- University of Free Berlin
University of Free Berlin
The University of Free Berlin” is a research universitylocated in Berlin and one of the most prominent universities in Germany. It is internationally known for its research in the humanities and social sciences, iyo sidoo kale in berrinkii cilmiga dabiiciga ah iyo nolosha. Aasaasay ee West Berlin muddada hore Dagaalkii Qaboobaa iyo ku dhashay baxay University sii shuuciga ay gacanta ku Humboldt, magaceeda waxaa loola jeedaa xaaladda West Berlin ayaa qayb ka ah dunida oo lacag la'aan ah, sida soo horjeeda ee Soviet-degan “unfree” meelaha ku xeeran magaalada.
Freie Universität Berlin ayaa ka mid ahaa sagaal jaamacadaha Jarmal inuu ku guuleysto in Excellence Jaamacadaha Jarmal ah Initiative, tartan heer qaran ah jaamacadaha ay xukuumadda federaalka Jarmal abaabulay. Ku guuleysiga duwo shan barnaamijyada phD, saddex kooxahaasi cilmi maadooyinka (qaar ka mid ah iyaga ka mid ah in iskaashi la jaamacadaha kale) iyo istaraatijiyad hay'adaha guud ahaan“Network University International”, Freie Universität Berlin waa mid ka mid ah jaamacadaha ugu guulaha badan hindisaha.
sano The 1968, 1990, iyo 2007 sumadda jeestay dhibcood ee taariikhda Freie Universität. Jaamacadda waxay ahayd mid ka mid ah goobaha dhexe ee Germany ee arday dibad ee 1960, dhaqdhaqaaq in dhalisay dhaqdhaqaaq ku jeeda furfurnaan dheeraad, sinnaanta, iyo dimuqraadiyadda.
Markaasuu, ka dib markii keenida German ee 1990, Freie Universität Berlin wareejiyay ay xooga, sii kordheysa hawlaha cilmi ay. Tirada qalin, musharax phD guul, iyo publications sidoo kale koray qiyaas weyn. The salaysan hab cusub ee jaamacadda guul ahayd taxane ah oo dib u habaynta asaasiga ah, oo ay ku jiraan hordhaca ah ee qaab-dhismeedka maamulka casriga ah ee maamulka ee jaamacadda, habeynta of waaxaha ah, iyo isticmaalka maalgelin si ay u taageeraan ujeeddooyinka gaarka ah.
In 2007, Freie Universität Berlin ayaa waxa loo xushay in Initiative Excellence wadajir ah maalgaliyo by xukuumadda federaalka Jarmal iyo Dawladaha ka mid ah dawlad-goboleedyada federaalka. Waa mid ka mid ah sagaal jaamacadood ee Germany ahaa si loo kala duwo oo dhan saddex lines maalgelin u hesho, tillaabo ah ayaa waxay awood jaamacadda si ay u xoojiyaan oo sii ballaariso booska sida ah "jaamacadda network caalamiga ah." In 2012 inta lagu guda jiro maal-wareega labaad ee Initiative Excellence ah, waxay haddana u soo xulay iyo hadda waa mid ka mid ah kow iyo toban jaamacadood ee heer sare ah ee Germany.
Dugsiyada / kulliyadaha / Departments / koorsooyinka / Caqlina
- Biology, Chemistry, farmashiyaha
- Ganacsiga iyo Dhaqaalaha
- Earth Sciences
- Education and Psychology
- History and Cultural Studies
- Xisaabta iyo Sayniska Kombiyuutarka
- Medicine (Sadaqo – Univ.medizin Berlin)
- Philosophy and Humanities
- Siyaasadda iyo Bulshada Sciences
- Veterinary Medicine
Freie Universität Berlin was established by students and scholars on 4 December 1948. The foundation is strongly connected to the beginning of the Cold War period. The University of Berlin was located in the former Soviet sector of Berlin and was granted permission to continue teaching by the Soviet Military Administration in Germany (SMAD) in January 1946. The universities were increasingly influenced by communism as they were ground for the political disputes of the postwar period. This led to protests by students critical of the prevailing system. Inta u dhaxaysa 1945 iyo 1948, in ka badan 18 students were arrested or persecuted, some even executed by the soviet secret police (NKVD).
Dhamaadkii 1947, first students demanded a university free from political influence. The climax of the protests was reached on 23 April 1948: after three students were expelled from the university without a trial, ku saabsan 2,000 students protested at the Hotel Esplanade. By the end of April, the governor of the United States Army Lucius D. Clay gave the order to legally check for the formation of a new university in the western sectors. On 19 June 1948 ah “preparatory committee for establishing a free university” consisting of politicians, Professor, administrative staff members and students, met. With a manifesto titled “Request for establishing a free university in Berlin” the committee appealed to the public for support. The municipal authorities of Berlin granted the foundation of a free university and requested the opening for the coming winter semester 1948/49. Dhanka kale, the students committee in the German Democratic Republic protested against the formation, the GDR described the new university as the “so-called free university” in official documents until the fall of the Berlin Wall.
The Council-manager government accepted the by-law on 4 November 1948. The by-law achieved prominence under its alias “the Berlin model”: Freie Universität was founded as a statutory corporation (Körperschaft des öffentlichen Rechts) and was not directly subjected to the state, as it was controlled by a supervisory board consisting of six representatives of the state of Berlin, three representatives of the university and students. This form was unique in Germany at that time, as the students had much more influence on the system than before. But until the 1970s, the involvement of the students in the committees was slowly cut back while adapting to the model of the western German universities in order to be fully recognized as an equivalent university. On 15 November 1948, the first lectures were held in the buildings of the Kaiser Wilhelm Society for the Advancement of Science. The actual foundation took place on 4 December 1948 in the Titania palace, the film theater with the biggest hall available in the western sectors of Berlin. Attendants of the event were not only scientists, siyaasiyiinta (the Governing Mayor Ernst Reuter amongst others) iyo ardayda, but also representatives of American universities, iyaga ka mid ah Stanford University iyo Yale University. The first elected president of the FU Berlin was the historian Friedrich Meinecke.
In 1949, Freie Universität already registered 4,946 ardayda. Until the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961, many students came from the soviet sector, often supported through the “Währungsstipendium” of the senate.
On 26 June 1963, the same day he held his famous Ich bin ein Berliner speech at Rathaus Schöneberg, John F. Kennedywas awarded honorary citizen by the Freie Universität and held a ceremonial speech in front of the Henry Ford building in which he addressed the future of Berlin and Germany under the consideration of the motto of the FU. Amongst the attendant crowd are also the Governing Mayor of Berlin Willy Brandt and the Chancellor of Germany Konrad Adenauer.His brother, Robert F. Kennedy visited Freie Universität in 1962 for the first time and in June 1964 for receiving his honorary degree from the Department of Philosophy. The speech he held at the event was dedicated to John F. Kennedy, who was assassinated just the year before.
In dabayaaqadii sannadihii 1960, Freie Universität was one of the main scenes of the German student movement of 68 as a reaction to the global student protests during that time. After the assassination of student Benno Ohnesorg and the attempt on Rudi Dutschke’s life, protests quickly escalated to violence in all of Germany. The events of the 68-movement provided the impulse for more openness, sinnaanta, and democracy in German society.
During the 1970s and the 1980s, the university became a “Massenuniversität” (mass/mega university) la 50,298 registered students in 1983. After reunification, Freie Universität was the second largest university in Germany (after the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich) la 62,072 students in the winter term of 1991/92. Shortly thereafter, the senate of Berlin decided to drastically reduce the places until 2003, the number of students shrank to 43,885 in the winter term of 2002/03. Tan iyo markii ay 2000, the Freie Universität Berlin has revamped itself. The university’s research performance increased markedly with regard to the number of graduates, PhDs granted, and publications. Underlying this successful trend were fundamental reforms such as the introduction of modern management systems in the administration, a reorganization of the departments, and an efficient utilization of resources. The Prognos AG, the renowned economic consulting corporation founded by the University of Basel, Switzerland, presented Freie Universität with an award for its good entrepreneurial principles.During the 1970s and the 1980s, the university became a “Massenuniversität” (mass/mega university) la 50,298 registered students in 1983. After reunification, Freie Universität was the second largest university in Germany (after the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich) la 62,072 students in the winter term of 1991/92. Shortly thereafter, the senate of Berlin decided to drastically reduce the places until 2003, the number of students shrank to 43,885 in the winter term of 2002/03. Tan iyo markii ay 2000, the Freie Universität Berlin has revamped itself. The university’s research performance increased markedly with regard to the number of graduates, PhDs granted, and publications. Underlying this successful trend were fundamental reforms such as the introduction of modern management systems in the administration, a reorganization of the departments, and an efficient utilization of resources. The Prognos AG, the renowned economic consulting corporation founded by the University of Basel, Switzerland, presented Freie Universität with an award for its good entrepreneurial principles.
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