Ivan Franko National University of Lviv

Ivan Franko National University of Lviv

Ivan Franko National University of Lviv Iinkcukacha

Faka Ivan Franko National University of Lviv
Ukrainian Admission Center

isishwankathelo


The Ivan Franko National University of Lviv liziko lakudala emfundo ephakamileyo kunye nezithethe ngokunyamezela nezikolo yenzululwazi enamandla obandakanya iintsingiselo ezintsha yanamhlanje. I-University uye a umsebenzi okhethekileyo:

  • ukuchaza isicelo imigangatho yemfundo yezenzululwazi;
  • ukwenza iinguqu ezifunekayo kummandla, ilizwe okanye ihlabathi;
  • ukuba zenze ngamnye - izisa ubuchule bokuyila nawoshicilelo kunye ezintsha.

Ivan Franko National University of Lviv senze ngokuvisisana kokugcinwa inkcubeko Ukrainian nokuphuhlisa ezingqondweni kazwelonke kunye nesazisi.

Ivan Franko National University of Lviv uphethe 4th inqanaba accreditation yoMphathiswa weMfundo and Science of Ukraine kwaye iqeqesha iingcali kwiinkqubo ezinelayisenisi: 9 ezenziwa ye kwinqanaba lemfundo-ncam 'zeengcali junior', 49 nezesidanga, 82 ezenziwa 'zengcali' kwaye 87 ezenziwa 'inkosi' kwi 17 amasebe ulwazi.

in 2014-2015 -Ofisi yoMphathiswa weMfundo and Science of Ukraine mvume 4 'Specialist oselula' kwiinkalo zokufunda, oluqinisekisiweyo 7 'Isoka' ezenziwa, 3 'Ingcali' ezenziwa, yaye 3 'Inkosi' ezenziwa. IYunivesithi iqeqesha iingcali ngaphakathi 144 'Ingcali' ezenziwa kunye 161 'Inkosi' ezenziwa. 32 ezenziwa ezintsha aye avulwa ngaphakathi lani kwiYunivesithi. Siphuhlisa ngakumbi yaye zinika abafundi bethu nekamva nkqu ukhetho ngokubanzi: e 2015 8 ezenziwa phantsi kweCandelo Biology, Geology, Mathematics Economics and Applied kwaye lulwazi zangeniswa ukuba mvume kwaye avunywe.

namhlanje 19357 abafundi bafunde kwiYunivesithi eLviv uphume apho 10202 ngurhulumente-igcinwe ezi; 4332 abantu abasebenza apha ngaphandle apho 2056 ukuba abahlohli; 281 abantu abasebenza kwiYunivesithi lwenzululwazi
kunye nesebe uphando. 220 oogqirha kunye 1119 Abaviwa ukufundisa apha; baphume kubo 203 abantu ubambe isikhundla nguNjingalwazi kunye 794 abantu docents.

Ivan Franko National University of ephambili Lviv yeyona umsebenzi yenzululwazi. in 2014 kwiYunivesithi uphando yezenzululwazi 35 angundoqo kunye 10 izihloko kwimeo ezivunyiweyo yi-Ofisi yoMphathiswa weMfundo and Science of Ukraine, ngaphandle kwezi 3 bayalelwa yi-Arhente kaRhulumente we Science, Ezintsha kunye Informatization of Ukraine, 6 kusetyenzwa kunye nokulondolozwa izinto ziphantsi ilifa lesizwe Ukraine, 3 iiprojekthi self-namajelo 8 Grants of International Funds.

Ivan Franko National University of Lviv kukho iMbangi ungumvakalisi 44 iimpapasho lezibuko zenzululwazi. Visnyk Universytetu (University yebhulethini):Biology Series bobabo kuluhlu lwamazwe editionts zobungcali Web of Science. Journal of Physical Studies yenye 42 neejenali eUkraine ongowomntu uvimba sedata Scopus.

Siya kuhamba phambili kwi esiziphumezileyo. Kule meko bekuya kuba ngundaba ukuswitsha ukusuka oluninzi nezalathisi qualitative: ngoko ke iYunivesithi uchaza ngokwayo Iinjongo zeqhinga:

    1. ekuphumezeni imigangatho ephezulu kunye lwamazwe zophando lwezenzululwazi;
    2. ekumgangatho ophezulu inkqubo yemfundo;
    3. ekuqiniseni indima neDyunivesiti kuluntu;
      • yenza nabaphetheyo yengqondo;
      • ekuphuhliseni indawo yenkcubeko;
      • yenza nokuphuhlisa izikhokelo komntu kunye nentlalo yomntu;
      • ulutsha ekuphuhliseni ezingqondweni imbali kunye nobuzwe;
      • ukwandisa umthamo ezintsha, lokuqeqesha abasebenzi abaneziqinisekiso kakhulu zifunwa yi yoluntu kunye nesimo;
      • University promotion kraca, ngokuvula bezibona ohlangeneyo neYunivesithi Ukraine nakumazwe aphesheya;
    4. nzulu ukuhlanganiswa University ehlabathini isithuba zemfundo kunye lwenzululwazi;
    5. yanamhlanje zentlalo, ulwazi nonxibelelwano kunye nemveliso iziseko.

inkqubo yokwamkelwa kwabafundi ngo-Ivan Franko National University of Lviv


ukususela 2016 inkqubo yokwamkelwa kwiiyunivesithi Ukrainian kubafundi abavela aviable via Ukrainian Admission Center.
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Izikolo / iikholeji / iminyango / courses / amandla


  • Faculty of Applied Mathematics and yokwazisa
  • Faculty of Relations International
  • Faculty of Biology
  • Faculty of ntatheli
  • Faculty of Chemistry
  • Faculty of Law
  • Faculty of Economics
  • YeFakhalthi Boomatshini neMathematika
  • Faculty of Electronics
  • Faculty of Philology
  • Faculty of Foreign Languages
  • Faculty of Philosophy
  • Faculty of Geography
  • Faculty of Physics
  • Faculty of Geology
  • Faculty of Training Preuniversity
  • Faculty of History
  • Department of Pedagogy
  • Department of Law

imbali


Imbali leYunivesithi uhamba emva kwenkulungwane ye-17.

Kwi 16th - 17th iinkulungwane, fraternities zonqulo amaziko enkcubeko kwi kumazwe Ukrainian. Ngenkxaso burger kunye nabefundisi, zanceda ukusasaza iimbono zobuntu kunye nenzululwazi kwaye kwakhona ngemali nomnatha izikolo. Ezisebenza lidala Ukraine ezisebenza Stauropegic eLviv, leyo yaba liziko lenkcubeko Ukrainian abadumileyo. Isikolo yabafundi yavulwa eLviv ngo 1586. I Church Slavonic, IsiGrike, Latin kunye neelwimi Polish kunye nezibalo, igrama, mpendulo, besayensi, ifilosofi kunye nezinye iinkalo babefundiswa apha. amalungu abo bakwinkonzo Lviv Baze uceba ukwenza i "himnasion" (njengoko wabiza kwesi sikolo) ibe eyunivesithi. Ezo amanani ezibalaseleyo inkcubeko Ukrainian ye-16 emva kwexesha ukuya ekuqaleni 17th nekhulu Lavrentiy Zyzaniy (pickaback) nomfowabo Stepan, Kyrylo Stavrovetskyi, Ivan Boretskyi nabanye babesebenza waza wafumana isidanga eLviv othi esikolweni.

Phakathi kwinkulungwane ye-elinesixhenxe kwakungekho imfundo ephakamileyo Ukraine. iindwalutho Polish ababemelene zokudalwa kwisikolo samabanga aphakamileyo, leyo ibe liziko eyingozi ezopolitiko nenkcubeko. Abantu abatsha Ukrainian kwafuneka lokufumana imfundo ephakamileyo e Krakow kunye nezinye iiyunivesithi zaseYurophu.

Phantsi iSivumelwano Hadiach (1658) phakathi Ukraine kunye Commonwealth Polish-Lithuanian, zeedyunivesithi ezimbini babeza kuvulwa kumazwe Ukrainian: enye e Kyïv kunye nezinye na indawo efanelekileyo yokufundela. Zedyunivesithi zimbini wathembisa amalungelo afanayo ukuba Cracow University waba. izangqa owaziwayo phakathi Commonwealth kucingelwa ukuba phantsi koxinzelelo zeemeko ezithile zezopolitiko zedyunivesithi amabini esizwe kubekho ibandla Ukraine. Ngaxeshanye, uMyalelo wamaJesuit xa kuthethwa YobuKatolika Ukraine eziqhotyoshelwe amathemba enkulu kwiziko labo eLviv. I-bamaKatolika wabonakala eLviv ngasekupheleni 17th inkulungwane. in 1608, bavula esikolweni lwabo apha. Phakathi kwinkulungwane ye-elinesixhenxe kwesi sikolo anqabile, kodwa wasindiswa ekutshatyalalisweni ekubeni yayiyimini kwaxhaswa yi ababawa Polish. I-bamaKatolika waqonda ukuba kungenzeka yokuseka eyunivesithi ngokusekelwe isikolo sabo eLviv. Ngoko ke rhoqo babefuna ukuguqula isikolo yabo kwiakhademi. Emva kokucela, ngoJanuwari 20, 1661, INkosi uJan II Kazimierz watyikitya lamalungelo ikhupha isikolo phantsi kwephiko saseLviv wamaJesuit Collegium, "Nembeko Akhademi kunye itayitile University" kunye nelungelo ukufundisa zonke izifundo zaseyunivesithi kunye bhunga degree of bachelor, Licentiate, inkosi kunye ubugqirha. kunjalo, ngoko nangoko emva kokusayina charter, nokudalwa Academy wayechasa ngamandla Cracow University kunye amanye amagosa eziphezulu. Ngaphandle imiqobo, izifundo e Yunivesithi eLviv zaqhutywa kwimodeli yezinye zezifundiswa yaseYurophu. kamva ku 1758, Polish King Augustus III iphumeze charter ekhutshwe yi-Jan II Kazimierz ngoJanuwari 20, 1661. Ukususela ekusungulweni yayo de 1773, Lviv University ngokupheleleyo phantsi kolawulo Order wamaJesuit laye subordinated kwi wamaJesuit General eRome. IYunivesithi kuphelela yi Umphathi. Isakhiwo iphambili yale Akhademi yayikufuphi Cracow ezitalato kumbindi wesixeko. I-University wakha baza bathenga indawo ezintsha, waba yamathala eencwadi aso kunye nendlu wokushicilela inkulu eLviv.

IYunivesithi ibe ngamasebe amabini (amandla): zefilosofi kunye yenkolo. Kwakukho isikolo pre-eyunivesithi abo banqwenela ukuqhubeka nezifundo zabo eyunivesithi.

iingxelo zembali zibonisa ukuba 1667, malunga 500 abafundi bafunda kunye nootitshala ezisibhozo basebenza kwi kumasebe zefilosofi kunye zenkolo. Phakathi kwenkulungwane elinesibhozo, inani labafundi landa ukuba 700, inani lootitshala ukuze 15-17. Izinti phezulu 75% abafundi, bonke abanye abameli yamaqela Ukrainian kunye nezinye izizwe.

Inkqubo yezemfundo kwi University eLviv lwenziwa ngokungqinelana esikolweni inkqubo wamaJesuit yaphuhliswa kwinkulungwane yeshumi ngasekupheleni. Iinguqu ezibalulekileyo kule nkqubo kwenziwa kuphela kwinkulungwane yama-elinesibhozo. Xa isebe bulumko, ikakhulu inkqubo zeentanda-bulumko uAristotle wafundiswa, ezibandakanya logic, physics kanye ezikhona; ekhuluma physics, izakhi yemathematika, besayensi, eziphilayo, meteorology wahlelwa; wayethetha ezikhona - umbandela kwingcingane zokuziphatha. ngaphandle, imbali, ijografi, izifundo Greek nabanye babefundiswa. Xa isebe bulumko, izifundo yathatha iminyaka emibini okanye emithathu. Emva kokugqiba izifundo ngeli sebe, umntu ukufumana imfundo ubufundisi. Xa isebe wezakwalizwi, izifundo lathatha iminyaka emine. imbali Church, ENdala kwaneTestamente eNtsha, yezenkolo iimbono zazo, kwaye yokuziphatha, umthetho Canon, casuistry, ulwimi Hebrew afundiswa kweli Sebe. Zonke iikhosi eyunivesithi wabafundisa kooprofesa.

Kwisiqingatha sesibini senkulungwane elinesibhozo ngenxa kuphuhliso ulwazi lwenzululwazi, utshintsho oluthile kwenzeka kwinkqubo yemfundo eyunivesithi. in 1744 isebe izibalo lavulwa, ephethwe ngu F. Grodzicki ngubani na ngumbhali we incwadi lweeplani nakwimathematika. Ilebhu Mathematical Physics kunye neYunivesithi Astronomical Observatory kwavulwa. Polish, IsiFrentshi, IsiJamani, iJografi kunye nezeMbali nafundiswayo njengezifundo ezahlukeneyo. izazinzulu-waziwa kakuhle asebenza apha: mbali K. Niesiecki, zezibalo F. Grodzitski and T.Siekierzyński, umbhali G.Piramowicz, sekuhleni, imbongi, Umbhali-bulumko I. Krasicki. abantu abaziwayo ezifana nje. Giesel, M.Slotvynskyi, Ya.Bohomolovskyi kunye nabanye abaninzi baba izidanga eyunivesithi.

Emva kokupheliswa Order wamaJesuit ngo 1773, Lviv University wavalwa. kungekudala, nokuba, inani leeyunithi ze-wamaJesuit Academy wabeka isiseko koMlawuli Joseph University eLviv.

in 1772, Halychyna yaba yinxalenye yoBukhosi Austrian. Ukuze ndawonye kwaye germanize urhulumente beentlanga, urhulumente loMlawuli Joseph II wahlawula ingqalelo kakhulu kwimfundo, kuquka imfundo ephakamileyo. Lviv Kujongwe eyunivesithi. Ukufakwa kwizithuba zokufundisa kwi amasebe ukuba kungenziwa ukhuphiswano kunye nokuvunyelwa kwabaviwa nokuba ubuzwe kunye ihlelo labo.

Le yunivesithi wanikwa kumasango yangaphambili Order Emnye e Krakivska street. Kwasungulwa karhulumente 17 Isilimela 1784 ichaza abasebenzi kwicandelo kunye nohlahlo lwabiwo-mali eyunivesithi. Ngo-Oktobha waloo nyaka, diploma kunye isikhokelo yolawulo eyunivesithi zaye zakhutshwa. Xa idiploma kwachazwa ukuba eLviv University yayiba ezifundo amane: zefilosofi, umthetho, medical and yenkolo. University nokumiswa lwaqhutywa ngoNovemba 16th, 1784.

Kwi sithuba phakathi 1805 yaye 1817, isikolo yasebenza kumasango University Lviv. Oku kungenxa yotshintsho emfundo ephakamileyo kwiphondo Austria. Uhlalutyo lubonisa ukuba izifundo ezininzi waqhubeka lokufundiswa umda eyunivesithi. Ikhono waqhubeka nomsebenzi wabo.

Iqumrhu elilawulayo eliphezulu le iyunivesithi iNdlu Yeengwevu (consistory). Kwakugcwele a onguMphathi, lama- abadala (omdala kwaye oonjingalwazi abanolwazi). INdlu Yeengwevu zisonjululwe imiba ezinkulu eziphathelele kulawulo lulonke yunivesithi. Onke amanye amatyala bezisonjululwa lama- ukuba ndaba abalawuli ezifundo. Kufuneka kuqatshelwe ukuba yunivesithi babekwazi ezithile.

Isikolo aphezulu esekwe 1784 bekulilo ekulungiseleleni abafundi yokungena eyunivesithi. Uqeqesho luye lwaqhutywa isiJamani nesiLatini yaye yathatha 5 kwiminyaka. Kwiminyaka emithathu yokuqala bonke abafundi basebenzisa Faculty of Philosophy program kwizifundo zabo. Emva kokuphumelela Faculty of Philosophy, abafundi nokuba baqhubeka nezifundo zabo kwicandelo elifanayo ukuze bandise ulwazi lwabo kwi kwisifundo esithile okanye wakhetha omnye amandla aphezulu - mthetho, imithi okanye yenkolo, apho uqeqesho lathatha iminyaka emine. Ukufundisa kwenziwe Latin, Polish and German. in 1825 isebe ulwimi Polish kunye neencwadi kwavulwa.

in 1787, Studium Ruthenum yasebenza kwiZiko Theological Faculty. Yaba zifundo zithatha iminyaka emibini kwenziwa in Ukrainian. Wawelela umsebenzi wayo kuze 1806. Ezo abanegama kohlanga Ukrainian njengoko Markiyan Shashkevych, Yakiv Holovatskyi, yuriy Venelin (ize) zihlobene kwiYunivesithi eLviv amashumi eminyaka zokuqala kwinkulungwane yeshumi elinesithoba.

Physics e University eLviv kwisiqingatha sesibini elinesibhozo ekuqaleni kwinkulungwane yeshumi elinesithoba Wayemelwe nguNjingalwazi F. Guss ngezimali, I. Martinovics, A. Hiltenbrand, John Zemanchyk, A. Gloisner, A. Kunzek no A. Zawadzki, kodwa bambalwa kubo baba lwesayensi kwicandelo lenzululwazi ebonakalayo. Ukuthi ngqo, prof. I. Martinovics (1755-1795) wabhala incwadi volume-ezimbini physics yokuhlola. Isazinzulu babizwe 1780s, F. Guss ngezimali (1741-1806) epapashwe Vienna inkcazelo volume-ezimbini ubudala komhlaba ngokwemiqathango physics. Ivan Zemanchyk wenza lukhulu ukunyusa ubungakanani izixhobo zifumaneka kwicandelo. Prof. A.Kunzek (1795-1865), owayenomdla physics ukongeza astronomi yaye wafundisa imathematika philology yamandulo, amaphepha enzululwazi wabhala kunye neencwadi ezisixhenxe (umzk, "I-Mfundiso of Ukukhanya", "Astronomy Popular,"" Popular Science of Meteorology "njl).

  1. Schiverek (1742-1807) waba uprofesa wokuqala Botany kunye chemistry e University Lviv. impumelelo yakhe main zibandakanya izifundo yamanzi izimbiwa e Subcarpathia nokuseka i Botanical Garden.

Omnye zezibalo yokuqala professional kwi University F. oyiNgcwele (1761-1831), obhale incwadi kwi kwimathematika. A manual "Elements Boomatshini Enyulu" bazisa uzuko ebezisalele Austrian sezibalo L. Schulz of Straßnitzki(1803-1852), owafundisa eyunivesithi kwi 1834-1838. Isifundo kwembali yendalo kokufundiswayo eYunivesithi nguNjingalwazi. B. Hacquet (1740-1815). Waba nguvulindlela entsimini yokwakheka komhlaba kwi Halychyna.

Endle-bulumko, igama Petro Lodiy (1764-1829) kufuneka zikhankanyiwe. Wabhala iincwadi kubandakanyaEzikhona kunye Logic Imiyalelo. Iqela imisebenzi ifilosofi nazo ebhalwe I. Hanus (1812-1869). L. ishumi Mark (1753-1814) waba uprofesa wokuqala kwimbali eyunivesithi. Kwakhona wayeyingcali entsimini lwamacandelo abangabancedani kwimbali wabhala incwadi kulo mba. G. Uhlich (1743-1794) waba uprofesa wokuqala lwamacandelo abangabancedani zembali. Waseka iholo ukufunda eLviv, wabhala incwadi kwi ozakuzo kunye numismatics. Kwakhona waba yimbangi iqela imisebenzi kwimbali. Uprofesa Imbali jikelele kunye nembali Austria J. Mauss (1778-1856) lidumile phakathi kwabafundi.

philology Classical ku 1784 wafundiswa V. yena (1763-1816), ngubani ukongeza Ezolimi waba nomdla neengxaki nobuhle yaze yapapashwa ingqokelela volume-ezimbini kwimibongo yakhe. Wabhala kwakhona imisebenzi eziliqela ngembali uncwadi. phakathi ngeelwimi, oonjingalwazi I. Pollak (1785-1825) no Leopold ejikelezayo (1757 - 1807) nabo bafanelwe ingqalelo.

In the 1820-30s, uphando ngembali zasekuhlaleni kunye noLuntu waphila. Umfundi leYunivesithi I.Mohylnytskyi walungisa igrama yokuqala Ukrainian eyapapashwa Halychyna. Kwathi ngo 1829. yayo Kwintshayelelo kwi Language Ruthenianlinegama isishwankathelo imbali Ukraine. Bubungakanani Kwakhona ulwimi Ukrainian ezizimeleyo phakathi iilwimi East Slavic. UNjingalwazi Lviv University National

I.Lavrivskyi bahlanganise-volume ezintandathu isichazi-magama Ukrainian-Polish-German kunye iguqulelwe I Tale of adlulileyo Iminyaka zibe Polish. A igalelo elibalulekileyo ukufunda imbali yengingqi kwenziwa unjingalwazi M.Hrynevetskyi. Yena eqokelelwe incunabula kunye nezinye zesikhumbuzo yamandulo.

isayensi yomthetho ixesha yayisekelwe ekuthiwa kwisikolo imbali yomthetho. Prof. J. Winiwarter yaba ngumphandi obalaseleyo kwinkalo umthetho wobukhaya. Wayesebenza e Ukraine evela 1806 ukuba 1827 yapapashwa amaphepha eziliqela zenzululwazi.

Iziganeko zale Polish National Liberation Uprising of 1830-1831 kunye nokuqaliswa kwenkqubo ye 1848 zibe nempembelelo ebalulekileyo kuphuhliso University Lviv. Abafundi yunivesithi lathabatha inxaxheba kwiziganeko. Ngexesha Ehlokondibeni 1848, isakhiwo eyunivesithi yatshiswa. yamathala eencwadi aso ezixabisekileyo zenzululwazi, , engenakubalwa ngaphezu 51 amawaka miqulu, lachithwa. ngqangi ezibaluleke nabo elinyukayo phantsi. Ekubeni izixhobo eyunivesithi yayonakaliswe kakhulu, kwakungekho izifundo kuqhubeka ixesha elide.

Kwisiqingatha sesibini senkulungwane yeshumi elinesithoba, izakhiwo eyunivesithi eyandisiweyo. ukususela 1851, i-University yayimi kwindlu e St. Mykolay Street (okwangoku kuba Hrushevskyi Street). in 1891, emva projekthi womzobi J.Braunseis, isakhiwo esahlukileyo chemical, neeminerali, yaye mineralogical kunye yamaziko amayeza yasekwa Dlugosz Street (e SS langoku. Cyril NoMethodius Street). in 1894, kumaziko kwicandelo lonyango omtsha kwi Pekarska Street yagqitywa. in 1905, izakhiwo ezintsha zakhiwa ukuba University Library.

Ibhunga lolawulo otshatsheleyo yunivesithi ngexesha lo Academic Yeengwevu kuqulethe onguMphathi, usekela-Ngqonyela, lama-, Abameli ubuhlakani kunye nonobhala. iinkalo ezifana zobomi eyunivesithi njengoko inkqubo ukufunda, uphando, degrees zesayensi, kunye nemicimbi yolawulo baba nobuchule weNdlu yeeNgwevu.

Kukho amandla ezintathu eLviv eyunivesithi baba phantse de ekupheleni kwenkulungwane elinethoba: ikhono of Law, Ifilosofi Theology. Thathela ingqalelo inani labafundi kunye nootitshala nezinto eziphambili zikarhulumente, becala uMthetho abekuhambisa eyunivesithi. ngoNovemba 1891, emva kolibaziseko elide, Austria uMlawuli Franz uYosefu ndiyalele ukuvulwa kwicandelo lezonyango. Lo msitho ke leyo kubanjwa ngo Septemba 9th1894.

Ngalinye amandla ezine ekhokelwa yi womzimba - oonjingalwazi yeBhunga Faculty, okanye iqela lenjongo, enezihloko eyintloko, zonke oonjingalwazi kunye nabameli ababini anyuliweyo ngabahlohli.

AmaSebe ngengqiqo mihla ilizwi akazange ayisekho. Isebe kunxibelelene umntu unjingalwazi ondinikeleyo ikhosi lweentetho. kunjalo, kwakukho amaziko ophando ezithile ezinxulumene yeyunivesithi cishe bahambelana ingqikelelo mihla kwisebe okanye ofisi. iisemina Practical zaye zabanjwa kula maziko. Kwakhona waba indawo esisigxina, izixhobo, abasebenzi kunye nethala. ngoSeptemba 1894, unendawo eyunivesithi lwasekelwa iincwadi egcina epapashwe phambi 1848.

abasebenzi Ukufundisa kwiYunivesithi eLviv yayiba oonjingalwazi, ukufundisa, abancedisi nabahlohli. Ilungelo ukufundisa eyunivesithi (okanye bafundise ikota) inokufumaneka kuphela emva kokufumana ubugqirha, kwezimilo nobunzi- imvume-Ofisi yoMphathiswa weMfundo e Vienna. Ubungakanani yecandelo rhoqo landa. Akukho kuphela baba 27 ootitshala 1850/51. Inani lootitshala landa ukuba 169 e 1913/14. Abafundi e University eLviv nazo zihlukaniswe ngezigaba ezithile: abafundi eziqhelekileyo (esiqhelekileyo), abafundi ezingaqhelekanga (ezimangalisayo) kunye namavolontiya. Njengomgaqo, abasetyhini abaya izifundo ngokwesivumelwano kunye nootitshala ngokuba amavolontiya. in 1851, 699 Abafundi bafunda e University Lviv (dibene 302 kwi-Faculty of Law, 89 kwi-Faculty of Philosophy, 308 e Theological Faculty). in 1890/91, khona kakade 1255 (683, 189, 358 abantu ngendlela). in 1900/01, inani lanyuka ukuya 2060 abafundi (Law Faculty - 1284, Faculty of Philosophy -309, Faculty of Medicine - 127, Theological Faculty - 340). in 1913/14, babe 5871 abafundi (3493, 1229, 971 yaye 358 ngokulandelana).

Kwisiqingatha sesibini senkulungwane yeshumi elinesithoba, abafazi bekunzima kuvunyelwa ukuba beze iiyunivesithi. in 1897, amabhinqa bangavunyelwa ukuba bafundele kwi-Faculty of Philosophy, yaye 1900, kwi-Faculty of Medicine kunye of Pharmacy yeSebe. Women ngokuphindaphindiweyo yafuna ukuba bavunyelwe ukuba bafunde Law Faculty, kodwa urhulumente ukuvumela oku kwenzeke.

Uninzi lwabafundi kuhlawulelwa ukukwazi ukufunda eyunivesithi. Abafundi Theological Faculty yavunyelwa ukuba ukuhlawulela izifundo zabo. Xa amandla wempangelo loo malungelo legunya nje inxalenye abafundi (abafundi abo bafaka isiqinisekiso yentlupheko kunye ngempumelelo nonyaka iiNdibano). Ngaphezu yokufundiswa, abafundi elikhokhelwa iimviwo, iiNdibano, iisemina, kunye kokuba uvunyelwe ukusebenzisa ilayibrari.

Kukho kwakhona yokufunda umfundi. Scholarship zaye Ingxowa mali yethu ikakhulu ivela kwiminikelo esuka kubantu abazimeleyo. Eyona idumileyo ezo mali zokufunda eyathiywa K. Ludwik, J. Slovak, yu. Tsalevych, Hayetskyi nabanye. Abafundi bangasebenzisa zokulala, kodwa inani iindawo eyanele.

Xa uMthetho, izifundo zefilosofi Theological IiFakhalthi lathatha iminyaka emine, kwi-Faculty Medical - ezintlanu, kwi-Pharmaceutical kwiSebe i-Faculty Medical - kweminyaka emibini okanye emithathu. Unyaka wokufunda yayahlulwe izinyanga ezimbini: ebusika (EyeDwarha 1 ku March 20) ehlobo (ekupheleni Epreli - ekupheleni kukaJulayi) semesters. Abafundi bakhethe izifundo. Kule 70 abafundisa kwi yonke into anayo lwenziwe ikakhulu in German, Latin e Theological Faculty; a izifundo ezimbalwa ezifundisiweyo Ukrainian and in Polish. ngoAprili 27, 1869 nangenxa yomthetho ekhethekileyo ekhutshwe uKhesare, Polish yathatyathwa njengolwimi olusemthethweni kule ndawo. Nje ngeziphumo, Polonization wandibeka endaweni. in 1870, 13 izifundo ezifundiswa in Polish, 46 isiJamani, 13 e Latin, 7 e Ukrainian. ngoJulayi 4, 1871, UMlawuli Franz uYosefu ndiyalele ukupheliswa izithintelo zokuhlohla kwi Polish kunye Ukrainian iilwimi kwi uMthetho IiFakhalthi zefilosofi. Ngoko ke, e 1906, 185 izifundo ezifundiswa in Polish, 5 isiJamani, 14 e Latin, 19 e Ukrainian.

In the 1870s, Ivan Franko, a wababhali Ukrainian, isazi, umguquleli, mzobo yezopolitiko kunye noluntu wafundiswa zefilosofi Faculty of University Lviv. Nguye yenye buchopho ka Ukraine, othe wangenela imbali ngokuthi "Titan lezeMisebenzi."

zesayensi Famous, ababhali, manani zoluntu ezifana M.Pavlyk, O.Terletskyi, V.Navrotskyi, O.Makovey, Yu.Puzyna nabanye wachitha iminyaka yabo umfundi eyunivesithi lethu kwinkulungwane ekupheleni elinethoba nasekuqaleni omabini.

Ubomi lwenzululwazi University saseLviv ngenkulungwane ekupheleni elinethoba nasekuqaleni omabini yenza utshintsho obukhulu. izifundo ezitsha kwangena, iiklasi ezintsha, iilebhu zasekwa. amalungu zeFakhalthi wabhala iincwadi kunye namaxwebhu kwakunye kuqhutywa uphando lwexabiso, ikakhulu izifundo nature. Entsimini physical sciences amagama oonjingalwazi V. Pierre, W. Urbanski, A. Handl, T. Staneck, I. Zakrzewski, M. Smoluchowski ulingana imbeko. Ukuthi ngqo, uProfesa V. Pierre wafumana izixhobo kwelebhu physics kuso ngowama 1848. W. Urbański lapapasha umthamo-ezimbini incwadi Physics Scientific. in 1879, UNjingalwazi wokulinga Physics T. Staneck (1826-1891) kupapashwa iincwadi ezininzi physics nakwimathematika. ukususela 1899, kwihlabathi yemvelo edumileyo M. Smoluchowski (1872-1917) owayesebenza eyunivesithi. Imisebenzi ephambili ayibhala ngexesha esebenza University"I-Movement of Gas molecule kunye Udibaniso wayo Theory of kwe-", "Ngomhla entshukumo Theory of okukhe Ezinto Movement and Ukumiswa".

oonjingalwazi I. Lemoch, W. Zmurko, J. Puzyna, W. Sierpinski, nge. Janiszewski babengabameli nenzululwazi zezibalo kwiYunivesithi Lviv. tutorials esebenzayo kwi iziseko geodesy ngu I. Lemoch, "On Mathematics" yi W. Żmurko kwaye umthamo-mbini "Theory of ahlaziye Imisebenzi " ngu J. Puzyna kufuneka kuchazwe kule nkalo.

Isebe yokuqala of chemistry yavulwa University Lviv ngo 1801. Le yaziwa kakhulu obalaseleyo eli thuba uNjingalwazi B. Radziszewski (1838-1914) uNjingalwazi S. Opole (1886-1919), ngubani umbhali we textbook ebalulekileyo organic chemistry, kwakunye B. Lachowicz, ngubani iNtloko yeSebe Ongaphiliyo Chemistry ukususela ekusekweni kwayo 1894 ukuba 1903, no S. Tołłoczko.

Sciences Geological zaye zabandakanywa kuluhlu enjengezifundo ezinyanzelekileyo kwi-Faculty of Philosophy ngo 1851. in 1852, Mineralogical Museum kwavulwa. in 1864, iSebe Mineralogy yasekwa. Kuye iphethwe ngu F. ngekompas, umsunguli petrography mihla nombhali "I Handbook of Petrography" (1838-1912).

In the 1880s okuqala, i-University ISebe leJografi yasungulwa, iphethwe uprofesa A. Reman (1840-1917), eyaziwa ngokuba imisebenzi yakhe kwendawo ebonakalayo ye Carpathians. A igalelo elibonakalayo kuphuhliso of Sciences Geographical yenziwa ngu E. Romer (1871-1954) kwaye esiphambili Ukrainian S. L. Rudnytskyi (1877-1937).

Le ngumphandi Ukrainian H. Velychko (ubugqirha ku 1889) waba ngumfundi wokuqala zobugqirha of unjingalwazi A. Reman.

in 1852, amaSebe amabini Zoology kunye Botany zasekwa ngenxa yeSebe of Natural History. Uphuhliso zezilwanyana kwiyunivesithi esidityaniswe becala amagama izazinzulu abadumileyo ezilandelayo: B. Dybowski (1833-1930), imbangi kwama 350 amaphepha enzululwazi, uProfesa J. Nusbaum-Hiliarowicz (1859-1917), umsunguli yesikolo Polish ukuba izinto eziphilayo zazivelela.

inzululwazi Historical waye kakhulu yasungulwa eLviv. Umsunguli saseLviv zembali esikolweni X. Liske (1838-1891). T. Wojciechowski (1833-1919), the. Balzer (1858-1933), B. Dębiński (1858-1939) zibalwa phakathi mbali langutana lwesikolo saseLviv kwakunye L. Finkel (1858-1930), umbhali umqulu emithathu- "A Uluhlu of Polish History" yaye "A History of University Lviv". ukusuka 1894 ukuba 1914, iSebe ngokutsha of History General and History of eMpuma iYurophu ekhokelwa M. Hrushevskyi (1866-1934), enye mbali ezinkulu Ukraine, umbhali yomsebenzi umthamo-10 "A History of Ukraine-Rus", amakhulu imisebenzi kwimbali, imbali zoncwadi, historiography, umthombo ukugxeka. M. Kwakhona Hrushevskyi waba ongumdali isikolo Ukrainian zembali.

isayensi uMthetho kwisiqingatha sesibini senkulungwane yeshumi elinesithoba bathutha empiricism emxinwa ukuya kwi-nzulu sifundo yomthetho kwakunye izifundo zembali bulumko. in 1862, Amasebe amabini - iSebe of Law Civil kunye neSebe Criminal Law and Procedure neSebe - baqala ukusebenzisa Ukrainian njengolwimi lokufundisa. amagqwetha abaninzi abadumileyo basebenza e Lviv eyunivesithi: T. Pilat, E. ukuba, the. Ohonovskyi, M. Alerhant, the. Dolivskyi, M. Chlamtacz, S. Szachowski, P. Dąbkowski, J. Makarewicz, S. Dnistrianskyi nabanye.

philology Ukrainian efundiswe eyunivesithi ukususela 1848 xa iSebe of Ruthenian Philology kokuba ephethwe Ya. Holovatskyi (1814-1888), ungumbhali imisebenzi I Igrama of Language Ruthenian kunye Songs Abantu ngayo Halychyna kunye Hungarian Rus. in 1849, ya. Holovatskyi wamiselwa Umphathi yunivesithi. the. Ohonovskyi, the. Kolessa, K. Studynskyi, I. Sventsitskyi waqhubeka umsebenzi Ya.Holovatskyi. the. Ohonovskyi`s impumelelo enkulu yaba-volume ezintandathu History of Literature Ruthenian.

Imbali lezifundo Polish kwiyunivesithi lu dityanisiwe amagama oonjingalwazi A. Malecki (1821-1913), R. Pilat (1846-1906), W. Bruchnalski (1859-1938), K. Wojcechowski (1872-1924), B. Gubrynowicz (1870-1933), J.Kallenbach, J.Kleiner, W.Hahn nabanye.

philology weklasiki izithethe ezinkulu kwiYunivesithi Lviv. abaphandi awaziwayo L. Ćwikliński (1852-1942), B. Kruczkiewicz (1849-1919) no S. Witkowski (1866-1950) owayesebenza kwisebe phambi 1918. Ngenxa kubo, Lviv waba iziko sokushicilela ebalulekileyo kwinkalo philology lakudala. Izifundo yolwimi baseRoma iye ukususela 1918.

Emva kokuba ngokuwa Austria-Hungarian Empire, Halychyna yaye yathathwa Poland. ngoNovemba 18, 1918, Ministry of amahlelo kunye Education of Poland wakhupha umyalelo okhethekileyo bavakalisa ukuba eLviv University wayeza kuthathwa phantsi kolawulo lwayo. IYunivesithi igama emva kokuba uKumkani Polish Jan Kazimierz. Polish yaba ulwimi lokufundisa kuphela yonke into anayo ngaphandle Theological Faculty apho ezinye iinkalo ezifundisiweyo Latin. Onke amasebe kunye ulwimi Ukrainian zavalwa. Kwiminyaka emibini okanye emithathu, oonjingalwazi Ukrainian kunye docents zakhatywa. Abafundi Ukrainian wathinteleka inani leeklasi bakwazi ukuya.

ulawulo University yayisekelwe kwi University yoMthetho (izimiso 1924, 1929 yaye 1934). I Academic samenza, ekhokelwa yi Umphathi, waqhubeka nomsebenzi wayo njengoko zinokufunwa libhunga lolawulo. by 1924, i-University yayiba ezifundo amane. Ngokutsho ummiselo ekhutshwe Entsimini-Oktobha 31, 1924, Faculty of Philosophy yahlulwa ezifundo ezimbini ezahlukeneyo: Faculty of noLuntu kunye Faculty of Mathematics. Ngo 1920 yokuqala, babe 55 iminyango, 19 units, 6 ezibhedlela, 2 polyclinics, ithala sokuzikhethela, elayibrari yenzululwazi kunye noovimba weYunivesithi, kunye neegadi zezityalo eYunivesithi.

Ngaxeshanye, i-University akabanga amasebe kunye nokufundisa ulwimi Ukrainian, akukho uprofesa ubuzwe Ukrainian. kuphela 1933, docent I. Sventsitskyi Ndinelungelo ukufundisa. In1928 / 29, iSebe Ukrainian Philology yavulwa, iphethwe uprofesa J. Janow.

Inani labafundi e University eLviv wayengomnye enkulu Poland. ukusuka 1919/20 ukuba 1937/38, inani labo landa ukusuka 2,647 ukuba 5,026 abantu. Umgaqo «numerus clausus» yaqaliswa, njengako Ukraine yaba nezithintelo ukwamkelwa kwizifundo zaseyunivesithi (hayi ngaphezulu kwe 15% bezicelo, Izinti kulo mzekelo kungekho ngaphantsi kwe 50%). Kunyaka wokufunda iya kuqalisa ngo-Oktobha 1 zize ziphele ngo June 30. It yahlulwa 3 iinxalenye, okanye trimesters.

ngoAprili 23, 1923, Lviv University wasiwa endlwini elalisakuba zePalamente Halychyna, leyo yaba kwesakhiwo University.

In the 1920-30s, Lviv University baphumelele kakhulu kwinkalo yemathematika. Izazinzulu ezininzi zezibalo bafunda eyunivesithi: W. Sierpinski, H. Steinhaus, S. Ruziewicz, E. Żyliński (ukususela 1920), S. Banach (ukususela 1922), W. Niklibor no J. Schauder (ukususela 1927), S. Kaczmarz (ukususela 1929), W. Orlicz (ukususela 1934), H. Auerbach and S. Mazur (ukususela 1936). Baqamba womelele zezibalo makaqonde-itanki, yaziwa ngokuba "eLviv School of Mathematics". S. Bnk (1892-1945), lo mbhali Le Theory of Linear Operations Fields, uthathwa ukuba abe yintloko yalo.

inzululwazi Physical kwexesha Wayemelwe nguNjingalwazi R. Negrusz, S. Loria, L. Infeld, W. Rubinowicz nabanye. umfundisi And. fish, ngubani iphethwe i Astronomical Observatory, wasebenza endle ngeenkwenkwezi evela 1932. S. Tołłoczko, V. Ishebiatovskyi, V. Kemula ukumela impumelelo entsimini zemichiza. V. Kemula iphethwe iSebe Physical Chemistry Department edala 1937.

zenzululwazi yokwakheka komhlaba nolwathi lwaphuhliswa ngakumbi eyunivesithi. in 1921, prof. Z.Weyberg wadala saya kwiSebe Crystallography. Emva kwakhe isebe ekhokelwa L. Chrobak. in 1924, iSebe Mineralogy kunye Petrography kwasekwa, ekhokelwa prof. J.Tokarski.

inzululwazi Geographic yaphuhliswa phantsi kweliso nesazi-nzulu esidumileyo E.Romer. A.Zierhoffer wasebenza entsimini kwendawo kwezoqoqosho.

 

Uphando eziphilayo wakhokelelwa unjingalwazi J. Hirshler (1883-1951). ngaphandle kwakhe, B.Fuliński (1881-1942), H.Poliushynskyi, K.Sembrat, R.Kuntze, J. Noskiewicz, S.Piliavskyi, L.Monne, Ya.Romanyshyn wasebenza Institute of Zoology.

in 1926, iSebe athelekisekayo Anatomy ukuba similise okwaloo Institute, leyo iphethwe nguNjingalwazi. K.Kwietniewski (1873-1942).

ukusuka 1918 ukuba 1924, umthengisi weentyatyambo T.Wilczyński kunye yingcaphephe ngezityalo-nangokuma kunye paleobotanist M.Koczwara wasebenza kwiSebe Botany. ukusuka 1924, isebe ekhokelwa S. Kulchyńskyi. Umsebenzi wophando kweli xesha enxulumene kakhulu flora (S. Kulchyńkyi, S.Tolpa, M.Kostyniuk, H.Koziy). Uprofesa zezityalo amalungu S.Krzemeniewski wayengusosayensi ezaziwayo-kakuhle.

Kweli xesha interwar, amasebe ezintsha kwi-Faculty Medical, iSebe Biology (1920), Medicine Jikelele (1932), Chemistry Pharmaceutical (1932), Care Health kunye History of Medicine (1930), ngeentsholongwane (1936) avuleka.

Works of J. Badian (1930-1937) entsimini cytology iintsholongwane iphumelele ingqalelo emhlabeni. J.Lenartowicz waba udokotela ezaziwayo-kakuhle. in 1936, N. Gąsiorowski ziwuququzelele saya kwiSebe zebhayoliji. uProfesa R.Weigl (1883-1957) yaba eziphilayo medical edume. ukusuka 1922, iSebe ezinto waba elikhokelwa J. Parnas.

Lviv-Warsaw School of Philosophy wayesaziwa kakuhle kude ngaphaya Poland. Yayisekelwe yi K. Twardowski (1866-1938). Kukho kwakhona Polish zefilosofi Society esebenza ngaphakathi kwiYunivesithi eLviv apho laqalisa ezininzi iincwadi. Scientists Ya.Łukasiewicz, A.Tarski, I.Dąbska, S.Lushchevska, H.Melberh, L. Chwistek, M.Borovskyi, R.Ingarden, L.Blaustein nabanye yeharim eLviv-Warsaw School of Philosophy.

Uphando Historical ubemelwe abaphandi abadumileyo K. Chiliński (1880-1938), J. Ptaśnik (1876-1930), E. Modelski (1881-1966), F. gungqa-sihlalo (1875-1953) kunye nabanye abaninzi.

Nakule yomthetho, kukho oonjingalwazi babesebenza O.Balzer, P.Dąbkowski, docent K.Koranyi; prof. M.Allerhand, K.Stefko, E.Tiell, A.Doliński wasebenza kwicandelo umthetho wobukhaya kunye nenkqubo, J.Markewicz (umthetho lolwaphulo), prof. P.Ehrlich (umthetho amazwe).

Studies Polish baba komnye wemihlaba phambili. E.Kucharski kunye K.Kolbuszewski waqhubeka abasebenza kwicandelo. Imbali kweelwimi Polish Studies kwexesha lu dityanisiwe amagama A. Kalina, A. Kryński, K. Nitsch, H.Ulaszyn, H.Hartner kunye ngenxalenye R.Pilat and W.Bruchnalski. Imisebenzi kakhulu ezixabisekileyo eli xesha ziquka incwadi ngu H.Hartner (1892-1935) Negrama Contemporary Polish Language.

philology Ukrainian kule yunivesithi ubemelwe nguNjingalwazi. J.Janów, philology yaduma nguNjingalwazi. S.Vitkovskyi and R.Ganszyniec (1888-1958), izifundo esiJamani ngu Z.Czerny.

in 1925-1935, iminyango Arabic, IsiHebhere, ngesiAram, Turkish, isiMongoliya, Indian, Iranian Philology kunye neSebe i-History of the East iSebe yasebenza eYunivesithi. Prof. M. sharra, prof. Z.Smogorzewski, prof. W.Kotwicz, prof. G.Blatt, A.Tavaronskyi no J. Kurylowicz baba phakathi baseMpumalanga ezaziwayo-kakuhle zeelwimi.

Ngokutsho protocol imfihlelo isivumelwano phakathi iJamani kunye eSoviet Union, ngo Agasti 23, 1939, West Ukraine yaba izowuni phantsi yiSoviet Union impembelelo. ngoSeptemba 22, amabutho Soviet wangena Lviv. on Oktobha 26, 1939, yaBantu Assembly of Western Ukraine wabhengeza isibhengezo kwamandla Soviet.

Ngeli thuba, Lviv University benze utshintsho olukhulu. Phantsi Charter of the weMfundo ePhakamileyo ka-USSR, Uhlengahlengiso olukhulu lombutho yeyunivesithi njenge iziko ephakamileyo simahla yemfundo kwentlawulo kunye nemfundo simahla kubo bonke abemi yenziwa. I Theological Faculty lwapheliswa. Pharmaceutical kunye namaSebe Medical zaye uhlelwe Esikolweni Medical. ngo-Oktobha 1939, Amasebe amatsha akhiwa kuquka neSebe i-History of Marxism-noLenin, Dialectical and Historical Ezibonakalayo, Uqoqosho Political, Ulwimi Ukrainian, Literature Ukrainian, ulwimi Russian, Literature Russian, yeembali USSR, i-History of Ukraine and Physical Education. ootitshala kakhulu-afanelekayo ukufundisa abantu abatsha ngokusekelwe abangabaxhasi bakaMarx-Leninist emibonweni inqubo izinto.

on Dec 2, 1940, iBhunga iYunivesiti evunyiweyo ngokommiselo entsha University, esasisithi bonke abemi banelungelo kufunda eyunivesithi kungakhathaliseki ukuba bavela zentlalo, isini, uhlanga kunye nobuzwe.

izazinzulu Famous bamenywa ukuba eyunivesithi. Phakathi kwabo kwakukho mbali zoncwadi M. Vozniak, nokubhala umgxeki V.Shchurat, folklorist kunye musicologist F. Kolessa, umbhali kunye umgxeki noncwadi M.Rudnytskyi, I-mbali. Krypyakevych, a yezibalo M.Zarytskyi nabanye. Labantu Commissariat of Education Uyamenywa 45 abaphandi ukusuka Kyïv neKharkiv. mbali, docent M.Marchenko wamiswa yiNgqonyela.

Ngokutsho ummiselo ekhutshwe Elawulayo weBhunga Ephakamileyo USSR ngoJanuwari 8, 1940, igama abanegama umbhali Ukrainian kunye nzulu ngezinto Ivan Franko lalithweswe University Lviv.

ngoJanuwari 15, 1940, eyunivesithi yaqala ukusebenza ngokungqinelana ikharityhulam entsha esekelwe phezu ezingummiselo evunyiweyo. Kwakugcwele kumaziko amahlanu: yomlando, philological (Amasebe Ukrainian Language and Literature, lenqaba Philology, Romano-zesiJamani Philology), i-Faculty of Law, -Faculty of Physics and Mathematics (NaMasebe Mathematics, ubuchwephetshe, physics), i-Faculty of Science Natural (Iminyango Biology, Chemistry, Geography, Geology). Izidumbu ezibini ezitsha imiswe: ibhunga academic yunivesithi kunye nebhunga sokuzikhethela. Bayicombulula imibuzo zemfundo, indlela, umsebenzi lwezenzululwazi izidanga zenzululwazi enikwe nezihloko kwizifundo. A isebe lihleli unit main zokufundisa kunye nophando. in 1940, babe 52 iminyango. Benza imisebenzi zoqeqesho, izifundo ngophuhliso, kwiisemina ezizodwa kunye neenkqubo zokufundisa, uphando olwenziwe.

Xa ikhono lezifundo ezoluntu lathatha iminyaka emine kwaye ikhono of nenzululwazi yendalo iminyaka emihlanu. in 1940, izifundo activities zaqaliswa kwi IiFakhalthi of History, Philology, Science Natural, neMathematika. A yesebe Union Imbalelwano Institute of uMthetho lavulwa uMthetho Faculty.

Iseshoni yokuqala yenzululwazi ootitshala yaqhutywa ngoJanuwari-Februwari 1941. ngo April, kwaqhutywa Conference Student yokuqala. in 1940, isebe izidanga lavulwa.

kunjalo, umsebenzi samiswa kukuhlaselwa waseJamani kwi eSoviet Union kunye ngokuhlaselwa amajoni amaNazi ngoJuni 30, 1941. Kulo wokuqala 70 iintsuku, Izazinzulu aziwayo eyunivesithi, amaziko Polytechnic nempilo babanjwa, nasemva ukubethwa kunye nokuxhatshazwa zaye wadutyulwa kummandla Street yangoku Sakharova . izazi avelele, Kuquka T.Boj-Zelensky, R. Longchamps Berier, M. zonke iintlobo, H. Auerbakh, S. into, baba phakathi wabulawa.

in 1942, amagunya nomsebenzi German ivaliwe amaziko emfundo ephakamileyo Ukraine. Abahlaseli ziphangwe, bayonakalisa yipropathi University. izixhobo, ebeyinalo kwiilebhu kwi IiFakhalthi of Physics, Mathematics, kunye Chemistry kunye namathala eencwadi kwiSebe lwemveli kunye ezizwe inani 15 amawaka miqulu, zisuka ku Germany. Iholo yokufunda ephambili kule yunivesithi kwithala zenzululwazi yatshatyalaliswa kunye imiqulu yeencwadi ezixabisekileyo, malunga namawaka amahlanu iincwadi ezindala kunye incunabula kunye 500 ngqangi ezixabisekileyo athathwa.

Ukubuyiselwa leYunivesithi waqalisa kwangoko emva kokuba isixeko yakhululwa amajoni amaNazi. ngoJulayi 30, 1944, intlanganiso yabanjwa eYunivesithi, apho nxaxheba (127 ootitshala nabasebenzi zobugcisa) wabhenela koongqondo ukuba bathathe inxaxheba ekwakheni ngokutsha uqoqosho, zemfundo, zenkcubeko kunye namaziko emfundo umzi.

Kwisiqingatha sesibini 1944 nesiqingatha lokuqala 1945, kakhulu ngoncedo kwabafundi kunye nootitshala, izakhiwo ezininzi iyunivesithi zahlaziywa kuquka Faculty of Biology on 4 Shcherbakova Street (Ngoku Hrushevskoho Street), ikhono of Chemistry kunye Physics phezu 6 yaye 8 Lomonosova Street (ngoku uCyril Methodius Street). Ithala leencwadi zophando kunye ihostele ku 7 Hertsena Street salungiswa. Observatory ngeenkwenkwezi kunye igadi yezityalo zaye ngenxenye yakhiwa.

Emva ngaphezu kokuba ikhefu seminyaka emithathu-, phezu 15 EyeDwarha 1944, 194 Isibini, abafundi ngomnyaka wesithathu nowesine baqalisa izifundo zabo kwi-University. 226 Abafundi kunyaka wokuqala baqalisa uqeqesho lwabo ngoNovemba 1, 1944. Umntu akwazi ukubhalisa kwi yunivesithi nasemva ekuqaleni kunyaka wokufunda. Kude ekupheleni kukaMatshi 1945, 799 Abafundi bafunda eyunivesithi. workshops Methodological, i Astronomical Observatory, imiyezo zezityalo, elayibrari zesayensi, iimyuziyam zejoloji kunye ngezityalo waqhubeka nomsebenzi wabo.

in 1948, uProfesa H.Savin, a nzulu esidumileyo kwinkalo ubucukubhede, waqeshwa Ngqonyela weYunivesithi. ukusuka 1951 ukuba 1963, i yaseFlorida ekhokelwa Ye.Lazarenko, yokwakheka komhlaba, nzulu esidumileyo, unjingalwazi, ehambelana ilungu le-USSR Academy of Sciences, Academician USSR Academy of Sciences. ukusuka 1963 ukuba 1981, profesa M.Maksymovych, sisazinzulu Electrical Engineering, kwaba onguMphathi, e 1981-1990 - uprofesa V.Chuhayov, ngumphandi entsimini wembali.

Emva kwemfazwe utshintsho baqhubeka. in 1945, Faculty of Chemistry amasebe amane uye wasekwa. Ekupheleni 1950, Faculty of Foreign Languages ​​kwasekwa. Ngenxa yoko, kwakukho kuphela amandla university ezilithoba. Ngaxeshanye, Amasebe ezintsha avuleka, inani labo landa 71. in 1953, Faculty of Physics and Mathematics yahlulwa-Faculty of Boomatshini neMathematika kwaye Faculty of Physics. in 1975, Faculty of Boomatshini kunye neMathematika yahlulwa-Faculty of Mathematics ne-Faculty of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics .

in 1959, ISebe Jikelele yeYunivesithi of Foreign Languages (IsiNgesi nesi-German) yasekwa ukufundisa iilwimi zasemzini kwi amandla non-ezizodwa.

in 1953, iSebe Journalism yavulwa abe yinxalenye Faculty of Philology. Kunyaka olandelayo, ukuba yahlulwe ngokwezi Faculty of Journalism.

in 1966, Faculty of Economics yamiselwa ngenxa saseLviv wesebe Kyïv Institute of Economy National. Kwakugcwele masebe alandelayo: Economics, Organisation kunye noCwangciso yoQoqosho, imali, Accounting kunye namanani, Iindlela Mathematical Economics.

in 1975/76, yunivesithi kwafuneka 13 amandla. Kulo nyaka wezifundo, sokuzikhethela ukulungiselela abemi angaphandle kwabunjwa. Kwakugcwele iSebe Language Russian kunye of Science Natural yeSebe.

Ukwanda kwenani amandla, iminyango, uphuhliso lwemimandla yophando olutsha kunye nokuphuculwa kwenkqubo yemfundo malunga nenkqubela kwakufuneka nokwandiswa kwamaziko kwiyunivesithi yenzululwazi kunye nobuchwepheshe. in 1950/51, kwiYunivesithi kwafuneka 12 izakhiwo zemfundo kunye indawo lilonke 42.8 amawaka ezadalwa. m, kanye kule 1959-1962, indawo yokusebenza yanyuswa ngenxa sokuphuculwa of Chemistry yeSebe Lomonosova Street. Ngasekupheleni 50 - ekuqaleni 60 ubudala, le yunivesithi ufumene igumbi Sichovykh Striltsiv Street (yangaphambili September 17 Street), leyo wagcinwa ithala umfundi, Faculty of Geography ne-Faculty of Law kunye neelabhoratri eziliqela zabucala. in 1966, yunivesithi wanikwa esakhiweni Svobody Avenue 18, leyo kwaku Faculty of Economics. in 1971, Faculty of Physics wanikwa izakhiwo ezintsha kwi Drahomanova Street. in 1984, esinye isakhiwo kwisitrato efanayo yanikwa eyunivesithi. in 1984, indawo kwizakhiwo iyunivesithi phezu 55 amawaka ezadalwa. m.

Ezi Botanical ziphakathi ziqwempu zindala the University. in 1957-1959, isicwangciso sophuhliso lwalo belwenziwe ngaphandle. Le Botanical ziye zohlulwa amacandelo amabini: icandelo lwesityalo intshayelelo kunye icandelo izityalo zomzimba. in 1970, ngayo eAmsterdam ubume iziko lezeNzululwazi.

Ilayibrari ye yunivesithi lwenzululwazi lidlala indima ebalulekileyo kwinkqubo yemfundo kunye nophando. Kwiminyaka post-imfazwe, ingqokelela kwalo imithombo landa phantse nge 5 amaxesha. in 1985, imali yayo ladlula 2 700 amawaka units.

Uphuhliso lwemfundo, imisebenzi lwemethodoloji kunye lwezenzululwazi olufanelekileyo yaseFlorida negalelo ngokuthi kuvulwe indlu ukushicilela kwi 1947. Ngokomyalelo yoMphathiswa weMfundo ePhakamileyo ka-USSR ngo Epreli 1957, ukuba uhlelwe indlwana ngokomthetho ka University Lviv. Oku yasebenza njengeyunithi noshowo eyunivesithi de 1968 (kamva uhlelwe endlwini ukupapashwa yokushicilela lombutho 'High School "eYunivesithi Lviv, yaye 1989, ukuba uhlelwe indlu sokushicilela ezizimeleyo "Svit"). in 1948, ijenali "Notes Scientific" lwaqaliswa, eyabonisa uphando lwezenzululwazi wenziwa amandla. ukususela 1962, iphephandaba iphumele phantsi kwesihloko Naukovi Zapysky (Iinkqubo University Lviv). Abafundi nabo zange ube likheswa kwimisebenzi publishing. Imiba ezintathu umfundi "Almanac" (1954, 1956, 1958) iphume. Inani elikhulu zezifundo kunye nezinto zokufundisa zaye zashicilelwa elebhu eyunivesithi umatshini offset sidalwe 1959.

Kwiminyaka post-imfazwe, le yunivesithi baseka iqela lezazinzulu abafanelekayo kakhulu. ukusuka 1946 ukuba 1965, abasebenzi eyunivesithi waziphendulela 53 nezifundo zobugqirha, yaye 52 zaye injalo kwixesha evela 1965 ukuba 1975. ukusuka 1946 ukuba 1975, 842 theses zaye injalo. oonjingalwazi University zinyulwe kwaye bonyulwa academicians kunye ehambelana namalungu USSR kunye nazo zawongwa izidanga yekhethelo. Oku kubonisa ukuvunywa jikelele igalelo elikhulu kakhulu kwinzululwazi. Ukuthi ngqo, e 1948, oonjingalwazi O.Vyalov, B.Hniedenko, H.Savin, e 1958, profesa I. Krypyakevych babengamalungu USSR Academy of Sciences. in 1961, profesa V.Soboliev yaba lilungu le-USSR Academy of Sciences. University abanezidanga O.Parasiuk, Ya.Pidstryhach, I.Yukhnovskyi, V.Panasiuk, R.Kucher, M.Brodin, Ye.Fradkin baba phakathi kwamalungu National Academy of Science. ababhali Famous Ukrainian R.Bratun, D.Pavlychko, R.Ivanychuk, R.Fedoriv, V.Luchuk wafunda kwiYunivesithi.

Ngo-1950 kunye 60s, amaqela zophando kwenziwa kumasebe amandla. Oku kubonelele iziseko zophuhliso kwamasimi zenzululwazi, kubandakanya le ngcamango plasticity kunye namandla, umehluko zibalo, mineralogy senkolelo, Uhlalutyo emzimbeni chemical metal, yesizwe yezoqoqosho kunye nenkcubeko kwimimandla esentshona USSR, amaqhina zembali yenkcubeko phakathi kwezizwe Slavic. Ukuphuhliswa ezininzi yezi nkalo kule minyaka ilandelayo lichazwa umendo University Lviv zenzululwazi. In the 1960-70s, izifundo zophando karhulumente eliququzelelwa yi-USSR kakhulu. Umbuzo kwezivumelwano zoqoqosho ngcembe wangena ebomini.

Unyaka emva konyaka, inani labafundi ababhalise kunyaka wokuqala eyunivesithi yokwanda. Oku kube negalelo ekwakhiweni kumasebe ezintsha. in 1950, 575 abantu bangena eyunivesithi njengoko abafundi kunyaka wokuqala, e 1970, inani labo landa 1100, e 1985, ukuba ngaphezu 1,300 abantu. in 1947/48, ofisi part-time waqala ukusebenza, uvumela ukuba afumane imfundo ephakamileyo kunye nomsebenzi ngexesha elifanayo. in 1951-1953, Iikhosi university extramural ezaqaliswa. 300-325 abantu ababhalise kwikhosi. in 1965, inani labo landa phantse 1,200 abantu. in 1959, yunivesithi waqala zokwamkelwa kwabafundi kwizifundo ngokuhlwa ulwimi Ukrainian kunye neencwadi, imbali, physics, zezibalo, chemistry. in 1960-1962, izifundo ngokuhlwa komthetho, ulwimi Russian kunye neencwadi, IsiNgesi nesi-German, eziphilayo zaye zongezwa; e 1963-1965 - radio physics nangezinto zobuchwepheshe, azo zemathematika, ngamachiza; e 1966 - ucwangciso koqoqosho kunye noshishino, accounting; e 1970 - umbutho processing imishini ye nolwazi lwezoqoqosho. Ukwamkelwa phezu kwizifundo zokuqala zoqeqesho ngokuhlwa ngaloo minyaka kwaba 300-350 abantu minyaka. izifundo ngokuhlwa zaye sitshitshiswe 1992.

ukusuka 1969 ukuba 1996/97, izifundo zokuzilungiselela leyo baqeqeshwa abantu abatsha ukuba eyunivesithi yasebenza eYunivesithi. ukususela 1971, i-University kuqeqeshwa ngokutsha. ukususela 1989, 5,998 abantu fumene enkulu yesibini kwi-Institute for Advanced Studies and Training.

Isibhengezo geqe Ukraine iphepha elitsha kwimbali University Lviv. in 1990, yunivesithi kuphelela yi University Professor, Doctor of Science Ivan Vakarchuk. Ngenxa yokuphunyezwa nguqulelo omkhulu wokufundisa, ikhono ezintsha kunye namasebe avulwa. in 1992, Faculty of Relations International, Faculty of Philosophy zavuleka; e 1997, iSebe Pre-university Training. in 1992, i-Institute of Research Historical, elikhokelwa Doctor of History Ya. Hrytsak yasekwa. ukususela 1997, amasebe eyunivesithi elandelayo kwasekwa, kubandakanya uMthetho College, zezingoluntu Center Research, i-Institute of yoncwadi Studies, i-Centre for Italian Language and Culture. ukususela 1978, kukho intsebenziswano eqhubekayo kunye eLviv yoMmandla Junior Academy of Sciences, leyo ngonyaka ne 1,000 abafundi. IYunivesithi ibamba Iiklasi, iintetho, uphando ucweyo abafundi phantsi kolwalathiso abaphengululi.

on Oktobha 11, 1999, ngengqibo uMongameli Ukraine Ivan Franko University eLviv State wanikwa iwonga 'National ".

Ngoku, Lviv University igqalwa lamaziko kunayo yonke lizwe lethu. Yafumana udumo eliphezulu ngamazwe yaye waba iziko elinamandla yenzululwazi.

Ngomhla pediment kwesakhiwo ephambili University saseLviv kukho isilogeni: "Okusingqongileyo Eli lizwe ukuze imfundo kwabemi» (abemi Bafunde, ubuqaqawuli iLizwe loobawo). Uluntu eyunivesithi isebenza nzima ukwenza le nkolelo iyinyaniso. Ukuguqulwa leYunivesithi ibe liziko mihla aseYurophu ekulondolozweni izithethe zemfundo best yesizwe yeyona njongo iphambili kuluntu eyunivesithi.


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NCEDA QAPHELA: EducationBro Magazine ukunika ukukwazi ukufunda ulwazi malunga kwiiyunivesithi ngelo 96 iilwimi, kodwa siyakucela ukuba ukuhlonipha amanye amalungu kwaye iikhomenti IsiNgesi.