University o Göttingen

University o Göttingen

University o Göttingen Taipitopito

Whakauru i University o Göttingen

Overview


te University o Göttingen , mohiotia ōpaki rite Georgia Augusta, Ko te whare wānanga rangahau whānui tūmatanui i roto i te pa o Göttingen, Germany. whakaturia i roto i 1734 e George II, Kingi o Ingarangi nui me kaipōti o Hanover, a tīmata ngā akomanga i roto i 1737, Ko te whare wānanga te matamua i roto i te āhua o Lower Saxony me te nui rawa i roto i te whakaurunga ākonga, e tu ana i tetahi taha 26,000. Home ki maha tau tuhia, tohu reira tetahi o pūtahi hītori, me te tuku iho o Germany. kua karangatia e Göttingen “te pa o te pūtaiao”.

Göttingen Ko tetahi o nga whare wānanga tino whaimana i roto i Germany, tautoko i mua i te Tiamana Universities Kairangi Initiative. Ki te mema i roto i Coimbra Group me a tawhio noa 45 toa Nobel, te whare wānanga pai ingoa nui o te ao. Te whare wānanga pupuritia hononga kaha ki ngā whare rangahau matua e hāngai ana i roto i Göttingen rite te pai, rawa te hunga o te Max Panēke Society mo te Advancement o Pūtaiao me te Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Scientific Hapori. ki te āhua 4.5 miriona rōrahi, kī te Göttingen State me University Library roto i nga whare pukapuka nui rawa i roto i Germany.

I runga i te pūtake o ona whakatutukitanga i roto i te rangahau me te whakaako, rapu Georg-August-Universität Göttingen ki whakanui i tona ingoa te ao na roto i te tutonu i runga i ona kaha motuhake:

  • Internationality – te whakarei ake i tona kaha ki te kukume pūtaiao, pūkenga me ngā ākonga i waho; roha o whatunga ao me ngā hononga mō te poipoi rangahau me te kuao pūtaiao
  • whakaako me te ako e hāngai ana Rangahau- – whanaketanga o ngā hōtaka ako e pā ana-rangahau, me te whakangungu occupationally-āratou me atu akoranga mātauranga, kura paetahi, me ngā rōpū rangahau teina i roto i nei pūkenga taitamariki me pūtaiao whakahaere rangahau motuhake
  • Interdisciplinarity me te kanorau – intensifying te mahi tahi i waenganui i nga momo me te pāpori, sciences māori me te ora, me te tiaki o te kanorau kaupapa i roto i te ngākau nuitanga o te raruraru-rapanga ki te hanga i te heke mai
  • mana motuhake – te whakapakari i te whaiaro fatongia-o te Whare Wānanga ano he Public Law Foundation, tae atu hoki e o ona papa, aravihi me ngā pūtahi
  • Mahi tahi ki te pūtahi wānanga-kore – whakawhānui me te institutionalizing te mahi tahi ki te ngä rangahau e tika ana i roto i te pūtaiao, tauhokohoko me te hapori

kura / Colleges / tari / kōhi / aravihi


Hītori


I roto i 1734, Kingi George II o Great Britain, ko wai hoki kaipōti o Hanover, hoatu ana Pirimia i roto i Hanover, Gerlach Adolph von Munchausen, te tikanga ki te whakatū i te whare wānanga i roto i Göttingen ki tohaina nga whakaaro o te haere noa mātauranga me te maramarama i te mau taime o te Pākehā Māmá. te tīmatanga, nga whare hou anake hangaia mo te whakatuwheratanga o te whare wānanga ko te whare e noho ana, me te fencinghouse, i ngā akoranga whakaako i roto i te ohu Paulinerkirche ko e hāngai ana Dominican, ranei i roto i nga kāinga o ahorangi. I hanga No sipoti whare wānanga tae noa pai ki te rau tau 19.

I roto i te toenga o te rau tau 18, ko te Whare Wānanga o Göttingen i te ana'iraa runga o whare wānanga Tiamana, me tona wairua noa me te huru o te tūhura pūtaiao me te rangahau. Famous noa to tatou ra ko Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, te tuatahi ki te pupuri i te ahorangitanga (1769-99) āta whakatapua ki te ahupūngao whakamātau i roto i Germany. Na roto i te 1812, riro Göttingen i te whare wānanga hou te ao whakaae ki te whare pukapuka o neke atu i te 250,000 pukapuka.

I roto i nga tau tuatahi o te University o Göttingen ka mohiotia ai mo tona manga o te ture. I roto i te rau tau 18 Johann Stephan pānuku, te akonga tino whaimana o te ture tūmatanui i taua wa, whakaako jus publicum konei mo te hawhe rau. i Ngā te kaupapa ngā ākonga: pērā i Klemens von Metternich, takawaenga i muri ko Pirimia o Austria, ko Wilhelm von Humboldt, nei i muri whakapumautia te University o Berlin. I roto i 1809 Arthur Schopenhauer, te philosopho German pai mohiotia hoki tona mahi Te Ao rite Will me Representation, ka he ākonga i te whare wānanga, te wahi ako ia metaphysics me hinengaro i raro i Gottlob Ernst Schulze, e tohutohu ana ia ki te aro i runga i Plato ko Kant.

Na roto i te rau tau o te whare wānanga i roto i 1837, I mohiotia tenei e rite te “whare wānanga o te ture”, rite te ākonga whakauru e te manga o te ture maha hanga ake neke atu i te hawhe o ngā ākonga o te whare wānanga. riro Göttingen he Mecca mo te ako o te ture tūmatanui i roto i Germany. Heinrich Heine, te rohi pehe Tiamana rongonui, ako ture a ka whakawhiwhia te tohu o Dr.iur..

Heoi, raruraru tōrangapū, i roto i nei i uru e rua ahorangi me ngā ākonga, tuku iho te tae ki 860 i roto i 1834. Te pana i roto i 1837 o nga ahorangi e whitu - Te Göttingen whitu - te Germanist, Wilhelm Eduard Albrecht (1800-1876); te tumu kōrero Friedrich Christoph Dahlmann (1785-1860); te orientalist Georg Heinrich August Ewald (1803-1875); te tumu kōrero Georg Gottfried Gervinus (1805-1875); te physicistWilhelm Eduard Weber (1804-1891); me nga philologists, nga teina Jakob (1785-1863) ko Wilhelm Grimm (1786-1859), hoki whakatupato ki te whakakorenga e Kingi Ernest Akuhata ahau o Hanover o te kaupapa ture ohaoha o 1833, heke atu te te pai o te whare wānanga. I mua ki tenei, i whakaako nga Brothers Grimm konei, ka haaputuhia te Dictionary German tuatahi.

I roto i te rau tau 19, Gustav Hugo, te matamua[whakamārama e hiahiatia ana] o te kura hītori o te ture, andRudolf o Jhering, he jurist nei i hanga te ariā o “Culpa i roto i te kirimana” a tuhituhi Battle mō te Matau, whakaako i konei ka tonu te ingoa o te manga o te ture. Otto von Bismarck, te kaihanga matua, me te Chancellor tuatahi o te rua o nga Empire Tiamana, i ako hoki ture i roto i Göttingen i 1833: noho ia i roto i te whare iti i runga i te “Wall”, mohiotia nei rite “Bismarck Cottage”. E ai ki ngā kōrero, noho ia i reira no te mea i meinga tona rowdiness ki kia rāhuitia i ora i roto i te taiepa pa ia.

hoki i Göttingen, he arotahi ki runga i te pūtaiao taiao, rawa pāngarau. Ua haapii Carl Friedrich Gauss konei i roto i te rau tau 19. Bernhard Rēimāna, Pita Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet me te maha o mathematicians tino hanga o ratou takoha ki te pāngarau ki konei. Na roto i te 1900, Rawiri Hilbert me

I roto i 1903, taua ona kaimahi whakaako 121 me ona ākonga 1529. piri Ludwig Prandtl te whare wānanga i roto i 1904, a whakawhanakehia ana e ia ki te rangatira i roto i rehe inu, me te i roto i motupaika i runga i te tekau tau e rua i muri mai. I roto i 1925, I whakaritea Prandtl rite te kaiwhakahaere o te Kaiser Wilhelm Institute mō Mechanics inu. whakaurua e ia te ariā o te apa rohe, a whakaturia motupaika pāngarau mā te tātai rere o te hau i roto i te ahunga iho te hau. E rave rahi o ngā ākonga o Prandtl haere i runga i ki te hanga takoha faufaa ki motupaika.

Mai 1921 ki 1933, I arahina te rōpū ahupūngao ariā e Max Born, nei, i roto i tenei wa, ka tetahi o nga discoverers e toru o te ariā kore-relativistic o rehe aronui. kia hoki ia i te tuatahi ki te tono tona hononga probabilistic ki te ahupūngao puāwaitanga. Ko reira tetahi o nga pokapū matua o te whanaketanga o te ahupūngao hou.

ki te rā, 47 Kua ako Nobel laureates, whakaako hanga ranei takoha konei. Te nuinga o enei paraihe i hoatu i roto i te hawhe tuatahi o te rau tau 20, i huaina te “Göttingen Nobel taonga miharo”.

Ko te ihi Tiamana o te pūkaha kōpana, Pabst von Ohain, ako hoki motupaika i Goettingen raro Ludwig Prandtl.

ki te tupu tonu rangahau pāpori me te ako o reia. Edmund Husserl, te philosopho me mōhiotia rite te ofphenomenology papa, whakaako i konei. Max Weber, ako i konei te sociologist mō te wāhanga kotahi.

I roto i tenei wa, ka te reo Tiamana te reo mātauranga ao. He maha o dissertations i te UK me te US i taitara Tiamana. kia whakaaro kotahi ka i he whakangungu mātauranga oti anake, no ka ako tetahi i roto i Germany. Ko te kupu, i whakakake o ka ako i roto i Germany maha ākonga American, a i te University o Göttingen pānga hohonu i runga i te US. He maha o kaitōrangapū American, te ture, hītori me kaituhi riro ratou mātauranga i rua Harvard me Göttingen. hei tauira,Edward Everett, kotahi Hekeretari o State ko peresideni o University Harvard, noho i roto i te Göttingen mō te rua tau o te ako. pau George Ticknor rua tau ako Talafungani i Göttingen. John Lothrop Motley, he takawaenga me te kōrero, ara i auhoaraa whaiaro ki Otto von Bismark i roto i tona ako tau-rua-roa i roto i Göttingen. George Bancroft, he kaitōrangapū me te kōrero, ara riro tona PhD i te University o Göttingen i 1820.

I muri te Pakanga II o te Ao, te University o Göttingen ko te whare wānanga tuatahi i roto i te Rohe uru ki te kia anō-whakatuwheratia i raro i te mana o Ingarangi i roto i 1945. Jürgen Habermas, he philosopho Tiamana, me te sociologist, whaia tona ako konei i roto i Göttingen. i muri mai, Richard von Weizsäcker, te Peresideni o mua o Germany, roaa tona Dr.Jur. here.Gerhard Schröder, te Chancellor mua o Germany, tuite hoki i te kura o te ture i konei i roto i Göttingen, a ka meinga e ia te rōia i muri.

ngā Pirika Klein i mathematicians i huri noa i te ao ki Göttingen, i hanga Göttingen he ao tūruhi o pāngarau i te timatanga o te rau tau 20.

I roto i tenei wā, te University o Göttingen tutuki ona tihi mātauranga.

 


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