Petersburg State University Saint

Petersburg State University Saint . Ho ithuta ka Russia

Saint Petersburg State University Details

Ngolisa ka Saint Petersburg State University

Overview


Ka lilemo tse fetang 290 lilemo tse, St. University Petersburg e 'nile ea ikemiseditse ho atamela saense ea bitsoang, generating tsebo le koetlisa litsebi tsa ikhethang hakaakang. Univesithi ruileng historing - e khale 1724, ha Petrose e Moholo thehile Academy of Sciences le Arts hammoho le ea pele University Academic Russia.

E tummeng SPbU tsa baithuti ba ba e le mohloli oa boikhohomoso le ho hlompheha, e leng o bululela hore re li ipabole le hodisa haholo tshebetso ya bokhoni ba rōna le lipatlisiso 'me thuto. Har'a tsa baithuti ba rōna 'me basebetsi ba nkang, ho na le nomoro ya e sa tloaelehang ea hore ebe batho lefatšeng-e tsebahalang, ka ho khetheha, bafenyi Khau ea Nobel: physiologist Ivan Pavlov, setsebi sa baeloji Ilya Mechnikov, 'meleng setsebi sa k'hemistri Nikolay Semyonov, fisiks Lev Landau le Aleksandr Prokhorov, rafilosofi nkita Leonid Kantorovich. SPbU e boetse e Alma mater bakeng bafuputsi ikhethang hakaakang, litsebi tse, barutehi, baeta-pele ba lipolotiki le a sechaba: Dmitry Mendeleev, Vladimir Vernadsky, 'me Dmitry Likhachev lebitso empa ba seng bakae. lefatše itseng ea kolotang University hlahelletseng ka ho fetisisa baeta-pele ba setso rona, Bangoli le baetsi ba litšoantšo: Ivan Turgenev, Pavel Bryullov, Alexander Blok, Alexander Benois, Sergei Diaghilev le Igor Stravinsky. Har'a University tsa baithuti ba, re boetse re le motlotlo ka ho letho ka baeta-pele ba 'Muso Russia: Boris Pele, Alexander Kerensky, Vladimir Lenin, Bapresidente ba Russia Federation Vladimir Putin le Dmitry Medvedev.

kajeno, makholo a lilemo tse tharo ka mor'a hore ho ile ha thehoa, Station khase loanela, joaloka pele, ho etella pele ho etsa lipatlisiso 'me thuto ka tekanyo ea lefatše lohle le naha. Ke tlisa 'moho lineano le poposeswa, St. Petersburg University ea behang lebelo bakeng sa tsoelo-pele ea saense ea bitsoang, thuto le setso sa Russia le ka mose lefatše.

SPbU ka botlalo hlomella liithuti tse sa eona 'me basebetsi ba nkang bakeng sa molemo ka ho fetisisa fapaneng tse sa tšoaneng menyetla ea thuto, ho etsa lipatlisiso le tsoelo-pele ea botho: ea ruileng ka Research Library e mong ea bitsoang ka mor'a hore M. Gorky, boemo-of-the-bonono Research Park, dilaboratoriamo eteletsoeng pele ke bo-rasaense ba etellang pele, limusiamong, e hatisa ntlo, melangoana lipapali, k'hoaere University, 'mino oa liletsa, tšoantšiso le ho tantsa rekota le tse ling tse joalo.

ka November 2009, Mopresidente oa Russia Federation Dmitry Medvedev saena molao fe St. University Petersburg le Moscow State University boemo e khethehileng ea 'mehahong e ikhethang libuka tsa saense le thuto e, ditheo khale ka ho fetisisa tsa thuto e phahameng Russia ho ea bohlokoa haholo ho ntlafatseng tsa setjhabeng Russia '. SPbU o ile a fuoa tokelo ea ho beha melao ea eona e matla thutong le khau dipoloma tsa lona.

Sibolla la pele la Russia University hona joale.

Welcome to peterole!

hao ka tlhompho,
seteishene khase moreketoro
Nikolay Kropachev

thehiloe ka 1724 ke Peter e Moholo, Saint Petersburg University ne a tla fetoha sebaka sa thupelo ea pele ea thuto e phahameng Russia. SPbU ke isang Russia yunivesithi e nang le ho ruta le ho etsa lipatlisiso bokhabane Ranked har'a liunivesithi tsa lefatše tsa litlhōrō. Re bulehelang tšebelisano-'moho 'me ba thabela maqhama a matla le ho etsa lipatlisiso ba machaba le ba motsana oa heso ba borutehi. SPbU bo-rasaense ba sebetse ka hoo e ka bang masimo 'ohle a tsebo, ho fana ka botsebi le therisano ka tshebedisano e haufi le balekane ba Russia le tsa machaba. Litsebi tse ngata li 'nile ikhethang hakaakang karolo ea sechaba SPbU, ho akarelletsa tse robong bafenyi Khau ea Nobel: ea physiologist Ivan Pavlov, setsebi sa baeloji Ilya Mechnikov, fisiks le setsebi sa k'hemistri Nikolay Semyonov, fisiks Lev Landau le Aleksandr Prokhorov, rafilosofi nkita Wassily Leontief hammoho le setsebi sa lipalo le nkita Leonid Kantorovich.

Har'a University tsa baithuti ba ba Mopresidente wa Russia Federation Vladimir Putin, Tona-khōlō-Letona Dmitry Medvedev, Motsamaisi oa Hermitage Mikhail Piotrovskiy, Mopresidente oa Russia Academy of Education Liudmila Verbitskaya, tsa thuto ea lipalo Grigoriy Perelman le Sergey Smirnov hammoho le ba bang ba bangata.

St. Petersburg University Today

  • 30,000 baithuti
  • 6,000 basebetsi
  • 106 manane a ntlafatso a basenadikerii
  • 205 manane a ntlafatso a monghali le libakeng tsa batho ba ee rileng
  • 263 manane a ntlafatso a bongaka tekanyo
  • 29 manane a ntlafatso a litleleniki ho lula naheng eo
  • liithuti tse tsoang ea machaba ea lilemo tse fetang 70 sebetse dinaheng
  • holim ' 3 000 baithuti machaba ka mananeo a isa tekanyong le batho bao e seng isa tekanyong
  • 350 liunivesithi molekane
  • yunivesithi e molemo ka ho fetisisa Research Park Russia
  • 7,000,000 libuka ea pokello ea Univesithi Library Research
  • dipoloma ntša ka Serussia le Senyesemane
  • 12,800 libaka liholong tsa bodulo

Melemo thuto

  • e tsaya karolo seithuti se mo thulaganyong ya oa ho ruta;
  • ho hlokomela molemo ka ho fetisisa ba ka 'nang ea seithuti ka bomong;
  • ECTS - European Credit Ho fetiswa System;
  • laea akatemi li etselitsoe ho latela molao-motheo o modular;
  • manane a ntlafatso a seithuti sa phapanyetsano le liunivesithi molekane
  • internships le kabo ea sebetsa ofising lik'hamphani tse itlhommeng pele ea Serussia le tsa machaba;
  • phihlello ho hlokomela mehaho e ikhethang etsa lipatlisiso, theknoloji le tletseng mongolo databases tsa elektronike;
  • theknoloji e sa morao-rao a thuto;
  • puso-of-the-bonono thepa ea ho etsa lipatlisiso;
  • puso Scholarships bakeng sa molemo ka ho fetisisa khetha bakopi ea machaba ea (mahala dithuto le bodulo discounted);
  • monyetla oa ho tseba Serussia Institute ea Russia Puo le Culture.

Likolo / Colleges / mafapha / Courses / ba magoro


  • Lefapheng la sebelisoa mmetse ya motheo wa le Control tshebetsong
  • Lefapheng la baeloji
  • Institute oa thuto ea k'hemistri
  • Lefapheng la ho phekola meno le Medical Technology
  • Lefapheng la lichelete
  • Institute of Earth Sciences
  • Institute of History
  • Sekolo sa Relations International
  • Lefapheng la Molao
  • Lefapheng la Liberal Bonono le Sciences
  • Lefapheng la mmetse ya motheo wa le tse nyenyenyane
  • Faculty of Medicine
  • Faculty ea Studies Oriental
  • Lefapheng la Arts
  • Lefapheng la Philology
  • Institute of Philosophy
  • Lefapheng la fisiks
  • Lefapheng la Saense Lipolotiki
  • Lefapheng la Psychology
  • Lefapheng la thuto ea kahisano
  • Kalogo Sekolo sa Management
  • itokolla sesoleng Faculty
  • Sekolo sa bojenale le Misa Communications
    • Lefapheng la sebelisoa Communications
    • Lefapheng la bojenale

History


E ea hanyetsoa ke tsamaiso yunivesithi hore na Saint Petersburg State University kapa Moscow State University ke khale ka ho fetisisa e phahameng setheo thuto Russia. Ha a ntse a ea ho qetela e ile ea thehoa ka 1755, tsa pele, eo e bile ka tshebetso e tswelang pele ho tloha 1819, ipolelang hore e be mohlahlami oa univesithi thehilwe hammoho le Academic dijiminasi le Saint Petersburg Academy of Sciences ka January 24, 1724 ke molao-taelo oa Peter e Moholo.

Ka nako e pakeng tsa 1804 le 1819, Saint Petersburg University ka molao ha a eo; mokgatlo thehiloe ke Peter e Moholo, ea Saint Petersburg Academy, ne a se a qhaloa, hobane e ncha 1803 tokomaneng ea Academy of Sciences a laetse hore ho na le e lokela ho ba ha ho na ya dihlongwa thuto hokahaneng le le eona.

The Petersburg Pedagogical Institute, rehoa Institute Main Pedagogical ka 1814, ho ile ha thehoa 1804 le lula e le karolo ea mohaho oa leshome le metso e Collegia. On February 8, 1819 (O.S.), Alexander I oa Russia hlophisoa bocha ho Main Pedagogical Institute ka Saint Petersburg University, eo ka nako eo e ne e ena magorong tsa tse tharo: Lefapheng la Philosophy le Law, Lefapheng la History le Philology le lefapheng la fisiks le mmetse ya motheo wa. The Main Pedagogical Institute (moo Dmitri Mendeleev ithutile) e ile ea boela ka 1828 le ikemetseng setheo thuto ea Saint Petersburg University, le koetlisitsoeng ka mesuoe ea ho fihlela e ile ea qetella e koetsoe ka 1859.

ka 1821 univesithi e ile ea rehoa Saint Petersburg Imperial University. ka 1823 ho fetisisa tsa univesithi e ile ea tloha leshome le metso e Collegia ho isa karolong e ka boroa ea motse ka nģ'ane ho Fontanka. ka 1824 phetolelo e fetotsoeng tsa tokomaneng oa Univesithi ea Moscow ileng ea amoheloa e le tokomaneng e qalang ea Saint Petersburg Imperial University. ka 1829 ho ne ho na le 19 liprofesa tse felletseng le 169 ea nako e tletseng 'me nakoana baithuti univesithing. ka 1830 Tsar Nicholas khutlela moaho eohle ea leshome le metso e Collegia khutlela univesithi, le dithuto qalella ho na le. ka 1835 e Charter ntjha tsa Imperial liunivesithing tsa Russia ile ea amoheloa. Ho fana ka bakeng sa ho thehoa ha ho Faculty ea Molao, le Faculty ea History le Philology, le matla a ea fisiks le mmetse ya motheo wa ne di ne tsa kopanngwa ka Faculty tsa Philosophy e le 1st le Mafapha 2nd, ho latellana.

ka 1849 mora ea Selemo sa Lichaba Senate ya Russia Empire laela hore moreketoro wa khamphase lokela ho khethoa ke Letona la National leseli ho ena le kgethilweng ke ea Kopano ea univesithi. Leha ho le joalo, Pyotr Pletnyov ile khethoa hape hore moreketoro wa khamphase 'me qetellong ea e-ba telele ka ho fetisisa-ho sebeletsa moreketoro wa Saint Petersburg University (1840-1861).

ka 1855 lithuto tsa Oriental ile ka khethoa ho tloha Faculty ea History le Philology, le fakalti bone, Lefapheng la Oriental Lipuo, o ne a ka molao khakoloa ka Phato 27, 1855.

Ka 1859-1861 motšehali baithuti nakoana ka ba teng ka lipuo tsa univesithi. ka 1861 ho ne ho na le 1,270 ea nako e tletseng 'me 167 baithuti nakoana ka univesithi, ba bona ba 498 ba ne ba le Faculty ea Molao, le kwa kgaolong kholo ka ho fetisisa. Empa kwa kgaolong ena ne lefapha cameral lithuto, moo baithuti ithutile polokeho, bophelo mosebetsing le tsamaiso tsa tikoloho le boenjiniere le saense, ho akarelletsa le k'hemistri, baeloji, agronomy hammoho le molao le filosofi. tse ngata Russia, Segeorgia jj. batsamaisi, baenjiniere ba le bo-rasaense ba ithuta ka Faculty ea molao ka hona. Nakong 1861-1862 ho ne ho e-ba seithuti merusu ka univesithi, 'me e ne nakoana koaloa habeli selemong. Liithuti li ne li latola ka tokoloho ea kopano 'me ba tsamaisa tlas'a leihlo mapolesa, le lipuo tsa sechaba li ne li thibetsoe. Liithuti tse ngata ba ile ba lelekoa. Ka mor'a merusu ea ka, ka 1865, feela 524 baithuti lula.

A taelo ea Moemphera Alexander II ea Russia li ile tsa amohela ka 18 February 1863 tsosolositsoeng le tokelo ea seboka yunivesithi ho kgetha moreketoro wa. E boetse e entseng fakalti o mocha oa thuto le histori ea bonono e le karolo ea lefapheng la histori le philology.

ka March 1869, seithuti sa merusu sisinya yunivesithi hape empa ka tekanyo e e nyenyane. By 1869, 2,588 baithuti ba ne ba fumane mangolo univesithi.

ka 1880 Lekala la National leseli thibela baithuti ho kena lenyalong 'me batho ba se ke nyetse ne o ke ke o ile a lumela. ka 1882 e mong e le seithuti merusu e ile ea etsahala univesithi. ka 1884 e Charter ntjha tsa Imperial liunivesithing Russia ileng ea amoheloa, eo fuoa tokelo ea ho beha nna mookamedi wa ho Letona la National leseli hape. On March 1, 1887 (O.S.) sehlopha sa liithuti tsa univesithi o ile a tšoaroa ha a ntse a rera ho leka ka bophelong ba Alexander III oa Russia. Ka hoo, melao e ncha kenoa ho gymnasiums le diyunivesithi ne amoheloang ke Letona la National leseli Ivan Delyanov ka 1887, eo sitisa ho tsoela pele batho ba se hlahang ho yona ignoble tloha kenoa ho univesithi, ntle le hore ba ne ba sa tloaelehang le tsebo.

By 1894, 9,212 baithuti ba ne ba fumane mangolo univesithi. Har'a litsebi tse tummeng tsa halofo ea bobeli ea lekholo la bo19 la lilemo hokahaneng le le univesithi ne setsebi sa lipalo Pafnuty Chebyshev, fisiks Heinrich Lenz, litsebi tsa metsoako Dmitri Mendeleev andAleksandr Butlerov, embryologist Alexander Kovalevsky, physiologist Ivan Sechenov, pedologist Vasily Dokuchaev. On March 24, 1896 (O.S.), ka mo khamphasen tsa univesithi Alexander Popov a bontša phatlalatsa phetiso ya maqhubu a seea-le-bakeng sa lekhetlo la pele historing.

E le ea January 1, 1900 (O.S.), ho ne ho na le 2,099 baithuti ngolisitsoeng Faculty ea Molao, 1,149 baithuti ka Faculty tsa fisiks le mmetse ya motheo wa, 212 baithuti ka Faculty tsa Oriental Lipuo le 171 baithuti ka Faculty ea History le Philology. ka 1902 pele e le seithuti jela holo Russia ho ile ha buloa ka univesithi.

ho tloha ka 1897 literaeke kamehla le seithuti sa merusu sisinya yunivesithi le namela diinstitusene tsa tse ling tsa thuto e phahameng ka mose Russia. Nakong ea Phetohelo ea 1905 le tokomaneng ea diyunivesithi Russia e ile fetotsweng hape, le boikemelo ea diyunivesithi e ile mokhoa o sa fellang e tsosolositsoeng le e le tokelo ho kgetha moreketoro wa ile a khutlela boto tsa thuto ka lekhetlo la pele ho tloha 1884. Ka 1905-1906 univesithi ile nakoana koaloa ka lebaka la ho ba seithuti se merusu. boikemelo lona ile hlakoloa hape 1911. Hona selemong seo univesithi ile a boela a nakoana koaloa.

ka 1914 le ho qala ha Pele World Ntoa, univesithi e ile ea rehoa Petrograd Imperial University mora namesake motse lona. Nakong ea Ntoa ea univesithi e ne e le setsi sa bohlokoa sa rotloetsa le matlotlo Russia kelello le lihlapiso bakeng sa tlhōlo. ka 1915 ea lekala ea univesithi e ile ea buloa ka Perm, eo hamorao e ileng ea Perm State University. Ea Kopano ea Petrograd Imperial University pepenene amohela February Phetohelo ea 1917, eo felise ho marena Russia, le yunivesithi e ile ea tsejoa e le University Petrograd feela. Leha ho le joalo, mora oa October Phetohelo ea 1917, basebetsi ba le tsamaiso tsa univesithi li ile tsa qalong vocally hanyetsa ho Bolshevik takeover la matla 'me a le leqe ho sebelisana le Narkompros. Hamorao ka 1917-1922 nakong ea Russia Ntoa ea Lehae ea ba bang ba basebetsi ba belaela ba sympathies stats-Revolutionary ile a kenngoa chankaneng (mohlala, Lev Shcherba ka 1919), phetha, kapa kholeho ea linaheng tse ling ka ho thoeng rafilosofi’ likepe ka 1922 (mohlala, Nikolai Lossky). Ho feta moo, basebetsi kaofela ba bile le tlala le bofutsana bo feteletseng lilemong tseo.

ka 1918 univesithi e ile ea rehoa 1st Petrograd State University, 'me ka 1919 le Narkompros di ne tsa kopanngwa e le PSU 2nd (e kileng ea Institute Psychoneurological) le PSU 3rd (pele e neng e Courses Bestuzhev Phahameng bakeng sa Basali) ka Petrograd State University. ka 1919 le Faculty ea Saense Social ho ile ha thehoa ke Narkompros ho ena le Faculty ea History le Philology, Lefapheng la Oriental Lipuo le lefapheng la Law. Nicholas Marr ile ea e-Dean pele tsa fakalti ntjha. Setsebi sa k'hemistri Alexey Favorsky ile ea e-Dean tsa Faculty tsa fisiks le mmetse ya motheo wa. Rabfaks le mahala yunivesithi dithuto li buleha ka lebaka la univesithi ho fana ka thuto ea batho ba bangata. Ka hoetla ea 1920, e le hlokomeloe ke ka tlhokomelo seithuti sa Alice Rosenbaum, ngoliso ne bulehileng 'me boholo ba liithuti ba ne ba-ba khahlanong le a makomonisi a ho akarelletsa le, ho fihlela tlosoa, e seng mekae ea lentsoe bahanyetsi ba puso ea. Bona hore ba ne ba ruta “lira tsa sehlopha sa”, purge e ile tšoaroa ka 1922 thehiloe sehlopha sa semelo sa liithuti le liithuti tsohle, tse ling tse ho feta batho ba hōlileng, le semelo sa bourgeois ba ile ba lelekoa.

ka 1924 univesithi e ile ea rehoa Leningrad State University mora namesake motse lona. E le hore ho thibela khanyetso e tsoang kelello ho matla a Soviet Union, nomoro ea bo-rahistori ba sebetsa ka univesithi, ho akarelletsa le Sergey Platonov, Yevgeny Tarle le Boris Grekov, ba kenngoa teronkong ka seo ho thoeng ke taba Academic tsa 1929-1930 ka iqapetse liqoso tsa sebetsang ka stats-Revolutionary momori ikemiseditse ho heletsa 'muso. Ba bang ba litho tse ling tsa basebetsi ba ne ba hatelloa ka 1937-1938 nakong ea Purge Great.

Nakong ea 1941-1944 thibelloa ha Leningrad ka Ntoa ea II ea Lefatše, tse ngata tsa baithuti le basebetsi-shoa ho tloha tlala, lintoeng kapa ho tswa ho la tsepe. Leha ho le joalo, univesithi sebetsa tswelela pele, ba ntsoa sebakeng sena ho Saratov ka 1942-1944. A lekala ea univesithi ile tšoaroa ka Yelabuga nakong ea ntoa. ka 1944 le Presidium ea Lekhotla le Phahameng la Soviet Union fuoa univesithi le Taelo ea Lenin ka lekhetlo la sehopotso lona 125th le bakeng sa monehelo lona ho saense le setso.

ka 1948 Lekhotla la Matona ea bitsoang univesithi ka mor'a Andrei Zhdanov, e sa tsoa a hlokahetse ba hlaheletseng semmuso a makomonisi. Qeto ena e ile hlakoloa ka 1989 nakong Perestroika.

Ka 1949-1950 liprofesa 'maloa o ile a shoa a le teronkong nakong ea batlisisoa Leningrad taba iqapetse ke boetapele ba bohareng Union, le Letona la Thuto la RSFSR, pele e neng e le mookamedi wa setheo Alexander Voznesensky, o ile a bolaoa.

ka 1966 Lekhotla la Matona a etsa qeto ea ho haha ​​e ncha ea teropong mo khamphasen ka Petrodvorets bakeng sa boholo ba thuto ea lipalo le saense tsa tlhaho ba magoro. The tloswa ea mo magorong eo e neng e phethoa ke bo-1990 le.

ka 1969 le Presidium ea Lekhotla le Phahameng la Soviet Union fuoa univesithi le Order tsa Red Banner la Mesebetsi.

ka 1991 univesithi e ile ea rehoa khutlela Saint Petersburg State University mora namesake motse lona.


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