Геттинген боюнча University

Геттинген боюнча University

University of Göttingen Details

  • мамлекет : Германия
  • Сити : Геттинген
  • жактама : ЖАЛГАН
  • негизделген : 1734
  • Студенттер (болж.) : 27000
  • үчүн унутпа! discuss University of Göttingen
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The Геттинген боюнча University , расмий катары белгилүү грузия Джорджия, Геттинген шаарында коомдук ар тараптуу изилдөө университет болуп саналат, Германия. -жылы негизделген 1734 менен Жорж II, Hanover Улуу Британия жана шайлоо падышасы, жана баштапкы сабактары 1737, студент кабыл Төмөнкү Саксония штатында байыркы жана орунда турат, турган тегерегинде турат 26,000. көп катталган маалыматтарга үй, ал Германиянын тарыхый жана салттуу институттардын бири болуп саналат. Геттинген деп аталат “илим шаары”.

Геттинген Германияда абдан кадыр-барктуу жогорку окуу жайларынын бири болуп саналат, Мурда Германиянын ЖОЖдор отличниги демилгеси тарабынан колдоого алынган. Коимбра топтун жана анын тегерегинде мүчөлүгүнө 45 Нобел сыйлыгынын лауреаттары, университет улуу эл аралык жагынан ээ. университет Геттинген негизделген негизги илимий-изилдөө институттары менен бекем байланышы, ошондой эле жүргүзөт, өзгөчө илим өркүндөтүү боюнча Макс Планк атындагы коомдун ошол жана Gottfried Wilhelm жануу илимий коомчулугу. болжол менен 4.5 миллион көлөмү, Геттинген мамлекеттик жана University Library Германиянын ири китепканаларынын арасында орунда турат.

изилдөө жана окутуу өз жетишкендиктеринин негизинде, Георг-август-Universität Геттинген өзгөчө күчтүү топтоо менен, өзүнүн эл аралык кадыр-баркын жогорулатууга умтулат:

  • Internationality – окумуштууларды тартуу үчүн анын жөндөмүн жогорулатуу, окумуштуулар жана студенттер чет; изилдөө жана жаш окумуштууларды өнүктүрүү үчүн эл аралык тармактар ​​жана өнөктөштүк кеңейүү
  • Илимий-негизделген окутуу жана окуп-үйрөнүү – изилдөө-байланыштуу окуу программаларына occupationally ыктаган даярдоо жана андан ары билим берүү курстарын иштеп чыгуу, бүтүрүүчү мектеп, жана кенже илимий топ жаш жана илимпоздор көз карандысыз изилдөөлөрдү жүргүзүү турган
  • Interdisciplinarity жана ар түрдүүлүгү; – гуманитардык жана коомдук ортосундагы кызматташууну күчөтүүдө, табигый жана жашоо илимдери, жана кызыкчылыгын эске алуу менен ар түрдүүлүктү сактоо келечегин түзүүгө көйгөй-чечүү
  • автономия – Коомдук укук корунун эле окуу жайдын өзүн-жоопкерчилигин күчөтүү, анын ичинде, ошондой эле анын тактайы бул, декандарынын жана мекемелер
  • эмес университет мекемелер менен кызматташуу – илимге тиешелүү илимий-изилдөө мекемелери менен өз ара созулган жана бекитүү, соода жана коомдук

Мектептер / Колледжи / Бөлүмдөр / курстар / Faculties


тарых


-жылы 1734, King George II of Great Britain, who was also Elector of Hanover, gave his Prime Minister in Hanover, Gerlach Adolph von Münchhausen, the order to establish a university in Göttingen to propagate the ideas of academic freedom and enlightenment at the times of the European Enlightenment. биринчиден, the only new buildings constructed for the opening of the university were a riding hall and a fencinghouse, while courses were taught in the Paulinerkirche and associated Dominican monastery, or in the homes of professors. No university auditorium was built until well into the 19th century.

Throughout the remainder of the 18th century the University of Göttingen was in the top rank of German universities, with its free spirit and atmosphere of scientific exploration and research. Famous till our days is Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, the first to hold a professorship (1769–99) explicitly dedicated to experimental physics in Germany. менен 1812, Göttingen had become an internationally acknowledged modern university with a library of more than 250,000 көлөмү.

In the first years of the University of Göttingen it became known for its faculty of law. In the 18th century Johann Stephan Pütter, the most prestigious scholar of public law at that time, taught jus publicum here for half a century. The subject had attracted students such as Klemens Wenzel Lothar von Metternich, later diplomat and Prime Minister of Austria, and Wilhelm von Humboldt, who later established the University of Berlin. -жылы 1809 Arthur Schopenhauer, the German philosopher best known for his work The World as Will and Representation, became a student at the university, where he studied metaphysics and psychology under Gottlob Ernst Schulze, who advised him to concentrate on Plato and Kant.

By the university’s centenary in 1837, ал ошондой эле белгилүү болчу “university of law”, as the students enrolled by the faculty of law often made up more than half of the university’s students. Göttingen became a Mecca for the study of public law in Germany. Генрих Гейне, the famous German poet, studied law and was awarded the degree of Dr.iur..

Бирок, political disturbances, in which both professors and students were implicated, lowered the attendance to 860 боюнча 1834. The expulsion in 1837 of the seven professors – Die Göttinger Sieben – the Germanist, Wilhelm Eduard Albrecht (1800–1876); the historian Friedrich Christoph Dahlmann (1785–1860); the orientalist Georg Heinrich August Ewald (1803–1875); the historian Georg Gottfried Gervinus (1805–1875); the physicistWilhelm Eduard Weber (1804-1891); and the philologists, the brothers Jakob (1785–1863) and Wilhelm Grimm (1786–1859), for protesting against the revocation by King Ernest Augustus I of Hanover of the liberal constitution of 1833, further reduced the prosperity of the university. Prior to this, the Brothers Grimm had taught here and compiled the first German Dictionary.

19-кылымда, Gustav von Hugo, the forerunner[clarification needed] of the historical school of law, andRudolf von Jhering, a jurist who created the theory ofculpa in contraendoand wrote Battle for Right, taught here and maintained the reputation of the faculty of law. Otto von Bismarck, the main creator and the first Chancellor of the second German Empire, had also studied law in Göttingen in 1833: he lived in a tiny house on theWall”, now known asBismarck Cottage”. According to oral tradition, he lived there because his rowdiness had caused him to be banned from living within the city walls.

Göttingen also had a focus on natural science, especially mathematics. Carl Friedrich Gauss taught here in the 19th century. Bernhard Riemann, Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet and a number of significant mathematicians made their contributions to mathematics here. менен 1900, David Hilbert and

-жылы 1903, its teaching staff numbered 121 and its students 1529. Ludwig Prandtl joined the university in 1904, and developed it into a leader in fluid mechanics and in aerodynamics over the next two decades. -жылы 1925, Prandtl was appointed as the director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Fluid Mechanics. He introduced the concept of boundary layer and founded mathematical aerodynamics by calculating air flow in the down wind direction. Many of Prandtl’s students went on to make fundamental contributions to aerodynamics.

From 1921 үчүн 1933, the physics theory group was led by Max Born, ким, during this time, became one of the three discoverers of the non-relativistic theory of quantum mechanics. He may also have been the first to propose its probabilistic relationship with classical physics. It was one of the main centers of the development of modern physics.

Күнгө чейин, 47 Nobel Prize laureates have studied, taught or made contributions here. Most of these prizes were given in the first half of the 20th century, which was called theGöttingen Nobel prize wonder”.

The German inventor of the jet engine, Pabst von Ohain, also studied aerodynamics in Goettingen under Ludwig Prandtl.

Social studies and the study of humanities continued to flourish. Эдмунд Husserl, the philosopher and known as the father ofphenomenology, taught here. Max Weber, the sociologist studied here for one term.

Бул убакыттын ичинде, the German language became an international academic language. A number of dissertations in the UK and the US had German titles. One might be considered having had a complete academic training only when one had studied in Germany. Ошентип,, many American students were proud of having studied in Germany, and the University of Göttingen had profound impacts on the US. A number of American politicians, юрист, historians and writers received their education from both Harvard and Göttingen. Мисалы,Edward Everett, once Secretary of State and President of Гарвард университети, stayed in Göttingen for two years of study. George Ticknor spent two years studying classics in Göttingen. John Lothrop Motley, a diplomat and historian, even had personal friendship with Otto von Bismark during his two-year-long study in Göttingen. George Bancroft, a politician and historian, even received his PhD from the University of Göttingen in 1820.

Экинчи дүйнөлүк согуштан кийин, the University of Göttingen was the first university in the western Zones to be re-opened under British control in 1945. Юрген Хабермас, a German philosopher and sociologist, pursued his study here in Göttingen. кеч, Richard von Weizsäcker, the former President of Germany, earned his Dr.Jur. here.Gerhard Schröder, the former Chancellor of Germany, also graduated from the school of law here in Göttingen, and he became a lawyer thereafter.

Felix Klein had attracted mathematicians from around the world to Göttingen, which made Göttingen a world mecca of mathematics at the beginning of the 20th century.

Бул мезгил ичинде, the University of Göttingen achieved its academic peak.

 


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