,050 បរិញ្ញាបត្រ, 673 បញ្ចប់ការសិក្សា
- Executive M.B.A.
- Master of Science in Accountancy
- Master of Science in Business Analytics
- Master of Science in Finance
- Master of Nonprofit Administration
- Master of Science in Management
2014 Enrollment: 1,203 បរិញ្ញាបត្រ, 485 បញ្ចប់ការសិក្សា
- Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering
- វិស្វកម្មគីមីនិង Biomolecular
- នាយកដ្ឋាននៃបណ្តឹងរដ្ឋប្បវេណី & វិស្វកម្មបរិស្ថាន & វិទ្យាសាស្រ្តភពផែនដី
Keough School of Global Affairs
បានបង្កើតឡើង 2014. Opening its doors to students in August 2017.
- Center for Civil and Human Rights
- Kellogg Institute for International Studies
- Keough-Naughton Institute for Irish Studies
- Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies
- Liu Institute for Asia and Asian Studies
- Nanovic Institute for European Studies
- Notre Dame Initiative for Global Development
2014 Enrollment: 1,191 បរិញ្ញាបត្រ, 550 បញ្ចប់ការសិក្សា
- Applied and Computational Mathematics and Statistics
- Preprofessional Studies
First Year of Studies
2014 Enrollment: 2,025 និស្សិត
2014 Enrollment: 2,200 និស្សិតបញ្ចប់ការសិក្សា
The Law School
2013 Enrollment: 548 និស្សិតបញ្ចប់ការសិក្សា
ក្នុង 1842, the Bishop of Vincennes, Célestine Guynemer de la Hailandière, offered land to Father Edward Sorin of the Congregation of Holy Cross, on the condition that he build a college in two years.[ fr. Sorin arrived on the site with eight Holy Cross brothers from France and Ireland on November 26, 1842, and began the school using Father Stephen Badin’s old log chapel. He soon erected additional buildings, including Old College, the first church, and the first main building. They immediately acquired two students and set about building additions to the campus.
Notre Dame began as a primary and secondary school, but soon received its official college charter from the Indiana General Assembly on January 15, 1844. Under the charter the school is officially named the University of Notre Dame du Lac (University of Our Lady of the Lake). Because the university was originally only for male students, the female-only Saint Mary’s College was founded by the Sisters of the Holy Cross near Notre Dame in 1844.
The first degrees from the college were awarded in 1849. The university was expanded with new buildings to accommodate more students and faculty. With each new president, new academic programs were offered and new buildings built to accommodate them. The original Main Building built by Fr. Sorin just after he arrived was replaced by a larger “អគារចម្បង” ក្នុង 1865, which housed the university’s administration, ថ្នាក់រៀន, and dormitories. Beginning in 1873, a library collection was started by Father Lemonnier, housed in the Main Building, និងដោយ 1879 it had grown to ten thousand volumes.
This Main Building, and the library collection, was entirely destroyed by a fire in April 1879; school closed immediately and students were sent home. The university founder, fr. Sorin, and the president at the time, the Rev. William Corby, immediately planned for the rebuilding of the structure that had housed virtually the entire University. Construction was started on May 17, and by the incredible zeal of administrator and workers the building was completed before the fall semester of 1879. The library collection was also rebuilt and stayed housed in the new Main Building for years afterwards. Around the time of the fire, a music hall was opened. Known as Washington Hall, it hosted plays and musical acts put on by the school. ដោយ 1880, a science program was established at the university, and a Science Hall (today LaFortune Student Center) was built in 1883. The hall housed multiple classrooms and science labs needed for early research at the university.
ដោយ 1890, individual residence halls were built to house the increasing number of students. William J. Hoynes was dean of the law school 1883-1919, and when its new building was opened shortly after his death it was renamed in his honor. The Rev. John Zahm C.S.C. became the Holy Cross Provincial for the United States (1896–1906), with overall supervision of the university. He tried to modernize and expand Notre Dame, erecting buildings and adding to the campus art gallery and library, and amassing what became a famous Dante collection. His term was not renewed by the Congregation because of fears he had expanded Notre Dame too quickly and had run the Holy Cross order into serious debt.
ក្នុង 1919 Father James Burns became president of Notre Dame, and in three years he produced an academic revolution that brought the school up to national standards by adopting the elective system and moving away from the university’s traditional scholastic and classical emphasis. ផ្ទុយទៅវិញ, the Jesuit colleges, bastions of academic conservatism, were reluctant to move to a system of electives; for this reason, their graduates were shut out of Harvard Law School. Notre Dame continued to grow over the years, adding more colleges, កម្មវិធី, and sports teams. ដោយ 1921, with the addition of the College of Commerce, Notre Dame had grown from a small college to a university with five colleges and a professional law school. The university continued to expand and add new residence halls and buildings with each subsequent president.
One of the main driving forces in the growth of the University was its football team, the Notre Dame Fighting Irish. Knute Rocknebecame head coach in 1918. Under Rockne, the Irish would post a record of 105 ឈ្នះ, 12 losses, and five ties. During his 13 years the Irish won three national championships, had five undefeated seasons, won the Rose Bowl in 1925, and produced players such as George Gipp and the “Four Horsemen”. Knute Rockne has the highest winning percentage (.881) in NCAA Division I/FBS football history. Rockne’s offenses employed the Notre Dame Box and his defenses ran a 7–2–2 scheme. The last game Rockne coached was on December 14, 1930 when he led a group of Notre Dame all-stars against the New York Giants in New York City.
The success of its football team made Notre Dame a household name. The success of Note Dame reflected rising status of Irish Americans and Catholics in the 1920s. Catholics rallied up around the team and listened to the games on the radio, especially when it knocked off the schools that symbolized the Protestant establishment in America — Harvard, យ៉េល, ព្រីនស្តុន, and Army. Yet this role as high-profile flagship institution of Catholicism made it an easy target of anti-Catholicism. The most remarkable episode of violence was the clash between Notre Dame students and the Ku Klux Klan, a white supremacist and anti-catholic movement, ក្នុង 1924. Nativism and anti-Catholicism, especially when directed towards immigrants, were cornerstones of the KKK’s rhetoric, and Notre Dame was seen as a symbol of the threat posed by the Catholic Church. The Klan decided to have a week-long Klavern in South Bend. Clashes with the student body started on March 17, when students, aware of the anti-Catholic animosity, blocked the Klansmen from descending from their trains in the South Bend station and ripped the KKK clothes and regalia. នៅថ្ងៃទីខែឧសភា 19 thousands of students massed downtown protesting the Klavern, and only the arrival of college president Fr. Matthew Walsh prevented any further clashes. The next day, football coach Knute Rockne spoke at a campus rally and implored the students to obey the college president and refrain from further violence. A few days later the Klavern broke up, but the hostility shown by the students was an omen and a contribution to the downfall of the KKK in Indiana.
Holy Cross Father John Francis O’Hara was elected vice president in 1933 and president of Notre Dame in 1934. During his tenure at Notre Dame, he brought numerous refugee intellectuals to campus; he selected Frank H. Spearman, Jeremiah D. M បាន. Ford, Irvin Abell, and Josephine Brownson for the Laetare Medal, instituted in 1883. O’Hara strongly believed that the Fighting Irish football team could be an effective means to “acquaint the public with the ideals that dominate” Notre Dame. He wrote, “Notre Dame football is a spiritual service because it is played for the honor and glory of God and of his Blessed Mother. When St. Paul said: ‘Whether you eat or drink, or whatsoever else you do, do all for the glory of God,’ he included football.”
The Rev. លោក John ក្រុមហ៊ុន J. Cavanaugh, C.S.C. served as president from 1946 ទៅ 1952. Cavanaugh’s legacy at Notre Dame in the post-war years was devoted to raising academic standards and reshaping the university administration to suit it to an enlarged educational mission and an expanded student body and stressing advanced studies and research at a time when Notre Dame quadrupled in student census, undergraduate enrollment increased by more than half, and graduate student enrollment grew fivefold. Cavanaugh also established the Lobund Institute for Animal Studies and Notre Dame’s Medieval Institute. Cavanaugh also presided over the construction of the Nieuwland Science Hall, Fisher Hall, and the Morris Inn, as well as the Hall of Liberal Arts (now O’Shaughnessy Hall), made possible by a donation from I.A. O’Shaughnessy, at the time the largest ever made to an American Catholic university. He also established a system of advisory councils at the university, which continue today and are vital to the university’s governance and development.
The Rev. Theodore Hesburgh, C.S.C., (1917–2015) served as president for 35 ឆ្នាំ (1952–87) of dramatic transformations. In that time the annual operating budget rose by a factor of 18 ពី $9.7 million to $176.6 លាននាក់, and the endowment by a factor of 40 ពី $9 million to $350 លាននាក់, and research funding by a factor of 20 ពី $735,000 ទៅ $15 លាននាក់. Enrollment nearly doubled from 4,979 ទៅ 9,600, faculty more than doubled 389 ទៅ 950, and degrees awarded annually doubled from 1,212 ទៅ 2,500.
Hesburgh is also credited with transforming the face of Notre Dame by making it a coeducational institution. In the mid-1960s Notre Dame and Saint Mary’s College developed a co-exchange program whereby several hundred students took classes not offered at their home institution, an arrangement that added undergraduate women to a campus that already had a few women in the graduate schools. After extensive debate, merging with St. Mary’s was rejected, primarily because of the differential in faculty qualifications and pay scales. “In American college education,” explained the Rev. Charles E. Sheedy, C.S.C., Notre Dame’s Dean of Arts and Letters, “certain features formerly considered advantageous and enviable are now seen as anachronistic and out of place…. In this environment of diversity, the integration of the sexes is a normal and expected aspect, replacing separatism.” Thomas Blantz, C.S.C., Notre Dame’s Vice President of Student Affairs, added that coeducation “opened up a whole other pool of very bright students.” Two of the male residence halls were converted for the newly admitted female students that first year, while two others were converted for the next school year. ក្នុង 1971 Mary Ann Proctor became the first female undergraduate; she transferred from St. Mary’s College. ក្នុង 1972, Angela Sienko, who earned a bachelor’s degree in marketing, became the first woman graduate from the university.
ក្នុង 18 years under the presidency of Edward Malloy, C.S.C., (1987–2005), there was a rapid growth in the school’s reputation, មហាវិទ្យាល័យ, and resources. He increased the faculty by more than 500 សាស្រ្តាចារ្យ; the academic quality of the student body has improved dramatically, with the average SAT score rising from 1240 ទៅ 1360; the number of minority students more than doubled; the endowment grew from $350 million to more than $3 ពាន់លាន; the annual operating budget rose from $177 million to more than $650 លាននាក់; and annual research funding improved from $15 million to more than $70 លាននាក់. Notre Dame’s most recent (2014) capital campaign raised $2.014 ពាន់លាន, far exceeding its goal of $767 លាននាក់, and is the largest in the history of Catholic higher education and the largest of any University without a medical school.
ចាប់តាំងពីការ 2005, Notre Dame has been led by John I. Jenkins, C.S.C., the 17th president of the university. Jenkins took over the position from Malloy on July 1, 2005. In his inaugural address, Jenkins described his goals of making the university a leader in research that recognizes ethics and building the connection between faith and studies. ក្នុងអំឡុងពេលកាន់តំណែងរបស់លោក, Notre Dame has increased its endowment, enlarged its student body, and undergone many construction projects on campus, including Compton Family Ice Arena, a new architecture hall, additional residence halls, and the Campus Crossroads, a $400m enhancement and expansion of Notre Dame Stadium.
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