- Tsev kawm ntawv hauv California, Berkeley
Tsev kawm ntawv hauv California, Berkeley
Saib ib muag
Tsev kawm ntawv hauv California, Berkeley is a public institution that was founded in 1868.
Tuition fees in University of California, Berkeley yog $40,000 (Aprox.).
The University of California, Berkeley, often referred to as Cal, is situated overlooking the San Francisco Bay. Typically, 95 percent or more of incoming freshmen at Berkeley choose to live on campus. Muaj ntau tshaj 1,000 cov koom haum kawm, ranging from political groups to a hang gliding club and everything in between. Berkeley also has a thriving Greek life with dozens of fraternity and sorority chapters. The California Golden Bears, Berkeley’s athletic teams, compete in the Pac-12 Conference and are known for their traditional arch rivalry with Stanford University.
Berkeley has 14 tsev kawm ntawv thiab cov qib siab, including a number of graduate and professional schools, such as the School of Optometry and the Graduate School of Journalism. Other graduate programs offered include those in the highly ranked Haas School of Business,Graduate tsev kawm ntawv kev kawm, College of Engineering and School of Law.
Berkeley is well known as a hub of liberal student activism: The Free Speech Movement – a 1964 student protest at Berkeley in response to the administration’s ban on political activity – gained widespread attention. Notable alumni include former U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice Earl Warren, Olympic gold medalist Jonny Moseley and actor John Cho, known for his role in the “Harold and Kumar” films. Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer, who worked on the development of the atomic bomb as scientific director of the Manhattan Project during World War II, was a professor at Berkeley.
Tsev kawm ntawv / Qib siab / Saib xyuas / Kev kawm / Faculties
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Includes departments of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering.
Master’s and doctoral programs, teacher preparation, undergraduate minor program and leadership training.
Yam xws li tshuab
Includes departments of Bioengineering; Nplua & Engineering tej; Engineering hluav taws xob & Khoos phib tawj Sciences; Industrial Engineering & Operations Research; Cov ntaub ntawv kev kawm & Yam xws li tshuab; Mechanical Engineering; and Nuclear Engineering.
Tej kev tsim
Includes departments of Architecture; Landscape Architecture; and City and Regional Planning.
Haas School of Business
Undergraduate degrees, MBA programs and executive education.
Graduate programs in information management systems and data science.
Two-year immersive Master of Journalism program.
Offers J.D. and J.S.D. cov kev pab cuam, and the first U.S. law school to offer M.A. thiab Ph.D. degrees in jurisprudence and social policy.
Tsiaj ntawv & Science
Berkeley’s largest college includes more than 60 departments in the biological sciences, arts and humanities, physical sciences, and social sciences.
Includes departments of Agricultural and Resource Economics; Environmental Science, Txoj cai, and Management; Nutritional Science; and Plant and Microbial Biology.
Professional program for optometry.
Master’s and doctoral programs in a wide range of public health disciplines.
Richard and Rhoda Goldman School of Public Policy
Tus tswv, doctoral and an undergraduate minor program in public policy.
Offering master’s, concurrent master’s, doctoral and credential programs.
Nyob rau hauv 1866, the private College of California purchased the land comprising the current Berkeley campus. Because it lacked sufficient funds to operate, it eventually merged with the state-run Agricultural, Mining, and Mechanical Arts College to form the University of California, the first full-curriculum public university in the state.
Ten faculty members and almost 40 students made up the new University of California when it opened in Oakland in 1869. Frederick H. Billings was a trustee of the College of California and suggested that the college be named in honor of the Anglo-Irish philosopher George Berkeley. Nyob rau hauv 1870, Henry Durant, the founder of the College of California, became the first president. With the completion of North andSouth Halls in 1873, the university relocated to its Berkeley location with 167 pojniam thiab 22 female students and held its first classes.
Beginning in 1891, Phoebe Apperson Hearst made several large gifts to Berkeley, funding a number of programs and new buildings, and sponsoring, nyob rau hauv 1898, an international competition in Antwerp, Belgium, where French architect Émile Bénard submitted the winning design for a campus master plan. Nyob rau hauv 1905, the University Farm was established near Sacramento, ultimately becoming the University of California, Davis.By the 1920s, the number of campus buildings had grown substantially, and included twenty structures designed by architect John Galen Howard.
Robert Gordon Sproul served as president from 1930 mus 1958. Los ntawm 1942, the American Council on Education ranked UC Berkeley second only to Harvard University in the number of distinguished departments.
Lub ntiaj teb ua tsov ua rog II, following Glenn Seaborg’s then-secret discovery of plutonium, Ernest Orlando Lawrence’s Radiation Laboratory began to contract with the U.S. Army to develop the atomic bomb. UC Berkeley physics professor J. Robert Oppenheimer was named scientific head of the Manhattan Project in 1942. Along with the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (formerly the Radiation Lab), Berkeley is now a partner in managing two other labs, Los Alamos National Laboratory (1943) and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (1952).
Originally, military training was compulsory for male undergraduates, and Berkeley housed an armory for that purpose. Nyob rau hauv 1917, Berkeley’s ROTC program was established, and its School of Military Aeronautics trained future pilots, including Jimmy Doolittle, who graduated with a B.A. nyob rau hauv 1922. Both Robert McNamara and Frederick C. Weyand graduated from UC Berkeley’s ROTC program, earning B.A. degrees in 1937 thiab 1938, feem. Nyob rau hauv 1926, future fleet admiral Chester W. Nimitz established the first Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps unit at Berkeley. Lub ntiaj teb ua tsov ua rog II, the military increased its presence on campus to recruit more officers, los 1944, ntau tshaj 1,000 Berkeley students were enrolled in the V-12 Navy College Training Program and naval training school for diesel engineering. The Board of Regents ended compulsory military training at Berkeley in 1962.
During the McCarthy era in 1949, the Board of Regents adopted an anti-communist loyalty oath. A number of faculty members objected and were dismissed; ten years passed before they were reinstated with back pay.
Nyob rau hauv 1952, the University of California became an entity separate from the Berkeley campus. Each campus was given relative autonomy and its own Chancellor. Then-president Sproul assumed presidency of the entire University of California system, and Clark Kerr became the first Chancellor of UC Berkeley.
Berkeley gained a reputation for student activism in the 1960s with the Free Speech Movement of 1964 and opposition to the Vietnam War. In the highly publicized People’s Park protest in 1969, students and the school conflicted over use of a plot of land; the National Guardwas called in and violence erupted. Then governor of California Ronald Reagan called the Berkeley campus “a haven for communist sympathizers, protesters, and sex deviants.” Modern students at Berkeley are less politically active, with a greater percentage of moderates and conservatives. Democrats outnumber Republicans on the faculty by a ratio of 9:1.
Various human and animal rights groups have conflicted with Berkeley. Native Americans conflicted with the school over repatriation of remains from the Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology. Animal-rights activists have threatened faculty members using animals for research. The school’s response to tree sitters protesting construction caused controversy in the local community.
Saum ntuj 1, 2014, UC Berkeley was named one of fifty-five higher education institutions under investigation by the Office of Civil Rights “for possible violations of federal law over the handling of sexual violence and harassment complaints” by the White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault. The investigation comes after 31 female students made three federal complaints: thawj, a Clery Actcomplaint was filed in May 2013, and then, after a lack of response from the University, a second Clery Act Complaint and Title IX complaint were filed on February 26, 2014. Investigations have continued into 2016, with hundreds of pages of records released in April 2016, showing a pattern of documented sexual harassment and firings of non-tenured staff.
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