得克薩斯大學奧斯汀分校

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University of Texas at Austin Details

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概觀


University of Texas at Austin is a public institution that was founded in 1883.

Tuition fees in University of Texas at Austin is $35,000 (APROX。).

一切是在得克薩斯州大, 俗話說, 並保持在真 University of Texas at Austiñ, 在全國最大的學校之一. 學校擁有全國最大的希臘系統之一, 兩家最大的學生刊物和超過 900 俱樂部和組織學生. The UT at Austin sports teams are notorious competitors in the Division I Big 12 會議, 通過吉祥物bevo的Longhorn的支持. 該UT塔, 崇高的校園結構, 值得注意的運動成績後,在學校的焦橙色的顏色點亮發光,並以'#1“當一支球隊贏得了全國冠軍. 新生不必住校, 並可以選擇住在奧斯汀市中心, 位於約四分之一英里遠. 充滿活力的城市是著名的音樂, 餐飲, 戶外活動和夜生活, 學生可以免費搭乘國會大廈的地鐵與公交車身份證明.

UT分為 18 學校和學院, 其中最大的是文理學院. UT的研究生課程 包括企業的高度排名麥庫姆斯學校, 教育學院, 工程科克雷爾學校, 美術學院, 護理學院, College of Pharmacy and School of Social Work, 除了建築受到廣泛關注的學校. UT提供了數百個海外留學, 最熱門的目的地是西班牙, 意大利, 聯合王國, 法國和中國. 著名的校友包括前投手克萊門斯, 電影演員馬修·麥康納 “婚禮策劃師” 和 “如何失去一個人 10 天” 和前第一夫人勞拉·布什.

學校 / 高校 / 部門 / 培訓班 / 院系


  • 工程科克雷爾學校
  • Dell Medical School
  • 教育學院
  • 美術學院
  • 文學院
  • 自然科學學院
  • 藥學院
  • 繼續教育
  • 研究生
  • Jackson School of Geosciences
  • LBJ School of Public Affairs
  • McCombs School of Business
  • Moody College of Communication
  • 建築學院
  • School of Information
  • 法學院
  • 護理學院
  • 社會工作學院
  • School of Undergraduate Studies

歷史


The first mention of a public university in Texas can be traced to the 1827 constitution for the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas. Although Title 6, Article 217 of that Constitution promised to establish public education in the arts and sciences, no action was taken by the Mexican government. After Texas obtained its independence from Mexico in 1836, the Texas Congress adopted the Constitution of the Republic, 哪一個, under Section 5 of its General Provisions, statedIt shall be the duty of Congress, as soon as circumstances will permit, to provide, by law, a general system of education.” 在四月 18, 1838, “An Act to Establish the University of Texaswas referred to a special committee of the Texas Congress, but was not reported back for further action. 一月 26, 1839, the Texas Congress agreed to set aside fifty leagues of land (approx. 288,000 畝) towards the establishment of a publicly funded university. 此外, 40 畝 (160,000 米2) in the new capital of Austin were reserved and designatedCollege Hill.” (The termForty Acresis colloquially used to refer to the University as a whole. The original forty acres is the area from Guadalupe to Speedway and 21st Street to 24th Street )

在 1845, Texas was annexed into the United States. 有趣的是, the state’s Constitution of 1845 failed to mention the subject of higher education. 二月 11, 1858, the Seventh Texas Legislature approved O.B. 102, an act to establish the University of Texas, which set aside $100,000 in United States bonds toward construction of the state’s first publicly funded university(該 $100,000 was an allocation from the $10 million the state received pursuant to the Compromise of 1850 and Texasrelinquishing claims to lands outside its present boundaries). 此外, the legislature designated land reserved for the encouragement of railroad construction toward the university’s endowment. 一月 31, 1860, the state legislature, wanting to avoid raising taxes, passed an act authorizing the money set aside for the University of Texas to be used for frontier defense in west Texas to protect settlers from Indian attacks. 德州’ secession from the Union and the American Civil War delayed repayment of the borrowed monies. At the end of the Civil War in 1865, The University of Texasendowment consisted of a little over $16,000 in warrants and nothing substantive had been done to organize the university’s operations. This effort to establish a University was again mandated by Article 7, Section 10 of the Texas Constitution of 1876 which directed the legislature toestablish, organize and provide for the maintenance, support and direction of a university of the first class, to be located by a vote of the people of this State, and styledThe University of Texas.” 另外, Article 7, Section 11 的 1876 Constitution established the Permanent University Fund, a sovereign wealth fund managed by the Board of Regents of the University of Texas and dedicated for the maintenance of the university. Because some state legislators perceived an extravagance in the construction of academic buildings of other universities, Article 7, Section 14 of the Constitution expressly prohibited the legislature from using the state’s general revenue to fund construction of university buildings. Funds for constructing university buildings had to come from the university’s endowment or from private gifts to the university, but operational expenses for the university could come from the state’s general revenues.

該 1876 Constitution also revoked the endowment of the railroad lands of the Act of 1858 but dedicated 1,000,000 畝 (4,000 千米2) of land, along with other property appropriated for the university, to the Permanent University Fund. This was greatly to the detriment of the university as the lands granted the university by the Constitution of 1876 represented less than 5% of the value of the lands granted to the university under the Act of 1858 (the lands close to the railroads were quite valuable while the lands granted the university were in far west Texas, distant from sources of transportation and water). The more valuable lands reverted to the fund to support general education in the state (the Special School Fund). 在四月 10, 1883, the legislature supplemented the Permanent University Fund with another 1,000,000 acres of land in west Texas previously granted to the Texas and Pacific Railroad but returned to the state as seemingly too worthless to even survey. The legislature additionally appropriated $256,272.57 to repay the funds taken from the university in 1860 to pay for frontier defense and for transfers to the state’s General Fund in 1861 和 1862. 該 1883 grant of land increased the land in the Permanent University Fund to almost 2.2 million acres. Under the Act of 1858, the university was entitled to just over 1,000 acres of land for every mile of railroad built in the state. Had the original 1858 grant of land not been revoked by the 1876 Constitution, 通過 1883 the university lands would have totaled 3.2 million acres, so the 1883 grant was to restore lands taken from the university by the 1876 Constitution, not an act of munificence.

在三月 30, 1881, the legislature set forth the structure and organization of the university and called for an election to establish its location. By popular election on September 6, 1881, Austin (同 30,913 votes) was chosen as the site of the main university. Galveston, having come in second in the election (20,741 votes) was designated the location of the medical department (Houston was third with 12,586 votes). 十一月 17, 1882, on the originalCollege Hill,” an official ceremony was held to commemorate the laying of the cornerstone of the Old Main building. University President Ashbel Smith, presiding over the ceremony prophetically proclaimedTexas holds embedded in its earth rocks and minerals which now lie idle because unknown, resources of incalculable industrial utility, of wealth and power. Smite the earth, smite the rocks with the rod of knowledge and fountains of unstinted wealth will gush forth.The University of Texas officially opened its doors on September 15, 1883.

The first presidential library on a university campus was dedicated on May 22, 1971 with former President Johnson, Lady Bird Johnson and then-President Richard Nixon in attendance. Constructed on the eastern side of the main campus, the Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum is one of 13 presidential libraries administered by the National Archives and Records Administration.

A statue of Martin Luther King, JR. was unveiled on campus in 1999 and subsequently vandalized. 通過 2004, John Butler, a professor at theMcCombs School of Business suggested moving it to Morehouse College, a historically black college, “a place where he is loved.

The University of Texas at Austin has experienced a wave of new construction recently with several significant buildings. 在四月 30, 2006, the school opened the Blanton Museum of Art. 在八月 2008, the AT&T Executive Education and Conference Center opened, with the hotel and conference center forming part of a new gateway to the university. 此外,在 2008, Darrell K Royal-Texas Memorial Stadium was expanded to a seating capacity of 100,119, making it the largest stadium (by capacity) in the state of Texas at the time.

一月 19, 2011, the university announced the creation of a 24-hour television network in partnership with ESPN, dubbed the Longhorn Network. ESPN will pay a $300 million guaranteed rights fee over 20 years to the university and to IMG College, UT Austin’s multimedia rights partner. The network covers the university’s intercollegiate athletics, 音樂, cultural arts and academics programs. The channel first aired in September 2011.

 


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