Universitéit vu St Andrews

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d' Universitéit vu St Andrews (informell bekannt als St Andrews University oder einfach St Andrews; Gewerkschaftsbond, wéi St An, from the Latin Sancti Andreae, am Post-nominals) ass eng britesch zu St Andrews ëffentlechen Uni Fuerschung, Fife, Schottland. Et ass déi eelst vun der fourancient Universitéite vun Schottland an déi drëtt eelst Uni an d'englesch-sproochege Welt (folgenden Oxford a Cambridge). St Andrews gegrënnt tëscht 1410 an 1413, wann d'Avignon Antipope Benedikt XIII erausginn engem peepstlech Bulle fir eng kleng Grënnung Grupp vun Augustinian Klerus.

St Andrews ass aus enger Rei vun Institutiounen zesummegesat, dorënner dräi entstoend Universitéitsprofesser (United College, St Mary senger College, a St Leonard senger College) an 18 academic schools organised into four faculties. The university occupies historic and modern buildings located throughout the town. D'Studiejoer ass an zwee Semester agedeelt, Martinmas an Candlemas. An Begrëff Zäit, over one-third of the town’s population is either a staff member or student of the university. The student body is notably diverse: iwwer 120 Nationalitéiten sinn mat iwwer vertruede 45% vun hire ofgeroden aus Länner ausserhalb vun der lëtzebuerger; iwwer ee-aachte vun de Studenten aus dem Rescht vun der EU an de Rescht drëtt sinn aus Drëttlänner - 15% from North America alone. The university’s sport teams compete in BUCS competitions, and the student body is known for preserving ancient traditions such as Raisin Weekend, Mee Dann, an d'Droen vun ënnerscheed akademesch Rack.

Et ass wéi den drëtte bescht Uni an d'Vereenegt Kinnekräich vun den nationale Championat Dëscher klasséiert, hannert Oxbridge. de Guardian geklommen éischt d'Schoulen vun der Physik vun den Vereenegt Kinnekräich an Astronomie, international Relatioune, Computerentwécklungen, Geografie, an der Mathematik, whilst the Complete University Guide ranks Divinity and Middle Eastern and African Studies first. d' Times Héichschoul- World Universitéiten Ranking Nimm St Andrews ënnert der Welt d'Top 50 Universitéite fir Sozial Sciences, Arts an Geeschteswëssenschaft. St Andrews huet den héchste Schüler Zefriddenheet (gemeinsame éischt) Ënnert all Multi-Professere Universitéite vun de Vereenegte Kinnekräich.

St Andrews huet vill bemierkenswäerte ausgezeechent a laizistesch Professere, dorënner z'erfëllen Mathematiker, Wëssenschaftler, Theologe, Philosophen, a Politiker. Rezent ausgezeechent och de fréiere Premier Minister vu Schottland Alex Salmond; Staatssekretär fir Verdeedegung Michael Fallon; HM briteschen Ambassadeur zu China Barbara Woodward; USA Ambassadrice zu Ungarn Colleen Bell; Olympesch Vëlos Gold Goldmedaile Chris Schottland; an Royals Prënz William, Herzog vu Cambridge, a Catherine, Duchesse vu Cambridge. Sechs Nobelpräis gestëft ginn ënnert St Andrews’ ausgezeechent a fréier Mataarbechter: zwee an Chimie an Physiologie oder Medezin, an een all am Fridden a Literatur.

St Andrews is a unique and captivating place, an der Uni ass e Schlëssel Deel vun hirem Charme. Seven Joerhonnerte vun Geschicht Link d'Schüler mat der Stad, Spëtzekandidat fir d'Antikitéit an nach modern Institutioun visuell haut. For those interested in visiting or moving to St Andrews we recommend taking a look at the town information, déi beschreift d'Ariichtungen a Méiglechkeeten op fir déi lokal Communautéit. Dir kënnt och Informatiounen iwwert d'Gouvernance d'Universitéit fannen, Geschicht, a Strategie fir d'Zukunft an d'Rubriken ënnendrënner.

An der leschter 600 Joer, der Universitéit vu St Andrews huet eng Reputatioun als ee vun der Welt d'Haaptfiguren Fuerschung a Léier Zentren etabléierten. haut, Mir bidden eng flexibel Diplome Struktur baséiert op Äre Choix vum Thema specialism oder Fuerschung, creating an environment which nurtures inquisitive minds and a culture of shared learning.

 

Schoulen / Universitéitsprofesser / Departementer / Coursen / Fakultéiten


  • Art Geschicht
  • Biologie
  • Chimie
  • Classics
    • antikt Geschicht
    • klassescher Ënnersich
    • Greek
    • laténgesch
  • Computerentwécklungen
  • poliader
    • Biblical Studies
    • New Testament
    • Theological Studies
  • Wirtschafts- & Finance
  • Englesch
  • English Language Teaching
  • Film Ënnersich (see Philosophical, Anthropological & Film Ënnersich)
  • Geografie & Geosciences
    • Äerd & Ëmweltpolitik Sciences
    • Geografie
    • Nohalteg Entwécklung
  • Geschicht
  • international Relatioune
  • Management
  • Mathematik & Statistics
  • Medikament
  • modern Sprooche
    • Arabic department
    • Franséisch
    • Däitsch
    • Italienesch
    • Persian department
    • Russesch
    • Spuenesch
    • Comparative literature department
  • Philosophical, Anthropological & Film Ënnersich
    • Film Ënnersich
    • Philosophie
    • Social Anthropology
    • Musek
  • Physik & Astronomie (INC. Astrophysics and Theoretical Physics)
  • Psychologie & Neuroscience
  • Royal Conservatoire of Scotland (RCS)
  • Social Anthropology (see Philosophical, Anthropological & Film Ënnersich)
  • Theologie (see Divinity)

Geschicht


Scottish students in the middle ages were forced abroad to pursue their studies, with no national university to develop their academic abilities. vun 1410 most had been driven to Paris from Oxford and Cambridge by the Wars of Scottish Independence with England. So when the Catholic church was divided by two rival popes — with Pope Boniface IX supported by the French cardinals while Scotland remained faithful to Pope Benedict XIII — Scottish students found themselves in a difficult position. The time had come to establish a seat of learning, of international standing, back home in Scotland.

St Andrews was the obvious choice — the seat of the greatest bishopric in Scotland and location of a monastery noted as a centre for learning. Am Mee 1410 a group of masters, mainly graduates of Paris, initiated a school of higher studies in St Andrews.

Wardlaw’s charter

By February 1411 the school had established itself sufficiently to obtain a charter of incorporation and privileges from the Bishop of St Andrews, Henry Wardlaw. This granted the masters and students recognition as a properly constituted corporation, duly privileged and safeguarded for the pursuit of learning. allerdéngs, recognised university status and the authority to grant degrees could only be conferred by the Pope or the Emperor as heads of Christendom.

Bishop Wardlaw turned to the exiled Pope Benedict XIII to seek his blessing. King James, despite being a prisoner of the English, added his weight to the petition. In return for Scotland’s loyalty, Pope Benedict readily agreed and on 28 August 1413 full University status was conferred by a series of six papal bulls – one of which survives to this day in the University of St Andrews museum, MUSA.

So it was that the papal bulls began their five month journey, from the Spanish fortress in Peniscola where Pope Benedict was safely cloistered, over land and sea to St Andrews. They arrived in the town in February 1414 — to be welcomed with bells, bonfires, and great celebration.

The six bulls included the bull of foundation and a bull confirming Wardlaw’s charter of 1412. Although the text of all six is known, only the confirmation of Wardlaw’s grant survives in the original and still bears its bulla or lead seal.

The early years of the young university were not without turbulence. an 1426, King James tried to move the university to Perth. an 1470, several masters and students were expelled for attacking the Dean with bows and arrows. an 1544 the University banned beards, the carrying of weapons, gambling and football.

By the middle of the 16th century, St Andrews had grown to encompass three colleges — St Salvator’s (1450), St Leonard’s (1511) and St Mary’s (1538). The buildings of St Mary’s College and St Salvator’s Chapel date from this period.

From the 1500s to the 1700s the University enjoyed a period of mixed fortunes. During this time St Salvator’s and St Leonard’s Colleges joined to form the United College which still survives today in a greatly enlarged form.

In the 19th century the University made considerable progress in developing teaching and research in the arts, divinity and the biological and physical sciences. an 1897 the University was joined by a new academic centre in nearby Dundee and with it gained notable achievements in medical and applied science. This association ended in 1967 with the foundation of a separate University of Dundee.

In the 1980s, St Andrews embarked on a broad programme of investment to boost its research capabilities, a strategy which has helped establish its reputation today as an international centre of research excellence.

an 2009, St Andrews became the first Scottish ancient to appoint a woman as Principal, recruiting Professor Louise Richardson from the Radcliffe Institute, Harvard, to lead it into its seventh century.

St Andrews recently celebrated 600 years of continuous existence during which time it has made an enduring contribution to the intellectual and cultural life of both Scotland and the wider world.

From mediaeval origins to modern thinking

International scholars have been coming to St Andrews to study, teachers to teach, and students to learn since the foundation in 1413. Through the centuries many great minds have been attracted to St Andrews:

  • William Dunbar, poet (MA, 1479).
  • John Napier, the inventor of logarithms (Schüler, 1563)
  • James Gregory, designer of the Gregorian telescope (Regius professor of Mathematics, 1668).
  • Benjamin Franklin (honorary Doctor of Laws, 1759).
  • Edward Jenner, pioneer of the smallpox vaccine (MD, 1792).
  • John Stuart Mill, philosopher and economist (Recteur, 1865).
  • JM Barrie, author (Recteur, 1919).
  • Rudyard Kipling, author (Recteur, 1922).
  • Sir James Black, Nobel Prize winner in medicine (MB ChB, 1946).


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