Ukraine ndeimwe mumaruwa pakukura Europe.

Short Info

guta : Kyiv

mutauro Official : Ukrainian

Other mitauro : ChiRussian

uwandu hwevanhu : 42,500,000

mari : Ukrainian Hryvnia (OMR)

Time zone : UTC +2

Zvifambiso pamusoro : Rudyi

Calling bumbiro : +380

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tsananguro


Ukraine ari mutungamiri / inozvitonga dzeparamende nesimba yakakamurwa pakati The President (Musoro Executive simba), Verkhovna Batsirai (Legislative simba, paramende) uye dare hurongwa. Mutemo chikuru Constitution wokurera ari 1997 Miganhu vari Russia, Bherarusi, Porendi, Sirovhakiya, Romaniya, Morodhovha.
Guru ndiro Kyiv (Kiev).
The miganhu mapoka ndivo 24 nharaunda.
Ukraine inyika kuEastern Europe. Ukraine muganhu Russian Federation kumabvazuva uye North-East, Belarus kuna North-West, Porendi,Slovakia uye Hungary kuna West, Romania uye Moldova kuna South-West, uye Black Sea andSea pamusoro Azov kuna South uye Southeast, zvichienderana zvakadaro. It Ane nharaunda 603,628 km², zvichiita kupfuura nyika zvachose mukati Europe.

Foreign ukama


muna 1999-2001, Ukraine akashanda se asiri wechigarire nhengo UN Security Council. kare, Soviet Ukraine akabatana United Nations muna 1945 somumwe yepakutanga nhengo akatevera Western kubvuma pamwe Soviet Union, wakange akumbira zvigaro zvose 15 chokubatana yayo chinoda. Ukraine ave nguva akatsigira rugare, nekambani misha kuti kusawirirana. Chakasimudzira muchirongwa quadripartite hurukuro pamusoro mukakavadzane Moldova uye akatsigira ine rugare kupedza kunetsana mune post-Soviet mamiriro Georgia. Ukraine zvakare akaita mupiro nouchapupu kuna UN anochengetedza runyararo kuvhiyiwa kubva 1992.
Mazuvano Ukraine ane ukama dzakaipa wokuRussia Federation.

Climate


Ukraine ane kazhinji unozvidzora Continental okunze. Precipitation ari disproportionately richiparadzirwa; zviri soro kumadokero nokumusoro chepasipasi kumabvazuva uye kumaodzanyemba kwakadziva kumabvazuva. Western Ukraine anogamuchira kumativi 1,200 millimeters (47.2 masendimita) pamusoro kunayisa gore negore, apo Crimea anogamuchira kumativi 400 millimeters (15.7 masendimita). Winters anosiyana kubva muchitonhorera pamwe kweGungwa Dema cold kure kure negungwa. Avhareji tembiricha chegore negore muUkraine dzinosiyana pakati +5..+7 C kuchamhembe uye +11..+13 C kumaodzanyemba.

ushanyi


Ukraine chatinokoshesa nzvimbo 8 muEurope nenhamba revashanyi kushanyira, maererano World Tourism Organisation kuera. Ukraine ari kuenda pamusoro pamharadzano pakati nechepakati uye Eastern Europe, pakati kuchamhembe nokumaodzanyemba. Ane gomo neeSultan - Mountains Carpathian akakodzera Skiing, Hiking, hove uye kuvhima. Nemhenderekedzo pamusoro Sea Black ndiye muzhizha yakakurumbira nzvimbo nokuda pazororo. Ukraine ane yemizambiringa kwavakanga inongomutsa chizvarwa waini, MATONGO nematende yekare, Nhoroondo mumapaki, Orthodox uye Catholic makereke uyewo dzavanonamatira shoma uye mumasinagoge. Kiev, guta guru munyika ine zvivako zvakawanda rakasiyana nemamwe akadai Saint Sophia Cathedral uye yakafara boulevards. Kune mamwe maguta aizivikanwa vashanyi dzakadai chiteshi taundi Odessa navatana guta reLviv kumadokero. kuCrimea, zvishoma "kondinendi" wayo, ane mukurumbira kuzororo nzvimbo Vashanyi nokuda zvokushambira kana zuva Tanning muGungwa Dema wayo inodziya okunze, pemakomo, nenzvimbo dzakakwirira uye ungwandangwanda yekare. Cities ikoko vanosanganisira: Sevastopol uye Yalta - nzvimbo rugare Musangano pakupera kweHondo Yenyika II. Vashanyi kunogonawo kutora dzevashanyi Tours nengarava musi Dnieper River kubva Kiev kusvikira kuGungwa Black mhenderekedzo yegungwa. Ukrainian chili kwakabvira kare uye inopa zvakasiyana-siyana zvokudya yepakutanga. The Zvinomwe Wonders rweUkraine ndiyo nomwe nhoroondo netsika sezvivako rweUkraine; ari Nzvimbo vakasarudzwa maererano voruzhinji kuburikidza paIndaneti-inobva vhoti.

Ukraine Gallery


mutauro


Maererano bumbiro remitemo, mutauro muUkraine ehurumende ari Ukrainian. Russian anotaurwa nevakawanda, kunyanya muEastern Southern Ukraine. Ukrainian dzinowanzotsigi- unotaurwa dzokuMadokero uye nechepakati Ukraine. In Western Ukraine, Ukrainian ndiyewo mutauro unonyanyoshandiswa mumaguta (akadai muLviv). In nechepakati Ukraine, Ukrainian uye Russian vari vaviri zvakaenzana inoshandiswa mumaguta, wokuRussia ari Zvinonyanyozivikanwa muKiev, apo Ukrainian ndiwo mutauro unonyanyoshandiswa mumaruwa munharaunda. Kumabvazuva uye kumaodzanyemba Ukraine, Russian anonyanya kushandiswa mumaguta, uye Ukrainian rinoshandiswa kumaruwa. Mashoko aya kuguma musiyano chinokosha mhiri zvakasiyana Ongororo zvabuda, sezvo kunyange chiduku kunyorwazve mubvunzo Minamato haipindurwe mabasa chinokosha boka revanhu.
Chirungu haina kutaurwa. pakati pavo, vanhu mairi regai kutaura. Kana uchida kuudza mumwe munhu ari Chirungu, zviri nani kukurukura kuchizvarwa chevechiduku. Kutaura nevanhu vomunzvimbo yacho mune mumwe mutauro angangotadza.

utano


Ukraine kuti utano kwava mamiriro subsidized uye pachena kuwanikwa vagari vose wokuUkraine uye vakanyorwa nevagari. zvisinei, hazvina rokumanikidzirwa kubatwa muchipatara ehurumende kumhanya sezvo vanoverengeka voga dzokurapa zvivako iriko munyika. The paruzhinji kwemauto anoshandisa vakawanda zveutano nenyanzvi, vaya kushandira voga zvemuDominican yemanyorero uyewo ukaramba mamiriro avo basa sezvo vari haingopiwi kutarisira panguva outano yavose nguva dzose.

upfumi


Ukraine unobereka zvinenge zvose mhando zvokufambisa nemotokari uye chitundumuseremusere chakasvitsa. Antonov ndege uye KrAZ marori vari aivigirwa kunyika dzakawanda. Ruzhinji wokuUkraine zvinotengeswa kunze kwenyika vari kutengeswa kune European Union uye Kishi. Sezvo rusununguko, Ukraine akaita akaramba yayo nzvimbo sangano, National Space Agency rweUkraine (NSAU). Ukraine akava chinoshingaira ubatanidzwe musayenzi nzvimbo ubanguranyika uye vachifunga kure mishoni. pakati 1991 uye 2007, Ukraine wakatanga kurwisa nokuzvidzora akaita satellites matanhatu uye 101 kanda motokari, uye kuramba kugadzira chitundumuseremusere chakasvitsa. Nyika Zvinhu zvikuru simba rinopiwa, kunyanya mafuta negasi, uye zvikurukuru kunotsamira Russia sezvo simba rayo nokutengesa. apo 25 muzana negasi muUkraine kunobva zvemukati zvinyorwa, pamusoro 35 muzana kunobva kuRussia uye vanosara 40 muzana kubva Central Asia kuburikidza dzaifanoiswa migwagwa kuti Russia chidhiraivho. Panguva imwe, 85 muzana Russian gasi runopiwa Western Europe kuburikidza kuUkraine. Kuwedzera sectors ari wokuUkraine upfumi zvinosanganisira mashoko rwokugadzira (iT) musika, izvo rwaiva mamwe Central uye Eastern nyika dzose peEurope 2007, achikura vamwe 40 muzana. Ukraine pokutanga chechina munyika nhamba vanopupurirwa IT nyanzvi mushure United States, India uye Russia.

Cuisine


The chinyakare Ukrainian Kudya zvinosanganisira huku, nyama yenguruve, nyama, hove uye howa. Ukrainians uyewo vanowanzotevedzera kudya zvakawanda matapiri, mbeu, kutsva uye pickled miriwo. Popular chinyakare ndiro anosanganisira varenyky (vakabika zongzi vane howa, matapiri, sauerkraut, koteji chizi kana Cherry), borsch (muto zvakagadzirwa bhitiruti, makabheji uye howa kana nyama) uye holubtsy (stuffed makabheji mabhanzi vakazara mupunga, makerotsi uye nyama). Ukrainian unyanzvi dzinosanganisirawo Chicken Kiev uye Kiev Cake. Ukrainians kunwa zvibereko ine muto, facial, mukaka, buttermilk (vanoita koteji chizi kubva ichi), mvura, tea kofi, doro, waini uye horilka.

The political kuitika kwayo nezvainoita vadzidzi vokune dzimwe nyika


pari zvino, vadzidzi vatorwa havagoni kudzidza muna mumayunivhesiti iri munharaunda kuCrimea uye mamwe maguta Donetsk uye Lugansk nzvimbo.
zvisinei, mumayunivhesiti vakawanda Kutamiswa pekugara yavo mamwe maguta muUkraine uye kuramba kudzidzisa vadzidzi. EdukationBro hariudzi vadzidzi kuuya kudzidza panguva mumayunivhesiti kuti panyama iri munharaunda Crimea, Donetsk uye Lugansk nzvimbo. Education in napamwe zvakakwana yakachengeteka uye vadzidzi havana atarisana chero dambudziko apo kudzidza ikoko.

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