Humboldt University of Berlin

Humboldt University of Berlin

Humboldt University of Berlin Details

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Overview


The Humboldt University of Berlin is one of Berlin’s oldest universities, naorina tamin'ny 15 Oktobra 1810 tahaka ny University of Berlin (Universität zu Berlin) ny liberaly Prosianina fanabeazana fanavaozana sy linguistWilhelm of Humboldt, izay anjerimanontolo modely hafa dia tena nanampy Eoropeana sy ny tandrefana anjerimanontolo. From 1828 dia fantatra amin'ny anarana hoe ny Frederick William University (Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität), ary taty aoriana (ofisialy) koa araka ny University unter davaky Linden araka ny toerana misy azy ao amin'ny lapan'ny Printsy teo aloha Henry ny Prusse (1726-1802) izay rahalahiny, Mpanjaka Frederick II, nataony ho azy teo anelanelan'i 1748 ary 1753 amin'ny lalana unter davaky Linden. In 1949, dia nanova ny anarany ho Humboldt University ho fanomezam-boninahitra ny mpanorina ny roa Wilhelm sy ny rahalahiny, Alexander von Humboldt jeografia. In 2012, ny Humboldt University of Berlin dia iraika ambin'ny folo alemà iray amin'ireo oniversite mba handresy ao amin'ny Anjerimanontolo alemà Excellence Initiative, -pirenena ho an'ny anjerimanontolo fifaninanana nokarakarain'ny Governemanta Federaly Alemana. Ny anjerimanontolo dia nahita fianarana 29 Nobel Prize winners and is considered one of the most prestigious universities in Europe overall as well as one of the most prestigious universities worldwide for arts and humanities.

Faly isika fa ianao no liana amin'ny fianarana amin'ny Humboldt-Universität ho enim-bolana na herintaona. Isan-karazany ny fahalalana sy fety mitovy amin'ny fampianarana azy ireo dia fanalahidy ho amin'ny Humboldtian hevitra ny fanabeazana. Mpianatra iraisam-pirenena izay te-handany ny ampahany amin'ny Mazava ho azy fa amin'ny Humboldt-Universitaet na efa nisoratra anarana ho mari-pahaizana eto no tena miarahaba. Izy ireo akademika anjara ny fahaizana manokana sy ny fomba fijery iraisam-pirenena ho amin'ny fianarana ambony Forum, Humboldt manome fahafahana ireo mpianatra mba hahafantatra ny hafa karazana fahalalana sy kolontsaina hafa ao amin'ny fampianarana ambony. Resy lahatra izahay fa ianareo dia ho afaka ny hahatratra ny fianarana vokatra anao niainga mba hahazo na pianarana sy ny kolontsaina raha mameno fahalalana ny Humboldt làlana.

Masìna ianao, alao manamarika fa ireo mpianatra iraisam-pirenena izay tsy anisan'ny fandaharana ny fifanakalozana ary tsy hanao vatsim-pianarana nankatoavina iray funder, afaka ihany nirotsaka ho tsy mari-pahaizana mpianatra amin'ny toe-javatra miavaka.

Ireto manaraka ireto vohikala dia hamaly fanontaniana maro sy manondro avy toro-lalana mba hijery. Ho an'ireo izay liana amin'ny fahazoana ankapobe momba ny antokony natolotra tamin'ny teny anglisy tao amin'ny enim-bolana amin'izao fotoana izao, ny Snapshot azo jerena ato.

 

sekoly / Colleges / Departments / Courses / fahaizanareo


  • Faculty ny Lalàna
  • Faculty ny Matematika sy Natural Siansa (jeografia, Informatika, Matematika, Simia, Fizìka)
  • Faculty Fiainana Sciences (Agriculture and Horticulture, Haiaina, Psychology)
  • Charité – Berlin University Medicine
  • Faculty ny filozofia I (filozofia, History, European Ethnology, Department of Library and Information Science)
  • Faculty ny filozofia II (Haisoratra, Haiteny, Scandinavian Studies, Romance literatures, English and American Studies, Slavic Studies, Classical Philology)
  • Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences (Social Sciences, Cultural Studies/Arts, Asian/African Studies (includes Archeology), Gender Studies, Sport science, RehabilitationStudies, fanabeazana, Quality Management in Education)
  • Faculty ny Teolojia
  • Faculty ny Toekarena sy Fandraharahàna Administration

History


he first semester at the newly founded Berlin university occurred in 1810 amin'ny 256 mpianatra ary 52 lecturers in faculties of law, fanafody, theology and philosophy under rector Theodor Schmalz. The university has been home to many of Germany’s greatest thinkers of the past two centuries, among them the subjective idealist philosopher Johann Gottlieb Fichte, the theologian Friedrich Schleiermacher, the absolute idealist philosopher G.W.F. Hegel, the Romantic legal theorist Friedrich Carl von Savigny, the pessimist philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer, the objective idealist philosopher Friedrich Schelling, cultural critic Walter Benjamin, and famous physicists Albert Einstein and Max Planck. The founders of Marxist theory Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels attended the university, as did poet Heinrich Heine, novelist Alfred Döblin, founder of structuralism Ferdinand de Saussure, German unifier Otto von Bismarck, Communist Party of Germany founder Karl Liebknecht, African American Pan Africanist W. E. B. Du Bois and European unifier Robert Schuman, as well as the influential surgeon Johann Friedrich Dieffenbach in the early half of the 1800s. The university is home to 29 Loka Nobel mpandresy.

The structure of German research-intensive universities, such as Humboldt, served as a model for institutions like Johns Hopkins University. koa, it has been claimed thatthe ‘Humboldtianuniversity became a model for the rest of Europe with its central principle being the union of teaching and research in the work of the individual scholar or scientist.

In addition to the strong anchoring of traditional subjects, such as science, lalàna, filozofia, tantara, theology and medicine, Berlin University developed to encompass numerous new scientific disciplines. Alexander von Humboldt, brother of the founder William, promoted the new learning. With the construction of modern research facilities in the second half of the 19th Century teaching of the natural sciences began. Famous researchers, such as the chemist August Wilhelm Hofmann, the physicist Hermann von Helmholtz, the mathematicians Ernst Eduard Kummer, Leopold Kronecker,Karl Weierstrass, the physicians Johannes Peter Müller, Albrecht von Graefe, Rudolf Virchow andRobert Koch, contributed to Berlin University’s scientific fame.

During this period of enlargement, Berlin University gradually expanded to incorporate other previously separate colleges in Berlin. An example would be the Charité, the Pépinière and the Collegium Medico-chirurgicum. In 1717, King Friedrich I had built a quarantine house for Plague at the city gates, izay in 1727 was rechristened by thesoldier kingFriedrich Wilhelm: “Es soll das Haus die Charité heißen” (It will be called Charité [French for fiantrana]). By 1829 the site became Berlin University’s medical campus and remained so until 1927 when the more modern University Hospital was constructed.

Berlin University started a natural history collection in 1810, which, amin'ny 1889 required a separate building and became the Museum für Naturkunde. The preexisting Tierarznei School, naorina in 1790 and absorbed by the university, in 1934 formed the basis of the Veterinary Medicine Facility (Grundstock der Veterinärmedizinischen Fakultät). Also the Landwirtschaftliche Hochschule Berlin (Agricultural University of Berlin), naorina in 1881 was affiliated with the Agricultural Faculties of the University.

taorian'ny 1933, like all German universities, it was affected by the Nazi regime. The rector during this period was Eugen Fischer. It was from the university’s library that some 20,000 books bydegeneratesand opponents of the regime were taken to be burned on May 10 of that year in the Opernplatz (now the Bebelplatz) for a demonstration protected by the SA that also featured a speech by Joseph Goebbels. A monument to this can now be found in the center of the square, consisting of a glass panel opening onto an underground white room with empty shelf space for 20,000 volumes and a plaque, bearing an epigraph from an 1820 work by Heinrich Heine: “Das war ein Vorspiel nur, dort wo man Bücher verbrennt, verbrennt man am Ende auch Menschen” (“This was but a prelude; where they burn books, they ultimately burn people”).

The Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service (alemaina “Gesetz zur Wiederherstellung des Berufsbeamtentums”) resulted in 250 Jewish professors and employees being fired during 1933/1934 and numerous doctorates being withdrawn. Students and scholars and political opponents of Nazis were ejected from the university and often deported. During this time nearly one third of all of the staff were fired by the Nazis.

The Soviet Military Administration in Germany (SMAD) ordered (Befehl-Nr. 4) the opening of the university in January 1946. The SMAD wanted a redesigned Berlin University based on the Soviet model, however they insisted on the phrasingnewly openedand notre-openedfor political reasons. The president of the German Central Administration for National Education (DZVV), Paul Wandel, in his address at the January 29, 1946, opening ceremony, said: “I spoke of the opening, and not of the re-opening of the university. The University of Berlin must effectively start again in almost every way. You have before you this image of the old university. What remains of that is nought but ruins.The teaching was limited to seven departments working in reopened, war-damaged buildings, with many of the teachers dead or missing. Na izany aza, by the winter semester of 1946, the Economic and Educational Sciences Faculty had re-opened.

The Workers and Peasants Faculty (alemaina: Arbeiter-und-Bauern-Fakultät) (ABF), an education program aimed at young men who, due to political or racial reasons, had been disadvantaged under the Nazis, was established at the university during this time. This program existed at Berlin University until 1962.


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