Humboldt Università ta 'Berlin

Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

Humboldt University of Berlin Details

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il Humboldt Università ta 'Berlin is one of Berlin’s oldest universities, ibbażata fuq 15 ottubru 1810 bħala l- Università ta 'Berlin (Universität zu Berlin) mill-riformatur edukattiva Prussjana liberali u linguistWilhelm von Humboldt, mudell università tagħha tkun influwenzat ħafna universitajiet Ewropej u oħra tal-Punent. mill 1828 kien magħruf bħala l- Frederick William Università (Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität), u aktar tard (mhux uffiċjali) wkoll bħala l- Università den Unter Linden wara lokalizazzjoni tiegħu fis-palazz ta 'qabel ta' Prince Henry tal-Pr (1726-1802) li ħuh, Re Frederick II, kienu bnew għalih bejn 1748 u 1753 fuq l-avenue Unter Linden den. fil 1949, biddlet isimha għal Humboldt Università fl-unur ta 'kemm Wilhelm fundatur tagħha u ħuh, Ġeografu Alexander von Humboldt. fil 2012, l-Università Humboldt ta 'Berlin kien wieħed mill-universitajiet Ġermaniżi ħdax biex tirbaħ fl-Inizjattiva Eċċellenza Universitajiet Ġermaniżi, kompetizzjoni nazzjonali għall-universitajiet organizzati mill-Gvern Federali Ġermaniż. L-università edukati 29 Nobel Prize winners and is considered one of the most prestigious universities in Europe overall as well as one of the most prestigious universities worldwide for arts and humanities.

Aħna kuntenta li inti interessat fl-istudju fil Humboldt-Universität għal semestru jew sena. Diversità ta 'għarfien u l-varjazzjonijiet fit-tagħlim minnhom huma kruċjali għall-idea Humboldtian tal-edukazzjoni. L-istudenti internazzjonali li jixtiequ li jqattgħu parti mill-kors fil Humboldt-Universitaet jew rreġistrati għal grad hawn huma milqugħa b'mod speċjali. Huma jikkontribwixxu għarfien espert u internazzjonali perspettivi akkademiċi tagħhom lill-forum akkademiku, tagħti l-istudenti Humboldt opportunità li jkunu jafu dwar tipi oħra ta 'għarfien u kulturi oħrajn f'edukazzjoni ogħla. Aħna konvinti li inti ser tkun kapaċi tikseb l-riżultati tat-tagħlim inti stabbiliti biex jintlaħaq kemm akkademikament u kulturali filwaqt jassorbu għarfien il-mod Humboldt.

Jekk jogħġbok ħu nota li l-istudenti internazzjonali li ma jkunux parti minn programm ta 'skambju u ma jkollhomx borża ta' studju minn funder approvat, tista 'tiġi iskritta biss bħala student mhux grad f'każijiet eċċezzjonali.

Il Paġni web li ġejjin se jwieġbu mistoqsijiet ħafna u tfakkar direzzjonijiet biex tesplora. Għal dawk interessati li jkollna ħarsa ġenerali dwar il-korsijiet offruti bl-Ingliż fil-semestru kurrenti, stampa jista 'jinstab hawnhekk.

 

skejjel / kulleġġi / dipartimenti / korsijiet / fakultajiet


  • Fakultà tal-Liġi
  • Fakultà tal-Matematika u x-Xjenzi Naturali (ġeografija, Xjenza tal-kompjuter, matematika, Kimika, Fiżika)
  • Fakultà tax-Xjenzi tal-Ħajja (Agriculture and Horticulture, bijoloġija, psikoloġija)
  • Charité – Berlin University Medicine
  • Faculty of Philosophy I (filosofija, storja, European Ethnology, Department of Library and Information Science)
  • Faculty of Philosophy II (letteratura, Lingwistika, Scandinavian Studies, Romance literatures, English and American Studies, Slavic Studies, Classical Philology)
  • Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences (Xjenzi soċjali, Cultural Studies/Arts, Asian/African Studies (includes Archeology), Gender Studies, Sport science, RehabilitationStudies, edukazzjoni, Quality Management in Education)
  • Faculty of Theology
  • Faculty of Economics and Business Administration

storja


he first semester at the newly founded Berlin university occurred in 1810 ma 256 studenti u 52 lecturers in faculties of law, mediċina, theology and philosophy under rector Theodor Schmalz. The university has been home to many of Germany’s greatest thinkers of the past two centuries, among them the subjective idealist philosopher Johann Gottlieb Fichte, the theologian Friedrich Schleiermacher, the absolute idealist philosopher G.W.F. Hegel, the Romantic legal theorist Friedrich Carl von Savigny, the pessimist philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer, the objective idealist philosopher Friedrich Schelling, cultural critic Walter Benjamin, and famous physicists Albert Einstein and Max Planck. The founders of Marxist theory Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels attended the university, as did poet Heinrich Heine, novelist Alfred Döblin, founder of structuralism Ferdinand de Saussure, German unifier Otto von Bismarck, Communist Party of Germany founder Karl Liebknecht, African American Pan Africanist W. E. B. Du Bois and European unifier Robert Schuman, as well as the influential surgeon Johann Friedrich Dieffenbach in the early half of the 1800s. The university is home to 29 rebbieħa tal-Premju Nobel.

The structure of German research-intensive universities, such as Humboldt, served as a model for institutions like Johns Hopkins University. aktar, it has been claimed thatthe ‘Humboldtianuniversity became a model for the rest of Europe with its central principle being the union of teaching and research in the work of the individual scholar or scientist.

In addition to the strong anchoring of traditional subjects, such as science, liġi, filosofija, istorja, theology and medicine, Berlin University developed to encompass numerous new scientific disciplines. Alexander von Humboldt, brother of the founder William, promoted the new learning. With the construction of modern research facilities in the second half of the 19th Century teaching of the natural sciences began. Famous researchers, such as the chemist August Wilhelm Hofmann, the physicist Hermann von Helmholtz, the mathematicians Ernst Eduard Kummer, Leopold Kronecker,Karl Weierstrass, the physicians Johannes Peter Müller, Albrecht von Graefe, Rudolf Virchow andRobert Koch, contributed to Berlin University’s scientific fame.

During this period of enlargement, Berlin University gradually expanded to incorporate other previously separate colleges in Berlin. An example would be the Charité, the Pépinière and the Collegium Medico-chirurgicum. fil 1717, King Friedrich I had built a quarantine house for Plague at the city gates, which in 1727 was rechristened by thesoldier kingFriedrich Wilhelm: “Es soll das Haus die Charité heißen” (It will be called Charité [French for charity]). Permezz 1829 the site became Berlin University’s medical campus and remained so until 1927 when the more modern University Hospital was constructed.

Berlin University started a natural history collection in 1810, li, billi 1889 required a separate building and became the Museum für Naturkunde. The preexisting Tierarznei School, imwaqqfa fl 1790 and absorbed by the university, fl 1934 formed the basis of the Veterinary Medicine Facility (Grundstock der Veterinärmedizinischen Fakultät). Also the Landwirtschaftliche Hochschule Berlin (Agricultural University of Berlin), imwaqqfa fl 1881 was affiliated with the Agricultural Faculties of the University.

wara 1933, like all German universities, it was affected by the Nazi regime. The rector during this period was Eugen Fischer. It was from the university’s library that some 20,000 books bydegeneratesand opponents of the regime were taken to be burned on May 10 of that year in the Opernplatz (now the Bebelplatz) for a demonstration protected by the SA that also featured a speech by Joseph Goebbels. A monument to this can now be found in the center of the square, consisting of a glass panel opening onto an underground white room with empty shelf space for 20,000 volumes and a plaque, bearing an epigraph from an 1820 work by Heinrich Heine: “Das war ein Vorspiel nur, dort wo man Bücher verbrennt, verbrennt man am Ende auch Menschen” (“This was but a prelude; where they burn books, they ultimately burn people”).

The Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service (Ġermaniż “Gesetz zur Wiederherstellung des Berufsbeamtentums”) resulted in 250 Jewish professors and employees being fired during 1933/1934 and numerous doctorates being withdrawn. Students and scholars and political opponents of Nazis were ejected from the university and often deported. During this time nearly one third of all of the staff were fired by the Nazis.

The Soviet Military Administration in Germany (SMAD) ordered (Befehl-Nr. 4) the opening of the university in January 1946. The SMAD wanted a redesigned Berlin University based on the Soviet model, however they insisted on the phrasingnewly openedand notre-openedfor political reasons. The president of the German Central Administration for National Education (DZVV), Paul Wandel, in his address at the January 29, 1946, opening ceremony, said: “I spoke of the opening, and not of the re-opening of the university. The University of Berlin must effectively start again in almost every way. You have before you this image of the old university. What remains of that is nought but ruins.The teaching was limited to seven departments working in reopened, war-damaged buildings, with many of the teachers dead or missing. Madankollu, by the winter semester of 1946, the Economic and Educational Sciences Faculty had re-opened.

The Workers and Peasants Faculty (Ġermaniż: Arbeiter-und-Bauern-Fakultät) (ABF), an education program aimed at young men who, due to political or racial reasons, had been disadvantaged under the Nazis, was established at the university during this time. This program existed at Berlin University until 1962.


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