東京工業大學

東京工業大學. 工程研究日本

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概觀


東京工業大學是科技上的國立大學在日本的歷史橫跨超過 130 年份. 的約 10,000 學生在Ookayama, Suzukakedai, 和田町校區, 一半是在他們的學士學位課程,而另一半是碩士和博士學位課程. 國際學生人數 1,200. 有 1,200 教師和 600 行政和技術人員.

在21世紀, 科技大學的作用已變得越來越重要. 東京工業大學繼續發展在科學和技術領域的全球領導者, 並為社會做貢獻,通過其研究的改善, 著眼於全球問題的解決方案. 該研究所的長遠目標是成為世界領先的科學技術大學.

作為日本頂尖大學之一, 東京工業大學旨在促進文明, 和平與繁榮的世界, 並旨在通過科學技術的開拓性研究和教育發展的全球人的能力比肩的卓越, 包括工業和社會管理. 為了實現這一使命, 我們有一個關注教育高度的道德學生掌握不僅在文科的科學知識,而且專長, 與社會科學和人文科學的均衡知識, 同時還能從基礎深入研究與學術掌握練習. 通過這些活動, 我們希望有助於大家對自然世界的全球可持續發展和人類生活的支持.

學校 / 高校 / 部門 / 培訓班 / 院系


本科學校

  • 科學學院
  • 工程學院
  • School of Bioscience and Biotechnology

研究生院

  • Graduate School of Science and Engineering
  • Graduate School of Bioscience and Biotechnology
  • Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Science and Engineering
  • Graduate School of Information Science and Engineering
  • Graduate School of Decision Science and Technology
  • Graduate School of Innovation Management

歷史


In the early Meiji period, soon after the opening of the country, it became imperative that Japan cultivate human resources to develop modern industrial technology. The government was actively promoting the technical education of its citizens at this time in order to develop the advanced science and technology that was already common in Europe and the United States. Against this background, Japan’s first national technical school, the Kogakuryo Technical School, was founded by the Ministry of Engineering in 1873.

Around the same time, the Ministry of Education founded the Seisakugaku Kyojo in 1874 at the suggestion of Gottfried Wagener, a German-born scientist. Wagener had been vocal about the necessity of practical technical education in Japan in order to cultivate senior engineers and engineers. Although the Seisakugaku Kyojo closed three years later, it was a revolutionary school in that students were taught practical skills along with scientific theories to produce engineers necessary for modernizing Japanese industry.

Seiichi Tejima, who was then assistant director general of the Museum of Education, together with Wagener pushed for modern technical and industrial education with emphasis on practical applications. With the support of Ryuichi Kuki and Arata Hamao of the Ministry of Education, they succeeded in persuading the Ministry to establish the Tokyo Vocational School in May 1881.

Preparations for opening the school began. A curriculum was established in accordance with the Rules and Regulations of the Tokyo Vocational School enacted in 1881. These rules stated that the school should provide the necessary technical and industrial science education to become a vocational school teacher or senior engineer. Kuramae in Taito City near the Sumida River was chosen as the site for the campus. Kuramae means thestorehouse front and the name comes from the rice storehouses of the Tokugawa Shogunate located there.

Taizo Masaki was the first principal of the school and the first classes were held in 1882 in two departments: the Department of Machinery and the Department of Applied Chemistry. The Tokyo Vocational School graduated its first class in July 1887. Initially the school had a hard time recruiting students, because technical skills were traditionally handed down in Japan in an apprenticeship system. The shift from apprenticeship to modern technical education had only just begun. 在 1884, Wagener started to teach at the school in accordance with the principles and methods of the former Seisakugaku Kyojo. He developed modern technology for large-scale production in manufacturing industries such as ceramics, glass, and lacquerware. Wagener provided the foundation for Tokyo Tech’s later advancements as industrial manufacturing took root in Japan.

在 1890, Seiichi Tejima took over Masaki’s job and became principal of the school. Tejima had gone to the United States to study when he was 21 years old and was the interpreter of the Iwakura Mission, a Japanese diplomatic mission that traveled around the world. He later assumed the role of assistant director general of the Museum of Education and went to the Paris and Philadelphia World Expositions. From these experiences Tejima became a pioneer advocate of technical education in Japan. The Tokyo Vocational School was renamed Tokyo Technical School in 1890 and then Tokyo Higher Technical School in 1901. Numerous leaders in academia and industry passed through the doors during the 25-year period in which Tejima led the school.

An adage arose during the years of the Tokyo Technical School. “Wherever there’s a chimney, there you will find someone from Kuramae,” meaning that wherever there was a large-scale industrial complex, a graduate of the school had been involved in its establishment. Kuramae remained the center of technical education until the school was burned to the ground on September 1, 1923 when the Great Kanto Earthquake struck.


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