University of Oxford

University of Oxford. Labākās augstskolas Lielbritānija. Study in Englad. Izglītība Bro - Study Abroad Magazine

University of Oxford Details

  • valsts : Apvienotā Karaliste
  • pilsēta : Oxford
  • akronīms : Oxford
  • dibināts : 1096
  • Studentiem (apm.) : 23000
  • Neaizmirstiet discuss University of Oxford
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Oksfordas Universitātes atšķirīgo struktūru, dzimis tās vēsturi, ir spēka avots.

Oxford ir koleģiāla universitāte, veido universitātes un koledžas centrālo. Centrālā Universitāte sastāv no akadēmisko struktūrvienību un pētniecības centriem, administratīvie departamenti, bibliotēkas un muzeji. The 38 koledžas ir pašpārvaldes un finansiāli neatkarīgas iestādes, kas saistīti ar universitātes centrālajā federālajā sistēmā. Ir arī seši pastāvīgie privātie zāles, kas tika dibināta ar dažādu kristīgo konfesiju un kas joprojām saglabā savu kristīgo raksturu.

Atšķirīgās lomas koledžas un universitātes ir attīstījušās laika gaitā.

koledžas

  • Izvēlieties un uzņemt studējošiem studentiem, un izvēlieties pēcdiploma studentiem, kad tie tiek uzņemti universitāte.
  • nodrošināt izmitināšanu, ēdieni, kopējas istabas, bibliotēkas, sporta un sociālajiem objektiem, un pastorālā aprūpe saviem studentiem.
  • Ir atbildīgi par pamācību mācīšanu par bakalaura.

Universitāte

  • Nosaka saturu kursu, kurā koledžas mācīšana notiek.
  • Organizē lekcijas, semināri un laboratorijas darbi.
  • Sniedz plašu resursu mācīšanas un mācīšanās veidā bibliotēku, laboratorijas, muzeji, skaitļošanas iekārtas, un tā tālāk.
  • Sniedz administratīvos pakalpojumus un centralizēti pārvalda studentu pakalpojumus, piemēram, konsultācijas un karjeru.
  • Atzīst un uzrauga pēcdiploma studentiem, un pārbauda darbus.
  • Sets un Marks izmeklējumi, un apbalvojumi grādi.

Koleģiālās sistēma ir pamatā universitātes panākumu, sniedzot studentu un akadēmiķu priekšrocības pieder gan liels, starptautiski slavens iestāde un mazs, starpdisciplināra akadēmiskā kopiena. Tā apvieno vadošos akadēmiķus un studentus visā priekšmetos un gadu grupām un no dažādām valstīm un kultūrām, palīdzot veicināt intensīvu starpdisciplināru pieeju, kas rosinātu daudz izcilu pētniecības sasniegumiem Universitātes un padara Oxford līderi tik daudzās jomās.

Skolas / Koledžas / Nodaļas / kursi / Fakultātes


Humanities division

MATHEMATICAL, PHYSICAL & LIFE SCIENCES DIVISION

MEDICAL SCIENCES DIVISION

SOCIAL SCIENCES DIVISION

Vēsture


the oldest university in the English-speaking world, Oxford is a unique and historic institution. There is no clear date of foundation, but teaching existed at Oxford in some form in 1096 and developed rapidly from 1167, when Henry II banned English students from attending the University of Paris.

uz 1188, the historian, Gerald of Wales, gave a public reading to the assembled Oxford dons and in around 1190 the arrival of Emo of Friesland, the first known overseas student, set in motion the University’s tradition of international scholarly links. līdz 1201, the University was headed by a magister scolarum Oxonie, on whom the title of Chancellor was conferred in 1214, un 1231 the masters were recognised as a universitāte or corporation.

In the 13th century, rioting between town and gown (townspeople and students) hastened the establishment of primitive halls of residence. These were succeeded by the first of Oxford’s colleges, which began as medieval ‘halls of residenceor endowed houses under the supervision of a Master. universitāte, Balliol and Merton Colleges, which were established between 1249 un 1264, are the oldest.

Less than a century later, Oxford had achieved eminence above every other seat of learning, and won the praises of popes, kings and sages by virtue of its antiquity, mācību programma, doctrine and privileges. uz 1355, Edward III paid tribute to the University for its invaluable contribution to learning; he also commented on the services rendered to the state by distinguished Oxford graduates.

From its early days, Oxford was a centre for lively controversy, with scholars involved in religious and political disputes. John Wyclif, a 14th-century Master of Balliol, campaigned for a Bible in the vernacular, against the wishes of the papacy. uz 1530, Henry VIII forced the University to accept his divorce from Catherine of Aragon, and during the Reformation in the 16th century, the Anglican churchmen Cranmer, Latimer and Ridley were tried for heresy and burnt at the stake in Oxford.

The University was Royalist in the Civil War, and Charles I held a counter-Parliament in Convocation House. In the late 17th century, the Oxford philosopher John Locke, suspected of treason, was forced to flee the country.

The 18th century, when Oxford was said to have forsaken port for politics, was also an era of scientific discovery and religious revival. Edmund Halley, Professor of Geometry, predicted the return of the comet that bears his name; John and Charles Wesley’s prayer meetings laid the foundations of the Methodist Society.

The University assumed a leading role in the Victorian era, especially in religious controversy. no 1833 onwards The Oxford Movement sought to revitalise the Catholic aspects of the Anglican Church. One of its leaders, John Henry Newman, became a Roman Catholic in 1845 and was later made a Cardinal. uz 1860 the new University Museum was the scene of a famous debate between Thomas Huxley, champion of evolution, and Bishop Wilberforce.

no 1878, academic halls were established for women and they were admitted to full membership of the University in 1920. Five all-male colleges first admitted women in 1974 un, kopš tā laika, all colleges have changed their statutes to admit both women and men. St Hilda’s College, which was originally for women only, was the last of Oxford’s single sex colleges. It has admitted both men and women since 2008.

During the 20th and early 21st centuries, Oxford added to its humanistic core a major new research capacity in the natural and applied sciences, ieskaitot zāles. In so doing, it has enhanced and strengthened its traditional role as an international focus for learning and a forum for intellectual debate.


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