莱比锡大学

莱比锡大学

University of Leipzig Details

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概观


莱比锡大学成立于 1409 使得它在德国最古老的大学之一. 这是一个跨学科, 国际综合性大学.

在其雄心勃勃的路径,成为欧洲顶级的大学和研究国际公认的座位和学习莱比锡青年学者大学借鉴了广泛的学科领域范围. 传统学科的界限穿越, 国际合作, 与非大学研究机构和业务网络不仅是大学的传统,而且也是其学术卓越的基点.

莱比锡大学由 14 与院系 128 机构. 35,000 研究人员, 教学和研究在大学及以上 4,300 人是在莱比锡大学医院使用. 大学提供 136 在研究中的课程 2009/10 冬季学期. 5,686 博士生都在UL注册 (2,439 药品), 631 其中一人在就读 20 结构性的研究生培训计划 (按的端 2009). 在莱比锡的研究潜力是通过强化 20 非大学研究机构和其他五所大学.

由于沉浸在传统的大学, Leipzighas大学从艰难过渡时出现的总是变得更强. 该阶段结束后,柏林墙倒塌 1989 由人文和社会科学的几乎完全主导的重组,而生命科学和自然科学进行了调整,在研究和教学的新口音. 其结构和课程学习的根本改革也有机会相结合,从一开始促进跨学科的合作,并采取由于协同优势.

莱比锡大学已被放置在新联邦州最好的大学和前列 25 在德国连续第四年 (由上海排名).

莱比锡市是一个拥有百年历史的贸易中心,以及学术和文化中心,拥有国际关系的遗产, 国际化的态度和培育的传统与宽容. 莱比锡大学的主要功能是国家的最先进的基础设施,有吸引力的环境,让一切都只是一步之遥. 欧盟委员会的调查表明,莱比锡是欧洲三大城市,生活是最值得居住,而纽约时报称之为十大目的地之一中.

学校 / 高校 / 部门 / 培训班 / 院系


  • 神学院
  • 法律系
  • 历史系, Art and Oriental Studies
  • 语言学教师
  • 教育学院
  • 社会科学与哲学系
  • 经济与管理学院 (including Civil Engineering)
  • 体育科学学院
  • 医学系 (with a University Hospital)
  • 数学与计算机科学学院
  • Faculty of Biosciences, Pharmacy and Psychology
  • Faculty of Physics and Earth Science
  • Faculty of Chemistry and Mineralogy
  • 兽医学院

历史


1409
Universität Leipzig is founded by masters and scholars from Prague

1519
Leipzig Debate at Pleissenburg Castle. The dispute between orthodox theologian Johannes Eck and reformers Luther, Karlstadt and Melanchthon
marks the nascent break between Rome and the Lutherans

1539
With the establishment of the Lutheran Reformation in Albertine Saxony, particularly after 1543, a new period of university history begins. The work of rector Caspar Borner und respected humanist Joachim Camerarius in the
intervening years are tantamount to refounding the university

1543
Establishment of a university library, mainly from monastic holdings

1544
Duke Moritz of Saxony transfers the former Dominican monastery to the university where it is renamed the “Collegium Paulinum.” This along with other material support makes Leipzig one of the richest universities in the Old Reich

1682
The first scholarly journal in Germany, Acta Eruditorum, is published in the
trade-fair city. Numerous subsequent periodicals strengthen Leipzig‘s
position as the book-trading capital of Central Europe

1810
The first full professor for obstetrics, Johann Christoph Gottfried Jörg, becomes
director of a delivery school (“Trier Institute”) which later develops into the university‘s gynaecological hospital

1879
The Institute of Experimental Psychology – the first in the world – is opened by Wilhelm Wundt

1897
Inauguration of the new Augusteum designed by Arwed Rossbach

1906
Women are finally admitted as students – a relatively late development in Leipzig – after being allowed to audit classes as early as 1870

1927
First chair of brain research in Germany

1933
Heisenberg is awarded the 1932 Nobel Prize in Physics (announced in 1933), in particular for the “creation of quantum mechanics and its applications”

1933-1945

The ill-fated reorganization of the university body into a system of allegiance by the Nazi Party dictatorship paralyzes free thinking and intellectual life. 教授, students and university employees are dismissed, persecuted, imprisoned or killed for political or racial reasons. The Second World War brings mass death and destruction to Leipzig. Sixty percent of the university
is destroyed, professors and students perish in the air war or on the front, and Leipzig loses its international contacts. 在......之外 103 university buildings only 16 are undamaged at the end of the war. Eighty-seven are completely destroyed or no longer usable.

1946
The university is reopened 1946 at the former cinema “Capitol”

1953
As a symbol of the new ideological orientation of science and scholarship in
the GDR, the ruling SED party renames Universität Leipzig “Karl-Marx-Universität contrary to tradition, the university has a designation imposed from above

1968
The Augusteum and – after surviving the war fully intact – St. Paul‘s university church are demolished on orders from the SED regime. The Leipzig City Council votes to rebuild the university. A competition is announced in the spring of 1968, but no first prize is awarded. Native Leipziger and head of state Walter Ulbricht (1893-1973) favours adopting basic elements from the third-place design of Gerhard Henselmann. The university highrise, rectorate, 自助餐馆, seminar and lecture buildings are completed by the mid-1970‘s

1989
Political developments and street protests for more 1989 freedom and civil rights are joined in Leipzig by many university members. Political demands and intense debates soon arise within the university. Reform councils meet and discuss the university‘s future orientation. Students found a democratically legitimate student union

1991
After the fall of the Wall and German reunification, the university once again assumes its traditional designation: Universität Leipzig

1993
A ceremony on December 2nd marks the refounding of institutes eliminated by the 3rd Higher Education Reform of 1968 and the university returns to its classic structure of faculties and institutes. 总共 14 faculties are founded by 1994, some of which never existed at the university before. The venerable
Faculty of Agriculture is closed, 然而

以来 2001
The Free State of Saxony, in cooperation with the university and the City of Leipzig, announces an EU-wide competition to redesign the urban campus
on Augustusplatz. The design of architects behet + bondzio from Münster is selected by the jury. In another Europe-wide architectural competition to rebuild the university auditorium and church, the contract is awarded to Dutch fi rm erick van egeraat associated architects, Rotterdam. Construction work on the new university campus begins in July 2005 when the foundation stone is laid for the new cafeteria. The first phase of construction includes the new cafeteria and reconstruction of the old lecture hall. 在十月 2008, the topping-out ceremony for the Paulinum is celebrated and the institute building on Grimmaische Strasse is handed over to the university. Campus buildings are gradually ready for use for the summer semester of 2009. The official ceremony marking the university’s 600 year existence takes place at the
Paulinum on December 2, 2009

2009
600-year anniversary celebration and opening of the new campus in the
heart of the city


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