Tsev kawm ntawv ntawm Göttingen

Tsev kawm ntawv ntawm Göttingen

Tsev kawm ntawv cov Göttingen lus

Npe ntawm tsev kawm ntawv ntawm Göttingen

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Tus Tsev kawm ntawv ntawm Göttingen , ncab hu ua Georgia Augusta, yog lub tsev kawm ntawv pej xeem tej kev soj ntsuam nyob hauv lub nroog Göttingen, Lub teb chaws Yelemees. Founded hauv 1734 yog George II, Vaj ntxwv Aas thiab Elector ntawm Hanover, thiab pib kawm nyob rau hauv 1737, lub tsev kawm ntawv yog tus hiob hauv lub xeev sab Saxony thiab cov coob nyob rau npe kawm ntawv, twg es nyob ib ncig 26,000. Lub tsev rau cov nuj nqis ntau hais, nruab nrab yog ib lub teb chaws Yelemees lub historic thiab tshuaj hauv tsev. Tus hu ua Göttingen lawm “lub nroog uas muaj kev kawm”.

Göttingen yog ib lub tebchaws mas prestigious nyob hauv lub teb chaws Yelemees, yav tas los tsis txaus siab los ntawm tus German tebchaws Excellence teg num. Nrog rau kev ua tswv cuab hauv pab pawg neeg Coimbra thiab ntawm 45 Nqi zog Nobel winners, lub tsev kawm ntawv no nyiam mloog thoob ntiaj teb renown. Lub tsev kawm ntawv koom tes muaj zog sib txuas nrog rau kev tshawb fawb loj institutes raws li nyob rau hauv Göttingen thiab, tshwj xeeb yog cov neeg uas lub Max Planck Society rau Advancement of Science thiab Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz kev zej zog. Muaj li ntawm 4.5 tagnrho lab, tus Göttingen hauv xeev thiab cov tsev qiv ntawv University ranks ntawm lub qiv ntau tshaj nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws Yelemees.

Vim yog nws cov achievements rau hauv kev tshawb kawm thiab kev qhia ntawv, Georg-lub yim hli ntuj-Universität Göttingen thov kom heighten nws lub koob npe nrov thoob ntiaj teb los ywm rau nws txawj tshwj xeeb:

  • Internationality – mus pab tau txoj nws muaj peev xwm los nyiam zaum, Scholars thiab cov me nyuam kawm ntawv tawm abroad; expansion tes hauj lwm thoob ntiaj teb thiab koom teg nrug kev fostering kev tshawb fawb thiab hluas zaum
  • Raws li kev tshawb fawb qha hab kawm – txoj kev tshawb fawb hais txog txoj kev tshawb no programmes thiab occupationally-orientated txoj kev kawm thiab kev kawm further kev kawm, tsev kawm ntawv graduate, thiab kev tshawb kawm tshaj ib pawg uas cov scholars thiab tej zaum muaj cai tshawb xyuas ywj siab hais txog
  • Interdisciplinarity thiab ntau haiv – intensifying lub tswv yim ntawm cov humanities thiab txoj kev, Natural thiab life sciences, thiab preservation ntawm kev kawm ntau haiv plaws dlaws teeb meem mus shape rau yav tom ntej
  • Autonomy – strengthening self-responsibility rau tsev kawm ntawv raws li ib txoj cai Public Foundation, kuj xam uas nws cov laug cam, thiab cov faculties
  • Kev koom tes nrog cov tsev kawm ntawv hauv tsev – extending thiab institutionalising lub tswv yim muaj kev lag kev tshawb kawm science, lag luam thiab lub zej zog

Tsev kawm ntawv / Qib siab / Saib xyuas / Kev kawm / Faculties


Keeb kwm


Nyob rau hauv 1734, Vaj ntxwv George II ntawm Aas, tseem uas yog Elector of Hanover, muab nws tus Prime Minister hauv Hanover, Gerlach Adolph von Münchhausen, qhov kev txiav txim mus nrhiav kom tau ib lub tsev kawm ntawv nyob rau hauv Göttingen los propagate lub tswv yim ntawm txoj kev ywj pheej txawj thiab enlightenment ntawm lub sij hawm uas cov nyob sab Europe Enlightenment. Chiv, lub vaj tse tshiab tsuas ua tau lub tsev rau cov kev qhib rau tsev kawm ntawv tau lub caij nrog thiab ib fencinghouse, Thaum kev kawm muaj qhia nyob hauv lub Paulinerkirche thiab mob Dominican monastery, los yog nyob rau hauv lub tsev ntawm professors. Tsis muaj tus auditorium tsev kawm ntawv ua tau kom zoo rau cov xyoo pua puv 19.

Txhua cov nyiaj ntawm lub xyoo pua paub Göttingen lub tsev kawm ntawv yog nyob rau sab saum toj zoo German tebchaws, nrog nws cov dab dawb thiab cua ntawm kev kev tshawb kawm thiab kev tshawb kawm. Muaj koob npe kom peb hnub yog Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, thawj tuav ib professorship (1769–99) ntsees muaj nplooj siab xav seb puas yog physics hauv lub teb chaws Yelemees. Los ntawm 1812, Göttingen tau ua ib qho chaw lwm qhov acknowledged niaj hnub tsev kawm ntawv rau lub tsev qiv ntawv kev tshaj 250,000 tagnrho.

Ntawm thawj lub xyoo ntawm lub tsev kawm ntawv ntawm Göttingen nws pib paub rau cov kws qhia ntawv txog txoj cai. Nyob rau hauv cov 18th xyoo pua Johann Stephan Pütter, tus kws ntawv prestigious feem ntawm txoj cai public thaum ntawd, qhia jus publicum nov rau cov ib nrab xyoo. Hais tau attracted kev kawm xws li Klemens Wenzel Lothar von Metternich, tom qab los xij diplomat thiab Prime Minister of Austria, thiab Wilhelm von Humboldt, uas tom qab tsim lub University Berlin. Nyob rau hauv 1809 Arthur Schopenhauer, tus German philosopher zoo paub tias nws ua haujlwm Lub ntiaj teb tseem yuav thiab sawv cev, los ua ib tug me nyuam kawm ntawv nyob rau tsev kawm ntawv, qhov twg nws kawm metaphysics thiab psychology hauv Gottlob Ernst Schulze, leej twg paub nws mloog zoo Plato thiab Kant.

Yog lub tsev kawm ntawv centenary rau 1837, Nws yog hu ua tus “tsev kawm ntawv kev cai lij choj”, raws li tus menyuam kawm ntawv sau npe los ntawm tus kws qhia ntawv kev cai lij choj uas feem ntau kom tau ntau tshaj ib nrab ntawm cov me nyuam kawm ntawv lub tsev kawm ntawv. Göttingen ua ib Mecca rau txoj kev tshawb no ntawm pej xeem cov cai nyob hauv lub teb chaws Yelemees. Heinrich Heine, lub npe nrov German poet, kawm kev cai lij choj thiab los yog muab cov teeb Dr.iur..

Txawm li cas los, teeb thoj, uas leej professors thiab me nyuam kawm ntawv tau implicated, nws txo qis tuaj koom yuav 860 nyob rau hauv 1834. Rho lub hauv 1837 ntawm xya professors – Tuag Göttinger Sieben -cov Germanist, Wilhelm Eduard Albrecht (1800–1876); historian Friedrich Christoph Dahlmann (1785–1860); orientalist Georg Heinrich lub yim hli ntuj Ewald (1803–1875); historian Georg Gottfried Gervinus (1805–1875); physicistWilhelm Eduard Weber (1804–1891); thiab cov philologists, tus tij laug Jakob (1785–1863) thiab Wilhelm Grimm (1786–1859), rau protesting tiv thaiv cov raug thim rov qab los ntawm huab tais Ernest Augustus kuv cov Hanover ntawm qhov kevcai tswj tas mas cov 1833, ntxiv mus txo rau txoj kev vam meej rau tsev kawm ntawv. Qhov no ua ntej, tus tij laug Grimm twb qhia ntawm no thiab compiled tus thawj German phau ntawv txhais lus.

Nyob rau hauv lub xyoo pua puv 19, Gustav von Hugo, lub forerunner[meej ntxiv] lub tsev kawm ntawv historical ntawm txoj cai lij choj, andRudolf von Jhering, jurist leej twg tsim cov kev tshawb xav txog “culpa hauv contraendo” thiab sau tau Sib ntaus sib tua rau txoj cai, qhia ntawm no thiab xwb ces tus yus lub qe uas tus kws qhia ntawv txog txoj cai. Otto von Bismarck, lub ntsiab creator thiab tus thawj Chancellor ntawm tus thib ob German faj tim teb chaws, twb tseem hluas txoj kev cai lij choj hauv Göttingen hauv 1833: nws nyob hauv ib lub tsev me me quav cov “Phab ntsa”, tam sim no hu ua “Tsev me Bismarck”. Raws li kev lig kev cai qhov ncauj, nws nyob ntawd vim nws lwm qhov chaw muaj tas los nws tau banned los nyob hauv lub nroog phab ntsa.

Göttingen kuj muaj tus kub siab txog natural science, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog kev kawm txog zauv. Carl Friedrich Gauss qhia ntawm no nyob rau hauv lub xyoo pua puv 19. Bernhard Riemann, Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet thiab ib tug xov tooj ntawm qhov ua daim ntawv thom nug tau lawv txoj kev koom tes rau kev kawm txog zauv ntawm no. Los ntawm 1900, David Hilbert thiab

Nyob rau hauv 1903, nws qhia ntawv cov neeg ua haujlwm numbered 121 thiab nws cov me nyuam kawm ntawv 1529. Ludwig Prandtl nkaus rau tsev kawm ntawv nyob rau hauv 1904, thiab tsim nws ua ib tug thawj coj hauv cov kua mechanics thiab aerodynamics dhau ob xyoo lawm tom ntej. Nyob rau hauv 1925, Prandtl muaj koomhaum ua tus thawj coj ntawm lub lub koom haum qhia txog kev kaj Wilhelm rau cov kua Mechanics. Nws nkag tau rau lub tswvyim hauv ciam txheej thiab founded aerodynamics zauv los xam xyuas huab cua txaus hauv lub cua pam lawm. Coob txog Prandtl tus me nyuam kawm ntawv mus ua siv txoj kev koom tes los aerodynamics.

Ntawm 1921 mus 1933, cov pab pawg neeg physics ziag ntawd coj los Max Born, leej twg, thaum lub sij hawm no, pib ib lub peb discoverers ntawm cov-relativistic kev tshawb xav quantum mechanics. Nws kuj tseem tau thawj qhia nws txoj kev probabilistic nrog classical physics. Nws yog ib yam ntawm tus me nyuam loj txog rau txoj kev niaj hnub physics.

Hnub, 47 Nqi zog Nobel laureates muaj hluas, qhia los yog ua txoj kev koom tes ntawm no. Feem ntau cov prizes kuj tau rau ib nrab hnub ntawm lub xyoo pua 20th tus thawj, uas yog hu ua tus “Göttingen Nobel nqi zog zem”.

German inventor ntawm lub dav hlau cav, Pabst von Ohain, tseem kawm aerodynamics nyob Goettingen hauv Ludwig Prandtl.

Social studies thiab txoj kev tshawb no ntawm humanities tseem ciaj zoo kawg. Edmund Husserl, lub philosopher thiab peb paub los lawm yog cov txiv ofphenomenology, ntawm no qhia. Max Weber, tus sociologist kawm ntawm no rau ib lub sij hawm.

Thaum lub sij hawm no, German lus los ua txoj kev kawm ntawv ib qho lus thoob ntiaj teb. Ib tug xov tooj ntawm dissertations lub UK thiab teb chaws Asmeskas muaj lub npe German. Ib tug yuav pom tau tias muaj tau txoj kev kawm ntawv ib tug kawm tiav thaum ib tus kawm tau nyob hauv lub teb chaws Yelemees. Yog li, American ntau kawm tau zoo siab rau neb hluas nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws Yelemees, thiab Göttingen cov tsev kawm ntawv tau raug nyiaj no: nyob rau Teb Chaws Asmeskas. Tus nab npawb ntawm cov politicians American, kws lijchoj, historians thiab writers tau txais kev kawm ntawv los ntawm Harvard thiab Göttingen. Piv txwv,Edward Everett, ib zaug Secretary of State thiab President ntawm Harvard University, nyob rau Göttingen txog ob lub xyoos ntawm txoj kev tshawb. George Ticknor siv ob xyoos kawm classics hauv Göttingen. John Lothrop Motley, ib tug diplomat thiab historian, kuj muaj tej friendship nrog Otto von Bismark thaum nws kawm ob-xyoos-ntev hauv Göttingen. George Bancroft, muaj kasmoos thiab historian, Txawm tias txais nws PhD los ntawm lub tsev kawm ntawv ntawm Göttingen nyob rau hauv 1820.

Tom qab lub ntiaj teb ua tsov ua rog II, lub University Göttingen nyob rau tsev kawm ntawv thawj zaug rau lub thaj aav yuav rov opened tswj British hauv 1945. Jürgen Habermas, ib tus German philosopher thiab sociologist, caum cov nws kawm ntawm no nyob rau hauv Göttingen. Tom qab, Cai Richard von Weizsäcker, tus qub President ntawm lub teb chaws Yelemees, nws Dr.Jur tau nyiaj. hauv qab no. Gerhard Schröder, tus qub Chancellor ntawm lub teb chaws Yelemees, tau kawm tiav los ntawm lub tsev kawm ntawv tsab cai no nyob rau hauv Göttingen, nws los ua ib tus kws lij choj tom.

Felix Klein muaj attracted daim ntawv thom nug los ntawm thoob ntiaj teb los Göttingen, uas tau Göttingen lub ntiaj teb mecca ntawm kev kawm txog zauv pib ntawm lub xyoo pua 20th.

Caij no, Göttingen lub tsev kawm ntawv tiav kev kawm vog.

 


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