University of Leipzig

University of Leipzig

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University of Leipzig la aasaasay 1409 waa mid ka mid ah jaamacadaha ugu faca weyn ee Germany samaynta. Waa maadooyinka ah, jaamacadda caalamiga ah oo dhamaystiran.

On ay waddo hami in uu noqdo jaamacad oo heer sare ah European ah iyo kursiga caalamku aqoonsan yahay ee cilmi-baarista iyo waxbarashada culimada da'da yar University of Leipzig barbaro kala duwan oo ballaaran maaddooyinka. xuduudaha Goynaya of nidaamo tacliinta dhaqanka, iskaashiga caalamiga ah, kasbashada la machadyada cilmi jaamacad ahayn iyo ganacsiga aan ahayn dhaqanka kaliya ee Jaamacadda, laakiin sidoo kale waa ku salaysan ay tacliin heer sare.

University of Leipzig ka kooban yahay 14 Caqlina la 128 machadyada. 35,000 dadka cilmi, baro oo ka barato jaamacadda iyo in ka badan 4,300 dadka shaqeeya ee cusbataalka jaamacadda ee Leipzig. Jaamacadda bixiyeen 136 koorsooyinka waxbarasho ee 2009/10 simistarka jiilaalka. 5,686 musharax phD diiwan EL ah (2,439 in daawooyinka), 631 kuwaas oo ku qoran 20 barnaamijyada tababarka graduate habaysan (sida dhamaadka 2009). kara The cilmi Leipzig waxaa deyrka lahaa by 20 jaamacad ahayn hay'adaha cilmi-baarista iyo shan jaamacadaha kale.

Sida jaamacad gadaya oo dhaqan, University of Leipzighas had iyo jeer way sii xoogeystaan ​​markii baxaya ka gudubka adag. Wejiga ka dib dhacay Wall Berlin ee 1989 waxaa ku badan Manhajkooda a shiidaa dhamaystiran oo ka mid ah aadamaha iyo cilmiga bulshada, halka cilmiga nolosha iyo cilmiga dabiiciga ah ayaa ku habboon lahjadda cusub ee cilmi-baarista iyo waxbarashada. toobadda The asaasiga ah ee dhismayaasha iyo koorsooyin waxbarasho oo ay sidoo kale waxaa lagu daray fursad si kor loogu qaado wada shaqaynta maadooyinka ka bilawga iyo faa'iidaystaan ​​awood timi.

University of Leipzig ayaa kaalinta sida jaamacada ugu fiican Laender Cusub oo ka mid ah hogaanka 25 ee Germany taasoo ahayd sannaddii afraad oo xiriir ah (by ciidmada Shanghai ah).

Magaalada Leipzig waa xarun qarniyo jir ganacsiga iyo sidoo kale xarun scholarly iyo dhaqanka ah in uu leeyahay dhaxal xagga xiriirka caalamiga ah, dabeecadaha magalo iyo beerida dhaqanka iyo dulqaad. Muuqaaladan ugu weyn ee Leipzig iyo University waa kaabayaasha gobolka-of-the-art la hareeraysan jiidasho halkaas oo wax kasta oo uu yahay oo kaliya hal talaabo ka fog. Baadhitaan of Guddiga Yurub waxay muujinaysaa in Leipzig ka mid ah saddex magaalo weyn ee Europe ay noloshu waa mid u qalanta nool halka New York Times waxa uu ugu yeerayaa mid ka mid ah hogaanka toban goobood waa.

Dugsiyada / kulliyadaha / Departments / koorsooyinka / Caqlina


  • Kuliyada Theology
  • Kulliyadda Law
  • Kuliyada History, Art and Oriental Studies
  • Kuliyada Philology
  • Kuliyada Waxbarashada
  • Kuliyadda Sayniska Bulshada iyo Philosophy
  • Kulliyadda Dhaqaalaha iyo Maamulka (including Civil Engineering)
  • Kuliyadda Sayniska Sports
  • Kulliyadda Daawada (with a University Hospital)
  • Kuliyadda Sayniska Xisaabta iyo Computer
  • Faculty of Biosciences, Pharmacy and Psychology
  • Faculty of Physics and Earth Science
  • Faculty of Chemistry and Mineralogy
  • Kuliyada Veterinary Medicine

taariikhda


1409
Universität Leipzig is founded by masters and scholars from Prague

1519
Leipzig Debate at Pleissenburg Castle. The dispute between orthodox theologian Johannes Eck and reformers Luther, Karlstadt and Melanchthon
marks the nascent break between Rome and the Lutherans

1539
With the establishment of the Lutheran Reformation in Albertine Saxony, particularly after 1543, a new period of university history begins. The work of rector Caspar Borner und respected humanist Joachim Camerarius in the
intervening years are tantamount to refounding the university

1543
Establishment of a university library, mainly from monastic holdings

1544
Duke Moritz of Saxony transfers the former Dominican monastery to the university where it is renamed the “Collegium Paulinum.” This along with other material support makes Leipzig one of the richest universities in the Old Reich

1682
The first scholarly journal in Germany, Acta Eruditorum, is published in the
trade-fair city. Numerous subsequent periodicals strengthen Leipzig‘s
position as the book-trading capital of Central Europe

1810
The first full professor for obstetrics, Johann Christoph Gottfried Jörg, becomes
director of a delivery school (“Trier Institute”) which later develops into the university‘s gynaecological hospital

1879
The Institute of Experimental Psychology – the first in the world – is opened by Wilhelm Wundt

1897
Inauguration of the new Augusteum designed by Arwed Rossbach

1906
Women are finally admitted as students – a relatively late development in Leipzig – after being allowed to audit classes as early as 1870

1927
First chair of brain research in Germany

1933
Heisenberg is awarded the 1932 Nobel Prize in Physics (announced in 1933), in particular for the “creation of quantum mechanics and its applications”

1933-1945

The ill-fated reorganization of the university body into a system of allegiance by the Nazi Party dictatorship paralyzes free thinking and intellectual life. Professors, students and university employees are dismissed, persecuted, imprisoned or killed for political or racial reasons. The Second World War brings mass death and destruction to Leipzig. Sixty percent of the university
is destroyed, professors and students perish in the air war or on the front, and Leipzig loses its international contacts. Out of 103 university buildings only 16 are undamaged at the end of the war. Eighty-seven are completely destroyed or no longer usable.

1946
The university is reopened 1946 at the former cinema “Capitol”

1953
As a symbol of the new ideological orientation of science and scholarship in
the GDR, the ruling SED party renames Universität Leipzig “Karl-Marx-Universität contrary to tradition, the university has a designation imposed from above

1968
The Augusteum and – after surviving the war fully intact – St. Paul‘s university church are demolished on orders from the SED regime. The Leipzig City Council votes to rebuild the university. A competition is announced in the spring of 1968, but no first prize is awarded. Native Leipziger and head of state Walter Ulbricht (1893-1973) favours adopting basic elements from the third-place design of Gerhard Henselmann. The university highrise, rectorate, maqaayadda, seminar and lecture buildings are completed by the mid-1970‘s

1989
Political developments and street protests for more 1989 freedom and civil rights are joined in Leipzig by many university members. Political demands and intense debates soon arise within the university. Reform councils meet and discuss the university‘s future orientation. Students found a democratically legitimate student union

1991
After the fall of the Wall and German reunification, the university once again assumes its traditional designation: Universität Leipzig

1993
A ceremony on December 2nd marks the refounding of institutes eliminated by the 3rd Higher Education Reform of 1968 and the university returns to its classic structure of faculties and institutes. Wadar ah 14 faculties are founded by 1994, some of which never existed at the university before. The venerable
Faculty of Agriculture is closed, Si kastaba ha ahaatee

tan 2001
The Free State of Saxony, in cooperation with the university and the City of Leipzig, announces an EU-wide competition to redesign the urban campus
on Augustusplatz. The design of architects behet + bondzio from Münster is selected by the jury. In another Europe-wide architectural competition to rebuild the university auditorium and church, the contract is awarded to Dutch fi rm erick van egeraat associated architects, Rotterdam. Construction work on the new university campus begins in July 2005 when the foundation stone is laid for the new cafeteria. The first phase of construction includes the new cafeteria and reconstruction of the old lecture hall. In October 2008, the topping-out ceremony for the Paulinum is celebrated and the institute building on Grimmaische Strasse is handed over to the university. Campus buildings are gradually ready for use for the summer semester of 2009. The official ceremony marking the university’s 600 year existence takes place at the
Paulinum on December 2, 2009

2009
600-year anniversary celebration and opening of the new campus in the
heart of the city


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