ວິທະຍາໄລ State Moscow

ວິທະຍາໄລ State Moscow. ການສຶກສາໃນລັດເຊຍ

Moscow State University Details

  • ປະເທດ : ສະຫະພັນລັດເຊຍ
  • ເມືອງ : ກູ
  • ຊື່ຫຍໍ້ຂອງ : MGU
  • ສ້າງຕັ້ງຂຶ້ນ : 1755
  • ນັກສຶກສາ (ປະມານ.) : 47000
  • ຢ່າລືມກ່ຽວກັບ discuss Moscow State University
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ພາບລວມ


Moscow ວິທະຍາໄລລັດເປັນສະຖາບັນການສຶກສາເກົ່າແກ່ທີ່ສຸດຂອງລັດເຊຍ. ໄດ້ມີການສ້າງຕັ້ງຂຶ້ນໃນວັນທີ 12 ມັງກອນ 1755 ວັນ Saint Tatyana ຢູ່ດໍາລັດຂອງ empress Elizaveta Petrovna ກ່ຽວກັບການລິເລີ່ມຂອງວິທະຍາສາດລັດເຊຍທີ່ຍິ່ງໃຫຍ່ Mikhail Vassilievich Lomonosov ຫຼັງຈາກນັ້ນມັນເປັນຊື່. ມື້ພື້ນຖານຂອງຕົນ (Jan 12) ແມ່ນໄດ້ສະຫຼອງເປັນວັນນັກສຶກສາໃນລັດເຊຍ.

ປີ 2005 ການເຮັດເຄື່ອງຫມາຍທີ່ມີງານບຸນແລະຫຼາຍກ່ວາ 900 ກິດຈະກໍາພິເສດອຸທິດຕົນເພື່ອ 250 ວັນຄົບຮອບຂອງ MGU. ຫ້ອງສະຫມຸດວິທະຍາໄລໃຫມ່, ຄະນະວິຊາການໃຫມ່ຂອງຢາປົວພະຍາດແລະການຊ່ວຍເຫຼືອວິທະຍາໄລທີ່ທັນສະໄຫມເຄື່ອງຫມາຍພິເສດນີ້.

Moscow ວິທະຍາໄລຂອງລັດມີປະເພນີທີ່ຍາວປະຈໍາຂອງທີ່ດີເລີດທາງວິຊາການ. ທີ່ເກົ່າແກ່ທີ່ສຸດແລະມີຊື່ສຽງທີ່ສຸດວິທະຍາໄລລັດເຊຍໂຮງຮຽນນີ້ວິທະຍາສາດແລະການສຶກສາຂອງຊື່ສຽງຂອງສາກົນໄດ້ຮັບການສ້າງຕັ້ງຂຶ້ນ. ໃນບັນດາຜູ້ຮຽນຈົບແລະອາຈານຂອງຕົນມີຊະນະເລີດລາງວັນ Nobel ແລະວິທະຍາສາດໂລກເປັນທີ່ຮູ້ຈັກ. Moscow ວິທະຍາໄລລັດເຊິ່ງປະກອບມີຈໍານວນຂອງສະຖາບັນຄົ້ນຄວ້າວິທະຍາສາດຜູ້ຊ່ຽວຊານໃນຂົງເຂດທີ່ສໍາຄັນທີ່ສຸດຂອງວິທະຍາສາດທີ່ທັນສະໄຫມເຊັ່ນ: ກົນໄກການ, ຟິສິກນິວເຄຍ, ດາລາສາດ, ເລເຊີ, ຊີວະສາດໂມເລກຸນ, Chemistry Bioorganic, ມະນຸດວິທະ, ອຸປະກອນການວິທະຍາສາດ, ລະບົບນິເວດ, ວິທະຍາສາດມະນຸດສະທໍາ, ແລະ​ອື່ນໆ.

ຈໍານວນທັງຫມົດຂອງນັກຮຽນລົງທະບຽນ (ລວມທັງຕອບຈົບ, ແລະນັກສຶກສາສ່ວນຫນຶ່ງທີ່ໃຊ້ເວລາ) ແມ່ນ 40 000. ພະນັກງານປະກອບມີຫຼາຍກ່ວາ 8 500 ສາດສະດາຈານ, ອາຈານສະມາຄົມແລະສະມາຄົມຄົ້ນຄ້ວາ. ປະຈຸບັນຈໍານວນນັກຮຽນຕ່າງປະເທດແລະ postgraduate ທາງແມ່ນ 5000 ຈາກ 80 ປະເທດ.
Moscow ວິທະຍາໄລຂອງລັດມີສັນຍາກັບອົງການຈັດຕັ້ງສາກົນຊັ້ນນໍາ (ເຊັ່ນ:, ອົງການ UNESCO, ທະນາຄານໂລກ), ເປັນສະມາຊິກຂອງສະມາຄົມສາກົນຈໍານວນຫຼາຍ, ແລະລົງນາມໃນໄລຍະ 300 ຂໍ້ຕົກລົງກັບວິທະຍາໄລຂອງທະວີບທັງຫມົດ. ວິທະຍາໄລ Lomonosov ເປັນຈຸດໃຈກາງຂອງການຮ່ວມມືລະຫວ່າງວິທະຍາໄລໃນອານາເຂດຂອງ USSR ອະດີດໄດ້.

ນັກວິຊາການທີ່ຍັງຄ້າງຄາຈໍານວນຫຼາຍ, ສາທາລະນະແລະສະຖານະຜູ້ນໍາຂອງໂລກໄດ້ຮັບການເລືອກຕັ້ງອາຈານກິດຕິມະສັກແລະທ່ານຫມໍຂອງວິທະຍາໄລ. ໃນບັນດາພວກເຂົາແມ່ນ J. Goethe, ຄວາມຄິດເຢຍລະມັນອັນເປັນທີ່ຮັກແລະນະວະນິຍາຍ, ຄັ້ງທໍາອິດນາຍົກລັດຖະ, ລັດຖະມົນຕີຂອງອິນເດຍ Jawaharlal Nehru, Margaret Thatcher, ແລະສຸດທ້າຍແຕ່ບໍ່ໄດ້ຢ່າງຫນ້ອຍ, ບັນຊີລາຍການ Clinton.

ຈໍານວນຫຼາຍໃນປະຈຸບັນແລະໄລຍະຜ່ານມາຜູ້ນໍາທາງດ້ານການເມືອງ, ເຊັ່ນ: ຜູ້ຊາຍ. Gorbatchev ມີນິສິດເກົ່າຂອງວິທະຍາໄລ State Moscow ແລະ underling ທະເຍີທະຍານຂອງວິທະຍາໄລສາມາດເຮັດໃຫ້ການຮຽນທີ່ດີທີ່ສຸດກັບປະຊາຊົນທີ່ດີທີ່ສຸດ. ນີ້ແມ່ນວ່າເປັນຫຍັງພວກເຮົາແນະນໍາໃຫ້ທ່ານຮຽນຮູ້ພາສາລັດເຊຍຢູ່ໃນລັດ Moscow Univerity.

ຖ້າຫາກວ່າທ່ານຕ້ອງການທີ່ຈະເຂົ້າຮຽນຢູ່ MGU, ກະລຸນາກວດສອບການອອກຫນ້າຂໍ້ມູນຂ່າວສານຂອງພວກເຮົາລາຍລະອຽດສໍາລັບນັກສຶກສາໃນອະນາຄົດ. ງົບປະມານປະຈໍາປີຂອງ MGU ຈໍານວນ rubles 2BN ປະມານ (ກ່ຽວກັບ USD 350 ລ້ານ).

ໂຮງຮຽນ / ວິທະຍາໄລ / ພະແນກການ / ຫລັກສູດ / ຄະນະວິຊາ


  • ຄະນະວິຊາຂອງ Mechanics ແລະຄະນິດສາດ
  • ຄະນະວິຊາຄະນິດສາດຄອມພິວເຕີແລະປະຕິ
  • ຄະນະວິຊາຂອງຟີຊິກ
  • ຄະນະວິຊາເຄມີສາດ
  • Faculty of Materials Science
  • ຄະນະດ້ານຊີວະສາດ
  • Faculty of Bioengineering and Bioinformatics
  • Faculty of Soil Science
  • ຄະນະວິຊາທໍລະນີສາດ
  • ຄະນະພູມສາດ
  • Faculty of Fundamental Medicine
  • Faculty of Fundamental physical and chemical engineering
  • ຄະນະວິຊາຂອງປະຫວັດສາດ
  • ຄະນະ Philology
  • ຄະນະວິຊາປັດຊະຍາ
  • ຄະນະເສດຖະ
  • ຄະນະນິຕິ
  • ຄະນະວິຊາຂອງວາລະສານ
  • Faculty of Psychology
  • The Institute of Asian and African Studies
  • ຄະນະສັງຄົມວິທະ
  • Faculty of Foreign Languages and Area Studies
  • Faculty of Public Administration
  • Faculty of World Politics
  • Faculty of Fine and Performing Arts
  • Faculty of Global Processes
  • ຄະນະສຶກສາການສຶກສາ
  • Faculty of Political Science
  • ໂຮງຮຽນບໍລິຫານທຸລະກິດ
  • Moscow School of Economics
  • School of Translation and Interpretation
  • ຈົບການສຶກສາໂຮງຮຽນບໍລິຫານສາທາລະນະ
  • School of State Audit
  • Graduate School of Management and Innovation
  • Graduate School of Innovative Business
  • School of Contemporary Social Sciences
  • School of Television
  • Higher School of Policy in Culture and Management in the Sphere of Humanities
  • Faculty of Military Training
  • Faculty of Biotechnology

History


Ivan Shuvalov and Mikhail Lomonosov promoted the idea of a university, and Russian Empress Elizabethdecreed its establishment on January 25 1755. The first lectures took place on April 26. Russians still celebrate January 25 as StudentsDay.

Saint Petersburg ວິທະຍາໄລ State and Moscow State University engage in friendly rivalry over the title of Russia’s oldest university. While Moscow State University dates from 1755, its St. Petersburg competitor has operated continuously as a “ວິທະຍາໄລ” ນັບຕັ້ງແຕ່ 1819, and sees itself as the successor of the university established on January 24, 1724, by a decree of Peter the Great.

The university originally occupied the Principal Medicine Store on Red Square from 1755 ກັບ 1787;Catherine the Great transferred it to a Neoclassical building on the other side of Mokhovaya Street. This main building was constructed between 1782 ແລະ 1793 in the Neo-Palladian style, designed by Matvei Kazakov, and rebuilt after the 1812 Fire of Moscow by Domenico Giliardi.

In the 18th century, the university had three departments: ປັດຊະຍາ, ຢາປົວພະຍາດ, ແລະກົດຫມາຍ. A preparatory college was affiliated with the university before it was abolished in 1812. ໃນ 1779 Mikhail Kheraskov founded a boarding school for noblemen (Благородный пансион), which became a gymnasium for the Russian nobility in 1830. The university press, run by Nikolay Novikov in the 1780s, published the most popular newspaper in Imperial Russia — Moskovskie Vedomosti.

ໃນ 1804, medical education split into clinical (ການປິ່ນປົວດ້ວຍ), ການຜ່າຕັດ, and obstetrics faculties. In 1884–1897 the Department of Medicinesupported by private donations, City Hall, and the national governmentbuilt an extensive, 1.6 kilometer long, state-of-the-art medical campus in Devichye Pole, between the Garden Ring and Novodevichy Convent. It was designed by Konstantin Bykovsky (ru), with university doctors like Nikolay Sklifosovskiy and Fyodor Erismann acting as consultants. The campus, and medical education in general, were separated from the university in 1918. ໃນຖານະເປັນຂອງ 2015 Devichye Pole is operated by the independent I.M. Sechenov Moscow State University Medical ທໍາອິດ and by various other state and private institutions.

The roots of student unrest reach deep into the 1800s. ໃນ 1905 a social-democratic organization emerged at the university and called for the overthrow of the tsar and for the establishment of a republic in Russia. The Tsarist government repeatedly threatened to close the university. ໃນ 1911, in a protest over the introduction of troops onto the campus and mistreatment of certain professors, 130 scientists and professors resigned en masse, including prominent figures such as Nikolay Dimitrievich Zelinskiy, Pyotr Nikolaevich Lebedev, and Sergei Alekseevich Chaplygin. Thousands of students were expelled.

After the October Revolution of 1917 the school began admitting proletariat and peasant children. ໃນ 1919 the university abolished tuition fees, and a preparatory facility was established to help working-class children prepare for entrance exams. During the implementation of Joseph Stalin’s First Five-Year Plan (1928–1932), Gulag prisoners constructed parts of the university. Stalin would later ironically mock, repress, and imprison the intelligensia.

ຫຼັງຈາກ 1991 nine new faculties were established. ໃນ 1992 the university gained a unique status: it is funded directly from the state budget (bypassing the Ministry of Education), which provides a significant level of independence.

ໃນເດືອນກັນຍາ 6, 1997 the French electronic musician Jean Michel Jarre, whom the mayor of Moscow had specially invited to perform, used the entire front of the university as the backdrop for a concert. The frontage served as a giant projection screen, while fireworks,lasers, and searchlights were all launched from various points around the building. The stage stood directly in front of the building, and the concert, titledThe Road To The 21st Centuryin Russia (but renamedOxygen In Moscowfor worldwide video/DVD release) attracted a world-record crowd of 3.5 ລ້ານຄົນ.

ເນື່ອງຈາກວ່າ 1953, most of the faculties have been situated on Sparrow Hills, in the southwest of Moscow, 5 km from the city center. The main building was designed by architect Lev Vladimirovich Rudnev. In the post-war era, Joseph Stalin orderedseven huge tiered neoclassic towers to be built around the city. It was built using Gulagor labour, as were many of Stalin’s Great Construction Projects in Russia. Located on Moscow’s outskirts at the time of its construction, the location of the main building is now about half-way between the center of Moscow at the Kremlin and the city’s current limits. The Journalism Department now occupies the university’s original location in downtown Moscow across from the Manezh, steps from the Kremlin and other government buildings. ຢ່າງ​ແທ້​ຈິງ, frequent student unrest, including street protests, well pre-dating 1917 may be one reason why Stalin’s planners sited the university across the Moscow River, so far away.

The MSU main building was the tallest building in the world outside of New York City at the time of its construction, and remained the tallest building in Europe until 1990. The central tower is 240 m tall, 36 stories high, and flanked by four huge wings of student and faculty accommodations. It is said to contain a total of 33 kilometers of corridors and 5,000 rooms.

Facilities available inside the building include a concert hall, a theater, ພິພິທະພັນເປັນ, administrative services, a library, ລອຍນ້ໍາ, a police station, ຫ້ອງການກະທູ້, a laundry, a hairdresser’s salon, several canteens, bank offices and ATMs, ຮ້ານຄ້າ, ໂຮງອາຫານ, a bomb shelter, ແລະອື່ນໆ. Along with the university administration, the Museum of Earth Sciences and four of the main faculties – Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics, the Faculty of Geology, the Faculty of Geography, and the Faculty of Fine and Performing Arts – now reside in the Main building. The star on the top of the tower is large enough to include a small room and a viewing platform; it weighs 12 tons. The building’s facades are ornamented with giant clocks, barometers, thermometers, statues, carved wheat sheaves, and Soviet crests. It stands before a terrace featuring statues of male and female students gazing optimistically and confidently into the future.

While the Sparrow Hills were on the outskirts of the city at the time of the construction of the main building, they are now about halfway from the Kremlin to the city limits. Several other buildings and sports facilities were later added to the campus, including the only baseball stadium in Russia. ໃນປັດຈຸບັນ, a new building is under construction for the social sciences faculties, and another new one of vast size has just been built for the library, which is the second-largest in Russia by volume (number of books). The university also has several dormitory buildings in the Southwest of Moscow, outside the campus.

The historical building on Mokhovaya Street now mainly houses the Faculty of Journalism, the Faculty of Psychology, and The Institute of Asian and African Studies. The university includes a number of faculty buildings located near Manege Square in the center of Moscow and a number of campuses abroad in Ukraine, ຄາຊັກສະຖານ, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.

The university’s main library is one of the largest in Russia. Current estimates suggest that it contains approximately 9,000,000 ປະລິມານ. The library serves in the area of 55,000 readers per year, using approximately 5,500,000 ຫນັງສື.

The university offers classes on its main campus not only in Moscow, but also on campuses in Armenia, Ukraine, ຄາຊັກສະຖານ, Azerbaijan and Uzbekistan. These include the Puschino MSU campus, Podmoskovny MSU campus, Chernomorsky MSU campus and Kazakhstan MSU campus. The Ulyanovsk branch of MSU was reorganized into Ulyanovsk State University in 1996.


ເຮັດແນວໃດທ່ານຕ້ອງການ discuss Moscow State University ? ຄໍາຖາມໃດໆ, ຄໍາຄິດເຫັນຫຼືຄວາມຄິດເຫັນ


Moscow State University on Map


ຮູບພາບ


ຮູບພາບ: ວິທະຍາໄລ State Moscow ຢ່າງເປັນທາງການເຟສບຸກ

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ກະ​ລຸ​ນາ​ບັນ​ທຶກ: EducationBro ວາລະສານເຮັດໃຫ້ທ່ານສາມາດໃນການອ່ານຂໍ້ມູນກ່ຽວກັບວິທະຍາໄລຢູ່ 96 ພາສາ, ແຕ່ວ່າພວກເຮົາຮ້ອງຂໍໃຫ້ທ່ານເຄົາລົບນັບຖືສະມາຊິກອື່ນໆແລະອອກຄວາມຄິດເຫັນໃນພາສາອັງກິດ.