Neeg dawb huv Petersburg State University

Neeg dawb huv Petersburg State University . Kawm nyob Xos Viav

Neeg dawb huv Petersburg State University txhawb

Qhov ua npe zwm rau neeg dawb huv Petersburg State University

Saib ib muag


Rau ntau tshaj 290 xyoo, Me nyuam. Petersburg University lawm tsis tau uas tau kev kawm, generating kev kawm thiab kev cob qhia koj cov tub txawg. Lub tsev kawm ntawv muaj keeb kwm – nws hnub rov los 1724, Thaum twg tus Great Peter founded Academy Sciences thiab ntawv As Kiv, thiab cov thawj qha University nyob Xos Viav.

Alumni SPbU muaj koob npe yog ib qhov kev txaus siab thiab kom saib taus, uas inspires peb mus zoo thiab maximise peb tej zaum nyob rau hauv kev tshawb kawm thiab kev kawm. Cov peb alumni thiab cov neeg ua hauj lwm, muaj ib cov neeg world-famous extraordinary, nyob rau tej, Nqi zog Nobel winners: physiologist Ivan Pavlov, biologist Ilya Mechnikov, lub cev chemist Nikolay Semyonov, physicists Lev Landau thiab Aleksandr Prokhorov, philosopher thiab kws xam nyiaj txiag Leonid Kantorovich. SPbU kuj yog ib qho alma mater kev soj ntsuam ntawm koj, Scholars, academics, thoj thiab kev nom tswv: Dmitry Mendeleev, Vladimir Vernadsky, thiab Dmitry Likhachev npe tab sis muaj ob peb tug. Lub ntiaj teb tshuav nqi peb tsev kawm ntawv feem ntau mas kev nom tswv, writers thiab ntxias: Ivan Turgenev, Pavel Bryullov, Alexander Blok, Alexander Benois, Sergei Diaghilev thiab Igor Stravinsky. Ntawm lub tsev kawm ntawv alumni, peb yuav tsum txaus siab rau qhov qhia qhov no rau tus thawj coj ntawm tsoom fwv Lavxias teb sab: Boris Stürmer, Alexander Kerensky, Vladimir Lenin, Presidents Lavxias Federation Vladimir Putin thiab Dmitry Medvedev.

Hnub no, centuries 3 tom qab nws yog tsim los pab, SPbU striving, raws li ua ntej, mus ua kev tshawb kawm thiab kev kawm ntawv rau lub teb chaws thiab ntiaj teb no teev. Nqa ua ke sawv thiab nrhav, Me nyuam. Petersburg University teev hauv pace rau txoj kev loj hlob ntawm kev kawm, kev kawm ntawv thiab cov nyuas zog ntawm Guj kuj thiab thoob qab ntuj.

SPbU mas equips nws cov me nyuam kawm ntawv thiab cov neeg ua haujlwm kom tau raws li lub chav qheb kev rua cov kawm kws, kev tshawb kawm thiab kev loj hlob: qhov lub tsev qiv ntawv kev tshawb richest hu ua tom qab M. Gorky, ib lub xeev-ntawm-tus-daim duab Research Park, lub chaw soj nstuam taws los zaum rau, puas, ib lub tsev publishing, tej pab pawg los ntawm kev ua si, lub University nkauj, orchestras, studios ua thiab seev cev thiab hais txog.

Nyob rau hauv kaum ib hlis 2009, Tsoom txoov ntawm lub Lavxias Federation Dmitry Medvedev kos npe granting St ib txoj cai. Petersburg University thiab Moscow xeev tsev kawm ntawv cov txheej xwm tshwj xeeb ntawm ' nws kev thiab kawm complexes, Lub pij hiob ntawm kev kawm ntawv hauv zog ntawm Guj kuj yog zoo kawg thiab tseem ceeb rau txoj kev loj hlob ntawm cov haiv neeg Lavxias teb sab '. SPbU txawm tso ib lub sam xeeb kom muab nws tus qauv kawm ntawv thiab nyiaj nws diplomas.

Nrhiav tau rau lub tsev kawm ntawv Lavxias thawj tam sim no.

Zoo siab Tostxais SPbU!

Koj li respectfully,
SPbU Rector
Nikolay Kropachev

Founded hauv 1724 los ntawm cov Great Peter, Petersburg neeg dawb huv tsev kawm ntawv tau ua lub chaw hauj lwm thawj ntawm kev kawm ntawv nyob Xos Viav. SPbU yog ib tug ua tsev kawm ntawv uas muaj kev qhia ntawv thiab tshawb fawb excellence Lavxias teb sab ranked cov neeg ntiaj teb cov tebchaws sab saum toj. Peb yuav qhib rau txoj kev koom tes thiab txaus siab muaj zog ties nrog tus tseev tsim ntiaj teb kev tshawb fawb thiab kev kawm hauv zej zos. SPbU zaum ua hauj lwm nyob rau yuav luag txhua teb paub, kev txawj ntse thiab kev sib tham hauv zoo tswv yim nrog rau cov neeg Lavxias teb sab thiab thoob ntiaj teb. Scholars ntau koj tau ib feem ntawm lub zej zog SPbU, xws li cov nqi zog Nobel cuaj winners: physiologist Ivan Pavlov, biologist Ilya Mechnikov, physicist thiab chemist Nikolay Semyonov, physicists Lev Landau thiab Aleksandr Prokhorov, philosopher thiab kws xam nyiaj txiag Wassily Leontief thiab mathematician, thiab kws xam nyiaj txiag Leonid Kantorovich.

Cov tsev kawm ntawv alumni cov thawj coj ntawm lub Lavxias Federation Vladimir Putin, Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, Thawj coj ntawm lub Hermitage Mikhail Piotrovskiy, Tsoom txoov ntawm lub Lavxias teb sab Academy kev kawm Liudmila Verbitskaya, daim ntawv thom nug Grigoriy Perelman thiab Sergey Smirnov thiab raws li lwm.

Me nyuam. Petersburg University hnub no

  • 30,000 me nyuam kawm ntawv
  • 6,000 cov neeg ua haujlwm
  • 106 cov kev pab cuam cuv
  • 205 npaj cov kev pab cuam thiab tej chaw specialization
  • 263 cov kev pab cuam doctoral degree
  • 29 cov kev pab cuam mediator soj ntsuam
  • cov menyuam kawm ntawv thoob ntiaj teb los lawm 70 lub teb chaws
  • dhau 3 000 menyuam kawm ntawv rau kev kawm ntawv thiab cov kawm ntawv thoob ntiaj teb
  • 350 tus hlub tebchaws
  • qhov zoo tshaj plaws tsev kawm ntawv tshawb xyuas chaw ua si nyob Xos Viav
  • 7,000,000 phau ntawv rau tus sau los ntawm lub tsev qiv ntawv kev tshawb fawb University
  • diploma issued in Russian and English
  • 12,800 places in the halls of residence

Education Benefits

  • active student participation in the educational process;
  • the best realization of a student’s individual potential;
  • ECTS – European Credit Transfer System;
  • academic disciplines are designed according to the modular principle;
  • student exchange programs with partner universities
  • internships and work placements at leading Russian and international companies;
  • access to unique research facilities, technology and full-text electronic databases;
  • modern educational technologies;
  • state-of-the-art research equipment;
  • state scholarships for the best selected international applicants (free tuition and discounted accommodation);
  • opportunity to master Russian at the Institute of the Russian Language and Culture.

Tsev kawm ntawv / Qib siab / Saib xyuas / Kev kawm / Faculties


  • Faculty of Applied Mathematics and Control Processes
  • Kws qhia ntawv ntawm ib
  • Lub koom haum txog Science News for KIDS
  • Kws qhia ntawv txog kev kho hniav thiab kev kho mob siv tshuab
  • Kws qhia ntawv ntawm Economics
  • Lub koom haum ntawm lub ntiaj teb Sciences
  • Lub koom haum uas keeb kwm
  • School of International Relations
  • Kws qhia ntawv txog txoj cai
  • Kws qhia ntawv Liberal Arts thiab Sciences
  • Kws qhia ntawv muaj kev kawm txog zauv thiab Mechanics
  • Kws qhia ntawv yuav tshuaj
  • Kws qhia ntawv ntawm cov kev tshawb fawb Oriental
  • Kws qhia ntawv ntawm ntawv As Kiv
  • Kws qhia ntawv ntawm Philology
  • Lub koom haum uas Philosophy
  • Kws qhia ntawv ntawm Physics
  • Kws qhia ntawv cov Political Science
  • Kws qhia ntawv muaj Psychology
  • Kws qhia ntawv ntawm Sociology
  • Graduate School uas tswj
  • Cov kws qhia ntawv pab
  • Tsev kawm ntawv ntawm Journalism thiab cov naiskhu huab hwm coj
    • Kws qhia ntawv cov naiskhu Applied
    • Kws qhia ntawv ntawm Journalism

Keeb kwm


Nws yog xamphaj los ntawm lub koom haum saib xyuas tsev kawm ntawv hais neeg dawb huv Petersburg State University los Moscow State University puas hiob teebmeem kev kawm ntawv nyob Xos Viav. Thaum tus tom kawg yog tsim los pab rau 1755, tus tus, twg lawm nruam lag luam vim hais tias 1819, claims yuav cov successor rau tsev kawm ntawv nrog rau cov tsev kawm ntawv chav xyaum tes taw thiab cov neeg dawb huv Petersburg Academy of Sciences tsim rau lub ib hlis ntuj 24, 1724 ntawm ib tsab ntawm tus Great Peter.

Nyob rau lub sij hawm thaum 1804 thiab 1819, Neeg dawb huv Petersburg University teb yeej tsis nyob ua ib ke; teebmeem founded los ntawm Peter tus Great, cov neeg dawb huv Petersburg Academy, muaj twb tau disbanded, vim tias lub tshiab 1803 khiav ntawm lub Academy Sciences Terms uas muaj yuav tsum tsis muaj hauv tsev affiliated nrog nws.

Petersburg tus yog Pedagogical lub koom haum, renamed tus loj Pedagogical lub koom haum nyob rau hauv 1814, yog tsim los pab rau 1804 thiab nyob hauv khiab ib feem ntawm tsev Collegia kaum ob. Nyob rau lub ob hlis ntuj 8, 1819 (O.S.), Kuv zog ntawm Guj kuj reorganized loj lub yog Pedagogical lub koom haum rau cov neeg dawb huv Petersburg University Alexander, uas thaum ntawd consisted ntawm peb faculties: Kws qhia ntawv txog txoj cai thiab Philosophy, Kws qhia ntawv yav dhau los thiab cov Philology thiab cov kws qhia ntawv Physics thiab kev kawm txog zauv. Lub ntsiab Pedagogical lub koom haum (qhov twg Dmitri Mendeleev kawm) huv hauv 1828 as an educational institution independent of Saint Petersburg University, and trained teachers until it was finally closed in 1859.

Nyob rau hauv 1821 the university was renamed Saint Petersburg Imperial University. Nyob rau hauv 1823 most of the university moved from the Twelve Collegia to the southern part of the city beyond the Fontanka. Nyob rau hauv 1824 a modified version of the charter of Moscow University was adopted as the first charter of the Saint Petersburg Imperial University. Nyob rau hauv 1829 muaj 19 ncov professors thiab 169 full-time and part-time students at the university. Nyob rau hauv 1830 Tsar Nicholas returned the entire building of the Twelve Collegia back to the university, and courses resumed there. Nyob rau hauv 1835 a new Charter of the Imperial Universities of Russia was approved. It provided for the establishment of the Faculty of Law, the Faculty of History and Philology, and the Faculties of Physics and Mathematics were merged into the Faculty of Philosophy as the 1st and 2nd Departments, feem.

Nyob rau hauv 1849 after the Spring of Nations the Senate of the Russian Empire decreed that the Rector should be appointed by the Minister of National Enlightenment rather than elected by the Assembly of the university. However, Pyotr Pletnyov was reappointed Rector and ultimately became the longest-serving rector of Saint Petersburg University (1840–1861).

Nyob rau hauv 1855 Oriental studies were separated from the Faculty of History and Philology, and the fourth faculty, Faculty of Oriental Languages, was formally inaugurated on August 27, 1855.

In 1859–1861 female part-time students could attend lectures in the university. Nyob rau hauv 1861 muaj 1,270 full-time thiab 167 part-time students in the university, leeg 498 were in the Faculty of Law, the largest subdivision. But this subdivision had the cameral studies department, where students learnt safety, occupational health and environmental engineering management and science, including chemistry, ib, agronomy along with law and philosophy. Many Russian, Georgian etc. tswj, engineers and scientists studied at the Faculty of law therefore. During 1861–1862 there was student unrest in the university, and it was temporarily closed twice during the year. The students were denied freedom of assembly and placed under police surveillance, and public lectures were forbidden. Many students were expelled. After the unrest, nyob rau hauv 1865, only 524 students remained.

A decree of the Emperor Alexander II of Russia adopted on 18 Lub ob hlis ntuj 1863 restored the right of the university assembly to elect the rector. It also formed the new faculty of the theory and history of art as part of the faculty of history and philology.

Nyob rau hauv lub peb hlis ntuj 1869, student unrest shook the university again but on a smaller scale. Los ntawm 1869, 2,588 students had graduated from the university.

Nyob rau hauv 1880 the Ministry of National Enlightenment forbade students to marry and married persons could not be admitted. Nyob rau hauv 1882 another student unrest took place in the university. Nyob rau hauv 1884 a new Charter of the Imperial Russian Universities was adopted, which granted the right to appoint the rector to the Minister of National Enlightenment again. Hauv lub peb hlis ntuj 1, 1887 (O.S.) a group of the university students was arrested while planning an attempt on the life of Alexander III of Russia. Yog li ntawd, new admission rules to gymnasiums and universities were approved by the Minister of National Enlightenment Ivan Delyanov in 1887, which barred persons of ignoble origin from admission to the university, unless they were extraordinarily talented.

Los ntawm 1894, 9,212 students had graduated from the university. Among the renowned scholars of the second half of the 19th century affiliated with the university were mathematician Pafnuty Chebyshev, physicist Heinrich Lenz, chemists Dmitri Mendeleev andAleksandr Butlerov, embryologist Alexander Kovalevsky, physiologist Ivan Sechenov, pedologist Vasily Dokuchaev. Hauv lub peb hlis ntuj 24, 1896 (O.S.), on the campus of the university Alexander Popov publicly demonstrated transmission of radio waves for the first time in history.

As of January 1, 1900 (O.S.), muaj 2,099 students enrolled in the Faculty of Law, 1,149 students in the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics, 212 students in the Faculty of Oriental Languages and 171 students in the Faculty of History and Philology. Nyob rau hauv 1902 the first student dining hall in Russia was opened in the university.

Since about 1897 regular strikes and student unrest shook the university and spread to other institutions of higher education across Russia. During the Revolution of 1905 the charter of the Russian universities was amended once more, the autonomy of the universities was partially restored and the right to elect the rector was returned to the academic board for the first time since 1884. In 1905–1906 the university was temporarily closed due to student unrest. Its autonomy was revoked again in 1911. In the same year the university was once again temporarily closed.

Nyob rau hauv 1914 with the start of the First World War, the university was renamed Petrograd Imperial University after its namesake city. During the War the university was the important center of mobilization of Russian intellectual resources and scholarship for the victory. Nyob rau hauv 1915 a branch of the university was opened in Perm, which later became Perm State University. The Assembly of Petrograd Imperial University openly welcomed the February Revolution of 1917, which put an end to the Russian monarchy, and the university came to be known as just Petrograd University. However, after the October Revolution of 1917, the staff and administration of the university were initially vocally opposed to the Bolshevik takeover of power and reluctant to cooperate with the Narkompros. Later in 1917–1922 during the Russian Civil War some of the staff suspected of counter-revolutionary sympathies suffered imprisonment (e.g., Lev Shcherba in 1919), execution, or exile abroad on the so-called Philosophersships in 1922 (e.g., Nikolai Lossky). Tas, the entire staff suffered from hunger and extreme poverty during those years.

Nyob rau hauv 1918 lub tsev kawm ntawv ntawd uas 1st Petrograd State University, thiab nyob rau hauv 1919 cov Narkompros merged nws nrog tus 2nd PSU (Psychoneurological lub koom haum qub) thiab koob thib 3 PSU (qub Bestuzhev dua kev kawm rau cov poj niam) ua Petrograd State University. Nyob rau hauv 1919 cov kws qhia ntawv ntawm Social Science yog tsim los ntawm lub Narkompros, txhob siv cov kws qhia ntawv txog keeb kwm thiab Philology, Kws qhia ntawv ntawm Oriental haiv lus thiab tus kws qhia ntawv txog txoj cai. Nicholas Marr los ua tus thawj thawj saib kev kawm ntawm cov kws qhia ntawv tshiab. Chemist Alexey Favorsky los ua tus thawj saib kev kawm ntawm cov kws qhia ntawv ntawm Physics thiab kev kawm txog zauv. Rabfaks thiab kev kawm tsev kawm ntawv dawb yog qhib vim yog lub tsev kawm ntawv npaj kev kawm ntawv huab hwm coj. Lub caij nplooj zeeg ntawm 1920, yog cai los ntawm tus menyuam kawm ntawv freshman Alice Rosenbaum, qhib sau npe xaiv heev thiab feem ntau cov me nyuam kawm ntawv tau los tiv thaiv communist xws li, mus txog rau thaum muab tshem mus, a few vocal opponents of the regime. Seeing that they were educatingclass enemies”, a purge was conducted in 1922 based on the class background of the students and all students, other than seniors, with a bourgeois background were expelled.

Nyob rau hauv 1924 the university was renamed Leningrad State University after its namesake city. In order to suppress intellectual opposition to Soviet power, a number of historians working in the university, including Sergey Platonov, Yevgeny Tarle and Boris Grekov, were imprisoned in the so-called Academic Affair of 1929–1930 on fabricated charges of participating in a counter-revolutionary conspiracy aimed at overthrowing the government. Some other members of the staff were repressed in 1937–1938 during the Great Purge.

During the 1941–1944 Siege of Leningrad in World War II, many of the students and staff died from starvation, in battles or from repressions. However, the university operated continuously, evacuated to Saratov in 1942–1944. A branch of the university was hosted in Yelabuga during the war. Nyob rau hauv 1944 the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Soviet Union awarded the university with the Order of Lenin on the occasion of its 125th anniversary and for its contribution to science and culture.

Nyob rau hauv 1948 the Council of Ministers named the university after Andrei Zhdanov, a recently deceased prominent communist official. This decision was revoked in 1989 during Perestroika.

In 1949–1950 several professors died in prison during the investigation of the Leningrad Affair fabricated by the central Soviet leadership, and the Minister of Education of the RSFSR, former rector Alexander Voznesensky, was executed.

Nyob rau hauv 1966 the Council of Ministers decided to build a new suburban campus in Petrodvorets for most of the mathematics and natural science faculties. The relocation of the faculties had been completed by the 1990s.

Nyob rau hauv 1969 the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Soviet Union awarded the university with the Order of the Red Banner of Labour.

Nyob rau hauv 1991 the university was renamed back to Saint Petersburg State University after its namesake city.


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