- University of Munich
University of Munich
Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich is a public research university located in Munich, Germany.
The University of Munich ka mid ah jaamacadaha ugu da'da weyn Germany ee. Asal aasaasay Ingolstadt in 1472 by Duke Ludwig IX ee Bavaria-Landshut, jaamacadda ururtay in 1800 si Landshut by King Maximilian waxaan of Bavaria markii Ingolstadt waxaa hanjabay by Faransiis ah, ka hor inta aan loo raray in ay meesha la joogo maanta in Munich ee 1826 by King Ludwig waxaan of Bavaria. In 1802, jaamacada waxaa si rasmi ah loo magacaabay Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität by King Maximilian waxaan of Bavaria in uu sidoo kale sharaf aasaasaha asalka ah ee jaamacadda ee.
The University of Munich ayaa, gaar ahaan tan iyo qarnigii 19aad, la tixgeliyaa sida mid ka mid ah Germany ayaa sidoo kale mid ka mid ah jaamacadaha ugu caansan Yurub; la 34 Laureates Nobel ee la xidhiidha jaamacadda, waxaa kaalinta 13aad ee dunida oo dhan by tirada Laureates Nobel. Kuwaasna waxaa ku jiray Wilhelm Röntgen, Max Planck, Werner Heisenberg, Otto Hahn iyo Thomas Mann. Pope Benedict sidoo kale XVIwas arday oo ah borofisar ka tirsan jaamacadda. LMU ayaa dhawaan la hadlay horyaalka ee “jaamacadda aqoonyahanada” hoos Excellence Jaamacadaha Jarmal ah Initiative.
LMU hadda waa jaamacadda labaad ee ugu weyn ee Germany marka la eego tirada dadka ardayga; in simistarka jiilaalka ah 2013/2014, jaamacadda lahaa guud ahaan 50,542 ardayda matriculated. Kuwaas oo kala ah, 8,719 ahaayeen ardayda cusub halka ardayda caalamiga ahayd 7,403 ama ku dhawaad 15% dadka ardayga. Sida miisaaniyadda hawlgalka, diiwaanka jaamacadda ee 2013 wadar ahaan 571.3 million Euros in maalgelin aan isbitaalka jaamacadda; iyadoo isbitaalka jaamacadda, Jaamacadda waxay leedahay maalgelinta guud gaadhaya qiyaastii 1.5 billion oo Euro.
Hel fikrad ah kuwa aan nahay – jaamacadda qalbiga Munich. Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München waa mid ka mid ah jaamacadaha cilmi keentay in Europe, with a more than 500-year-long tradition. The University is committed to the highest international standards of excellence in research and teaching.
Sida mid ka mid ah jaamacadaha cilmi keentay Yurub, LMU eegayaa dib on 500 sano oo dhaqan iyo weeraryahanka in caqabadaha iyo waajibaadka ka hor. Its sare ee cilmiga iyo cilmi-duuban tahay kala duwanaanshaha balaadhan oo ah beeraha-ka aadamaha iyo cilmiga dhaqanka sharciga loo marayo, dhaqaalaha iyo cilmiga bulshada in daawada iyo sayniska dabiiciga ah. hab An maadooyinka daran waxay kobcisaa abuurnimo si muhiim u ah mustaqbalka caalamiga ah.
awood-in LMU ee ay yihiin Professor xirfadiisa hore ama caalami ahaan caan abaalmarinta-guuleystay-aasaas u ah rikoor distinguished in cilmi University ee. waxay khibrad, furitaankii, iyo hal-abuur waxtara guusha University ee Excellence ee Initiative Germany oo dhan, tartan ah oo LMU ayaa ku guuleystay inta ugu badan ee taageerada deeqda la siiyay in hay'adda kaliya. khayraadka Kuwan waxaa loo isticmaalay si kor loogu qaado raacdada la wadaago aqoonta, geedi socod joogto ah guuxayay.
LMU hoy u tahay ardayda ka dhan qeybo ka mid ah Germany iyo in ka badan 130 countries around the globe. They benefit from the University’s uniquely wide array of study programs and its strong focus on research. At dhammaan marxaladaha tababar tacliimeed aan xoogga saaraan xiriirka ka dhexeeya cilmi-baarista iyo dabcan content. Our students view their studies as a springboard to a rewarding career, ma ugu yaraan sababtoo Munich waa mid ka mid ah xarumaha waaweyn ee Germany ee technology iyo warbaahinta.
kala duwanaanta Academic badhaadho jawi in koobay xirfadaha bulshada garab wacyi muhiim u ah qiyamka iyo taariikhda. Tan waxaa ka mid dhaxalgal Munich ee Rose Weisse ah, kooxda iska caabin ah arday-ku salaysan in horjeeda naasigii.
Markaad u timaadaan inaad LMU, aad soo biiray bulshada ka go'an in ay ugu of talanti ay samaynta, cajiib, iyo fursadaha. Waxaan ahay labada sharfay iyo is-hoosaysiiyey in qayb ka mid ah bulshada waxa ay noqon.
Prof. Dr. Bernd Huber
Madaxweynaha, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich
Dugsiyada / kulliyadaha / Departments / koorsooyinka / Caqlina
- Kuliyada Theology Catholic
- Kuliyada Protestant Theology
- Kulliyadda Law
- Kuliyadda Maamulka Business
- Kulliyadda Dhaqaalaha
- Kulliyadda Daawada
- Kuliyada Veterinary Medicine
- Faculty for History and the Arts
- Kuliyada Philosophy, Philosophy of Science and Study of Religion
- Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences
- Faculty for the Study of Culture
- Faculty for Languages and Literatures
- Kuliyadda Sayniska Bulshada
- Kuliyadda Xisaabta, Computer Science and Statistics
- Kuliyada Physics
- Kuliyada Chemistry iyo Farmashiyaha
- Kulliyadda Biology
- Faculty of Geosciences and Environmental Sciences
The university was founded with papal approval in 1472 as the University of Ingolstadt (foundation right of Louis IX the Rich), with faculties of philosophy, daawo, jurisprudence and theology. Its first rector was Christopher Mendel of Steinfels, who later became bishop of Chiemsee.
In the period of German humanism, the university’s academics included names such as Conrad Celtes and Petrus Apianus. The theologian Johann Eck also taught at the university. From 1549 si ay u 1773, the university was influenced by the Jesuits and became one of the centres of the Counter-Reformation. The Jesuit Petrus Canisius served as rector of the university.
At the end of the 18th century, the university was influenced by the Enlightenment, which led to a stronger emphasis on natural science.
In 1800, the Prince-Elector Maximilianv IV Joseph (the later Maximilian I, King of Bavaria) moved the university to Landshut, due to French aggression that threatened Ingolstadt during the Napoleonic Wars. In 1802, the university was renamed the Ludwig Maximilian University in honour of its two founders, Louis IX, Duke of Bavaria and Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria. The Minister of Education, Maximilian von Montgelas, initiated a number of reforms that sought to modernize the rather conservative and Jesuit-influenced university. In 1826, it was moved to Munich, the capital of the Kingdom of Bavaria. The university was situated in the Old Academy until a new building in the Ludwigstraße was completed. The locals were somewhat critical of the amount of Protestant professors Maximilian and later Ludwig I invited to Munich. They were dubbed the “Nordlichter” (Northern lights) and especially physician Johann Nepomuk von Ringseis was quite angry about them.
In the second half of the 19th century, the university rose to great prominence in the European scientific community, attracting many of the world’s leading scientists. It was also a period of great expansion. From 1903, women were allowed to study at Bavarian universities, iyo by 1918, the female proportion of students at LMU had reached 18%. In 1918, Adele Hartmann became the first woman in Germany to earn theHabilitation (higher doctorate), at LMU.
Intii lagu guda jiray Republic Weimar ah, the university continued to be one of the world’s leading universities, with professors such as Wilhelm Röntgen,Wilhelm Wien, Richard Willstätter, Arnold Sommerfeld and Ferdinand Sauerbruch.
The university has continued to be one of the leading universities of West Germany during the Cold War and in the post-reunification era. In dabayaaqadii sannadihii 1960, the university was the scene of protests by radical students.
Today the University of Munich is part of 24 Collaborative Research Centers funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG) and is host university of 13 iyaga ka mid ah. It also hosts 12 DFG Research Training Groups and three international doctorate programs as part of the Elite Network of Bavaria. It attracts an additional 120 million euros per year in outside funding and is intensively involved in national and international funding initiatives.
LMU Munich has a wide range of degree programs, la 150 subjects available in numerous combinations. 15% oo ka mid ah 45,000 students who attend the university come from abroad.
In 2005, Germany’s state and federal governments launched the German Universities Excellence Initiative, a contest among its universities. With a total of 1.9 billion euros, 75 percent of which comes from the federal state, its architects aim to strategically promote top-level research andscholarship. The money is given to more than 30 research universities in Germany.
The initiative will fund three project-oriented areas: graduate schools to promote the next generation of scholars, clusters of excellence to promote cutting-edge research and “future concepts” for the project-based expansion of academic excellence at universities as a whole. In order to qualify for this third area, a university had to have at least one internationally recognized academic center of excellence and a new graduate school.
After the first round of selections, LMU Munich was invited to submit applications for all three funding lines: It entered the competition with proposals for two graduate schools and four clusters of excellence.
On Friday 13 October 2006, a blue-ribbon panel announced the results of the Germany-wide Excellence Initiative for promoting top university research and education. The panel, composed of the German Research Foundation and the German Science Council, has decided that LMU Munich will receive funding for all three areas covered by the Initiative: one graduate school, three “excellence clusters” and general funding for the university’s “future concept”.
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