- University of Munich
University of Munich
Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich is a public research university located in Munich, Germany.
The University of Munich uphakathi amanyuvesi endala kunazo zonke yaseJalimane. Ekuqaleni owasungulwa ngo Ingolstadt e 1472 by Duke Ludwig IX of eBavaria-Landshut, inyuvesi washukumiseleka e 1800 ukuze Landshut iNkosi Maximilian I eBavaria lapho Ingolstadt esongelwa French, ngaphambi kokuba bayiswe kwenye indawo ukuze layo banamuhla indawo in Munich in 1826 iNkosi Ludwig I eBavaria. Ngo 1802, inyuvesi ogama lakhe ngokusemthethweni Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität iNkosi Maximilian I eBavaria ngo kanye udumo umsunguli nyuvesi yokuqala yakhe.
The University of Munich ine, ikakhulukazi kusukela ngekhulu le-19, Kuye kubhekwa njengento eyodwa aseJalimane kanye omunye emayunivesithi adumile kunazo zonke eYurophu; nge 34 Nobel laureates ezihlobene ne nyuvesi, ke lifaka 13th emhlabeni wonke ngenombolo Nobel laureates. Phakathi kwalaba kwakukhona Wilhelm uRöntgen, Max Planck, Werner Heisenberg, Otto Hahn and Thomas Mann. Pope Benedict XVIwas umfundi futhi onguprofesa eyunivesithi. I LMU esanda lelo gunya isihloko “eyunivesithi elite” ngaphansi German Amayunivesithi Excellence Initiative.
LMU okwamanje nyuvesi ngobukhulu eJalimane mayelana labantu umfundi; e semester ebusika of 2013/2014, inyuvesi wayenamadodana angu 50,542 abafundi umatric. Kulaba, 8,719 ngamashumi freshmen ngenkathi abafundi international bezingaphansi 7,403 noma cishe 15% wesibalo sabantu umfundi. Njengoba for isabelomali yokusebenza, amarekhodi eyunivesithi e 2013 ingqikithi of 571.3 izigidi zamaRandi in ngezimali ngaphandle esibhedlela nyuvesi; ne esibhedlela nyuvesi, inyuvesi has a ngezimali Imininingwane esibalelwa cishe 1.5 billion Euros.
Thola umbono wokuthi singobani – inyuvesi enhliziyweni Munich. Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München ungomunye emanyuvesi ehola ucwaningo eYurophu, with a more than 500-year-long tradition. The University is committed to the highest international standards of excellence in research and teaching.
Njengoba omunye ehola emanyuvesi ucwaningo eYurophu, LMU abukeze 500 iminyaka amasiko phambili ezinseleleni nemithwalo yethu yemfanelo phambili. umsebenzi oncomekayo Its ekufundiseni kanye nocwaningo buhlanganisa letehlukene amasimu-kusukela Humanities futhi izifundo zamasiko ngomthetho, ezomnotho kanye nesayensi yezenhlalo ukuze imithi nesayensi yemvelo. An okukhulu ndlela imikhakha eyahlukene kukhuthaza emisha esibucayi kangaka ikusasa lethu global.
ubuhlakani-kungakhathaliseki LMU BakaJehova banjani osolwazi career zakuqala noma omhlaba bodumo umklomelo-abaphumeleli-yakha isisekelo irekhodi yeNyuvesi ovelele ngo ucwaningo. nobuchwepheshe babo, ukuzinikezela, futhi lokusungula asekela impumelelo the University e-Germany-wide Excellence Initiative, umncintiswano lapho LMU unqobile inani elikhulu kunawo wonke ukwesekwa grant ukhishwa esikhungweni single. Lezi zinsiza esetshenziswayo ukuthuthukisa siphishekela wabelane yolwazi, inqubo njalo elokhu ivela.
LMU iyikhaya labafundi abavela kuzo zonke izingxenye eJalimane futhi ezingaphezu kuka 130 countries around the globe. They benefit from the University’s uniquely wide array of study programs and its strong focus on research. Kuzo zonke izigaba ukuqeqeshwa academic siyagcizelela ubudlelwane phakathi ucwaningo kanye nenkambo okuqukethwe. Our students view their studies as a springboard to a rewarding career, hhayi okungenani ngoba Munich ungomunye izikhungo eJalimane ezinkulu ubuchwepheshe kanye nabezindaba.
ukwehluka Academic kuchuma emphakathini ukuthi uhlanganisa amakhono okuhlalisana eceleni ukuqaphela ngokuhlolisisa amagugu nomlando. Lokhu kuhlanganisa Munich ifa the Weisse Rose, umfundi-based iqembu ukumelana amelene nobuNazi.
Lapho nifika ukubona ubuso LMU, wena abazihlanganisa umphakathi anikezelwe uwasebenzisa yamakhono abo, ilukuluku, futhi amathuba. I am kokubili ahlonishwe futhi sithobeke ukuba babe yingxenye yalesi mphakathi.
Prof. Dr. Bernd Huber
uMongameli, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich
izikole / amakolishi / iminyango / izifundo / amandla
- Faculty of Theology Catholic
- Faculty of Protestant Theology
- Faculty of Law
- Faculty of Business Administration
- Faculty of Economics
- Faculty of Medicine
- Faculty of Medicine Veterinary
- Faculty for History and the Arts
- Faculty of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science and Study of Religion
- Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences
- Faculty for the Study of Culture
- Faculty for Languages and Literatures
- Faculty of Social Sciences
- Faculty of Mathematics, Computer Science and Statistics
- Faculty of Physics
- Faculty of Chemistry kanye Ikhemisi
- Faculty of Biology
- Faculty of Geosciences and Environmental Sciences
The university was founded with papal approval in 1472 as the University of Ingolstadt (foundation right of Louis IX the Rich), with faculties of philosophy, imithi, jurisprudence and theology. Its first rector was Christopher Mendel of Steinfels, who later became bishop of Chiemsee.
In the period of German humanism, the university’s academics included names such as Conrad Celtes and Petrus Apianus. The theologian Johann Eck also taught at the university. Kusuka 1549 ukuze 1773, the university was influenced by the Jesuits and became one of the centres of the Counter-Reformation. The Jesuit Petrus Canisius served as rector of the university.
At the end of the 18th century, the university was influenced by the Enlightenment, which led to a stronger emphasis on natural science.
Ngo 1800, the Prince-Elector Maximilianv IV Joseph (the later Maximilian I, King of Bavaria) moved the university to Landshut, due to French aggression that threatened Ingolstadt during the Napoleonic Wars. Ngo 1802, the university was renamed the Ludwig Maximilian University in honour of its two founders, Louis IX, Duke of Bavaria and Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria. The Minister of Education, Maximilian von Montgelas, initiated a number of reforms that sought to modernize the rather conservative and Jesuit-influenced university. Ngo 1826, it was moved to Munich, the capital of the Kingdom of Bavaria. The university was situated in the Old Academy until a new building in the Ludwigstraße was completed. The locals were somewhat critical of the amount of Protestant professors Maximilian and later Ludwig I invited to Munich. They were dubbed the “Nordlichter” (Northern lights) and especially physician Johann Nepomuk von Ringseis was quite angry about them.
In the second half of the 19th century, the university rose to great prominence in the European scientific community, attracting many of the world’s leading scientists. It was also a period of great expansion. Kusuka 1903, women were allowed to study at Bavarian universities, nangokusebenzisa 1918, the female proportion of students at LMU had reached 18%. Ngo 1918, Adele Hartmann became the first woman in Germany to earn theHabilitation (higher doctorate), at LMU.
Phakathi Weimar Republic, the university continued to be one of the world’s leading universities, with professors such as Wilhelm Röntgen,Wilhelm Wien, Richard Willstätter, Arnold Sommerfeld and Ferdinand Sauerbruch.
The university has continued to be one of the leading universities of West Germany during the Cold War and in the post-reunification era. In the 1960 sekwephuzile, the university was the scene of protests by radical students.
Today the University of Munich is part of 24 Collaborative Research Centers funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG) and is host university of 13 kubo. It also hosts 12 DFG Research Training Groups and three international doctorate programs as part of the Elite Network of Bavaria. It attracts an additional 120 million euros per year in outside funding and is intensively involved in national and international funding initiatives.
LMU Munich has a wide range of degree programs, nge 150 subjects available in numerous combinations. 15% we 45,000 students who attend the university come from abroad.
Ngo 2005, Germany’s state and federal governments launched the German Universities Excellence Initiative, a contest among its universities. With a total of 1.9 billion euros, 75 percent of which comes from the federal state, its architects aim to strategically promote top-level research andscholarship. The money is given to more than 30 research universities in Germany.
The initiative will fund three project-oriented areas: graduate schools to promote the next generation of scholars, clusters of excellence to promote cutting-edge research and “future concepts” for the project-based expansion of academic excellence at universities as a whole. In order to qualify for this third area, a university had to have at least one internationally recognized academic center of excellence and a new graduate school.
After the first round of selections, LMU Munich was invited to submit applications for all three funding lines: It entered the competition with proposals for two graduate schools and four clusters of excellence.
On Friday 13 October 2006, a blue-ribbon panel announced the results of the Germany-wide Excellence Initiative for promoting top university research and education. The panel, composed of the German Research Foundation and the German Science Council, has decided that LMU Munich will receive funding for all three areas covered by the Initiative: one graduate school, three “excellence clusters” and general funding for the university’s “future concept”.
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