Kev zog hauv Ukraine


National Technical University ntawm lub koom haum Polytechnic Ukraine Kyiv

Qhov system kawm ntawv Ukrainian uas yog cov cai lij choj uas Ukraine thiab suav:

  • tag nrho cov kev kawm;
  • kev kawm ntawv theem nrab;
  • kev kawm ntawv uas tsis yog-tsim;
  • kev kawm kev thiab lwm;
  • higher education;
  • kev kawm postgraduate;
  • kawm tas lawm;
  • Doctorate;

Tag nrho cov kev kawm.


Kev Ukrainians, zoo li Europeans ntau, kev kawm ntawv pib nrog tsev kawm ntawv muaj menyuam mus saib tus txuj, feem ntau – ntawm qib kindergarten. Nyob rau hauv 2 (tej uas 1.5), cov kas twg rau hauv ib lub dab zaub, nrog 3 – cov pab pawg neeg me.

Tej zaum, tsev neeg txiav txim siab qhia tus me nyuam nyob hauv tsev, lawm, tab sis 2001, tag nrho kev kawm nrauv rau cov me nyuam 5 xyoo. Niam txiv yuav xaiv kindergartens los yog pab pawg neeg nyob tsis ntev, tam sim no ntau tshaj 1,000 tej pawg tej kev khiav hauj lwm hauv Ukraine. Nyob rau hauv tsev kawm ntawv secondary ua hauj lwm pab pawg neeg los npaj cov me nyuam lub tsev kawm ntawv. Yav tom ntej tub ntxhais muaj tau txais kev kawm yooj yim, raws li tej fim nrog lub tsev kawm ntawv txoj kev, faib. Nrog 6 xyoo uas muaj hnub nyoog ib tus me nyuam yuav mus kawm ntawv.

Kev kawm ntawv theem nrab


Nws yog koj tus Individual thiab yog tau txais hauv lub tsev kawm ntawv sib txawv, feem coob – nyob rau hauv lub tsev kawm ntawv theem nrab. Nws muaj ntau ntau peb:

Kuv – tsev kawm ntawv qib qis (qib 1-4), muaj tej hom kev kawm,

II – lub tsev kawm ntawv (qib 5-9), muab tej kev qhia ntawv;

III – tsev kawm ntawv qib high school (qib 10-11), qhia lwm yam ib tug kawm tiav.

Tsev teev – kev loj hlob ntawm cov me nyuam All-round, muab rau nws cov txuj ci ntawd, uas yuav tsum tau nws los lub neej. Lub tsev kawm ntawv yuav tsum txhawb cov kev nqis, lub cev kev loj hlob thiab tsim kom muaj cov ntsiab lus zaj dabneeg thiab koom ua leb.

Kev loj hlob ntawm lub peev xwm thiab talents tiav kev kawm ntawv uas tsis yog-ntaub ntxiv. Cov tsev kawm ntawv muaj tej pab pawg los ntawm kev ua si, tsev kawm ntawv ntawm daim duab, muaj ntau pab pawg me nyuam kawm ntawv thiab lub koom haum zoo li, los yog pej.

Kev kawm kev thiab lwm


Nws ua rau cov uas muab ib tug kws hais. Yog li no, rau lawv xa mus rau cov tsev kawm ntawv uas qhia ua hauj lwm professions. Qhov hauj lwm cov tsev kawm ntawv thiab cov tsev kawm ntawv qib high school (artistic, kev, dua), npe mus rau lub tsev kawm ntawv-agricultural thiab factories, kev cob qhia me nyuam thiab cov chaw zoo. Lawv kuj muaj xws li cov me nyuam txawj ua hauj lwm, kawm thiab retraining ntawm cov neeg ua hauj lwm.

Hauj lwm cov tsev kawm ntawv feem ntau muab kev koom tes nrog kev qhauj – kev cob qhia rau cov neeg muas zaub. Kom tau ib tug menyuam kawm ntawv ua hauj lwm profession feem ntau tsis yuav tsum mus kawm ntawv, vim hais tias koj yuav tau kev kawm hauv raug.

Kev kawm ntawv


Kev kawm ntawv nyob rau hauv Ukraine structured raws li txoj cai hauv lub nruab kev uas tsim lub teb chaws, uas yog saib xyuas los ntawm UNESCO, tus UN thiab lwm cov koom haum thoob ntiaj teb. Nws muab cov kho kev, kev kawm kev thiab yam kev phem, retraining thiab txais nomtswv kev kawm.

Forms of study in higher education institutions are diverse: full-time, ib nrab lawm xwb, distance or combined, which combines several of these forms.

For universities, there are four levels of accreditation:

Kuv – technical school and equivalent higher education institutions;

II – College and equated him higher educational institutions;

III and IV (depending on the results of accreditation) – lub koom haum, conservatory, academy, tsev kawm ntawv.

Txij thaum 2008, the prerequisite for admission to higher education is the passing of an external independent evaluation (UPE). Nyob rau hauv 2016, students will take tests in such subjects:

Ukrainian language and literature, history of Ukraine (from ancient times to the present day), chemistry, physics, ib, kev kawm txog zauv, geography, as well as – Lus Askiv, Mev, German, Russian and French.

After graduating you can get a degreein the post-graduate and doctoral studies. This includes the writing and defense of the thesisPhD or doctorate respectivelyas well as the acquisition of research and teaching experience.

Postgraduate education


Postgraduate education makes it possible to obtain new qualifications, profession or occupation. Often, this occurs on the basis of already acquired education in the previous school, although you can get a brand new and specialized. To graduate education institutions are institutes (centers), further training or retraining, the relevant units of higher education institutions, vocational education institutions, scientific and methodological center of vocational education and subdivisions in organizations and enterprises.

UPD: Txij thaum 2016 txheej txheem nyob hauv tebchaws Ukrainian rau lub txawv teb chaws kawm ntawm aviable Ukrainian nyob Center.