- Universiti Tulane
Tulane University adalah sebuah institusi swasta yang ditubuhkan pada 1834.
Yuran pengajian di Tulane Universityare $50,000 (Aprox.).
Di Universiti Tulane, terletak di pusat bandar New Orleans, pelajar boleh mengalami berkembang maju - bandar yang terkenal dengan lebih daripada sekadar sambutan Mardi Gras yang serak - dan mewujudkan semula. Sekolah ini dibahagikan antara kampus Uptown, lokasi utamanya, dan kampus Downtown, pusat untuk program sains kesihatan. The French Quarter, kira-kira empat batu dari kampus utama, ialah tempat pelancongan yang popular dikenali dengan tempat kejadian muziknya, kehidupan malam dan beli-belah. Mahasiswa dan pelajar senior mesti hidup di kampus, kecuali pelajar menetap dalam negara dengan ibu bapa, berkahwin atau lebih tua daripada 21. Terdapat lebih daripada 200 pertubuhan pelajar di kampus, termasuk kira-kira 20 sororities dan persaudaraan. Kira-kira satu perempat daripada pelajar yang terlibat dalam sistem Yunani. The Tulane Green Wave pasukan sukan bersaing dalam Persidangan Olahraga Bahagian I American, dan warna sekolah berwarna hijau zaitun dan biru. Melalui Tulane After Dark, pelajar boleh memilih dari pelbagai aktiviti petang seperti konsert, rancangan komedi dan pihak misteri pembunuhan. Sejak Hurricane Katrina, beratus-ratus pelajar setahun secara sukarela dalam usaha khidmat masyarakat untuk membina semula bandar.
Sekolah ini mempunyai sebuah sekolah undang-undang yang dianggap, dan Pusat Pengajian Kesihatan Awam dan Perubatan Tropika adalah satu-satunya sekolah khusus seumpamanya di Amerika Syarikat. Sekolah ini menerima pembiayaan dari National Institutes of Health untuk menubuhkan sebuah Pusat Antarabangsa Kecemerlangan Malaria Penyelidikan Barat dan Afrika Tengah. pelajar perempuan di Universiti Tulane menerima sokongan tambahan melalui Newcomb College Institut, yang menjadi tuan rumah simposium dan penceramah jemputan dan menawarkan mentor kepada wanita muda. Alumni cemerlang termasuk bekas Speaker Dewan Newt Gingrich, bercakap menunjukkan tuan rumah Jerry Springer dan pencipta rancangan hit HBO “Entourage,” Douglas R. Ellin.
sekolah / kolej / jabatan / kursus / fakulti
Prasiswazah & Graduate Programs
- School of Architecture
- A. B. Freeman School of Business
- Sekolah Pengajian Berterusan
- School of Liberal Arts
- School of Public Health & Tropical Medicine
- Pusat Pengajian Sains & Engineering
- Sekolah Undang-undang
- School of Medicine
- Sekolah Kerja Sosial
The university was founded as the Medical College of Louisiana dalam 1834 partly as a response to the fears of smallpox, yellow fever and cholera in the United States. The university became only the second medical school in the South, and the 15th in the United States at the time. dalam 1847, the state legislature established the school as the University of Louisiana, a public university, and the law department was added to the university. Seterusnya, dalam 1851, the university established its first academic department. The first president chosen for the new university was Francis Lister Hawks, an Episcopalian priest and prominent citizen of New Orleans at the time.
The university was closed from 1861 kepada 1865 during the American Civil War. After reopening, it went through a period of financial challenges because of an extended agricultural depression in the South which affected the nation’s economy. Paul Tulane, owner of a prospering dry goods and clothing business, donated extensive real estate within New Orleans for the support of education. This donation led to the establishment of a Tulane Educational Fund (TEF), whose board of administrators sought to support the University of Louisiana instead of establishing a new university. Sebagai tindak balas, through the influence of former confederate general Randall Lee Gibson, the Louisiana state legislature transferred control of the University of Louisiana to the administrators of the TEF in 1884. This act created the Tulane University of Louisiana. The university became privatized, and is one of only a few American universities to be converted from a state public institution to a private one.
dalam 1884, William Preston Johnston became the first president of Tulane. He had formerly succeeded Robert E. Lee as president of Washington and Lee University after Lee’s death. He had moved to Louisiana and become president of Louisiana State University.
dalam 1885, the university established its graduate division, later becoming the Graduate School. One year later, gifts from Josephine Louise Newcomb totaling over $3.6 juta, led to the establishment of the H. Sophie Newcomb Memorial College within Tulane University. Newcomb was the first coordinate college for women in the United States and became a model for such institutions as Pembroke College and Barnard College. dalam 1894 the College of Technology formed, which would later become the School of Engineering. Pada tahun yang sama, the university moved to its present-day uptown campus on historic St. Charles Avenue, five miles by streetcar from downtown New Orleans.
With the improvements to Tulane University in the late 19th century, Tulane had a firm foundation to build upon as the premier university of the Deep South and continued this legacy with growth in the 20th century. dalam 1901, the first cornerstone was laid for the F.W. Tilton Library, endowed by New Orleans businessman and philanthropist Frederick William Tilton (1821–1890). semasa 1907, the school established a four-year professional curriculum in architecture through the College of Technology, growing eventually into the Tulane School of Architecture. One year later, Schools of Dentistry and Pharmacy were established, albeit temporarily. The School of Dentistry ended in 1928, and Pharmacy six years later. dalam 1914, Tulane established a College of Commerce, the first business school in the South. dalam 1925, Tulane established the independent Graduate School. Two years later, the university set up a School of Social Work, also the first in the southern United States. Tulane was instrumental in promoting the arts in New Orleans and the South in establishing the Newcomb School of Art withWilliam Woodward as director, thus establishing the renowned Newcomb Pottery. The Middle American Research Institute was established in 1925 at Tulane “for the purpose of advanced research into the history (both Indian and colonial), arkeologi, tropical botany (both economic and medical), the natural resources and products, of the countries facing New Orleans across the waters to the south; to gather, index and disseminate data thereupon; and to aid in the upbuilding of the best commercial and friendly relations between these Trans-Caribbean peoples and the United States.”
University College was established in 1942 as Tulane’s division of continuing education. oleh 1950, the School of Architecture had grown out of Engineering into an independent school. dalam 1958, the university was elected to the Association of American Universities, an organization consisting of sixty-two of the leading research universities in North America. The School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine again became independent from the School of Medicine in 1967. Pada asalnya ditubuhkan pada 1912, it was arguably one of the first public health schools in the United States. Tulane’s School of Tropical Medicine also remains the only one of its kind in the country. pada April 23, 1975, President Gerald R. Ford, Jr., spoke at Tulane University’s Fogelman Arena at the invitation of Congressman F. Edward Hebert, a representative of Louisiana’s 1st Congressional District. During the historic speech, Ford announced that the Vietnam War was “finished as far as America is concerned” – one week before the fall of Saigon. Ford drew parallels to the Battle of New Orleans, saying that such positive activity could do for America’s morale what the battle did in 1815.
Semasa Perang Dunia II, Tulane was one of 131 kolej dan universiti di seluruh negara yang mengambil bahagian dalam V-12 Tentera Laut Program Training College yang menawarkan pelajar jalan untuk sebuah suruhanjaya Tentera Laut.
A detailed account of the history of Tulane University from its founding through 1965 was published by Dyer.
Dalam Julai 2004, Tulane received two $30 million donations to its endowment, the largest individual or combined gifts in the university’s history. The donations came from Jim Clark, a member of the university’s board of trustees and founder of Netscape, and David Filo, a graduate of its School of Engineering and co-founder of Yahoo!. A fund-raising campaign called “Promise & Distinction” dibangkitkan $730.6 million as of October 3, 2008, increasing the university’s total endowment to more than $1.1 bilion; by March 2009, Yvette Jones, Tulane’s Chief Operating Officer, told Tulane’s Staff Advisory Council that the endowment “has lost close to 37%”, affected by the late-2000s recession.
Dalam bulan April 2010, the Tulane admissions office reported that it had received 44,000 applications for the class of 2014, breaking the previous record set by the class of 2013. While unable to confirm it officially, the admissions office stated that “it appears that we have the most applications for the upcoming fall semester of any private university in the country.”
As a result of Hurricane Katrina in August 2005 and its damaging effects on New Orleans, most of the university was closed for the second time in its history—the first being during the Civil War. The closing affected the first semester of the school calendar year. The School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine’s distance learning programs and courses stayed active. The School of Medicine relocated to Houston, Texas for a year. Aside from student athletes attending college classes together on the same campuses, most undergraduate and graduate students dispersed to campuses throughout the U.S. The storm inflicted more than $650 million in damages to the University, with some of the greatest losses impacting the Howard-Tilton Memorial Library and its collections.
Facing a budget shortfall, the Board of Administrators announced a “Renewal Plan” in December 2005 to reduce its annual operating budget and create a “student-centric” kampus. Addressing the school’s commitment to New Orleans, a course credit involving “service learning” became a requirement for an undergraduate degree. dalam 2006 Tulane became the first Carnegie ranked “high research activity” institution to have an undergraduate public service graduation requirement. Dalam bulan May 2006, graduation ceremonies included commencement speakers former Presidents George H. W. Bush and Bill Clinton, who commended the students for their desire to return to Tulane and serve New Orleans in its renewal.
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