- Saint Petersburg State University
Saint Petersburg State University
Kwaphela iminyaka engaphezu 290 iminyaka, St. Petersburg University uye izibophezele isayensi eqhubekela phambili, odala ulwazi kanye ukuqeqesha ochwepheshe avelele. Inyuvesi ecebile emlandweni - it sihlehlela emuva 1724, lapho uPeter Omkhulu wasungula khona iSikhungo Sezemfundo of Sciences and Arts kanye owokuqala Academic University eRussia.
The odumile SPbU alumni iwumthombo yokuqhosha nesithunzi, okuyinto usenza ezibukwayo, ngiphase ngamalengiso futhi ukukhulisa okungenziwa kwethu ucwaningo kanye nemfundo. Phakathi alumni kanye nabasebenzi bethu, kukhona isibalo sabantu edumile emhlabeni wonke ngaphezu kokuvamile, ngokuqondene, Nobel Prize abawinile: physiologist Ivan Pavlov, Isazi sezinto eziphila kuleli Ilya Mechnikov, Umthaki ngokomzimba Nikolay Semyonov, zesayensi Lev Landau and Aleksandr Prokhorov, sefilosofi sezomnotho leonid Kantorovich. SPbU ubuye Mater alma kubacwaningi evelele, izazi, izifundiswa, Abaholi bezombusazwe kanye nesakhiwonchanti setenhlalo: Dmitry Mendeleev, Vladimir Vernadsky, futhi Dmitry Likhachev uma sibala nje ezimbalwa. Izwe ukweleta University abaholi bethu ezivelele kunazo kwamasiko, Abalobi kanye abaculi: Ivan Turgenev, Pavel Bryullov, Alexander Blok, Alexander Benois, Sergei Diaghilev futhi Igor Stravinsky. Phakathi the alumni University, siyaziqhenya ukubalula abaholi Government Russian: Boris Phambili, Alexander Kerensky, Vladimir Lenin, Abongameli Russian Federation uVladimir Putin and Dmitry Medvedev.
Namuhla, phakathi namakhulu eminyaka amathathu emva kwase kunesiqiniseko, Gas Station is ukulwela, njengakuqala, ukuba ahole ucwaningo kanye nemfundo ngezinga elingelikhulu kazwelonke kanye nemiphakathi yomhlaba. Ngokuletha ndawonye amasiko nezinqubo ezintsha, St. Petersburg University kubekela ijubane zokuthuthukiswa isayensi, imfundo kanye namasiko eRussia kanye nasemhlabeni wonke.
SPbU uzihlomisa ngokugcwele abafundi kanye nabasebenzi bayo for the best of the ezixube amathuba emfundo, ucwaningo nentuthuko yomuntu siqu: ezicebile Research Library iqanjwe M. Gorky, a state-of-the-art Research Park, laboratories iholwa ososayensi eziholela, iminyuziyamu, indlu kokushicilela, amakilabhu ezemidlalo, ikhwaya University, wezinsimbi, umdlalo nokufundwa dance studios nokunye.
Ngo-November 2009, UMongameli we-Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev ekuyi usayine umthetho uma kunikezelwa St. Petersburg University eMoscow State University isimo ekhethekile ka 'izakhiwo zesayensi kanye ezemfundo unique, the izikhungo emidala kunayo yonke imfundo ephakeme eRussia ngokuba kakhulu ekuthuthukiseni umphakathi Russian '. SPbU wanikwa ilungelo lakhe lokubeka izindinganiso zalo siqu zemfundo kanye umklomelo iziqu zalo siqu.
Thola wokuqala Russian University manje.
Siyakwamukela ku amagalaji!
Rector gas station
Yaqalwa ngo 1724 UPeter Omkhulu by, Saint Petersburg University ayezoba isikhungo wokuqala wemfundo ephakeme eRussia. SPbU kuyinto ehamba phambili enyuvesi Russian ne ukufundisa nokucwaninga umsebenzi oncomekayo zibalwa phakathi emayunivesithi zezwe top. Thina avulekele ukubambisana futhi ujabulele obujulile ucwaningo international kanye nomphakathi academic. ososayensi SPbU ukusebenza cishe yonke imikhakha yolwazi, ukuhlinzeka ubuchwepheshe kanye nokubonisana ngekubambisana obuseduze nabalingani Russian kanye international. Izazi eziningi abavelele abaye sekuyingxenye yezinto ezenziwa ezikhungweni emphakathini SPbU, kuhlanganise ayisishiyagalolunye Nobel Prize abawinile: the physiologist Ivan Pavlov, Isazi sezinto eziphila kuleli Ilya Mechnikov, physics wemithi Nikolay Semyonov, zesayensi Lev Landau and Aleksandr Prokhorov, sefilosofi sezomnotho Wassily Leontief kanye sezibalo Economist leonid Kantorovich.
Phakathi University Alumni kukhona uMengameli we-Russian Federation uVladimir Putin, Prime Minister-Dmitry Medvedev, UMqondisi we Hermitage Mikhail Piotrovskiy, UMongameli we-Russian Academy of Education liudmila Verbitskaya, zezibalo Grigoriy Perelman futhi Sergey Smirnov kanye nabanye abaningi.
St. Petersburg University Namuhla
- 30,000 abafundi
- 6,000 amalungu abasebenzi
- 106 izinhlelo undergraduate
- 205 master izinhlelo kanye izindawo lunye
- 263 izinhlelo zobudokotela degree
- 29 izinhlelo yokuhlala emitholampilo
- abafundi international phezu 70 amazwe
- phezu 3 000 international students on degree and non-degree programs
- 350 amanyuvesi umlingani
- the best eyunivesithi Research Park eRussia
- 7,000,000 izincwadi ukuqoqwa University Research Library
- diploma ekhishwe Russian and English
- 12,800 izindawo emahholo lokuhlala
- asebenzayo umfundi iqhaza kule nqubo sezemfundo;
- ukufezwa best of engahle yomfundi ngamunye;
- ECTS - European Credit Dlulisa System;
- eyala academic zenzelwe ngokuvumelana nesimiso Modular;
- izinhlelo kunomfana namanyuvesi nomlingani
- internship kanye nomsebenzi abahanjiswa ezinkampanini ekuholeni Russian and international;
- ukufinyelela ezikhungweni zocwaningo eliyingqayizivele, ubuchwepheshe kanye full-umbhalo computer;
- technologies zanamuhla ezemfundo;
- state-of-the-art imishini ucwaningo;
- imifundaze isimo abafakizicelo international best akhethiwe (yesikole khulula nendawo yokuhlala ehlisiwe);
- ithuba ukuze balukhulume Russian e-Institute of the Language and Culture Russian.
izikole / amakolishi / iMinyango / izifundo / amandla
- Faculty of Applied Mathematics and Control Processes
- Faculty of Biology
- Institute of Chemistry
- Faculty of Dentistry and Medical Technology
- Faculty of Economics
- Institute of Earth Sciences
- Institute of History
- School of International Relations
- Faculty of Law
- Faculty of Liberal Arts and Sciences
- Faculty of Mathematics and Mechanics
- Faculty of Medicine
- Faculty of Oriental Studies
- Faculty of Arts
- Faculty of kolimi
- Institute of Philosophy
- Faculty of Physics
- Faculty of Political Science
- Faculty of Psychology
- Faculty of Sociology
- Graduate School of Management
- Military Faculty
- School of Journalism and Mass Communications
- Faculty of Applied Communications
- Faculty of Journalism
It is disputed by the university administration whether Saint Petersburg State University or Moscow State University is the oldest higher education institution in Russia. While the latter was established in 1755, the former, which has been in continuous operation since 1819, claims to be the successor of the university established along with the Academic Gymnasium and the Saint Petersburg Academy of Sciences on January 24, 1724 by a decree of Peter the Great.
In the period between 1804 futhi 1819, Saint Petersburg University officially did not exist; the institution founded by Peter the Great, the Saint Petersburg Academy, had already been disbanded, because the new 1803 charter of the Academy of Sciences stipulated that there should be no educational institutions affiliated with it.
The Petersburg Pedagogical Institute, renamed the Main Pedagogical Institute in 1814, yasungulwa ngo 1804 and occupied a part of the Twelve Collegia building. Ngo-February 8, 1819 (O.S.), Alexander I of Russia reorganized the Main Pedagogical Institute into Saint Petersburg University, which at that time consisted of three faculties: Faculty of Philosophy and Law, Faculty of History and Philology and Faculty of Physics and Mathematics. The Main Pedagogical Institute (where Dmitri Mendeleev studied) was restored in 1828 as an educational institution independent of Saint Petersburg University, and trained teachers until it was finally closed in 1859.
Ngo 1821 the university was renamed Saint Petersburg Imperial University. Ngo 1823 most of the university moved from the Twelve Collegia to the southern part of the city beyond the Fontanka. Ngo 1824 a modified version of the charter of Moscow University was adopted as the first charter of the Saint Petersburg Imperial University. Ngo 1829 kade bengu 19 oprofesa okugcwele nezikhwepha 169 full-time and part-time students at the university. Ngo 1830 Tsar Nicholas returned the entire building of the Twelve Collegia back to the university, and courses resumed there. Ngo 1835 a new Charter of the Imperial Universities of Russia was approved. It provided for the establishment of the Faculty of Law, the Faculty of History and kolimi, and the Faculties of Physics and Mathematics were merged into the Faculty of Philosophy as the 1st and 2nd Departments, ngokulandelana.
Ngo 1849 after the Spring of Nations the Senate of the Russian Empire decreed that the Rector should be appointed by the Minister of National Enlightenment rather than elected by the Assembly of the university. Nokho, Pyotr Pletnyov was reappointed Rector and ultimately became the longest-serving rector of Saint Petersburg University (1840–1861).
Ngo 1855 Oriental studies were separated from the Faculty of History and Philology, and the fourth faculty, Faculty of Oriental Languages, was formally inaugurated on August 27, 1855.
In 1859–1861 female part-time students could attend lectures in the university. Ngo 1861 kade bengu 1,270 esigcwele futhi 167 part-time students in the university, kubo 498 were in the Faculty of Law, the largest subdivision. But this subdivision had the cameral studies department, where students learnt safety, occupational health and environmental engineering management and science, including chemistry, biology, agronomy along with law and philosophy. Many Russian, Georgian etc. abaphathi, engineers and scientists studied at the Faculty of law therefore. During 1861–1862 there was student unrest in the university, and it was temporarily closed twice during the year. The students were denied freedom of assembly and placed under police surveillance, and public lectures were forbidden. Many students were expelled. After the unrest, e 1865, kuphela 524 students remained.
A decree of the Emperor Alexander II of Russia adopted on 18 February 1863 restored the right of the university assembly to elect the rector. It also formed the new faculty of the theory and history of art as part of the faculty of history and philology.
ngoMashi 1869, student unrest shook the university again but on a smaller scale. By 1869, 2,588 students had graduated from the university.
Ngo 1880 the Ministry of National Enlightenment forbade students to marry and married persons could not be admitted. Ngo 1882 another student unrest took place in the university. Ngo 1884 a new Charter of the Imperial Russian Universities was adopted, which granted the right to appoint the rector to the Minister of National Enlightenment again. Ngo-March 1, 1887 (O.S.) a group of the university students was arrested while planning an attempt on the life of Alexander III of Russia. Ngenxa yalokho, new admission rules to gymnasiums and universities were approved by the Minister of National Enlightenment Ivan Delyanov in 1887, which barred persons of ignoble origin from admission to the university, unless they were extraordinarily talented.
By 1894, 9,212 students had graduated from the university. Among the renowned scholars of the second half of the 19th century affiliated with the university were mathematician Pafnuty Chebyshev, physicist Heinrich Lenz, chemists Dmitri Mendeleev andAleksandr Butlerov, embryologist Alexander Kovalevsky, physiologist Ivan Sechenov, pedologist Vasily Dokuchaev. Ngo-March 24, 1896 (O.S.), on the campus of the university Alexander Popov publicly demonstrated transmission of radio waves for the first time in history.
As of January 1, 1900 (O.S.), kade bengu 2,099 students enrolled in the Faculty of Law, 1,149 students in the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics, 212 students in the Faculty of Oriental Languages and 171 students in the Faculty of History and Philology. Ngo 1902 the first student dining hall in Russia was opened in the university.
Since about 1897 regular strikes and student unrest shook the university and spread to other institutions of higher education across Russia. During the Revolution of 1905 the charter of the Russian universities was amended once more, the autonomy of the universities was partially restored and the right to elect the rector was returned to the academic board for the first time since 1884. In 1905–1906 the university was temporarily closed due to student unrest. Its autonomy was revoked again in 1911. In the same year the university was once again temporarily closed.
Ngo 1914 with the start of the First World War, the university was renamed Petrograd Imperial University after its namesake city. During the War the university was the important center of mobilization of Russian intellectual resources and scholarship for the victory. Ngo 1915 a branch of the university was opened in Perm, which later became Perm State University. The Assembly of Petrograd Imperial University openly welcomed the February Revolution of 1917, which put an end to the Russian monarchy, and the university came to be known as just Petrograd University. Nokho, after the October Revolution of 1917, the staff and administration of the university were initially vocally opposed to the Bolshevik takeover of power and reluctant to cooperate with the Narkompros. Later in 1917–1922 during the Russian Civil War some of the staff suspected of counter-revolutionary sympathies suffered imprisonment (isib, Lev Shcherba in 1919), execution, or exile abroad on the so-called Philosophers’ ships in 1922 (isib, Nikolai Lossky). Ngaphezu kwalokho, the entire staff suffered from hunger and extreme poverty during those years.
Ngo 1918 the university was renamed 1st Petrograd State University, futhi 1919 the Narkompros merged it with the 2nd PSU (former Psychoneurological Institute) and 3rd PSU (former Bestuzhev Higher Courses for Women) into Petrograd State University. Ngo 1919 the Faculty of Social Science was established by the Narkompros instead of the Faculty of History and Philology, Faculty of Oriental Languages and Faculty of Law. Nicholas Marr became the first Dean of the new faculty. Chemist Alexey Favorsky became the Dean of the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics. Rabfaks and free university courses were opened on the basis of the university to provide mass education. Ekwindla ka 1920, as observed by freshman student Alice Rosenbaum, enrollment was open and the majority of the students were anti-communist including, until removed, a few vocal opponents of the regime. Seeing that they were educating “class enemies”, a purge was conducted in 1922 based on the class background of the students and all students, other than seniors, with a bourgeois background were expelled.
Ngo 1924 the university was renamed Leningrad State University after its namesake city. In order to suppress intellectual opposition to Soviet power, a number of historians working in the university, including Sergey Platonov, Yevgeny Tarle and Boris Grekov, were imprisoned in the so-called Academic Affair of 1929–1930 on fabricated charges of participating in a counter-revolutionary conspiracy aimed at overthrowing the government. Some other members of the staff were repressed in 1937–1938 during the Great Purge.
During the 1941–1944 Siege of Leningrad in World War II, many of the students and staff died from starvation, in battles or from repressions. Nokho, the university operated continuously, evacuated to Saratov in 1942–1944. A branch of the university was hosted in Yelabuga during the war. Ngo 1944 the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Soviet Union awarded the university with the Order of Lenin on the occasion of its 125th anniversary and for its contribution to science and culture.
Ngo 1948 the Council of Ministers named the university after Andrei Zhdanov, a recently deceased prominent communist official. This decision was revoked in 1989 during Perestroika.
In 1949–1950 several professors died in prison during the investigation of the Leningrad Affair fabricated by the central Soviet leadership, and the Minister of Education of the RSFSR, former rector Alexander Voznesensky, was executed.
Ngo 1966 the Council of Ministers decided to build a new suburban campus in Petrodvorets for most of the mathematics and natural science faculties. The relocation of the faculties had been completed by the 1990s.
Ngo 1969 the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Soviet Union awarded the university with the Order of the Red Banner of Labour.
Ngo 1991 the university was renamed back to Saint Petersburg State University after its namesake city.
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