- Saint Petersburg State University
Saint Petersburg State University
Hoki neke atu i te 290 tau, st. Kua University Petersburg kua tukua ki atu pūtaiao, whakaputa matauranga me te whakangungu ngaio tino. He taonga i roto i te aamu i te University - rā te reira hoki ki 1724, ka whakaturia Pita te nui te Academy o Pūtaiao me Toi me te Whare Wānanga Academic tuatahi i roto i Russia.
Nga alumni SPbU rongonui ko te pūtake o te whakapehapeha, me te tū rangatira, e faauru ia tatou ki te hira me te whakanui i to tatou faito puai i roto i te rangahau me te mātauranga. I roto i to tatou alumni me ngā kaimahi, reira he he maha faahiahia o te iwi ao-rongonui, i roto i te ngā, toa Nobel: physiologist Ivan Pavlov, kaikoiora Ilya Mechnikov, tinana kēmihi Nikolay Semyonov, physicists LEV Landau ko Aleksandr Prokhorov, philosopho me ohanga Leonid Kantorovich. Ko te hoki SPbU he mater alma mo kairangahau tino, pūkenga, mātauranga, kau taki tōrangapū me te pāpori: Dmitry Mendeleev, Vladimir Vernadsky, ko Dmitry Likhachev ki te ingoa engari he torutoru. au te ao i to tatou feia faatere o te ahurea tino rongonui University, kaituhi me toi: Ivan Turgenev, Pavel Bryullov, Alexander poraka, Alexander Benois, Sergei Diaghilev ko Ikoa Stravinsky. I roto i te alumni University, He whakakake ki te whakahua i te feia faatere o te Kawanatanga Russian ano matou: Boris Whakamua, Alexander Kerensky, Vladimir Lenin, Peresideni o te Federation Russian Vladimir Putin me Dmitry Medvedev.
teie mahana, e toru tenetere i muri i whakapumautia reira, Kei te tohe Gas Station, rite ki te aroaro o, ki te arahi rangahau me te mātauranga i runga i te tauine motu, me te ao. Na roto i te mau mai i tahi ngā tikanga me innovations, st. whakatakoto Petersburg University te rere hoki te whanaketanga o te pūtaiao, mātauranga me te ahurea i roto i Russia me puta noa te ao.
SPbU tino āo ona ākonga me ngā kaimahi mo te pai o te whānuitanga kanorau o ngā whai wāhitanga mō te mātauranga, rangahau me te whanaketanga whaiaro: te Puna Rangahau momona ingoa i muri M. Gorky, he Research Park kāwanatanga-o-te-toi, taiwhanga ahu e ārahi pūtaiao, taonga, he whare whakaputa, karapu hākinakina, he kuaea University, tā me'alea, whakaari me te kanikani tari, me te pera i runga i.
i roto i te Whiringa 2009, Peresideni o te Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev hainatia te ture me te homai St. Petersburg University ko Moscow State University te mana motuhake o 'complexes pūtaiao me te mātauranga ahurei, nga pūtahi matamua o te mātauranga teitei i roto i Russia te o te faufaa rahi ki te whanaketanga o te hapori Russian '. I homai SPbU he monū ki whakaturia ona ake paerewa mātauranga me Tohu ona ake pōkairua.
Ite i te University tuatahi Russian inaianei.
Nau mai ki teihana hau!
Nou hoki te faatura,
teihana hau Rector
whakaturia i roto i 1724 e Pita te nui, Saint Petersburg University ko ki riro i te whare tuatahi o te mātauranga teitei i roto i Russia. SPbU Ko te whare wānanga Russian ārahi ki te whakaako me te kairangi rangahau runga i roto i ngä whare wänanga runga o te ao. E tuwhera ki te mahi matou me pārekareka hononga kaha ki te rangahau o te ao, me te hapori mātauranga. mahi SPbU pūtaiao i roto i tata mara katoa o te matauranga, whakarato tohungatanga me te kōrero i roto i te mahi tahi tata ki hoa Russian, me te ao. kua maha mataotao tino he wahi o te hapori SPbU, tae atu e iwa Nobel toa: te physiologist Ivan Pavlov, kaikoiora Ilya Mechnikov, ahupūngao me te kēmihi Nikolay Semyonov, physicists LEV Landau ko Aleksandr Prokhorov, philosopho me ohanga Wassily Leontief me te mathematician me ohanga Leonid Kantorovich.
I roto i University alumni ko te peresideni o te Russian Federation Vladimir Putin, Prime-Minita Dmitry Medvedev, Kaiwhakahaere o te Hermitage Mikhail Piotrovskiy, Peresideni o te Russian Academy o te Mātauranga Liudmila Verbitskaya, mathematicians Grigoriy Perelman me Sergey Smirnov rite pai rite te tokomaha noa atu.
st. Petersburg University teie mahana
- 30,000 ngā ākonga
- 6,000 mau melo o te kaimahi
- 106 hōtaka paetahi
- 205 hōtaka ariki me ngā wāhi o te whāiti
- 263 hōtaka paetahi täkutatanga
- 29 hōtaka noho haumanu
- ākonga te ao i runga i 70 whenua
- mo 3 000 international students on degree and non-degree programs
- 350 whare wānanga hoa
- te whare wānanga pai Rangahau Park i roto i Russia
- 7,000,000 pukapuka i roto i te kohinga o te Whare Wānanga Research Library
- pōkairua whakaputaina i roto i te Russian me Ingarihi
- 12,800 wahi i roto i te fare o te noho
- mātātoa te whai wāhitanga ngā ākonga i roto i te tukanga mātauranga;
- te whakatutukitanga pai o te pūmanawa takitahi o te ākonga;
- Whakaaro tūturu e - Pākehā Pūnaha Whakawhiti Credit;
- E hangaia marau mātauranga rite ki te parau tumu modular;
- hōtaka utu ākonga ki whare wānanga hoa
- waihanga kaupapa me tunga mahi i kamupene Russian, me te ao ārahi;
- whai wāhi ki te whakaurunga rangahau ahurei, hangarau me te kuputuhi-ki tonu i pātengi hiko;
- hangarau mātauranga hou;
- kāwanatanga-o-te-toi taputapu rangahau;
- karahipi kāwanatanga mo te kaitono te ao pai tīpakohia (akoranga free me te noho utu);
- faingamālie ki te rangatira Russian i te Institute o te Reo Russian me Culture.
kura / Colleges / tari / kōhi / aravihi
- Faculty of Applied Mathematics and Control Processes
- Faculty o Biology
- Institute of Chemistry
- Faculty of Dentistry and Medical Technology
- Faculty o Economics
- Institute of Earth Sciences
- Institute of History
- School of International Relations
- Manga Ture
- Faculty of Liberal Arts and Sciences
- Faculty of Mathematics and Mechanics
- Faculty o Medicine
- Faculty of Oriental Studies
- Faculty o Toi
- Faculty o philology
- Institute of Philosophy
- Faculty o Ahupūngao
- Faculty of Political Science
- Faculty o Psychology
- Faculty of Sociology
- Graduate School o Whakahaere
- Military Faculty
- School of Journalism and Mass Communications
- Faculty of Applied Communications
- Faculty o Journalism
It is disputed by the university administration whether Saint Petersburg State University or Moscow State University is the oldest higher education institution in Russia. While the latter was established in 1755, the former, which has been in continuous operation since 1819, claims to be the successor of the university established along with the Academic Gymnasium and the Saint Petersburg Academy of Sciences on January 24, 1724 by a decree of Peter the Great.
I roto i te wā i waenganui i 1804 a 1819, Saint Petersburg University officially did not exist; the institution founded by Peter the Great, the Saint Petersburg Academy, had already been disbanded, because the new 1803 charter of the Academy of Sciences stipulated that there should be no educational institutions affiliated with it.
The Petersburg Pedagogical Institute, renamed the Main Pedagogical Institute in 1814, I whakapumautia i roto i 1804 and occupied a part of the Twelve Collegia building. I te Hui-tanguru 8, 1819 (O.S.), Alexander I of Russia reorganized the Main Pedagogical Institute into Saint Petersburg University, which at that time consisted of three faculties: Faculty of Philosophy and Law, Faculty of History and Philology and Faculty of Physics and Mathematics. The Main Pedagogical Institute (where Dmitri Mendeleev studied) was restored in 1828 as an educational institution independent of Saint Petersburg University, and trained teachers until it was finally closed in 1859.
I roto i 1821 the university was renamed Saint Petersburg Imperial University. I roto i 1823 most of the university moved from the Twelve Collegia to the southern part of the city beyond the Fontanka. I roto i 1824 a modified version of the charter of Moscow University was adopted as the first charter of the Saint Petersburg Imperial University. I roto i 1829 i reira i 19 ahorangi ki tonu i a 169 full-time and part-time students at the university. I roto i 1830 Tsar Nicholas returned the entire building of the Twelve Collegia back to the university, and courses resumed there. I roto i 1835 a new Charter of the Imperial Universities of Russia was approved. It provided for the establishment of the Faculty of Law, the Faculty of History and Philology, and the Faculties of Physics and Mathematics were merged into the Faculty of Philosophy as the 1st and 2nd Departments, aua.
I roto i 1849 after the Spring of Nations the Senate of the Russian Empire decreed that the Rector should be appointed by the Minister of National Enlightenment rather than elected by the Assembly of the university. Heoi, Pyotr Pletnyov was reappointed Rector and ultimately became the longest-serving rector of Saint Petersburg University (1840–1861).
I roto i 1855 Oriental studies were separated from the Faculty of History and Philology, and the fourth faculty, Faculty of Oriental Languages, was formally inaugurated on August 27, 1855.
In 1859–1861 female part-time students could attend lectures in the university. I roto i 1861 i reira i 1,270 full-time and 167 part-time students in the university, o ratou 498 were in the Faculty of Law, the largest subdivision. But this subdivision had the cameral studies department, where students learnt safety, occupational health and environmental engineering management and science, including chemistry, koiora, agronomy along with law and philosophy. Many Russian, Georgian etc. kaiwhakahaere, engineers and scientists studied at the Faculty of law therefore. During 1861–1862 there was student unrest in the university, and it was temporarily closed twice during the year. The students were denied freedom of assembly and placed under police surveillance, and public lectures were forbidden. Many students were expelled. After the unrest, i roto i 1865, anake 524 students remained.
A decree of the Emperor Alexander II of Russia adopted on 18 Hui-tanguru 1863 restored the right of the university assembly to elect the rector. It also formed the new faculty of the theory and history of art as part of the faculty of history and philology.
I roto i te Maehe 1869, student unrest shook the university again but on a smaller scale. Na roto i te 1869, 2,588 students had graduated from the university.
I roto i 1880 the Ministry of National Enlightenment forbade students to marry and married persons could not be admitted. I roto i 1882 another student unrest took place in the university. I roto i 1884 a new Charter of the Imperial Russian Universities was adopted, which granted the right to appoint the rector to the Minister of National Enlightenment again. I te Maehe 1, 1887 (O.S.) a group of the university students was arrested while planning an attempt on the life of Alexander III of Russia. Ka rite ki te hua, new admission rules to gymnasiums and universities were approved by the Minister of National Enlightenment Ivan Delyanov in 1887, which barred persons of ignoble origin from admission to the university, unless they were extraordinarily talented.
Na roto i te 1894, 9,212 students had graduated from the university. Among the renowned scholars of the second half of the 19th century affiliated with the university were mathematician Pafnuty Chebyshev, physicist Heinrich Lenz, chemists Dmitri Mendeleev andAleksandr Butlerov, embryologist Alexander Kovalevsky, physiologist Ivan Sechenov, pedologist Vasily Dokuchaev. I te Maehe 24, 1896 (O.S.), on the campus of the university Alexander Popov publicly demonstrated transmission of radio waves for the first time in history.
As of January 1, 1900 (O.S.), i reira i 2,099 students enrolled in the Faculty of Law, 1,149 students in the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics, 212 students in the Faculty of Oriental Languages and 171 students in the Faculty of History and Philology. I roto i 1902 the first student dining hall in Russia was opened in the university.
Since about 1897 regular strikes and student unrest shook the university and spread to other institutions of higher education across Russia. During the Revolution of 1905 the charter of the Russian universities was amended once more, the autonomy of the universities was partially restored and the right to elect the rector was returned to the academic board for the first time since 1884. In 1905–1906 the university was temporarily closed due to student unrest. Its autonomy was revoked again in 1911. In the same year the university was once again temporarily closed.
I roto i 1914 with the start of the First World War, the university was renamed Petrograd Imperial University after its namesake city. During the War the university was the important center of mobilization of Russian intellectual resources and scholarship for the victory. I roto i 1915 a branch of the university was opened in Perm, which later became Perm State University. The Assembly of Petrograd Imperial University openly welcomed the February Revolution of 1917, which put an end to the Russian monarchy, and the university came to be known as just Petrograd University. Heoi, after the October Revolution of 1917, the staff and administration of the university were initially vocally opposed to the Bolshevik takeover of power and reluctant to cooperate with the Narkompros. Later in 1917–1922 during the Russian Civil War some of the staff suspected of counter-revolutionary sympathies suffered imprisonment (hei tauira, Lev Shcherba in 1919), execution, or exile abroad on the so-called Philosophers’ ships in 1922 (hei tauira, Nikolai Lossky). I tua atu, the entire staff suffered from hunger and extreme poverty during those years.
I roto i 1918 the university was renamed 1st Petrograd State University, me i roto i 1919 the Narkompros merged it with the 2nd PSU (former Psychoneurological Institute) and 3rd PSU (former Bestuzhev Higher Courses for Women) into Petrograd State University. I roto i 1919 the Faculty of Social Science was established by the Narkompros instead of the Faculty of History and Philology, Faculty of Oriental Languages and Faculty of Law. Nicholas Marr became the first Dean of the new faculty. Chemist Alexey Favorsky became the Dean of the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics. Rabfaks and free university courses were opened on the basis of the university to provide mass education. I roto i te hinga o 1920, as observed by freshman student Alice Rosenbaum, enrollment was open and the majority of the students were anti-communist including, until removed, a few vocal opponents of the regime. Seeing that they were educating “class enemies”, a purge was conducted in 1922 based on the class background of the students and all students, other than seniors, with a bourgeois background were expelled.
I roto i 1924 the university was renamed Leningrad State University after its namesake city. In order to suppress intellectual opposition to Soviet power, a number of historians working in the university, including Sergey Platonov, Yevgeny Tarle and Boris Grekov, were imprisoned in the so-called Academic Affair of 1929–1930 on fabricated charges of participating in a counter-revolutionary conspiracy aimed at overthrowing the government. Some other members of the staff were repressed in 1937–1938 during the Great Purge.
During the 1941–1944 Siege of Leningrad in World War II, many of the students and staff died from starvation, in battles or from repressions. Heoi, the university operated continuously, evacuated to Saratov in 1942–1944. A branch of the university was hosted in Yelabuga during the war. I roto i 1944 the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Soviet Union awarded the university with the Order of Lenin on the occasion of its 125th anniversary and for its contribution to science and culture.
I roto i 1948 the Council of Ministers named the university after Andrei Zhdanov, a recently deceased prominent communist official. This decision was revoked in 1989 during Perestroika.
In 1949–1950 several professors died in prison during the investigation of the Leningrad Affair fabricated by the central Soviet leadership, and the Minister of Education of the RSFSR, former rector Alexander Voznesensky, was executed.
I roto i 1966 the Council of Ministers decided to build a new suburban campus in Petrodvorets for most of the mathematics and natural science faculties. The relocation of the faculties had been completed by the 1990s.
I roto i 1969 the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Soviet Union awarded the university with the Order of the Red Banner of Labour.
I roto i 1991 the university was renamed back to Saint Petersburg State University after its namesake city.
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