کی Göttingen یونیورسٹی

کی Göttingen یونیورسٹی

University of Göttingen Details

  • ملک : جرمنی
  • شہر : کی Göttingen
  • مخفف : GAU
  • قائم : 1734
  • طلباء (تقریبا.) : 27000
  • نہ بھولنا discuss University of Göttingen
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مجموعی جائزہ

The کی Göttingen یونیورسٹی , رسمی طور پر جانا جارجیا آگسٹا, کی Göttingen کے قصبے میں ایک عوامی جامع تحقیق یونیورسٹی ہے, جرمنی. قائم میں 1734 جارج II کی طرف سے, ہنور کے برطانیہ اور نرواچک کے بادشاہ, اور میں کلاسیں شروع ہونے والے 1737, یونیورسٹی کے طالب علم انرولمنٹ میں لوئر Saxony کے ریاست میں سب سے قدیم اور سب سے بڑا ہے, جس میں کے ارد گرد کھڑا ہے 26,000. بہت متنبہ اعدادوشمار کے ہوم, یہ جرمنی کے تاریخی اور روایتی اداروں میں سے ایک کی نمائندگی کرتا ہے. کی Göttingen بلایا گیا ہے “سائنس کا شہر”.

کی Göttingen جرمنی میں سب سے زیادہ مشہور یونیورسٹیوں میں سے ایک ہے, اس سے قبل جرمن یونیورسٹیوں ایکسیلنس انیشی ایٹو کی طرف سے حمایت. کوئیمبرا گروپ اور ارد گرد میں رکنیت کے ساتھ 45 نوبل انعام وجیتاوں, یونیورسٹی عظیم بین الاقوامی یش حاصل. یونیورسٹی کے ساتھ ساتھ Göttingen میں مقیم اہم تحقیقی اداروں کے ساتھ مضبوط کنکشن کو برقرار رکھتا ہے, خاص طور پر سائنس کی ترقی اور Gottfried ولہیم لائیبنز سائنسی برادری میکس پلینک سوسائٹی کے ان لوگوں کو. کے ساتھ سائز تقریبا 4.5 ملین جلدوں, کی Göttingen ریاست اور یونیورسٹی لائبریری جرمنی میں سب سے بڑی لائبریریوں کے درمیان نمبر.

تحقیق اور تعلیم میں اس کی کامیابیوں کی بنیاد پر, گیورگ اگست یونیورسٹی کی Göttingen اس کے خاص طاقت پر توجہ مرکوز کی طرف سے اس کے بین الاقوامی شہرت بڑھانے کے لئے کی کوشش:

  • Internationality – سائنسدانوں کو اپنی طرف متوجہ کرنے کی صلاحیت کو بڑھانے کے, بیرون ملک سے علماء کرام اور طلبہ; تحقیق اور نوجوان سائنسدانوں کو فروغ دینے کے لیے بین الاقوامی نیٹ ورکس اور شراکت داریوں کی توسیع
  • تحقیق پر مبنی تعلیم اور سیکھنے – تحقیق سے متعلقہ مطالعاتی پروگرام اور occupationally پر مبنی تربیت اور مزید تعلیم کے کورسز کی ترقی, گریجویٹ اسکولوں, اور جونیئر تحقیق گروپوں جس میں نوجوان علماء اور سائنسدانوں آزادانہ تحقیق
  • Interdisciplinarity اور تنوع – ہیومینٹیز اور سوشل درمیان تعاون کو تیز, قدرتی اور زندگی سائنس, اور کے مفاد میں مشروط تنوع کے تحفظ مستقبل خود بنانے کا مسئلہ حل کرنے
  • اٹانومی – پبلک لاء فاؤنڈیشن یونیورسٹی کے خود ذمہ داری کو مضبوط بنانے, یہ بھی اس کی بورڈز سمیت, فیکلٹیز اور اداروں
  • غیر یونیورسٹی اداروں کے ساتھ تعاون – توسیع اور سائنس میں مناسب تحقیق کے اداروں کے ساتھ تعاون کو ادارہ, کامرس اینڈ کمیونٹی

اسکولوں / کالجز / محکموں / کورسز / فیکلٹیز


میں 1734, King George II of Great Britain, who was also Elector of Hanover, gave his Prime Minister in Hanover, Gerlach Adolph von Münchhausen, the order to establish a university in Göttingen to propagate the ideas of academic freedom and enlightenment at the times of the European Enlightenment. ابتدائی طور پر, the only new buildings constructed for the opening of the university were a riding hall and a fencinghouse, while courses were taught in the Paulinerkirche and associated Dominican monastery, or in the homes of professors. No university auditorium was built until well into the 19th century.

Throughout the remainder of the 18th century the University of Göttingen was in the top rank of German universities, with its free spirit and atmosphere of scientific exploration and research. Famous till our days is Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, the first to hold a professorship (1769–99) explicitly dedicated to experimental physics in Germany. سے 1812, Göttingen had become an internationally acknowledged modern university with a library of more than 250,000 جلدیں.

In the first years of the University of Göttingen it became known for its faculty of law. In the 18th century Johann Stephan Pütter, the most prestigious scholar of public law at that time, taught jus publicum here for half a century. The subject had attracted students such as Klemens Wenzel Lothar von Metternich, later diplomat and Prime Minister of Austria, and Wilhelm von Humboldt, who later established the University of Berlin. میں 1809 Arthur Schopenhauer, the German philosopher best known for his work The World as Will and Representation, became a student at the university, where he studied metaphysics and psychology under Gottlob Ernst Schulze, who advised him to concentrate on Plato and Kant.

By the university’s centenary in 1837, کے طور پر جانا جاتا تھا “university of law”, as the students enrolled by the faculty of law often made up more than half of the university’s students. Göttingen became a Mecca for the study of public law in Germany. ہینرچ ھائن, the famous German poet, studied law and was awarded the degree of Dr.iur..

تاہم, political disturbances, in which both professors and students were implicated, lowered the attendance to 860 میں 1834. The expulsion in 1837 of the seven professors – Die Göttinger Sieben – the Germanist, Wilhelm Eduard Albrecht (1800–1876); the historian Friedrich Christoph Dahlmann (1785–1860); the orientalist Georg Heinrich August Ewald (1803–1875); the historian Georg Gottfried Gervinus (1805–1875); the physicistWilhelm Eduard Weber (1804–1891); and the philologists, the brothers Jakob (1785–1863) and Wilhelm Grimm (1786–1859), for protesting against the revocation by King Ernest Augustus I of Hanover of the liberal constitution of 1833, further reduced the prosperity of the university. Prior to this, the Brothers Grimm had taught here and compiled the first German Dictionary.

19th صدی میں, Gustav von Hugo, the forerunner[clarification needed] of the historical school of law, andRudolf von Jhering, a jurist who created the theory ofculpa in contraendoand wrote Battle for Right, taught here and maintained the reputation of the faculty of law. Otto von Bismarck, the main creator and the first Chancellor of the second German Empire, had also studied law in Göttingen in 1833: he lived in a tiny house on theWall”, now known asBismarck Cottage”. According to oral tradition, he lived there because his rowdiness had caused him to be banned from living within the city walls.

Göttingen also had a focus on natural science, especially mathematics. Carl Friedrich Gauss taught here in the 19th century. Bernhard Riemann, Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet and a number of significant mathematicians made their contributions to mathematics here. سے 1900, David Hilbert and

میں 1903, its teaching staff numbered 121 and its students 1529. Ludwig Prandtl joined the university in 1904, and developed it into a leader in fluid mechanics and in aerodynamics over the next two decades. میں 1925, Prandtl was appointed as the director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Fluid Mechanics. He introduced the concept of boundary layer and founded mathematical aerodynamics by calculating air flow in the down wind direction. Many of Prandtl’s students went on to make fundamental contributions to aerodynamics.

سے 1921 کرنے 1933, the physics theory group was led by Max Born, جو, during this time, became one of the three discoverers of the non-relativistic theory of quantum mechanics. He may also have been the first to propose its probabilistic relationship with classical physics. It was one of the main centers of the development of modern physics.

تاریخ کرنے کے لئے, 47 Nobel Prize laureates have studied, taught or made contributions here. Most of these prizes were given in the first half of the 20th century, which was called theGöttingen Nobel prize wonder”.

The German inventor of the jet engine, Pabst von Ohain, also studied aerodynamics in Goettingen under Ludwig Prandtl.

Social studies and the study of humanities continued to flourish. ایڈمنڈ Husserl, the philosopher and known as the father ofphenomenology, taught here. Max Weber, the sociologist studied here for one term.

اس وقت کے دوران, the German language became an international academic language. A number of dissertations in the UK and the US had German titles. One might be considered having had a complete academic training only when one had studied in Germany. اس طرح, many American students were proud of having studied in Germany, and the University of Göttingen had profound impacts on the US. A number of American politicians, وکلاء, historians and writers received their education from both Harvard and Göttingen. مثال کے طور پر,Edward Everett, once Secretary of State and President of ہارورڈ یونیورسٹی, stayed in Göttingen for two years of study. George Ticknor spent two years studying classics in Göttingen. John Lothrop Motley, a diplomat and historian, even had personal friendship with Otto von Bismark during his two-year-long study in Göttingen. George Bancroft, a politician and historian, even received his PhD from the University of Göttingen in 1820.

دوسری جنگ عظیم کے بعد, the University of Göttingen was the first university in the western Zones to be re-opened under British control in 1945. کہ Jürgen پر Habermas, a German philosopher and sociologist, pursued his study here in Göttingen. بعد میں دیکھیں, Richard von Weizsäcker, the former President of Germany, earned his Dr.Jur. here.Gerhard Schröder, the former Chancellor of Germany, also graduated from the school of law here in Göttingen, and he became a lawyer thereafter.

Felix Klein had attracted mathematicians from around the world to Göttingen, which made Göttingen a world mecca of mathematics at the beginning of the 20th century.

اس مدت کے دوران, the University of Göttingen achieved its academic peak.


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