Saint Petersburg ວິທະຍາໄລ State

Saint Petersburg ວິທະຍາໄລ State . ການສຶກສາໃນລັດເຊຍ

Saint Petersburg State University Details

  • ປະເທດ : ສະຫະພັນລັດເຊຍ
  • ເມືອງ : Saint Petersburg
  • ຊື່ຫຍໍ້ຂອງ : SPSU
  • ສ້າງຕັ້ງຂຶ້ນ : 1724
  • ນັກສຶກສາ (ປະມານ.) : 33000
  • ຢ່າລືມກ່ຽວກັບ discuss Saint Petersburg State University
Enroll at Saint Petersburg State University

ພາບລວມ


ສໍາລັບການຫຼາຍກ່ວາ 290 ປີ, St. ວິທະຍາໄລ Petersburg ໄດ້ສັນຍາກັບວິທະຍາສາດກ້າວຫນ້າ, ສ້າງຄວາມຮູ້ແລະການຝຶກອົບຮົມປະກອບອາຊີບທີ່ຍັງຄ້າງຄາ. ວິທະຍາໄລແມ່ນອຸດົມສົມບູນໃນປະຫວັດສາດ - ມັນວັນກັບຄືນໄປບ່ອນ 1724, ໃນເວລາທີ່ Peter ໄດ້ທີ່ຍິ່ງໃຫຍ່ສ້າງຕັ້ງຂຶ້ນໃນວິທະຍາສາດແລະສິລະປະເຊັ່ນດຽວກັນກັບວິທະຍາໄລວິຊາການຄັ້ງທໍາອິດໃນລັດເຊຍ.

ນິສິດເກົ່າ SPbU ທີ່ມີຊື່ສຽງແມ່ນແຫຼ່ງຂອງຄວາມພາກພູມໃຈແລະກຽດສັກສີເປັນ, ທີ່ດົນໃຈໃຫ້ເຮົາດີເລີດແລະ maximize ທ່າແຮງຂອງພວກເຮົາໃນການຄົ້ນຄວ້າແລະການສຶກສາ. ໃນບັນດາສິດເກົ່າແລະພະນັກງານຂອງພວກເຮົາ, ມີຈໍານວນຊຸມສະໄຫມວິຂອງປະຊາຊົນໂລກ, ມີຊື່ສຽງ, ໂດຍ​ສະ​ເພາະ, ຜູ້ຊະນະລາງວັນ Nobel: physiologist Ivan Pavlov, biologist Ilya Mechnikov, chemist ທາງດ້ານຮ່າງກາຍ Nikolay Semyonov, physicists Lev Landau ແລະ Aleksandr Prokhorov, ນັກປັດຊະຍາແລະເສດຖະສາດ Leonid Kantorovich. SPbU ຍັງເປັນ mater ແອວມາສໍາລັບການຄົ້ນຄ້ວາທີ່ຍັງຄ້າງຄາ, ນັກວິຊາການ, ນັກວິຊາການ, ຜູ້ນໍາທາງດ້ານການເມືອງແລະສັງຄົມ: Dmitry Mendeleev, Vladimir Vernadsky, ແລະ Dmitry Likhachev ໃຫ້ກັບແຕ່ຈໍານວນຫນ້ອຍຫນຶ່ງ. ໂລກໄດ້ owes ຜູ້ນໍາວັດທະນະທໍາຂອງພວກເຮົາວິທະຍາໄລເປັນຄູຊັດເຈນທີ່ສຸດ, ນັກຂຽນແລະນັກສິລະປິນ: Ivan Turgenev, Pavel Bryullov, Alexander Blok, Alexander ຂອນແກ່ນ, Sergei Diaghilev ແລະ Igor Stravinsky. ໃນບັນດາສິດເກົ່າວິທະຍາໄລ, ພວກເຮົາແມ່ນຍັງພູມໃຈທີ່ຈະບອກຜູ້ນໍາຂອງລັດຖະບານລັດເຊຍໄດ້: Boris ໄປຂ້າງຫນ້າ, Alexander Kerensky, Vladimir Lenin, ປະທານຂອງສະຫະພັນລັດເຊຍ Vladimir Putin ແລະ Dmitry Medvedev.

ໃນມື້ນີ້, ສາມສັດຕະວັດແລ້ວຫຼັງຈາກທີ່ໄດ້ສ້າງຕັ້ງຂຶ້ນ, ສະຖານີອາຍແກັສແມ່ນພະຍາຍາມ, ກ່ອນທີ່ຈະ, ຈະນໍາໄປສູ່ການຄົ້ນຄວ້າແລະການສຶກສາໃນລະດັບຊາດແລະສາກົນ. ການລວມຕົວກັນປະເພນີແລະປະດິດສ້າງ, St. ວິທະຍາໄລ Petersburg ກໍານົດຈັງຫວະການພັດທະນາຂອງວິທະຍາສາດ, ການສຶກສາແລະວັດທະນະທໍາໃນລັດເຊຍແລະໃນທົ່ວໂລກ.

SPbU ຢ່າງເຕັມສ່ວນສວມໃສ່ນັກສຶກສາແລະພະນັກງານຂອງຕົນສໍາລັບການທີ່ດີທີ່ສຸດຂອງລະດັບທີ່ແຕກຕ່າງກັນຂອງກາລະໂອກາດສໍາລັບການສຶກສາ, ການຄົ້ນຄວ້າແລະການພັດທະນາສ່ວນບຸກຄົນ: ຫໍສະຫມຸດຄົ້ນຄ້ວາຮ່ໍາລວຍມີຊື່ຫຼັງຈາກຜູ້ຊາຍ. Gorky, ເປັນຂອງລັດຂອງການສິນລະປະ Park ການຄົ້ນຄວ້າ, ຫ້ອງທົດລອງຫົວຫນ້າວິທະຍາສາດຊັ້ນນໍາ, ພິພິທະພັນ, ເປັນສໍານັກພິມ, ສະໂມສອນກິລາ, ເປັນ choir ວິທະຍາໄລ, orchestras, ສະແດງແລະເຕັ້ນສະຕູດິໂອແລະອື່ນໆ.

ໃນເດືອນພະຈິກ 2009, ປະທານປະເທດຂອງສະຫະພັນລັດເຊຍ Dmitry Medvedev ໄດ້ເຊັນກົດຫມາຍໃຫ້ St. ວິທະຍາໄລ Petersburg ແລະວິທະຍາໄລ State Moscow ສະຖານະການພິເສດຂອງສະລັບສັບຊ້ອນວິທະຍາສາດແລະການສຶກສາເປັນເອກະລັກ, ສະຖາບັນເກົ່າແກ່ທີ່ສຸດຂອງການສຶກສາທີ່ສູງຂຶ້ນໃນລັດເຊຍເປັນຄວາມສໍາຄັນທີ່ຍິ່ງໃຫຍ່ເພື່ອການພັດທະນາຂອງສັງຄົມພາສາລັດເຊຍ '. SPbU ໄດ້ຮັບສິດທິພິເສດໃນການກໍານົດມາດຕະຖານດ້ານການສຶກສາຂອງຕົນເອງແລະມອບລາງວັນປະກາດຂອງຕົນເອງ.

ຄົ້ນພົບຄັ້ງທໍາອິດວິທະຍາໄລພາສາລັດເຊຍໃນປັດຈຸບັນ.

ຍິນດີຕ້ອນຮັບກັບສະຖານີອາຍແກັສ!

ຂໍສະແດງຄວາມເຄົາລົບນັບຖື,
ສະຖານີອາຍແກັສອະທິການບໍ
Nikolay Kropachev

ສ້າງຕັ້ງຂຶ້ນໃນ 1724 ໂດຍ Peter ໄດ້ທີ່ຍິ່ງໃຫຍ່, ວິທະຍາໄລ Saint Petersburg ແມ່ນເພື່ອກາຍເປັນສະຖາບັນທໍາອິດຂອງການສຶກສາຊັ້ນສູງໃນລັດເຊຍ. SPbU ເປັນວິທະຍາໄລລັດເຊຍນໍາພາທີ່ມີການສິດສອນແລະການທີ່ດີເລີດການຄົ້ນຄວ້າປະໃນບັນດາມະເທິງຂອງໂລກ. ພວກເຮົາມີການເປີດໃຫ້ການຮ່ວມມືແລະມີຄວາມສຸກສາຍພົວພັນທີ່ເຂັ້ມແຂງກັບການຄົ້ນຄວ້າສາກົນແລະຊຸມຊົນທາງວິຊາການ. ວິທະຍາສາດ SPbU ເຮັດວຽກໃນເກືອບພາກສະຫນາມທັງຫມົດຂອງຄວາມຮູ້, ຫນອງຄວາມຊ່ຽວຊານແລະປຶກສາຫາລືໃນການຮ່ວມມືຢ່າງໃກ້ຊິດກັບຄູ່ຮ່ວມງານລັດເຊຍແລະຕ່າງປະເທດ. ນັກວິຊາການທີ່ຍັງຄ້າງຄາຫຼາຍຄົນທີ່ໄດ້ຮັບສ່ວນຫນຶ່ງຂອງຊຸມຊົນ SPbU ເປັນ, ລວມທັງຊະນະເລີດເກົ້າລາງວັນ Nobel: ການ physiologist Ivan Pavlov, biologist Ilya Mechnikov, physicist ແລະ chemist Nikolay Semyonov, physicists Lev Landau ແລະ Aleksandr Prokhorov, ນັກປັດຊະຍາແລະເສດຖະສາດ Wassily Leontief ເຊັ່ນດຽວກັນກັບນັກຄະນິດສາດແລະນັກເສດຖະ Leonid Kantorovich.

ໃນບັນດາວິທະຍາໄລສິດເກົ່າແມ່ນປະທານປະເທດຂອງປະເທດລັດເຊຍສະຫະພັນ Vladimir Putin, ນາຍົກລັດຖະຖະມົນຕີ Dmitry Medvedev, ຜູ້ອໍານວຍການຂອງ Hermitage Mikhail Piotrovskiy, ປະທານປະເທດຂອງສະພາລັດເຊຍຂອງການສຶກສາ Liudmila Verbitskaya, mathematicians Grigoriy Perelman ແລະ Sergey Smirnov ເຊັ່ນດຽວກັນກັບຄົນອື່ນໆຫລາຍ.

St. ວິທະຍາໄລ Petersburg ໃນມື້ນີ້

  • 30,000 ນັກສຶກສາ
  • 6,000 ສະມາຊິກພະນັກງານ
  • 106 ໂຄງການປະລິນຍາຕີ
  • 205 ໂຄງການຕົ້ນສະບັບແລະຂົງເຂດຂອງການພິເສດ
  • 263 ໂຄງການປະລິນຍາເອກ
  • 29 ບັນດາໂຄງການທີ່ຢູ່ອາໄສທາງດ້ານການຊ່ວຍ
  • ນັກສຶກສາສາກົນຈາກໃນໄລຍະ 70 ປະເທດ
  • ໃນໄລຍະ 3 000 international students on degree and non-degree programs
  • 350 ວິທະຍາໄລຄູ່ຮ່ວມງານ
  • ວິທະຍາໄລທີ່ດີທີ່ສຸດ Park ການຄົ້ນຄວ້າໃນລັດເຊຍ
  • 7,000,000 ຫນັງສືໃນການເກັບກໍາຂອງຫໍສະຫມຸດຄົ້ນຄ້ວາວິທະຍາໄລ
  • ຊັ້ນສູງອອກໃນພາສາລັດເຊຍແລະພາສາອັງກິດ
  • 12,800 ສະຖານທີ່ໃນຫ້ອງການຂອງທີ່ຢູ່ອາໄສ

Education Benefits

  • ການມີສ່ວນຮ່ວມຂອງນັກຮຽນການເຄື່ອນໄຫວໃນຂະບວນການດ້ານການສຶກສາ;
  • ການ realization ທີ່ດີທີ່ສຸດຂອງທີ່ອາດມີບຸກຄົນຂອງນັກຮຽນ;
  • ECTS - ລະບົບການຖ່າຍໂອນ Credit ຫະພາບເອີຣົບ;
  • ລະບຽບວິໄນທາງວິຊາການໄດ້ຖືກອອກແບບຕາມຫຼັກການ modular;
  • ໂຄງການແລກປ່ຽນນັກສຶກສາກັບມະຄູ່ຮ່ວມງານ
  • ການຝຶກແລະຕໍາແຫນ່ງເຮັດວຽກຢູ່ບໍລິສັດຊັ້ນນໍາລັດເຊຍແລະຕ່າງປະເທດ;
  • ການເຂົ້າເຖິງສະຖານທີ່ການຄົ້ນຄວ້າເປັນເອກະລັກ, ເຕັກໂນໂລຊີແລະຂໍ້ຄວາມຢ່າງເຕັມທີ່, ຖານຂໍ້ມູນເອເລັກໂຕຣນິກ;
  • ເຕັກໂນໂລຊີດ້ານການສຶກສາທີ່ທັນສະໄຫມ;
  • ຂອງລັດຂອງການສິນລະປະອຸປະກອນການຄົ້ນຄວ້າ;
  • ທຶນການສຶກສາລັດສໍາລັບຜູ້ສະຫມັກສາກົນຄັດເລືອກທີ່ດີທີ່ສຸດ (ຮຽນຟຣີແລະທີ່ພັກລາຄາຜ່ອນຜັນ);
  • ໂອກາດທີ່ຈະຕົ້ນສະບັບພາສາລັດເຊຍທີ່ສະຖາບັນພາສາລັດເຊຍແລະວັດທະນະທໍາ.

ໂຮງຮຽນ / ວິທະຍາໄລ / ພະແນກການ / ຫລັກສູດ / ຄະນະວິຊາ


  • Faculty of Applied Mathematics and Control Processes
  • ຄະນະດ້ານຊີວະສາດ
  • ສະຖາບັນຂອງເຄມີ
  • Faculty of Dentistry and Medical Technology
  • ຄະນະເສດຖະ
  • Institute of Earth Sciences
  • ສະຖາບັນຂອງປະຫວັດສາດ
  • ໂຮງຮຽນຂອງການພົວພັນ
  • ຄະນະນິຕິ
  • Faculty of Liberal Arts and Sciences
  • ຄະນະຂອງຄະນິດສາດແລະ Mechanics
  • Faculty of Medicine
  • Faculty of Oriental Studies
  • ຄະນະສິລະປະ
  • ຄະນະ Philology
  • Institute of Philosophy
  • ຄະນະວິຊາຂອງຟີຊິກ
  • Faculty of Political Science
  • Faculty of Psychology
  • ຄະນະສັງຄົມວິທະ
  • ຈົບການສຶກສາໂຮງຮຽນການຈັດການ
  • ການທະຫານຄະນະ
  • School of Journalism and Mass Communications
    • Faculty of Applied Communications
    • ຄະນະວິຊາຂອງວາລະສານ

ປະຫວັດສາດ


It is disputed by the university administration whether Saint Petersburg State University or Moscow State University is the oldest higher education institution in Russia. While the latter was established in 1755, the former, which has been in continuous operation since 1819, claims to be the successor of the university established along with the Academic Gymnasium and the Saint Petersburg Academy of Sciences on January 24, 1724 by a decree of Peter the Great.

ໃນໄລຍະເວລາລະຫວ່າງ 1804 ແລະ 1819, Saint Petersburg University officially did not exist; the institution founded by Peter the Great, the Saint Petersburg Academy, had already been disbanded, because the new 1803 charter of the Academy of Sciences stipulated that there should be no educational institutions affiliated with it.

The Petersburg Pedagogical Institute, renamed the Main Pedagogical Institute in 1814, ໄດ້ສ້າງຕັ້ງຂຶ້ນໃນ 1804 and occupied a part of the Twelve Collegia building. ໃນເດືອນກຸມພາ 8, 1819 (O.S.), Alexander I of Russia reorganized the Main Pedagogical Institute into Saint Petersburg University, which at that time consisted of three faculties: Faculty of Philosophy and Law, Faculty of History and Philology and Faculty of Physics and Mathematics. The Main Pedagogical Institute (where Dmitri Mendeleev studied) was restored in 1828 as an educational institution independent of Saint Petersburg University, and trained teachers until it was finally closed in 1859.

ໃນ 1821 the university was renamed Saint Petersburg Imperial University. ໃນ 1823 most of the university moved from the Twelve Collegia to the southern part of the city beyond the Fontanka. ໃນ 1824 a modified version of the charter of Moscow University was adopted as the first charter of the Saint Petersburg Imperial University. ໃນ 1829 ໄດ້​ມີ 19 ອາຈານແລະ 169 full-time and part-time students at the university. ໃນ 1830 Tsar Nicholas returned the entire building of the Twelve Collegia back to the university, and courses resumed there. ໃນ 1835 a new Charter of the Imperial Universities of Russia was approved. It provided for the establishment of the Faculty of Law, ຄະນະປະວັດສາດແລະ Philology, and the Faculties of Physics and Mathematics were merged into the Faculty of Philosophy as the 1st and 2nd Departments, ຕາມລໍາດັບ.

ໃນ 1849 after the Spring of Nations the Senate of the Russian Empire decreed that the Rector should be appointed by the Minister of National Enlightenment rather than elected by the Assembly of the university. ຢ່າງໃດກໍຕາມ, Pyotr Pletnyov was reappointed Rector and ultimately became the longest-serving rector of Saint Petersburg University (1840–1861).

ໃນ 1855 Oriental studies were separated from the Faculty of History and Philology, and the fourth faculty, Faculty of Oriental Languages, was formally inaugurated on August 27, 1855.

In 1859–1861 female part-time students could attend lectures in the university. ໃນ 1861 ໄດ້​ມີ 1,270 full-time and 167 part-time students in the university, ຂອງພວກເຂົາ 498 were in the Faculty of Law, the largest subdivision. But this subdivision had the cameral studies department, where students learnt safety, occupational health and environmental engineering management and science, including chemistry, ຊີວະສາດ, agronomy along with law and philosophy. Many Russian, Georgian etc. ຜູ້ຈັດການ, engineers and scientists studied at the Faculty of law therefore. During 1861–1862 there was student unrest in the university, and it was temporarily closed twice during the year. The students were denied freedom of assembly and placed under police surveillance, and public lectures were forbidden. Many students were expelled. After the unrest, ໃນ 1865, ພຽງແຕ່ 524 students remained.

A decree of the Emperor Alexander II of Russia adopted on 18 ກຸມພາ 1863 restored the right of the university assembly to elect the rector. It also formed the new faculty of the theory and history of art as part of the faculty of history and philology.

ໃນເດືອນມີນາ 1869, student unrest shook the university again but on a smaller scale. ໂດຍ 1869, 2,588 students had graduated from the university.

ໃນ 1880 the Ministry of National Enlightenment forbade students to marry and married persons could not be admitted. ໃນ 1882 another student unrest took place in the university. ໃນ 1884 a new Charter of the Imperial Russian Universities was adopted, which granted the right to appoint the rector to the Minister of National Enlightenment again. ໃນເດືອນມີນາ 1, 1887 (O.S.) a group of the university students was arrested while planning an attempt on the life of Alexander III of Russia. ດັ່ງນັ້ນ, new admission rules to gymnasiums and universities were approved by the Minister of National Enlightenment Ivan Delyanov in 1887, which barred persons of ignoble origin from admission to the university, unless they were extraordinarily talented.

ໂດຍ 1894, 9,212 students had graduated from the university. Among the renowned scholars of the second half of the 19th century affiliated with the university were mathematician Pafnuty Chebyshev, physicist Heinrich Lenz, chemists Dmitri Mendeleev andAleksandr Butlerov, embryologist Alexander Kovalevsky, physiologist Ivan Sechenov, pedologist Vasily Dokuchaev. ໃນເດືອນມີນາ 24, 1896 (O.S.), on the campus of the university Alexander Popov publicly demonstrated transmission of radio waves for the first time in history.

As of January 1, 1900 (O.S.), ໄດ້​ມີ 2,099 students enrolled in the Faculty of Law, 1,149 students in the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics, 212 students in the Faculty of Oriental Languages and 171 students in the Faculty of History and Philology. ໃນ 1902 the first student dining hall in Russia was opened in the university.

Since about 1897 regular strikes and student unrest shook the university and spread to other institutions of higher education across Russia. During the Revolution of 1905 the charter of the Russian universities was amended once more, the autonomy of the universities was partially restored and the right to elect the rector was returned to the academic board for the first time since 1884. In 1905–1906 the university was temporarily closed due to student unrest. Its autonomy was revoked again in 1911. In the same year the university was once again temporarily closed.

ໃນ 1914 with the start of the First World War, the university was renamed Petrograd Imperial University after its namesake city. During the War the university was the important center of mobilization of Russian intellectual resources and scholarship for the victory. ໃນ 1915 a branch of the university was opened in Perm, which later became Perm State University. The Assembly of Petrograd Imperial University openly welcomed the February Revolution of 1917, which put an end to the Russian monarchy, and the university came to be known as just Petrograd University. ຢ່າງໃດກໍຕາມ, after the October Revolution of 1917, the staff and administration of the university were initially vocally opposed to the Bolshevik takeover of power and reluctant to cooperate with the Narkompros. Later in 1917–1922 during the Russian Civil War some of the staff suspected of counter-revolutionary sympathies suffered imprisonment (ເຊັ່ນ:, Lev Shcherba in 1919), execution, or exile abroad on the so-called Philosophersships in 1922 (ເຊັ່ນ:, Nikolai Lossky). ຍິ່ງໄປກວ່ານັ້ນ, the entire staff suffered from hunger and extreme poverty during those years.

ໃນ 1918 the university was renamed 1st Petrograd State University, ແລະໃນ 1919 the Narkompros merged it with the 2nd PSU (former Psychoneurological Institute) and 3rd PSU (former Bestuzhev Higher Courses for Women) into Petrograd State University. ໃນ 1919 the Faculty of Social Science was established by the Narkompros instead of the Faculty of History and Philology, Faculty of Oriental Languages and Faculty of Law. Nicholas Marr became the first Dean of the new faculty. Chemist Alexey Favorsky became the Dean of the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics. Rabfaks and free university courses were opened on the basis of the university to provide mass education. ໃນການຫຼຸດລົງຂອງ 1920, as observed by freshman student Alice Rosenbaum, enrollment was open and the majority of the students were anti-communist including, until removed, a few vocal opponents of the regime. Seeing that they were educatingclass enemies”, a purge was conducted in 1922 based on the class background of the students and all students, other than seniors, with a bourgeois background were expelled.

ໃນ 1924 the university was renamed Leningrad State University after its namesake city. In order to suppress intellectual opposition to Soviet power, a number of historians working in the university, including Sergey Platonov, Yevgeny Tarle and Boris Grekov, were imprisoned in the so-called Academic Affair of 1929–1930 on fabricated charges of participating in a counter-revolutionary conspiracy aimed at overthrowing the government. Some other members of the staff were repressed in 1937–1938 during the Great Purge.

During the 1941–1944 Siege of Leningrad in World War II, many of the students and staff died from starvation, in battles or from repressions. ຢ່າງໃດກໍຕາມ, the university operated continuously, evacuated to Saratov in 1942–1944. A branch of the university was hosted in Yelabuga during the war. ໃນ 1944 the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Soviet Union awarded the university with the Order of Lenin on the occasion of its 125th anniversary and for its contribution to science and culture.

ໃນ 1948 the Council of Ministers named the university after Andrei Zhdanov, a recently deceased prominent communist official. This decision was revoked in 1989 during Perestroika.

In 1949–1950 several professors died in prison during the investigation of the Leningrad Affair fabricated by the central Soviet leadership, and the Minister of Education of the RSFSR, former rector Alexander Voznesensky, was executed.

ໃນ 1966 the Council of Ministers decided to build a new suburban campus in Petrodvorets for most of the mathematics and natural science faculties. The relocation of the faculties had been completed by the 1990s.

ໃນ 1969 the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Soviet Union awarded the university with the Order of the Red Banner of Labour.

ໃນ 1991 the university was renamed back to Saint Petersburg State University after its namesake city.


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