- San Pietruburgu State University
San Pietruburgu State University
Għal aktar minn 290 snin, st. Petersburg Università ilha impenjata għall-avvanz tax-xjenza, ġenerazzjoni ta 'għarfien u taħriġ professjonisti pendenti. L-Università hija rikka fl-istorja - li tmur lura għall 1724, meta Pietru l-Kbir waqqfu l-Akkademja tax-Xjenzi u l-Arti kif ukoll l-ewwel Università Akkademiku fir-Russja.
Il-alumni SPbU famużi huma sors ta 'kburija u d-dinjità, li tispira lilna biex jisbqu u jimmassimizza l-potenzjal tagħna fir-riċerka u l-edukazzjoni. Fost alunni tagħna u l-persunal, hemm numru straordinarja ta 'nies famużi fid-dinja, partikolarment, rebbieħa tal-Premju Nobel: physiologist Ivan Pavlov, bijologu Ilya Mechnikov, Spiżjar fiżika Nikolay Semyonov, fiżiċi Lev Landau u Aleksandr Prokhorov, filosfu u ekonomista Leonid Kantorovich. SPbU huwa wkoll Alma mater għar-riċerkaturi eċċellenti, istudjużi, akkademiċi, mexxejja politiċi u soċjali: Dmitry Mendeleev, Vladimir Vernadsky, u Dmitry Likhachev biex insemmu biss ftit. Id-dinja jaf l-Università mexxejja kulturali tagħna aktar prominenti, kittieba u artisti: Ivan Turgenev, Pavel Bryullov, Alexander Blok, Alexander Benois, Sergei Diaghilev u Igor Stravinsky. Fost il-alumni Università, aħna wkoll kburin li jsemmu l-mexxejja tal-Gvern Russu: Boris Quddiem, Alexander Kerensky, Vladimir Lenin, Presidenti tal-Federazzjoni Russa Vladimir Putin u Dmitry Medvedev.
Illum, tliet sekli wara li kien stabbilit, Station Gass qed tistinka, bħal qabel, li jwassal riċerka u l-edukazzjoni fuq skala nazzjonali u globali. Billi jinġiebu flimkien it-tradizzjonijiet u l-innovazzjonijiet, st. Petersburg Università tistabbilixxi l-pass għall-iżvilupp tax-xjenza, edukazzjoni u l-kultura fir-Russja u madwar id-dinja.
SPbU jippreparahom għal kollox istudenti tagħha u l-persunal għall-aħjar tal-firxa diversa ta 'opportunitajiet għall-edukazzjoni, riċerka u l-iżvilupp personali: -Bibljoteka Riċerka aktar sinjuri msemmi wara M. Gorky, Park Riċerka state-of-the-art, laboratorji immexxi minn xjenzati ewlenin, mużewijiet, dar tal-pubblikazzjonijiet, klabbs sportivi, kor Università, orkestri, drama u żfin studios u l-bqija.
f'Novembru 2009, President tal-Federazzjoni Russa Dmitry Medvedev iffirma liġi li tagħti San. Petersburg Università u Moska State University l-istatus speċjali ta 'kumplessi xjentifiċi u edukattivi unika, l-istituzzjonijiet eqdem ta 'edukazzjoni ogħla fir-Russja huma ta' importanza kbira għall-iżvilupp tas-soċjetà Russa ". SPbU ngħatat privileġġ li tistabilixxi standards edukattivi tagħha stess u tagħti d-diplomi tiegħu stess.
Skopri l-ewwel Universita Russu issa.
Merħba għall-istazzjonijiet ta 'gass!
istazzjon tal-gass rettur
imwaqqfa fl 1724 billi Pietru l-Kbir, San Pietruburgu Università kellha ssir l-ewwel istituzzjoni ta 'edukazzjoni ogħla fir-Russja. SPbU hija università Russa ewlieni bit-tagħlim u l-eċċellenza tar-riċerka kklassifikati fost l-universitajiet aqwa fid-dinja. Aħna huma miftuħa għall-kooperazzjoni u jgawdu rabtiet qawwija mal-riċerka internazzjonali u l-komunità akkademika. xjentisti SPbU jaħdmu fi kważi l-oqsma kollha tal-għarfien, tipprovdi għarfien espert u konsultazzjoni f'kollaborazzjoni mill-qrib mal-imsieħba Russi u internazzjonali. Ħafna studjużi pendenti kienu parti mill-komunità SPbU, inklużi disa rebbieħa tal-Premju Nobel: il physiologist Ivan Pavlov, bijologu Ilya Mechnikov, fiżiku u kimiku Nikolay Semyonov, fiżiċi Lev Landau u Aleksandr Prokhorov, filosfu u ekonomista Wassily Leontief kif ukoll matematiku u ekonomista Leonid Kantorovich.
Fost Università alumni huma l-President tal-Federazzjoni Russa Vladimir Putin, Prim Ministru Dmitry Medvedev, Direttur tal-Hermitage Mikhail Piotrovskiy, President tal-Akkademja Russa ta 'l-Edukazzjoni Liudmila Verbitskaya, matematiċi Grigoriy Perelman u Sergey Smirnov kif ukoll ħafna oħrajn.
st. Petersburg Università Illum
- 30,000 istudenti
- 6,000 membri tal-persunal
- 106 programmi undergraduate
- 205 programmi ta 'master u oqsma ta' speċjalizzazzjoni
- 263 programmi grad dottorat
- 29 Programmi residenza kliniċi
- studenti internazzjonali minn aktar minn 70 pajjiżi
- fuq 3 000 international students on degree and non-degree programs
- 350 universitajiet imsieħba
- l-aħjar università Riċerka Park fir-Russja
- 7,000,000 kotba fil-ġbir tal-Librerija Riċerka Università
- diploma maħruġa fil-Russu u bl-Ingliż
- 12,800 postijiet fil-swali ta 'residenza
- parteċipazzjoni mill-istudenti attiv fil-proċess edukattiv;
- l-aħjar realizzazzjoni tal-potenzjal individwali ta 'student;
- ECTS - European Credit Transfer System;
- dixxiplini akkademiċi huma mfassla skond il-prinċipju modulari;
- programmi ta 'skambju istudent ma' universitajiet imsieħba
- apprendistati u esperjenzi ta 'xogħol fil-kumpaniji Russi u internazzjonali ewlenin;
- aċċess għall-faċilitajiet tar-riċerka uniċi, teknoloġija u full-test databases elettroniċi;
- teknoloġiji moderni edukattivi;
- State-of-the-art tagħmir tar-riċerka;
- boroż ta 'studju statali għall-applikanti internazzjonali aħjar magħżula (tagħlim b'xejn u akkomodazzjoni skontat);
- opportunità lill-kaptan Russu fl-Istitut tal-Lingwa Russa u l-Kultura.
skejjel / kulleġġi / dipartimenti / korsijiet / fakultajiet
- Faculty of Applied Mathematics and Control Processes
- Fakultà tal Bijoloġija
- Istitut tal-Kimika
- Faculty of Dentistry and Medical Technology
- Fakultà tal-Ekonomija
- Institute of Earth Sciences
- Istitut tal-Istorja
- School of International Relations
- Fakultà tal-Liġi
- Faculty of Liberal Arts and Sciences
- Faculty of Mathematics and Mechanics
- Fakultà tal-Mediċina
- Faculty of Oriental Studies
- Fakultà tal-Arti
- Fakultà tal-Filoloġija
- Institute of Philosophy
- Fakultà tal-Fiżika
- Faculty of Political Science
- Fakultà tal-Psikoloġija
- Faculty of Sociology
- Iskola tal-Gradwati ta 'Ġestjoni
- Fakultà militari
- School of Journalism and Mass Communications
- Faculty of Applied Communications
- Fakultà tal-Ġurnaliżmu
It is disputed by the university administration whether Saint Petersburg State University or Moscow State University is the oldest higher education institution in Russia. While the latter was established in 1755, the former, which has been in continuous operation since 1819, claims to be the successor of the university established along with the Academic Gymnasium and the Saint Petersburg Academy of Sciences on January 24, 1724 by a decree of Peter the Great.
Fil-perjodu bejn 1804 u 1819, Saint Petersburg University officially did not exist; the institution founded by Peter the Great, the Saint Petersburg Academy, had already been disbanded, because the new 1803 charter of the Academy of Sciences stipulated that there should be no educational institutions affiliated with it.
The Petersburg Pedagogical Institute, renamed the Main Pedagogical Institute in 1814, ġie stabbilit fl- 1804 and occupied a part of the Twelve Collegia building. fuq Frar 8, 1819 (O.S.), Alexander I of Russia reorganized the Main Pedagogical Institute into Saint Petersburg University, which at that time consisted of three faculties: Faculty of Philosophy and Law, Faculty of History and Philology and Faculty of Physics and Mathematics. The Main Pedagogical Institute (where Dmitri Mendeleev studied) was restored in 1828 as an educational institution independent of Saint Petersburg University, and trained teachers until it was finally closed in 1859.
fil 1821 the university was renamed Saint Petersburg Imperial University. fil 1823 most of the university moved from the Twelve Collegia to the southern part of the city beyond the Fontanka. fil 1824 a modified version of the charter of Moscow University was adopted as the first charter of the Saint Petersburg Imperial University. fil 1829 kien hemm 19 professuri u 169 full-time and part-time students at the university. fil 1830 Tsar Nicholas returned the entire building of the Twelve Collegia back to the university, and courses resumed there. fil 1835 a new Charter of the Imperial Universities of Russia was approved. It provided for the establishment of the Faculty of Law, the Faculty of History and Philology, and the Faculties of Physics and Mathematics were merged into the Faculty of Philosophy as the 1st and 2nd Departments, rispettivament.
fil 1849 after the Spring of Nations the Senate of the Russian Empire decreed that the Rector should be appointed by the Minister of National Enlightenment rather than elected by the Assembly of the university. Madankollu, Pyotr Pletnyov was reappointed Rector and ultimately became the longest-serving rector of Saint Petersburg University (1840–1861).
fil 1855 Oriental studies were separated from the Faculty of History and Philology, and the fourth faculty, Faculty of Oriental Languages, was formally inaugurated on August 27, 1855.
In 1859–1861 female part-time students could attend lectures in the university. fil 1861 kien hemm 1,270 full-time and 167 part-time students in the university, minnhom 498 were in the Faculty of Law, the largest subdivision. But this subdivision had the cameral studies department, where students learnt safety, occupational health and environmental engineering management and science, including chemistry, bijoloġija, agronomy along with law and philosophy. Many Russian, Georgian etc. maniġers, engineers and scientists studied at the Faculty of law therefore. During 1861–1862 there was student unrest in the university, and it was temporarily closed twice during the year. The students were denied freedom of assembly and placed under police surveillance, and public lectures were forbidden. Many students were expelled. After the unrest, fl 1865, biss 524 students remained.
A decree of the Emperor Alexander II of Russia adopted on 18 Frar 1863 restored the right of the university assembly to elect the rector. It also formed the new faculty of the theory and history of art as part of the faculty of history and philology.
f'Marzu 1869, student unrest shook the university again but on a smaller scale. Permezz 1869, 2,588 students had graduated from the university.
fil 1880 the Ministry of National Enlightenment forbade students to marry and married persons could not be admitted. fil 1882 another student unrest took place in the university. fil 1884 a new Charter of the Imperial Russian Universities was adopted, which granted the right to appoint the rector to the Minister of National Enlightenment again. Dwar Marzu 1, 1887 (O.S.) a group of the university students was arrested while planning an attempt on the life of Alexander III of Russia. B'riżultat ta 'dan, new admission rules to gymnasiums and universities were approved by the Minister of National Enlightenment Ivan Delyanov in 1887, which barred persons of ignoble origin from admission to the university, unless they were extraordinarily talented.
Permezz 1894, 9,212 students had graduated from the university. Among the renowned scholars of the second half of the 19th century affiliated with the university were mathematician Pafnuty Chebyshev, physicist Heinrich Lenz, chemists Dmitri Mendeleev andAleksandr Butlerov, embryologist Alexander Kovalevsky, physiologist Ivan Sechenov, pedologist Vasily Dokuchaev. Dwar Marzu 24, 1896 (O.S.), on the campus of the university Alexander Popov publicly demonstrated transmission of radio waves for the first time in history.
As of January 1, 1900 (O.S.), kien hemm 2,099 students enrolled in the Faculty of Law, 1,149 students in the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics, 212 students in the Faculty of Oriental Languages and 171 students in the Faculty of History and Philology. fil 1902 the first student dining hall in Russia was opened in the university.
Since about 1897 regular strikes and student unrest shook the university and spread to other institutions of higher education across Russia. During the Revolution of 1905 the charter of the Russian universities was amended once more, the autonomy of the universities was partially restored and the right to elect the rector was returned to the academic board for the first time since 1884. In 1905–1906 the university was temporarily closed due to student unrest. Its autonomy was revoked again in 1911. In the same year the university was once again temporarily closed.
fil 1914 with the start of the First World War, the university was renamed Petrograd Imperial University after its namesake city. During the War the university was the important center of mobilization of Russian intellectual resources and scholarship for the victory. fil 1915 a branch of the university was opened in Perm, which later became Perm State University. The Assembly of Petrograd Imperial University openly welcomed the February Revolution of 1917, which put an end to the Russian monarchy, and the university came to be known as just Petrograd University. Madankollu, after the October Revolution of 1917, the staff and administration of the university were initially vocally opposed to the Bolshevik takeover of power and reluctant to cooperate with the Narkompros. Later in 1917–1922 during the Russian Civil War some of the staff suspected of counter-revolutionary sympathies suffered imprisonment (eż, Lev Shcherba in 1919), execution, or exile abroad on the so-called Philosophers’ ships in 1922 (eż, Nikolai Lossky). Barra minn, the entire staff suffered from hunger and extreme poverty during those years.
fil 1918 the university was renamed 1st Petrograd State University, u b'mod 1919 the Narkompros merged it with the 2nd PSU (former Psychoneurological Institute) and 3rd PSU (former Bestuzhev Higher Courses for Women) into Petrograd State University. fil 1919 the Faculty of Social Science was established by the Narkompros instead of the Faculty of History and Philology, Faculty of Oriental Languages and Faculty of Law. Nicholas Marr became the first Dean of the new faculty. Chemist Alexey Favorsky became the Dean of the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics. Rabfaks and free university courses were opened on the basis of the university to provide mass education. Fil-waqgħa tal 1920, as observed by freshman student Alice Rosenbaum, enrollment was open and the majority of the students were anti-communist including, until removed, a few vocal opponents of the regime. Seeing that they were educating “class enemies”, a purge was conducted in 1922 based on the class background of the students and all students, other than seniors, with a bourgeois background were expelled.
fil 1924 the university was renamed Leningrad State University after its namesake city. In order to suppress intellectual opposition to Soviet power, a number of historians working in the university, including Sergey Platonov, Yevgeny Tarle and Boris Grekov, were imprisoned in the so-called Academic Affair of 1929–1930 on fabricated charges of participating in a counter-revolutionary conspiracy aimed at overthrowing the government. Some other members of the staff were repressed in 1937–1938 during the Great Purge.
During the 1941–1944 Siege of Leningrad in World War II, many of the students and staff died from starvation, in battles or from repressions. Madankollu, the university operated continuously, evacuated to Saratov in 1942–1944. A branch of the university was hosted in Yelabuga during the war. fil 1944 the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Soviet Union awarded the university with the Order of Lenin on the occasion of its 125th anniversary and for its contribution to science and culture.
fil 1948 the Council of Ministers named the university after Andrei Zhdanov, a recently deceased prominent communist official. This decision was revoked in 1989 during Perestroika.
In 1949–1950 several professors died in prison during the investigation of the Leningrad Affair fabricated by the central Soviet leadership, and the Minister of Education of the RSFSR, former rector Alexander Voznesensky, was executed.
fil 1966 the Council of Ministers decided to build a new suburban campus in Petrodvorets for most of the mathematics and natural science faculties. The relocation of the faculties had been completed by the 1990s.
fil 1969 the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Soviet Union awarded the university with the Order of the Red Banner of Labour.
fil 1991 the university was renamed back to Saint Petersburg State University after its namesake city.
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